New evidence exposes Hitler’s Secret Refuge after World War II - Part I

Highlight Films presents: "Revealed: Hitler in Argentina", a new documentary film in production following the theory of Hitler's escape to Argentina.

In 1945, the world was convinced that Adolf Hitler and his mistress Eva Braun had committed suicide in a Berlin Bunker, though this theory lacked proper documentation and evidence.

It wasn't long until flaws in the theory surfaced.

As further historical research was conducted, rumors began to circulate that challenged the suicide theory with claims of Hitler's escape to Argentina - particularly with news of sightings of German U-Boats off the Argentinean coast.

Yet, it wasn't until the recent declassification of certain documents by the Argentinean government and the FBI concerning the post-WWII era that researchers began to take the rumors seriously.

"Revealed" will examine the declassified reports and eyewitness accounts of Hitler's life in Argentina in order to recreate the dictator's final years. In spite of the intense secrecy under which he lived, many saw and even worked for Hitler.

"Revealed" will present the disturbing possibility that one of the world's most evil men was allowed to live out his final years in utter tranquility.

Research: Pablo Weschler

Producer: Noam Shalev

Duration: 60 min

Watch the trailer....

Shalev was not alone in his journey of discovering the new chapters of Hitler’s life after the war. Initially, researcher Pablo Weschler came to him with this idea a decade ago, claiming that it was a hot topic in Argentina.

Since 2005, years of devotion has been put into this project because Shalev did not want to release a “half-baked product”. The hour long documentary is set to be released in July 2014. The film crew is scheduled to visit two regions in Argentina this autumn, Bariloche in the south of Argentina and the city of Cordoba in the northern part of the country. Buenos Aires, Germany and Sweden are also to be visited in the coming months by Shalev and his team.

For all the skeptical people who may wish to reject this documentary’s theory, Shalev has some words of wisdom the disbelievers. “Nobody can prove anything because all the factual evidence, especially the one found in Russia was never verified. It can not be verified and for every piece of evidence that was presented, there are at least 10 claims that refute it," he told the "Voice of Russia".

Anticipation though is still building over the documentary, as E-mails flood in from ordinary people who have become fascinated with the possibility of Hitler’s escape. After seeing the trailer for the flick, most people write in from the United States, Argentina, and Chile. Very few reactions about the documentary have come in from Germany and not even one E-mail about the Hitler in Argentina theory has come from Russia. We may never know how Adolf Hitler truly died, or where he resided during his final days. Yet, mountains of documents and scores of people claim the last place Hitler saw before death took him was Argentina.

A declassified document of the National Navy, dated 22 May 1945, reveals the presence of German submarines in Argentine jurisdictional waters almost two weeks after Germany had surrendered.

A secret communication sent to the Navy Minister, Rear Admiral Alberto Teisaire, by Vice Admiral Héctor Vernengo Lima, chief of the General Staff, asserts that
, according to the data contributed by the Ministry of Foreign Relations, the presence of Nazi submarines in the South Atlantic was verified.

The document says:

"Your Excellency.

According to information from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the presence of German submarines in South Atlantic waters, which would try to reach Japanese waters, would have been confirmed. This General Staff considers that the Commander-in-Chief of the Sea Squadron should be ordered to avoid the passage of German submarines from the Atlantic to the Pacific, establishing a suitable patrol on the South end until further notice".

t was never really known whether these submarines were going to Japan or Patagonia. In addition, although the naval control operation suggested by Vernengo Lima was established, it was discontinued in June of that year.

Seven days after the cessation of controls, on 27 June, a couple were reported to have landed from a submarine, with a rubber boat, near the town of Stroeder, south of Buenos Aires, where there was an important colony that was settled by German This is stated by a report of the provincial police that was forwarded to Federal Co-ordination. The document says that both were received by a German who transported them on a sailboat to a farm located near the town of Veronica.

On 18 July 1945, in the Patagonian Gulf of San Matías, the torpedo boat 'Mendoza' -of the Argentine navy- sighted a submarine periscope in front of an area known as El Fuerte, which is located south of Las
Caves, in the province of Río Negro, almost one hundred kilometers from San Antonio Oeste.

According to official documents declassified, the warship, which was later supported by another ship, chased and attacked the submersible, with several depth bombs. The follow-up lasted a few hours, until nightfall, and a total of eight depth charges were shed. After the attack, oil stains appeared, although it is not known whether they were the result of having hit the target or the result of a classic trick, to throw lubricants and other elements to the surface, in order to make the attackers believe that they had been able to sink the submarine.

Three days after the attack came the official order "to lift patrol of the coasts", directed to all the ships of the national navy that participated in the search of Nazi submarines.

After the "patrol of the coasts" had been lifted, submarine sightings were observed in the Buenos Aires localities of Copetonas, Claromecó and Necochea, on July 23, 24 and 29, respectively, according to the Argentine naval period documentation.

The archive evidence does not suggest that it would have been particularly difficult to escape unnoticed in Argentina

Recently the Argentine naval archive and also the Police archive declassified documents relating to the submarine U-977 and two other U-Boats which allegedly unloaded close to Necochea, Buenos Aires province, on the night of 27 July 1945.

The Lahusen organisation had a network of shops, warehouses and ranches throughout Patagonia and ran the espionage network in Argentina.

The police reports -and the police knew all about what was going on- describe at length the evidence of how two submarines unloaded into lorries drawn up on the beach, after which the lorries then drove into a nearby Lahusen ranch. A carload of plain-clothes police arrived next day and entered the property to question the occupants. They were then "violently ejected" by four Germans brandishing machine pistols.

After consideration the police authority at La Plata ordered the enquiry to be called off since no obvious crime had been committed, and it was perfectly normal in Argentina for heavily armed Germans to eject the police by force from their premises.

According to documents from the Argentina Navy that were revealed by the newspaper "La Nacion" in 1997, on 25 July 1945 sightings of a submarine off the coast of Claromecó were recorded.

Similar documents reveal a series of similar sightings in those days in the area of Necochea, San Clemente del Tuyú and Balneario Reta.

Declassified Argentine police reports, supported by depositions from three former 'Graf Spee' crew members to the CEANA Board of Enquiry into Nazi Activities in Argentina, state that one or two U-Boats unloaded at Piedra Negra beach east of Necochea on the night of 27 July 1945.

Three former 'Admiral Graf Spee' crew members, Alfred Schultz, Walter Dettelmann and Willi Brennecke gave sworn depositions to CEANA [Congressional Committee for the Investigation of Nazi Activities in Argentina] that "between 23 and 29 July 1945 they assisted at the unloading of passengers and cargo from two German U-Boats on the Argentine coast".

The stenographic record of their evidence seems to have been lost, but a synopsis of it appears in the CEANA Chronicle confirming its existence.

Ronald Newton was a member of the CEANA Investigation and produced material in his book "El Cuarto Lado del Triangulo" [BsAs 1996] to the effect that "following a denunciation at Necochea at 1800 hr on 27 July 1945, a search was made of the beaches and a man of German origin who admitted signalling by lamp to a U-Boat offshore, which was preparing to disembark, was arrested by a patrol".

Newton continued:

"At first light on 28 July 1945 a search was made along the coast either side of Necochea and at midday, about 15 kms towards Mar del Plata, evidence was found of launches and rubber dinghies having been hauled up the sands, the impressions of heavy crates and boxes being off-loaded at an assembly point where there were tyre-tracks of several lorries. The tyre tracks were followed to the gates of a large Lahusen farm set back from the beach and screened by much vegetation".

The Lahusen organisation had been run by a family from Bremen since at least the turn of the century. It was operated from seven floors of offices in the centre of Buenos Aires, owned 100,000 hectares of land in Patagonia and adjacent regions, had a store in nearly every village and employed staff numbering tens of thousands. Although alleged to be the operational centre for all Nazi espionage activity in Argentina, the Commission of Enquiry into Enemy Property created by the Argentine Government following the declaration of war in early 1945 decided not to investigate the company.

Newton's report continues:

"The police patrol entered the driveway of the estate and drove for two kilometres before being stopped and violently ejected by four Germans armed with sub machine-guns. Upon receiving the report, the Provincial Chief of Police at La Plata ordered the Necochea officers to abandon their enquiry".

Alain Pujol was a member of the French Deuxieme Bureau who made an exhaustive study into Nazi assets overseas. His investigation included interrogations of the three 'Admiral Graf Spee' crewmen mentioned above. He reported that numerous cases bearing the stencil "Geheime Reichssache" were shipped by Ernst Kaltenbrunner from Schleswig Holstein to a Lahusen ranch at San Clemente del Tuyu [on coast NE of Mar del Plata].

They were brought there in five lorries owned by a potato farmer at Balcarce [50 kms inland from Mar del Plata] These five lorries had assisted at the unloading of two U-Boats on the Argentine coast during the night of 28 July 1945. Pujol stated that in his opinion the cargo was "the treasure of the RSHA" valued at one thousand million dollars.

The two U-Boats sailed from Kiel in April 1945 together with U-977. Newly declassified Argentine and Brazilian archive material presents a different picture from the accredited official historical record.

Russian Marshal Zhukov alleged in June 1945 that a large U-Boat left Hamburg at the end of April 1945 with a woman aboard: Argentine sources report a large U-Boat unloading on Necochea beach 28 July 1945 had a female aboard.

If Hitler had come down in one of the U-Boats to this location, he would never have been seen between his arrival at the Necochea ranch, and his transfer [when the dust had settled] to the supposed exile locality near San Carlos de Bariloche. The German influence in that region was very powerful even postwar, and Reich gold spoke volumes.

The U-Boats most likely  unloaded top secret military-technical equipment to Argentina.

Recently declassified documents at the Argentine Naval Archive show that Heinz Schäffer's book about him being 66-days submerged on the Schnorchel was fiction.

U-977 was within fifty miles of the Brazilian cruiser 'Bahia' when she blew up on 4 July 1945. This was on the Equator.

For this reason, and because the Argentine authorities wished to disguise their knowledge of Heinz Schäffer's true activities off the Argentine coast, they got their heads together with him and invented the 66-day slow voyage which put him so far north on 4 July 1945 that (a) he could not have torpedoed the "Bahia" - something of which he was suspected at the time - and (b) he could not have been sailing as scout-boat for the two cargo U-Boats off the Patagonian coast in mid-July 1945. The two transport U-Boats had been attacked by the Brazilian warship "Babitonga" on 18 July 1945 and behaved in a strange manner, as the documents show.

As now appears to be the case, the 'Bahia' was sunk by crew negligence - during AA practice a volley was fired into the depth charges stored on the poop deck and the stern was blown off, resulting in the loss of the ship and most of the crew.

Only one officer of ther "Bahia" survived, and his detailed report has been adopted by the Brazilian and US Navies as accurate. This officer was Eng-Lt Torres Dias [report quoted in Almirante Saldanha da Gama, 'A Tragedia do Bahia', "Historia Naval Braileira", Vol 5, Band II, Servicio de Documentacao Geral da Marinha, Rio de Janeiro 1985]

The salient circumstances are as follows: The 'Bahia' carried a stack of depth charges on the poop deck. She had seven 20mm Oerlikons. These weapons had a free field of fire because the blocking wedges had all been removed. At 0900 the cruiser was stopped in the water in order to launch a target float to exercise the Oerlikons. When the float was the required distance off, the commander rang down for "slow ahead". This was at 0910 hrs. At that moment No 7 Oerlikon commenced firing, and the fifth round was fired into the depth charges, blowing off the stern of the ship and spreading a terrible fire through the superstructure.

For the ten minutes prior to the explosion, 'Bahia' was an anti-submarine vessel stationary in the water with her engines stopped. It would not be possible for a U-Boat to have manouevred into position and fired standard torpedoes and for nothing to have been detected. A U-Boat commander would not have used the more silent acoustic torpedo against a target making no noise.

For the foregoing reasons it seems certain that 'Bahia' was sunk due to the negligence of commander and crew.

It is believed, U-977 was involved in shielding an unloading operation along the southern coast of Buenos Aires Province. When she surrendered at Mar del Plata on 17 August 1945, U-977 had a large amount of fuel aboard, depth charge damage, and had been repainted. A submerged object, identified by hydrophones, was followed and depth charged by the Argentine torpedo boat 'Mendoza" near San Antonio del Oeste on 18 July 1945, where some people saw a man and a woman had disembarked from a submarine.

This was was almost certainly  U-977. The attack was called off abruptly for unknown reasons. Understandably Schäffer is silent on the depth-charging he received, after which somebody, somewhere, helped him repair his sub.

None of this is mentioned in Schäffer's 1955 work.

For over a year, Heinz Schäffer was held prisoner, he said, "as if I were a leading figure of the Third Reich". Then he was repatriated to Germany and lived for a few years in Düsseldorf.

"What was more serious was my discovery that in Germany itself there was widespread a sort of mystical premonition that one day Hitler would return. People just refused to believe that the Führer was really dead and secretly looked to the day when he would come back from some unknown Elba".

However, Schäffer made some inquiries of his own into the matter. When Ladislas Szabo's book, "Hitler Esta Vivo" [Translated: Hitler Is Alive] was published in 1947, Schäffer asked a friend in Buenos Aires to mail him a copy.

In the book, he found some mysterious items, pictures of Hitler and Eva Braun and a girl in charge of two boys, who "looked very like Hitler".

The newspaper "El Dia" in the Uruguayan capital Montevideo ran a Page One story, claiming that the U-977 had landed first near Comodoro Rivadavia in the south of Argentina.

"El Dia" said Hitler, Eva Braun, Bormann, twin six-year-old sons of Hitler by another mistress, their nanny and a half dozen Nazi leaders took inflatable boats in Golfo San Jorge, went to land in Patagonia, and now they were all on the way to the "new Berchtesgaden in Antarctica". 

The President of Argentina, Juan Domingo Peron, took the report seriously enough to have Schäffer brought to Buenos Aires and interrogated.

Did  Unity 'Valkyrie' Mitford' have Hitler's children? 

Ingeborg Schäffer, the wife of First Lt. Heinz Schäffer, commander of U-977, which surrendered at Mar del Plata on 17 August 1945, was asked in 2008 if her husband had brought Hitler to Argentina. Mrs. Schäffer replied:

"If he did not bring him, there were another two U-Boats that could have brought him, and [my husband] could have given them food and so forth, because the others went on to Puerto Madryn".

Although her comments are somewhat cryptic, she was obviously aware of other Nazi submarines in Argentine waters at the same time as U-977, information she could have got only from her husband. Schäffer’s U-977 was a Type VIIC from U-Flotille 31.

A sailor  from the 'Admiral Graf Spee,' Petty Officer Heinrich Bethe, also had recollections of the landing, and was interviewed by one Capt. Manuel Monasterio in 1977, when Bethe was living in the Patagonian coastal town of Caleta Olivia under the pseudonym Pablo Glocknick [he was also known as Juan Paulovsky]. Bethe had repaired Monasterio’s car one day after it had broken down. The captain and the former Kriegsmarine petty officer immediately hit it off, and on a number of occasions over bottles of wine and local seafood, the former sailor recounted how he had lived in obscurity on the coast, and his  recollections of the U-Boat landings.  

Bethe spoke of a landing area "several hours" of driving over rough roads from the city of Puerto Madryn, which is much further south than Necochea. Bethe recalled that on the evening of 28 July, he directed trucks to a determined point on the coast and from there proceeded to load a large number of boxes that came ashore on rubber dinghies from two submarines. The trucks carried the boxes to two large depositories where they were carefully unloaded. Later, about seventy people disembarked from the U-Boat. In Bethe’s opinion, "the cargo was very valuable, and the people that arrived were not common sailors like [himself], but presumably hierarchy of the Third Reich".

The Allies had believed that Argentina was beyond the range of the VIIC, a smaller class of U-Boat, but the fact remains that Schäffer reached Mar del Plata. However, Puerto Madryn was indeed beyond his range unless he stopped to refuel, as it was more than 500 miles away as the crow flies and much more following the coastline. Ingeborg Schäffer’s testimony, and other evidence from Argentine navy documents, clearly point to two separate groups of U-Boats. 

A separate group included U-530, a IXC/40, which First Lt. Otto Wermuth surrendered at Mar del Plata on 10 July. This boat was in terrible condition and contained nothing of value; it may already have offloaded cargo at Necochea for Estancia Moromar.

Wermuth’s interrogation report—translated from German into Spanish, and finally into English by the U.S. Navy—says that he considered landing at "Miromar" before deciding to surrender at Mar del Plata. He said that he had left Kristiansand on 3 March 1945, and proceeded to Horten in Oslo Fjord, Norway, where for some reason "not stated" he remained for two days [possibly to load cargo]. He also did not explain why it had taken him more than two months to reach Argentina, nor why the submarine had no torpedoes, weapons, or ammunition on board, nor why the crew carried no identification, nor what had happened to the ship's log.

The unexpected arrival of U-530 started many rumors. Brazilian Admiral Jorge Dodsworth Martins said he believed that U-530 could have sunk the cruiser 'Bahia', while Admiral Dudal Teixeira, also a Brazilian, believed that U-530 had come from Japan. An Argentine reporter claimed that he had seen a Buenos Aires provincial police report to the effect that a strange submarine had surfaced off the lower Argentine coast and had landed a high-ranking officer and a civilian who might have been Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun in disguise. U-977, that arrived in Mar del Plata on 17 August, was also accused of sinking 'Bahia'; however, an inquiry eventually found that the cruiser had been sunk due to a gunnery accident.

Denies Hitler Landed
19 July 1945

NEW YORK and WASHINGTON. Reports that Hitler and Eva Braun are in Argentina will be investigated by the United States Embassy in Buenos Aires. This was stated today by a spokesman of the State Department.

The Buenos Aires correspondent of the "American Associated Press" says that the Argentine Foreign Minister [Senor Ameghino] has denied the reports that Hitler and his reported wife, Eva Braun, had landed on the Argentine coast from the German U-Boat U-530.

Senior Ameghino stated that for two months before the U-530 surrendered, police and naval vessels had constantly patrolled the coast. He added that in consequence of the latest report police vigilance had now been extended to the interior of Patagonia

The Argentine naval authorities are investigating reports that two submarines were sighted off San Clemente Deltuyu only a few days after the U-530 surrendered at Mar Del Plata. The Argentine Government has decided to deliver the U-530 to Britain and America. The whereabouts of the U-Boat during the two months since Germany's capitulation have not been explained.

The Brazzaville [French Equatorial Africa] radio last night quoted the South American newspaper "La Critica" as saying that Hitler and Eva Braun had taken refuge on Queen Maud Island in the Antarctica.


A 1945 article in the "Toronto Star" about the theory
Hitler escaped to Antarctica

The Argentine Naval Ministry issued an official communique in which they stated that U-530 was not responsible for the sinking of 'Bahia', that no Nazi leader or high-ranking military officers were aboard, and that U-530 had landed no one on the coast of Argentina before surrendering.

According to recently declassified Argentine archives as reported in the 1992 book "Ultramar Sur" by Juan Salinas and Carlos de Napoli the following is now known about U-Boats arriving in Argentina postwar:

(1) U-530 had been on a special operation to the US East coast after sailing from Germany 19 March 1945. This was three days after the bombing of Dresden and may have been linked to Hitler's orders to fire nerve gas shells at New York in retaliation. Hitler was talked out of this plan by Keitel and Jodl. The order is contained in the OKW War Diary [see also Gellermann: "Der Krieg der nicht statt fand"]. Wehrmuth stated that for his unspecified mission he was under direct orders from Berlin.

The new set of interrogation documents show a conflict between the evidence of the crew members, who described how the 10.5-cm deck gun was jettisoned at sea, and the commander, Otto Wehrmuth, who said that the gun had been unshipped ashore before sailing. This draws attention to the importance of the deck gun. It was Wehrmuth's personal decision to make for Argentina rather than surrender to the USA and for understandable reasons.

(2) There is a duplicate set of documents at the Argentine archive for U-977.

The Brazilian cruiser 'Bahia' blew up at the Equator on 4 July 1945 as the result of crew error. At the time it was assumed that a German submarine was responsible, and Schäffer, whose charts put him within fifty miles of the casualty, seemed a likely candidate for the noose and the short drop when the US Navy framed him.

There are documentary indications that the Argentine intelligence service conspired with Schäffer to put him a thousand miles to the north of the tragedy on the day in question, and thus came into existence his novel "U-977" with the world record 66 days by Schnorchel, all in agonizing detail. The Argentine Navy archive has a different version of the novel as no doubt does ODESSA.

The Kriegsmarine had a naval Etappendienst house at San Antonio Oeste, a small town inshore on the coast of Rio Negro. It seems likely that Schäffer called in there for orders on or about 18 July 1945, for he was pursued by the torpedo boat 'Mendoza' for forty miles and then depth charged there that night. These eight depth charges were the sum total of Argentina's anti-Nazi war effort: their pro-Nazi effort remains their more outstanding contribution.

The depth charge attack damaged U-977, but fortunately Schäffer was saved "because it was getting dark", which resulted in all Argentine naval forces being recalled to base [probably after the Etappendienst got in touch]. When Schäffer put into Mar del Plata on 17 August 1945 U-977 had fresh battle damage up front plus a middling quantity of fuel, which was extraordinary if Schäffer had come all the way from Norway without seeing man or beast as he claimed.

(3) Two cargo U-Boats came down from Germany for which U-977 was the scout. The Etappendienst base could only be contacted by landline, since a wireless transmitter would have betrayed its existence and location, and so Schäffer went on ahead there for orders. There were three submarines carrying important war material for abroad at the end of the war: U-234 for Japan, and U-235 and U-236 for Argentina. The latter two numbers were duplicates allocated for convenience.

According to the Argentine naval archive at least one of these two boats unloaded at San Clemente del Tuyu on the night of 28 July 1945. The police knew all about it and had their work cut out not to get involved. The 1952 depositions to the CEANA enquiry have gone missing, or caught fire or something similar, which has saved everybody a lot of embarrassment. The second boat was damaged during a depth charge attack at the Equator on 18 July 1945 by the Brazilian destroyer 'Babitonga' and may have sunk in the Bahia de San Matias while trying to manouevre ashore.

There is some evidence that the present Argentine Government believes in the existence of this second boat which has certain material aboard and is so dangerous to approach that it may have been declared a "war grave" by the German Government even though all aboard are believed to have got away safely. 

There is a quantity of material in Argentine and Brazilian archives which cover the activities of unknown submarines off their coasts in the period July and August 1945.

In one of the attacks at the Equator on 20 July 1945, for example, a submarine was forced to the surface for one minute by the destroyer 'Babitonga' and was seen to discharge a quantity of oil. A sample was collected and assayed, the Brazilian Navy reporting that it was not a Diesel oil used by Allied submarines. It has not been possible to identify any U-Boat in this area at the time, but obviously it was a submarine which belonged to somebody.

Nothing is known of any other U-Boats landing material in Argentina postwar. Local writers, researchers, pilots of private planes occasionally report sunken U-Boats and U-Boat wreckage and artefacts along the coast, some photographed in lovely colour, but so far nothing of value has materialized and survived scrutiny.

By contrast, U-977 was carrying its full complement of weapons and torpedoes when it surrendered on 17 August—a full five weeks after U-530. Wermuth’s mention of "Miromar," and the fact that getting rid of the torpedoes would have provided space for clandestine cargo, suggest that he may have had something to hide from his interrogators. He refused to say whether or not U-530 was alone, but he did say that he operated under direct orders from Berlin and that the last direct contact he had was on 26 April. Wermuth said that he did not know of any other submarines headed for Argentina, but that if any more were coming, they would arrive within a week of his own arrival.

The Nazis did very well in the war, from a business viewpoint. War is a business. It was fought for material gain. The Nazis gained materially. What they lost was territory. What they gained was treasure, new friends, and experience. The treasure included a couple of U-Boats full of bearer bonds, numbered stock shares and patent certificates.

In occupied Germany one could neither vote with these shares nor could one collect interest, dividends, nor royalties. When [West] Germany again "took its place among the nations of the World" in 1955, the Bundestag immediately changed all this. The holders of these once worthless scraps of paper suddenly, once again, possessed incredibly wealth.

This represented:

"... the hard core of Nazi wealth in Latin America. In 1944 a great treasure had been sent secretly across the Atlantic, the famous "Bormann treasure". This operation involved the transport from Germany to Argentina of several tons of gold, securities, shares, and works of art ..

A brief look at what could be called gold stories, legends, or myths, sheds light on to the missing Nazi treasures. The biggest hoard still missing is that of Bormann's Aktion Feuerland project. Undoubtedly, there are as many myths as there are facts surrounding Bormann's Treasure. Some have taken on the aspects of legends. Thus the reader is forewarned that what follows concerning this hoard may be partially false.

What is known with certainty is up until June 1944, Bormann transferred his loot across France in trucks to Spain. In Spain the treasure was transferred to U-Boats, which then made the voyage to Argentina. After D-Day with the land route closed to Spain, Bormann continued his transfer of assets to Argentina by air. Author, Ladislas Farago claims that the virtually complete record of this operation is preserved in the archives of Coordination Federal in Buenos Aires, in the FBI files, and in the archives of the British Admiralty. The later assumed the U-Boats were on regular patrol. Farago claims the shipments began in 1943 and arrived on a regular basis spaced at six to eight weeks apart. He states the money and gold were deposited in the name of Eva Peron.

According to Farago, the Perons managed to gain control over much of Bormann's treasure and in Eva Peron's "Rainbow Tour of Europe" she deposited over $800 million in numbered accounts in various Swiss banks.

Farago lists the treasure as:

187,692,400 Gold Marks
17,576,386 American Dollars
4,632,500 Pounds Sterling
24,976,442 Swiss Francs
8,370,000 Dutch Florins
17,280,009 Belgian Francs
54,968,000 French Francs
87 kilograms Platinum
2,511 kilograms of Gold
4,638 carats of Diamonds and other precious stones.

Farago's list of Bormann's treasure above has been partially verified by Adam Lebor, as he specifically list the same quantities of gold and diamonds.

This brief look at the Bormann treasure transferred to Argentina readily illustrates the difficulty of sorting fact from fiction in the tales of Nazi loot. Author, Uki Goni has also presented proof of the difficulties encountered in relying on Argentina records. He has found that those records have been purged of incriminating files on at least two different occasions. The full truth of the Bormann treasure may never be revealed unless the Untied States and England declassifies all documents from WWII.

"... Several U-Boats arrived in Argentine waters after the capitulation of Germany. They were the carriers of bundles of documents, industrial patents, and securities. On 10 July  1945, the U-530 surfaced at the mouth of the River Platte and entered the port of La Plata. The following month, on 17 August, the U-977 also arrived at La Plata. In accordance with international conventions, both U-Boats were interned by Argentina and later handed over to the United States authorities. 

"To the surprise of few, they were found to be empty of treasure. Two more U-Boats, according to reliable sources, appeared off an uninhabited stretch of the coast of Patagonia between  23 and 29 July 1945".

--  "The Avengers", by Michael Bar-Zohar, Hawthorn Books, 196

Ingeborg Schäffer's testimony suggests that a second group of boats, responsible for the landings near Puerto Madryn described by Heinrich Bethe, might have been escorted by her husband’s fully armed U-977, which left Kristiansand on 2 May, 1945—the day before U-530 sailed. Both U-530, and U-1235 from Gruppe Seewolf, had the range for the southernmost landings.

No proper investigation of U-530 and U-977, considering all the declassified material, has been made to this point. The entire history of the final voyages of these two submarines is based on the US Navy interrogation reports of the crews once they arrived as captives in the United States.

The British interrrogations in Hertfordshire in 1945 and 1946 remain classified until 2020, and one wonders what was said by Schäffer to merit it being given such a high level of secrecy.

Until 2002, the reports on the interrogations of Wermuth and Schäffer by the Argentine Navy at Mar del Plata, made the day after their respective arrivals, were kept top secret. Now that they have been declassified we have a second story.

The Argentines have chosen not to release the interrogations of the boats' officers and crew but based on reports from Brazilian naval sources these are also believed to prove that neither voyage was what it seemed, the dates are faulty and we have been fed a pack of lies and deceit by the northern hemisphere to conceal the true purpose behind both voyages. And neither boat had Hitler, Eva Braun nor Bormann aboard.

The interrogation reports of the commanders and crews declassified years ago by the US archive are forgeries to serve a political purpose. These two boats were important.

What was carried aboard these U-Boats was Cargo. In the early months of 1945, Chile, Argentina and Uruguay all signed a document engineered by the Allies, probably by financial inducement, that they would mobilize and cooperate and provide all means necessary to the common global objective of destroying National Socialism. The total contribution of all three in the naval arena was the eight depth charges dropped on U-977 on 18 July 1945. Meanwhile arrangements were being made with Germany, their supposed enemy, to accept any war criminal, the wealth of the Third Reich, land purchase money-laundering arrangements and to allow certain advanced technologies to be pursued inland, and there is no doubt whatever that this occurred. The wealth and the technological transfer could only have been achieved by sea.

U-977 sailed from Kiel on 13 April 1945 and put into Frederikshaven to load 45 tonnes of cargo for Argentina on 14 April 1945.

By a stupendous coincidence, on that very same day, the 14 April 1945, U-235 was reportedly depth-charged and sunk in precise coordinates not far offshore below the northern tip of Denmark. She was allegedly sunk by the German torpedo-boat T-17. The only source we have for the sinking of U-235 is therefore the German Navy, and the German Navy was responsible for sending U-Boats to Argentina..

Of all the U-Boats "sunk" in the Kattegat, U-235 is in the easiest position to find. Over recent years no less than five U-Boats have been located in the Kattegat and raised.None of these found U-boats has been U-235. Search as they might, no salvor can find the tomb of U-235. And they cannot find Friedrich Huisgen's boat because it was only sunk in the War Diary of a German torpedo-boat, and not in real life. 

Schäffer wrote  secretly for the Argentine Navy an amended version of his 1952 book. In "El Secreto del U-977" [published privately in Buenos Aires in 1955] a which differs vastly from the "novel" he had turned out earlier. In this amended book he says that he had been joined by a U-Boat of conventional Type whose number he prefers not to reveal, the trio [U-977, a Type XXI and the conventional Type] set off for Horten and arrived there unscathed on 21 April 1945. 

The next heard of U-235 is in a document declassified by Argentine counter-intelligence. This is a Memorandum of the Coordinación Federal DAE 568 classified "strictly secret and confidential" and dated 14 October 1952, written by the Head of the Cordoba Delegation to the Head of the Division for External Affairs. This document is headed: "Movement of Foreigners" and in translation reads as follows:

"I bring to your attention that our agents [names deleted] have detected in the locality of Ascochinga, mountainous zone of Cordoba province, a ranch situated on the Cerro Negro which has been aquired by a former German officer who disembarked at Mar del Plata submarine base from U-235. This submarine was proceeding from Germany to Patagonia at the conclusion of hostilities. The officer in question holds meetings with former high-ranking Nazi financiers...."

German submarines seem to have just "called in" at Mar del Plata by night to drop off important technical people before continuing to where they unloaded "secretly". This unloading process was not difficult, because from 21 July 1945 the Argentine Navy had called off all coastal patrols along its 4,000 kilometres of coastline.

The small village above Ascochinga was investigated by Argentine author Jorge Camarasa for his book "Puerto Secreto" [Buenos Aires 2006] and a report made on his discoveries.

There are reports that U-435 and at least four others helped transport former Nazi leaders and their treasures to South America between June 1945 and October 1946.

According to official records, U-435 was depth-charged and sunk on 9 July 1943 west of Figueira, Portugal by a RAF Wellington bomber from 179 Squadron. All hands were said to be lost. 

An Argentine Intelligence document states that this boat unloaded passengers at Mar del Plata postwar.

The presence of a second group of three boats is also suggested in two separate television interviews conducted in Buenos Aires with Wilfred von Oven. Oven was the personal press adjutant to Propaganda Minister Josef Göbbels between 1943 and 1945. He had accompanied the Condor Legion in Spain as a war correspondent and was acquainted with Gen. Wilhelm von Faupel of the Ibero-American Institute. Oven went into hiding in 1945 under an assumed name and fled to Argentina in 1951.

Wilfred von Oven [born La Paz, Bolivia 4 May 1912 – died Buenos Aires, Argentina 13 June 2008] was interested in journalism and served with the Condor Legion in Spain as a war correspondent. After obtaining an Army commission in 1939 he served with the Propaganda Ministry as a war correspondent reporting from the fronts in Poland and the Soviet Union during the Second World War. In 1943, with the rank of Lieutenant, the OKW appointed him as Göbbels' Press adjutant, which he remained until the end of the war.

Von Oven witnessed the events of the 20 July 1944 plot. On the afternoon in question the Propaganda Ministry on the Wilhelmstrasse, with Göbbels inside, was surrounded by disloyal troops. Göbbels ordered Oven to discover whether escape was possible. He found they were trapped but reported that the telephone system was still working, an oversight by the plotters which assisted in their downfall.

The relation of von Oven and Göbbels was of the most cordial and of mutual admiration. On 22 April  1945 Göbbels took leave of von Oven to be with Hitler in the underground Bunker of the Chancellery. Von Oven tried to follow Göbbels there, but the Nazi minister told him to stay in his office "fixing all the papers".

After the capitulation in 1945 von Oven went into hiding under an assumed name to escape Allied internment.

Werner Naumann, the replacement Propaganda Minister for Göbbels whose assistant Oven would have been, fled to Argentina in 1946, where Oven arrived in 1951.

On 1 May 1945, Naumann was the leader of break-out group number 3 from the Führerbunker. The group included Martin Bormann, Hans Baur, Ludwig Stumpfegger and Artur Axmann. Erich Kempka testified at Nuremberg that he had last seen Naumann walking a metre in front of Martin Bormann when a Soviet rocket exploded by Bormann while crossing the Weidendammer Bridge under heavy fire in Berlin. From that group, only Naumann and Axmann escaped the Soviet Army encirclement of Berlin and made it to western Germany.

Naumann fled to Argentina then, where he became one of the editors of the neo-Nazi magazine "Der Weg" published by the Dürer Verlag, which circulated in the German community in June 1947.

He was the highest ranking member of the Nazi hierarchy known to have gone to Argentina immediately postwar. How he entered is not known.

Von Oven initially had the expected protection, which implied a false identity in his documents and then, continued to count on this same protection, shortly after arriving in Argentina he returned to use his real name, and with that same name, he signed his work in Argentina as editor-in-chief of the German newspaper "Freie Presse".

This right hand of Göbbels continued to live in Argentina, in a chalet located in Bella Vista, Greater Buenos Aires, from 1952 until 2008, at which time he died at the age of 96, surrounded by children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren, taking to the grave the memories and secrets of the nefarious and obscure National Socialist days in Third Reich Germany. 

For all those who systematically disbelieve the presence and good life of the Nazis of the Second World War in Argentina [or simply pretend to look the other way], the case of Wilfred von Oven is like a dash of cold water. Wilfred von Oven lived placidly in Argentina, protected, endorsed and [by many] respected and admired.  He was not the only one.....

Before he died in 2008, Oven was asked about a "fleet" of Nazi submarines coming to Argentina in 1945. On two occasions—once to an Argentine author, and again to a British TV crew—he replied, in what appeared to be almost a conversational slip, "No, there were only three, just three". His interviews are rambling and given in an arch manner suggesting that he knew more than he was willing to tell, but on the matter of the three U-Boats he seemed quite lucid.

The documentary evidence appears to say that these were U-977 and the two that unloaded at Necochea.

In March 1943, the German U-Boat Arm under the command of Admiral Karl Dönitz had brought the Allied convoy system to the verge of collapse. A spirit of optimism prevailed at the OKM, Oberkommando der Marine [Headquarters of the German Navy] in Berlin as reports of numerous sinkings were received over the teletype. Dönitz' U-Bootwaffe was engaged in the largest offensive of the North Atlantic against Allied convoys. The results were encouraging. During the first twenty days of March they had sent an estimated 141,000 tons of shipping to the bottom of the Atlantic with the loss of one U-Boat.

More good news surfaced that the Admiral’s naval signal intelligence network -B-Dienst [Beobachtungsdienst] had again broken the Allied naval codes and read each message with ease.

The excitement was abruptly curtailed on 18  March when Dönitz received word that Allied VLR [Very Long Range] aircraft had penetrated airspace in the eastern mid-Atlantic.

Many different aircraft from airships to four-engined sea- and land-planes were used in anti-submarine warfare. Some of the more successful were the Lockheed Ventura, PBY [Catalina or Canso, in British service], Consolidated B-24 Liberator [VLR Liberator, in British service], Short Sunderland, and Vickers Wellington. As more patrol planes became equipped with radar, U-Boats began to be surprised at night by aircraft attacks. U-Boats were not defenseless, since their deck guns were a very good anti-aircraft weapon. They claimed 212 Allied aircraft shot down for the loss of 168 U-Boats to air attack. The German naval command struggled to find a solution to the aircraft attacks. "U-Flak" submarines, equipped with extra anti-aircraft weapons, were tried unsuccessfully. At one point in the war, there was even a "shoot back order" requiring U-Boats to stay on the surface and fight back, in the absence of any other option. Some commanders started charging batteries during the day to gain more warning from air attack, and perhaps gain time to submerge. One solution was the Schnorchel, which allowed a U-Boat to stay submerged and still charge its batteries; it made a U-Boat more survivable and losses to aircraft went down. However the low snorkeling speeds of 5 to 6 knots [9.3–11.1 km/h; 5.8–6.9 mph] greatly limited the mobility of the U-Boats.

The provision of air cover was essential. The Germans at the time had been using their Focke-Wulf Fw 200 "Condor" long range aircraft to attack shipping and provide reconnaissance for U-Boats, and most of their sorties occurred outside the reach of existing land-based aircraft that the Allies had; this was dubbed the "Mid-Atlantic Gap".

At first, the British developed temporary solutions such as CAM ships and merchant aircraft carriers. These were superseded by mass-produced, relatively cheap escort carriers built by the United States and operated by the US Navy and Royal Navy. There was also the introduction of long-ranged patrol aircraft. Many U-Boats feared aircraft, as the mere presence would often force them to dive, disrupting their patrols and attack runs.

Long range anti-submarine Consolidated B-24 Liberators played an instrumental role in closing the Mid-Atlantic Gap in the Battle of the Atlantic

Within days the OKM was flooded with communiques from a number of boats returning home with depth charge battle damage. The tide had turned virtually overnight, without warning, as the Admiral began to explore his options. In the months that followed, the U-Boat losses soared, forcing Dönitz to recall his remaining U-Boats back to their bases on 24 May. The situation deteriorated with each passing day as the puzzled OKM played the role of helpless bystander in the unfolding drama.

Since this tipping point in the Battle of the Atlantic in May 1943, the balance of power in the sea war shifted even more. The Kriegsmarine lost its French U-Boat bases in the summer of 1944, making the approach voyages to possible patrol areas much longer, more difficult, and more dangerous. Allied anti-submarine naval and air forces with greatly improved equipment now dominated the North Atlantic sea-lanes and the waters around most of Europe, so Allied shipping losses were a small fraction of what they had been.

In 1944, U-Boat loss rates had outstripped the numbers of new boats being commissioned; consequently, the remaining crews and most of their commanders were much less experienced. From January through April 1945 alone, no fewer than 139 U-Boats and their crews were lost. The chances of a successful submarine escape directly from northwest Europe to South America would have been slim; however, the odds improved significantly with Spain as the point of departure

The controversial "History Channel" documentary series 'Hunting Hitler' stated that there were two submarine bases or pens in Spain itself that were utilized by German U-Boats during and immediately after the war.

Spain was neutral in name only and was really an Axis co-belligerent in the shadows - but the program claimed it went further than this. There was also mention, along with video footage, of a radio direction-finding installation in Spain itself that was used by German bombers for navigation, presumably on air raids over England and probably elsewhere, as well.

The German intercept stations in Spain

In the course of WWII the German signal intelligence agencies intercepted radio traffic from several fixed and mobile stations established throughout Europe. Some of these stations were located in neutral countries and they operated clandestinely, so as not to attract attention from the Allies.  Although these stations operated in secrecy the local governments were informed of their existence and had given their tacit approval.

The Spanish government under General Francisco Franco had close ties to Germany, as would be expected considering the support that the Nationalists had received from Germany and Italy during the Spanish Civil War of 1936-39. Without support from Hitler and Mussolini the Nationalists would not have been able to defeat the Republican forces. Yet despite these close ties the position of the Spanish government during WWII was to remain neutral and avoid foreign entanglements.

Before the war General Franco allowed German technicians to erect near Lugo in Spain a system of radio beacons known as the Radiofaro Consul or "Elektra-Sonne". The three metal towers were 100 metres in height and equipped with a very large octagonal shape at the extremities. The transmitter emitted a LW morse message every minute consisting of the identification letters "LG" and then the coordinate of the transmitter. The Consul system had enormous range, covered half the planet, and its precision was such that it remained in use for civilian aircraft in Spain until 1971.

The three towers near Lugo in Spain were situated at Arneiro, Graña and Moman.

There were four others in Europe at Stavanger [Norway] Bush Mills [UK] Ploneis [France] and Seville [Spain].

Even though Spain was neutral the police and the intelligence service cooperated to some extent with the German intelligence services Abwehr and Sicherheitsdienst. In the field of signals intelligence the authorities allowed the establishment of a main radio-intercept station in Madrid and smaller outstations throughout the country. These first of these stations were controlled by the German High Command’s deciphering department – OKW/Chi.

OKW/Chi was not the only German agency with radio stations in Spain. In the course of the war a clandestine naval D/F station was added to the OKW/Chi Seville facility and a Luftwaffe intercept station was established in Barcelona. Also in the latter stages of the war the main station in Madrid added a separate section for the Radio Security Service of the Armed Forces [Funkabwehr].

The controlling station was established at the German consulate in Madrid [10 Ayala Street], in 1939 or 1940, and the codename for the intercept organization in Spain was "Stürmer".

There were outstations in the outskirts of Madrid, on a German owned cattle ranch north of Seville, in Tangiers, in Las Palmas, Tenerife and possibly in the Balearic Islands.

The stations were tasked with intercepting traffic from French, Belgian and Portuguese colonies and later traffic from North America and from the British Dominions but did not carry out any codebreaking activities. Instead the coded messages were transmitted back to Berlin.

Security measures were strict with all the personnel being told to avoid contact with the locals and even other Germans working at the embassy. The members of the group wore civilian clothes and used at the outstations radio equipment of the American Hallicrafters company. Married men were not allowed to bring their wives to Spain and the unmarried ones were forbidden from marrying Spanish women.

Even so the work of these stations could not remain a secret forever. The Allied authorities occasionally tipped the Spanish police so it could raid these stations but the Spanish authorities always proceeded with such sluggishness that serious problems were avoided. By the time the police arrived there was nothing compromising for them to find.

In the course of the war other German agencies also established covert intercept stations in Spain.

Luftwaffe station

The signal intelligence service of the Luftwaffe operated an intercept station in Barcelona and it seems that from 1942 they had exclusive control of the entire facility, there may have been another station near Madrid. They mostly intercepted traffic of the USAAF ferry service.

B-Dienst station

The naval signal intelligence service B-Dienst [Beobachtungsdienst] operated an intercept station in the same facility in Seville that OKW/Chi was using [or in Barcelona and in the outskirts of Madrid]. They focused on naval traffic from the Mediterranean and the Atlantic.

Funkabwehr station

The organizations tasked with monitoring the radio transmissions of illicit operators and spy groups were the Radio Defence Corps of the Armed Forces High Command – OKW Funkabwehr and the similar department of the regular police – Ordnungspolizei. Both agencies operated in occupied Europe but they were assigned different areas.

In late 1942 or early 1943 a special OKW Funkabwehr section was established at the Madrid intercept station. This unit conducted direction finding operations for the radio transmitters of Allied and Spanish Republican spy groups. It seems that they also had a small number of civilian vehicles equipped with mobile D/F devices. The Spanish authorities not only allowed the Germans to set up this station but cooperated closely with them in the field of counterintelligence against foreign spies.

It was only natural that the Spanish authorities would be worried about Allied spy groups and even more so about the activities of the surviving Republican resistance networks. The civil war had ended only a few years earlier and the supporters of the Republican government could still organize a movement against the regime, especially if they had support from the Allies.

The Funkabwehr station assisted the Spanish General Staff in counterintelligence activities and had good results with traffic from Southern France.

The intercept organization closes down

In the course of the war new stations were activated and the Spanish authorities obviously benefited from the German activities, especially in the field of counterintelligence. However as Germany was pushed back by the Allies it was obvious that the war would end with an Allied victory. This influenced the decisions of the Spanish government and in 1944 the Seville, Tangiers and Barcelona stations were closed down. At the end only the Madrid stations remained and they were closed down in 1945, with their equipment turned over to the Spanish authorities and the personnel being repatriated in 1946.

In the program, there was also a lot of interesting information about the state of affairs in Europe at the end of WWII, and particularly, about the "Rat Lines" and clandestine aid lent to numerous escaping Nazis by fellow-travelers and allies in the shadows. This certainly included some powerful people and institutions in Spain.

The origins of the first Ratlines are connected to various developments in Vatican-Argentine relations before and during World War II. As early as 1942, Monsignor Luigi Maglione contacted Ambassador Llobet, inquiring as to the "willingness of the government of the Argentine Republic to apply its immigration law generously, in order to encourage at the opportune moment European Catholic immigrants to seek the necessary land and capital in our country". Afterwards, a German priest, Anton Weber, the head of the Rome-based Society of Saint Raphael, traveled to Portugal, continuing to Argentina, to lay the groundwork for future Catholic immigration; this was to be a route which fascist exiles would exploit. According to historian Michael Phayer, "this was the innocent origin of what would become the Vatican ratline".

Spain, not Rome, was the "first center of ratline activity that facilitated the escape of Nazi fascists, although the exodus itself was planned within the Vatican. Charles Lescat, a French member of Action Française [an organization suppressed by Pius XI and rehabilitated by Pius XII], and Pierre Daye, a Belgian with contacts in the Spanish government, were among the primary organizers. Lescat and Daye were the first to flee Europe with the help of Argentine cardinal Antonio Caggiano.

By 1946, there were hundreds of war criminals in Spain, and thousands of former Nazis and fascists. According to US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes, Vatican cooperation in turning over these "asylum-seekers" was "negligible". According to Phayer, Pius XII "preferred to see fascist war criminals on board ships sailing to the New World rather than seeing them rotting in POW camps in zonal Germany". Unlike the Vatican emigration operation in Italy, centered on Vatican City, the ratlines of Spain, although "fostered by the Vatican" were relatively independent of the hierarchy of the Vatican Emigration Bureau.

In March 1945, nine Type IX U-Boats sailed for the Atlantic; this was the last major U-Boat operation of the war, and the first such operation since the scattering of the failed Gruppe 'Preussen' a year previously.

Two of the boats, U-530 and U-548, were directed to operate in Canadian waters, to "annoy and defy the United States". The other seven, designated Gruppe Seewolf—U-518, U-546, U-805, U-858, U-880, U-881 and U-1235—were to form a patrol line code-named "Harke" [Rake] It is believed, however, that in mid-April three of these boats opened sealed orders that would divert them southward on a special mission.

This U-Boat type was designed to be able to operate far from home support facilities. As an example of their endurance, the Type IX boats briefly patrolled off the eastern United States. Some 283 were built from 1937–44. It was not by chance the word "Wolf" was used in the operation’s designation. From early in his career and throughout his life Hitler used the pseudonym Wolf. Among the most successful German operational techniques during the war were the "Wolf-Pack tactics" [known as Rudeltaktik] by which the U-Boats preyed on Atlantic shipping, and the submarines themselves were lauded by the Propaganda Ministry as "Grey Wolves". It was typical of Bormann’s meticulous planning that three separate U-Boats of Gruppe Seewolf were assigned to the escape mission to provide alternatives if needed and that the mission was concealed within a conventional Atlantic operation so as not to attract Allied curiosity.

The planning for this phase of the escape had begun in 1944, and navy and air force assets across the Reich had been allocated to play contingent parts in the complex and developing escape plan. One such part was a misinformation phase. In July 1944, News Agencies reported that Hitler had approved a plan for an imminent attack on New York, with "robot bombs" launched from submarines in the Atlantic. On 20  August, the Type IXC boat U-1229 [Cdr. Armin Zinke] was attacked and forced to surface off Newfoundland on the Canadian east coast, and among the captured survivors was a German agent, Oskar Mantel. Under interrogation by the FBI, he revealed that a wave of U-Boats equipped with V-1 flying bombs was being readied to attack the United States.

In November 1944, U-1230 landed two agents off the Maine coast; they were spotted coming ashore and arrested. During their interrogation, Erich Gimpel and William Colepaugh [an American defector] corroborated Mantel’s story. This also seemed to be supported by the prediction in a radio broadcast by the Reich armaments minister, Albert Speer, that V-missiles "would fall on New York by 1 February 1945". On 10 December 1944, New York’s mayor Fiorello La Guardia broke the story to an astonished American public. On 8 January 1945, Adm. Jonas H. Ingram, commander of the U.S. Atlantic Fleet, announced that a new wave of U-Boats approaching the United States might be fitted with V-1 rockets to attack the eastern seaboard. The Nazis might launch "robots from submarine, airplane or surface ship" against targets ranging from Maine to Florida, but the U.S. Navy was fully prepared to meet the threat.

Many Americans took this V-1 scare seriously. The British dismissed it as propaganda, and—with the grim experience of four years’ bombardment and some 60,000 civilian deaths behind them, about 10 percent caused by V-1s—believed that even if such attacks occurred they would not cause a great deal of damage. After all, Hitler’s 'Operation Polar Bear' had succeeded in hitting London with 2,515 V-1s [about one-quarter of those launched], so the handful that might be fired by a few U-Boats seemed negligible.

On 16 February 1945, a British Admiralty cable to the U.S. Navy chief of operations, Adm. Ernest J. King, played down the threat, while conceding that it was possible for U-Boats to store and launch V-1 flying bombs. [The Germans had indeed tested a submarine-towed launch platform with some success, but were nowhere near any operational capability. There was even an embryo project, Prüfstand XII, to launch the much larger V-2 ballistic missile at sea from a sealed container, which would be flooded at the base to swing it upright].

The Rocket U-Boat was an abandoned military project to create the first ballistic missile submarine. It was conceived of by Nazi Germany during the Second World War. Plans for the rocket U-boat involved an attack on New York City with newly invented V-2 rockets.

During World War II, several projects were undertaken at Peenemünde to mount rockets on a U-boat.

In 1941 first trials were held, using a Nebelwerfer rocket launcher, mounted on the deck of U-511. Tests were carried out, with successful firings from the surface, and from up to 12 metres underwater without any effect on the missiles' accuracy. The arrangement was envisaged as a weapon against convoy escorts, but with no guidance system the arrangement was largely ineffective.

In 1943 interest in the concept was revived with the advent of the V-1 flying bomb; proposals were made to mount a V-1 and launcher on a U-Boat in order to strike targets at a much greater range than the 150 mile [251 km] radius from land-based sites. This proposal foundered on inter-service rivalry, however, as the V-1 was an Air Force [Luftwaffe] project.

In 1943 also, consideration was given to firing the V-2 rocket from a U-Boat, with particular thought to hitting targets in the United States. As the V-2 was too large to be mounted on any U-Boat then in service, a 500-ton submersible vessel for transport and launching was designed. Un-manned and unpowered, this was intended to be towed by a conventional U-Boat to within range of its target, then set up and launched. Three of these vessels were ordered in late 1944, but only one was built, and no trials of the practicality of the system were carried out.

Allied intelligence came to know of these projects, and the US Navy developed a counter-measure, known as Operation Teardrop. This operation was actually carried out in early 1945 when a group of U-Boats were detected heading for the US east coast. Most of these submarines were quickly pounced on in Mid-Atlantic and destroyed in the massive anti-submarine operation, though post–war analysis showed no credible missile threat had existed.

The Luftwaffe analyzed the possible use of "V-weapons" against the US in a plan to launch a squadron of Junkers Ju 290 long range recon aircraft armed with Fieseler Fi-103 [V-1] rockets.

The Kriegsmarine considered a similar idea with submarine-based V-1/V-2 launchers against United States coasts.

Similarly, the Wehrmacht created the "Division zur Vergeltung" [Reprisal Division] or "Div.z. V." through which a special unit was organized. From islands or just offshore, this unit would use the "Langrohrkanone LRK 15 F-58", also known as the "HDP Kanone" or V-3, or the ultra long-range version of the multi-phase mid-range missile V-4 "Rheinbote" against U.S. soil.

Rheinbote [Rhine Messenger, or V-4] was a German ballistic rocket developed by Rheinmetall-Borsig at Berlin-Marienfelde during World War II. It was intended to replace, or at least supplement, large-bore artillery by providing fire support at long ranges in an easily transportable form.

One of the problems for the German military, and indeed any mobile military force, is the weight of the artillery and, more importantly, its ammunition supply. Battlefield rockets were intended to circumvent the problems, which led to the development of Rheinbote. The Rheinbote was the successor of the earlier Rheintochter [Rhine Maiden].

Developed in 1943 by the Rheinmetall-Borsig company, Rheinbote was a four-stage solid-fuelled rocket, and the only long-range battlefield ballistic missile to enter service in World War II.

Over 220 were constructed, with over 200 being used against the Belgian port of Antwerp between November 1944 and the end of the war. They caused only limited damage in small unpredictable areas of the city.

Some were fired from positions near the town of Nunspeet in the Netherlands.

The concept of long-range artillery rockets on the battlefield would remain undeveloped after the war. Even Rheinbote was not used in its intended role, but instead as a smaller version of the V-2 missile in a strategic role.

Other special weapons were envisioned for possible use against the United States too, such a

The A9 was a further development of the A4 rocket. No prototype was ever developed before the end of the war, although a variant, the A4b, was produced. The A9 would have been used as the upper stage for an intercontinental missile or a manned craft. The A10 was to have been used for the lower stage

The A10, which was never built, was intended to serve as the first stage for the A9, to help it to reach an intercontinental range. New York City and other targets in the northeastern U.S. were its intended targets. Test Stand VII was built at Peenemünde for use in the A10's development.

The A10 was designed to have a diameter of 4.12 meters and to exceed the A4 in its size. It was to be fueled with alcohol and liquid oxygen.

A Combined Intelligence Objectives Sub-Committee [CIOS] report, number XXXII-125, running to more than one hundred and fifty pages, details not only "an experimental model of an additional thrust unit which was to be fastened to either the A4 [V-2] or the A-9 to give an additional range," but also various "Amerika Rakete" projects for a guided missile with a range of 3,500 miles.

These latter rockets, the report notes, with less than complete reassurance, "probably never progressed beyond the drawing board stage". But additionally, there was a V-3 weapon, "a larger version of the V1 with an incendiary warhead instead of the [high explosive] normally used. Very little information is available concerning V-3 control systems".

What, indeed, was this "incendiary warhead"? A thermite bomb? A fuel-air bomb? An actual atom bomb? The report is unclear.

-- "German Guided Missile Research" CIOS Sub-Committee, G-2 Division, SHAEF [Rear] APO 413, XXXII-125

To this astounding inventory, one may add radio-controlled surface to air missiles - one of which sank the Italian battleship 'Roma' on its way to surrender to the Allies - infrared heat seeking air-to-air and surface to air missiles, wire guided missiles and torpedoes, biological and chemical warheads for the V-l and V-2, and possible fuel-air and atomic warheads as well. Where were these modifications being made?

In Prague.

-- Friedrich Georg, "Hitlers Siegeswaffen", Band 1

However, the planted misinformation achieved its purpose. It would focus American attention toward any detected pack of U-Boats, such as the majority of Gruppe Seewolf, thus drawing USN and USAAF assets in the Atlantic eastward and northward—away from the latitudes between Spain’s southern territories and Argentina..

Central to the Escape Plan was the use of the "Schnorchel" a combination of air intake and exhaust pipe for a submarine’s Diesel engines, which became widely available from spring 1944. This allowed a U-Boat to cruise [very slowly] on Diesel power a few feet below the surface, while simultaneously recharging the batteries for the electric motors that had to be used for cruising at any depth. Using the Schnorchel limited a boat’s range to about 100 miles per day; it was normally raised at night, and in daylight hours the boat cruised submerged [again, very slowly] on electric power. While the theoretical ability to remain underwater twenty-four hours a day was a lifesaver for many U-Boats, using the Schnorchel was noisy, difficult, and sometimes dangerous, especially in choppy seas. The low speed it imposed robbed the boats of their tactical flexibility on patrol, and remaining submerged made navigation difficult.

While no transits to Argentina could have been contemplated without the concealment offered by the Schnorchel, it also worsened the U-Boats’ communication problems. Remaining submerged almost permanently made the reception of radio messages a hit-or-miss affair. Neither U-Boat Command nor the British eavesdroppers at Bletchley Park near London could ever be certain when, or even if, a specific U-Boat had received the orders transmitted to it. In order to receive and send anything other than long-wave signals, a U-Boat had to bring its aerials above the surface, exposing the conning tower and risking radar detection. In theory, long-wave messages were detectable while submerged if the conditions were perfect, but Schnorchel boats had a poor record of picking up long-wave transmissions.

Thanks to the Decryption Experts at Bletchley Park, the Allies were well aware of the dispatch of Gruppe Seewolf in March 1945, and the relatively slow speed of Schnorchel boats —whether or not they were the rumored "V-1 Boats"—gave the U.S. Navy time to organize a massive response, code-named Operation Teardrop. Convoys were rerouted further south with limited escorts, leaving most of the U.S. Navy assets free to concentrate on hunting down Gruppe Seewolf and the two associated boats.

The U.S. Navy supposedly achieved devastating results, claiming seven sunk and two surrendered; however, until this day there remains uncertainty as to the extent of the attacks, and while the Kriegsmarine remained relatively ignorant about the extent of Allied naval radar capabilities—one of the best-kept secrets of World War II— the U-Boat commanders were well aware of the dangers of radio location and recognized that maintaining radio silence was central to a U-Boat’s chances of survival. High-frequency direction finding—HF/DF, or "Huff-Duff," introduced by the British Royal Navy—was a means of locating U-Boats by taking cross bearings on the high-frequency radio transmissions they employed.

Numerous long-range listening stations were built on many of the Atlantic’s coasts, and "Huff-Duff" was also installed on the warships of Allied escort and hunter-killer groups. Any transmission from a U-Boat risked betraying its rough position, allowing the hunters to close in for more sensitive searches by radar and sonar. It was not necessary to understand what the U-Boat commander was saying—figuring that out was a lengthier task for Bletchley Park; for the hunters, it was enough that the commander was making himself "visible" by transmitting. In obedience to their orders, none of the Gruppe Seewolf boats transmitted any traffic after 2 April 1945.

While U-Boat Command sent occasional orders to the boats of patrol-line Harke, there is no actual evidence that any of them picked up these messages and acted on them. After that date, the Royal Navy’s submarine-trackers at Bletchley Park, and Western Approaches Command in the northwestern English port of Liverpool, were unable to verify the actual positions of the U-Boats by using any form of direction-finding. All they had to work on was the information decrypted from U-Boat Command’s transmissions to the boats, filtered through past experience and gut instinct, and as a result they had only a vague idea where the boats might be. The Admiralty situation report for the week ending 2 April stated that the U-Boats were "likely to operate against convoys in mid-Atlantic but may tend to move along the estimated convoy routes in the general direction of the U.S. departure ports".

The U.S. Navy Official History claims that of the nine U-Boats that sailed for the Atlantic in March and April 1945—seven of them forming Gruppe Seewolf—two surrendered at sea and seven were claimed as having been sunk. However, there was no real evidence to support the destruction of four of these boats.

These four were some of the last unconfirmed U-Boat sinkings at sea; the few losses of Type IX boats that sailed subsequently are well documented and correct. From December 1944, the U.S. Navy would employ four escort-carrier groups in Operation Teardrop—the carriers 'USS Mission', 'Croatan', 'Bogue', and 'Core', with no fewer than forty-two destroyers. This largest Allied hunter-killer operation of the whole Atlantic war was undertaken in the North Atlantic’s worst weather in forty years, with high winds and mountainous seas. Of the seven Gruppe Seewolf submarines facing this overwhelming force, only one was a confirmed kill.

U-546 [Lt. Cdr. Paul Just] left Kiel, Germany, on 11 March 1945, and joined the Harke patrol line on 14 April. On 23 April, aircraft from 'USS Bogue' spotted her; the next day the Edsall-class destroyer escort 'USS Frederick C. Davis' made contact, but Paul Just got his torpedoes off first, sinking the destroyer with the loss of 115 lives. A subsequent ten-hour hunt ended with the U-Boat being hit and forced to the surface; Just and thirty-two survivors were rescued and shipped to Newfoundland. It has been confirmed that both there and after being transferred to Washington, Lt. Cdr. Just, two of his officers, and five seamen were treated with great and repeated brutality. The reason seems to have been American fears about submarine-launched V-1 attacks—grim confirmation of the success of the misinformation plan.

Lt. Cdr. Richard Bernadelli’s U-805 sailed from Bergen, Norway, on 17 March and also joined patrol line Harke on 14 April, later surviving several attacks from aircraft and warships. After the breakup of Gruppe Seewolf, U-805 operated off Halifax, Nova Scotia, eventually surrendering at sea on 9 May—five days after Adm. Dönitz transmitted his surrender order to all U-Boats still on patrol. This crew were also interrogated about the supposed V-1 boats, but apparently were not roughly treated—after all, the war with Germany was now over.

Lt. Cdr. Thilo Bode’s U-858 left Horten in Norway on 11 March and was judged by the Royal Navy’s Submarine Tracking Room to have joined the patrol line on 14 April. It seems not to have been detected before Bode surrendered at sea on 14 May. Bode’s crew were also questioned about the alleged V-1 launchers.

U-881, helmed by Lt. Cdr. Dr. Karl Heinz Frischke, was late joining the line. It left Bergen belatedly on 7 April after problems with its Schnorchel. Frischke clearly did not pick up Dönitz’s surrender order of 4 May, and U-881 was detected and claimed to be destroyed by the destroyer escort USS 'Farquar' as it approached the carrier USS 'Mission Bay' on 6 May. However, no physical evidence of its destruction ever came to light. Nor was there any proof of the destruction of U-1235, U-880, and U-518, all claimed as sunk during Operation Teardrop. In reality, they were nowhere near where the Submarine Tracking Room thought them "likely" to be.

U-1235 [First Lt. Franz Barsch] left Bergen on 19 March and was judged by the Submarine Tracking Room to have joined patrol line Harke on 14 April. Officially, this boat was lost during the night of 15–16  April to an attack by the destroyers USS 'Stanton' and 'Frost', which assumed from a violent underwater explosion that U-1235 had been destroyed—and that it had, indeed, been carrying V-weapons. No wreckage came to the surface, and no other evidence was produced to confirm this kill. In conformity with the orders of 2 April to all Gruppe Seewolf boats, U-1235 sent no radio messages at all during its last patrol. U-Boat Command certainly had no idea that the submarine was "lost", continuing to send it orders as late as 22 April.

Lt. Cdr. Gerhard Schötzau’s U-880 had left Bergen on 14 March, and the British tracking room plotted its arrival on the line exactly a month later. The U.S. Navy Lt. Cdr. Gerhard Schötzau’s U-880 had left Bergen on 14 March, and the British tracking room plotted its arrival on the line exactly a month later. The U.S. Navy claimed that this boat, too, was "killed" in a joint attack by the destroyers 'Stanton' and 'Frost' on 15–16 April, within an hour of the destruction of U-1235.

"Several underwater explosions" were assumed to have destroyed the boat, but no wreckage came to the surface or was recovered. Again, U-Boat Command kept transmitting messages to U-880 until 22 April. Finally, the veteran U-518, commanded by First Lt. Hans-Werner Offermann, left Kristiansand on 12 March. U-518 was judged by the Admiralty to have joined the Harke patrol line on 14 April. The official U.S. Navy description of the loss of this boat was similar to the descriptions of U-1235 and U-880. The Cannon-class destroyers USS 'Carter' and 'Neal A. Scott' claimed the kill on 22 April, but again no wreckage came to the surface.

The Royal Navy’s brilliant Capt. Rodger Winn, head of the Submarine Tracking Room, highlighted the shaky nature of these claims. In a memorandum of 20 May, 1945, he noted, with classic British understatement, that the outcome of these actions had been reconsidered in an optimistic light, and as a result it is thought that possibly as many as 14 U-Boats were sunk.… On this assumption it would follow since the identities of the boats in Norway are now well established that 11 remain to be accounted for. So far as is known these 11 boats are at sea but the Americans claim, possibly rightly, to have sunk 2 of them.… What the remaining boats are doing or intend to do is a fruitful and intriguing subject for speculation.

The same memorandum implicitly cast some doubt on the U.S. Navy’s claim to have sunk U-530, commanded by First Lt. Otto Wermuth.
For a confirmed kill, that boat did indeed look surprisingly intact when it surfaced off Mar del Plata, Argentina, and surrendered to the authorities on 10 July 1945.

The British Admiralty’s daily war diary for 15 April stated that an independent Liberty-class merchant ship, 'SS Samoland', saw a surfaced U-Boat in the approximate position where U-518 could have been. It was steering a course of 101 degrees, back across the Atlantic in the direction of the Canary Islands—1,300 miles away, and thirteen days’ submerged cruising with Schnorchel assistance.

There is no official record of a third boat in addition to U-530 and U-977—which might have been U-1235—surrendering to the Argentine authorities at Mar del Plata. However, on 19 July 1945, the Buenos Aires daily newspaper "Critica" reported that yet another U-Boat had been "surrounded by Argentine Navy vessels thirty miles off the coast of Mar del Ajo" just north of Mar del Plata. Nothing more is ever heard of this boat.

There is, however a story that the commander of what was probably U-1235 [Lt. Cdr. Franz Barsch] survived to buy a farm in Córdoba, where he was still living in 1952.

Don Luis Mariotti, the Police Commissioner at Necochea, had called his off-duty men in from their homes on the evening of the previous day, 27 July 1945, and ordered them to investigate unusual activity reported on the coast. The officers arrived at the beach to see an unidentified vessel offshore making Morse code signals, and they found and arrested a German who was signaling back. Interrogated through the night, he eventually admitted that the signaling vessel was a German submarine that wanted to put ashore at a safe place on the coast to unload. The next morning a six-man police squad led by a senior corporal decided to comb several miles of beach north and south of the place where they had caught the signaler. After some hours, they found a stretch of sand bearing many signs of launches and dinghies being beached; heavy boxes had also been dragged toward the tire tracks of trucks.

The police squad followed the tire tracks along the dirt road that led to the entrance of the Estancia Moromar. The corporal sent one of his men back to the station with his report, and then, without waiting for orders, he decided to enter the farm. The five police officers had walked a couple of miles in along the tree-lined drive when they came to some low hills, which hid the main buildings. Four Germans carrying submachine guns challenged them. The corporal had no search warrant and was seriously outgunned; he decided to withdraw and report back to his superior. Commissioner Mariotti telephoned the chief of police at La Plata. The call was taken by the latter’s secretary, who told him to do nothing and remain by the telephone. Two hours later Don Luis was ordered to forget the matter and release the arrested German.

The following month an FBI message from Buenos Aires stated:

"Local Press reports indicate provincial police department raided German colony located Villa Gesell … looking for individuals who possibly entered Argentina clandestinely via submarine and during search a short-wave … [illegible] receiving and transmitting set found. Other premises along beach near same area searched by authorities but no arrests made".

In 1945 there was nothing controversial aout the idea that German submarines were operating clandestinely along the coast of Argentina. The possibilities were outlined in a letter dated as early as 7 August 1939, from Capt. Dietrich Niebuhr, the naval attaché at the Buenos Aires embassy, to his Berlin espionage controller Gen. von Faupel:

“The strategic situation of the Patagonian and Tierra del Fuego coast lends itself marvelously to the installation of supply bases for [surface] raiders and submarines".

The Nazi-hunting Argentine congressman Silvano Santander had no doubts that such plans were carried out:

"These [contact points] were established, and served to supply fuel to the German submarines and raiders. The Argentine government’s tolerance of this provoked numerous protests from the Allied governments. Later on, after the Nazi defeat, these bases were also used so that mysterious submarines could arrive, bringing both people and numerous valuables".

Allied intelligence services were aware of such possibilities from at least 1943, when the Americans began actively seeking a secret U-Boat refueling and resupply base near the San Antonio lighthouse. On 22 May 1945, after the end of the war with Germany, the Argentine foreign ministry informed the navy of "the presence of German submarine warships in the waters of the South Atlantic, trying to reach Japanese waters"; and on 29 May, the Argentine navy carried out anti-submarine operations in the Strait of Magellan to prevent submarines passing from the Atlantic to the Pacific. This did not stop the traffic.

The federal police reported that on 1 July 1945, two persons landed from a submarine near San Julián, on the Atlantic coast near the southern tip of Argentina and the Strait of Magellan. The two Germans paddled ashore in a rubber boat and were met by "a person who owned a sailboat". The police said that the submarine was refueled from "drums hidden along the coast".

Such stories were nothing new. In January 1945, Stanley Ross, who had been a correspondent in Buenos Aires for the "Overseas News Agency", reported that Nazi submarines had intensified their activities, bringing "millions of dollars in German war loot to this hemisphere to be cached here until the Nazi leaders could claim it".

Ross went on to write:

"A Nazi submarine surfaced near the Argentine coast at Mar del Plata. It was seen to transfer to a tugboat of the Axis-owned Delfino line of Buenos Aires some forty boxes, and the person of Willi Köhn, chief of the Latin American Division of the German Foreign Ministry".

Col. Romulo Bustos commanded an Argentine coastal anti-aircraft unit at Mar del Plata in the southern winter of 1945. In early June he was ordered by his superiors to cover a broad section of the coast between Mar del Plata and Mar Chiquita, to oppose any attempts by German U-Boats to land and disembark; if anybody did disembark, he was to take as many prisoners as possible.

"My group had to cover the area near Laguna Mar Chiquita, a few miles to the north of the naval base. We had nine cannons; we were ready to open fire. One dark night I saw light flashes from the sea to the coast, [directed] at a spot near the place where we were. I contacted the leader of our group. When he arrived at our position, the flashes had stopped".

But when the commander was about to leave, the flashes started again. As there were no more light signals on the following nights, the whole operation was reduced to observation, and a file classified "secret," reporting these events, was sent to the admiral in command.

Bustos remembered a second incident at the end of June:

"One of my soldiers found a cave almost three meters deep. We found that somebody had put three wooden shelves in the inside of the cave, ten or twenty centimeters above the high tide mark. On the shelves there were cans, the size of a beer can, without any type of identification except for one letter. The first we opened contained bread, and the next one chocolate bars. I thought the others would also have food and drinks. I then thought that this was a place to resupply either submarines or clandestine crew members who disembarked in the area. We took photos and wrote a detailed report. We took away the cans and the wood. I do not know what happened afterward to this evidence".

With hindsight, the retired colonel thought it was strange that the local press did not mention what happened, since "everybody in the area was talking about it".

Col. Bustos was present a couple of weeks later when U-530 arrived in Mar del Plata on 10 July 1945.

"When I went on board, two things caught my attention: the nasty smell in the boat [although all doors were open], and finding cans identical to the ones we had seen on the beach".

The German capability to ship out personnel and cargo by submarines, on an ambitious scale and over long distances, certainly survived into the final weeks of the war. 

Dozens of U-Boat sightings off Argentina are faithfully recorded in police and naval documents. Many of them took place within the crucial period between 10 July 1945, when the Type IXC boat U-530 surrendered at Mar del Plata, and 17 August, when the Type VIIC boat U-977 surrendered at the same Argentine navy base. U-977 allegedly took sixty-six days to cross the Atlantic, submerged all the way, and U-530 made it in sixty-three days.

On 21 July, the Argentine navy’s chief of staff, Adm. Hector Lima, issued orders to "Call off all coastal patrols". This order, from the highest echelon of the military government, effectively opened up the coast of Argentina to the landings described by the 'Admiral Graf Spee' men. But despite the chase being called off by the navy, the reports of submarines off the coast kept coming in. There was a determined cover-up by highly placed members of the military government to ensure that U-530 and U-977 were the only "real" Nazi submarines seen to have made it across the Atlantic.

Columnist Drew Pearson of the "Bell Syndicate" wrote on 24 July 1945:

"Along the coast of Patagonia, many Germans own land, which contains harbors deep enough for submarine landings. And if submarines could get to Argentine-Uruguayan waters from Germany, as they definitely did, there is no reason why they could not go a little further south to Patagonia. Also there is no reason to believe why Hitler couldn’t have been on one of them".

Speaking from exile in Rio de Janeiro in October 1945, Raúl Damonte Taborda—the former chair of the Argentine congressional committee on Nazi activities, and a close colleague of Silvano Santander—said that he believed it was possible Adolf Hitler was in Argentina.

Damonte said that it was "indicated" that submarines other than U-530 and U-977 had been sunk by their crews after reaching the Argentine coast; these "undoubtedly" carried politicians, technicians, or even "possibly Adolf Hitler" .

An AP article was published in the "Lewiston Daily Sun", 18 July 1945, one of many newspaper reports taken seriously by U.S. authorities, that Hitler and Eva Braun had been landed by submarine on the Argentine coast and were living in the depths of Patagonia

Che Guevara’s father, Ernesto Guevara Lynch, who was an active anti-Nazi "commando" in Argentina throughout the 1930s and ’40s, was also convinced:

"Not long after the German army was defeated in Europe, many of the top Nazis arrived in our country and entered through the seaside resort of Villa Gessell, located south of Buenos Aires. They came in several German submarines".

When asked about the submarines as recently as 2008, the Argentine justice minister, Aníbal Fernández, said simply, "In Argentina in 1945, anything was possible".

The Hitler's party stayed just one night at the Estancia Moromar. 

The grass airfield at the ranch had been laid out in 1933, shortly after Carlos Idaho Gesell had bought the property. The next morning, with the waters of Lake Nahuel Huapí glinting below, they flew to the airfield at San Ramón.

In the book "Safe Harbor: Clandestine landings in Patagonia", journalist Jorge Camarasa argues that Carlos Gesell, the founder of Villa Gesell "was involved with landings of Nazi submarines in Argentina".

For years Camarasa has studied the linking of German Estancieros of the southeast of the province of Buenos Aires with the Nazi landings. For his book "Odessa to the South" he came to realize, because according to some local legends, that a German had collaborated in the landings.

The journalist Guillermo Lipis interviewed him for the digital publication "Nueva Sión" and now Camarasa affirmed that the legend that the landings occurred near Necochea was due to a mistake.

"What I tell [in the new book] is that there is a confusion, because the brother is settled in the area of Reta, a spa to the south of Necochea, where they say that there are sightings of submarines. The brother, who is called Fridolin Gesell, was installed only in 1947, but he has nothing to do with landings", Camarasa explained in the interview.

Lipis asked, "And old Gesell?"

"Yes, he did," said the researcher.

"There are documents from the Navy about sightings in the area. There is an FBI document - reproduced in the book - about a landing in Gesell, in Puerto Seguro and testimonies in which there are people who perfectly remember what happened," he added.

"In Gesell itself?" Inquired Lipis.

"Yes, with the participation of the old Gesell on the beach," said Camarasa.

In this region, the Estancia San Ramón was the first officially delineated estate to be fenced in. The ranch is isolated, approached only via an unsurfaced road past San Carlos de Bariloche. The family of Prince Stephan zu Schaumburg-Lippe had bought the estate as long ago as 1910 and still owned it in 1945.

A major vulnerability in the plan had been the fact that it was Adm. Wilhelm Canaris of the Abwehr who had first spotted the Estancia San Ramón, when he had used it himself as a bolt-hole during his escape across Patagonia in 1915. In 1944, when the plans for the Führer’s escape were finalized, Canaris’s knowledge of the estate, and of Villa Winter on Fuerteventura—which had been set up by his Abwehr agent Gustav Winter—was more than dangerous. Canaris was a long-time and effective conspirator against Hitler. Although Canaris had covered his tracks for years, he had still attracted suspicion from Himmler and the SS hierarchy, who, on general principles, had long wished to absorb Canaris’s military intelligence network under the Reich Main Security Office [RSHA].

Canaris finally lost his ability to stay one step ahead of the SS and the Gestapo in February 1944, when two of his Abwehr agents in Turkey defected to the British just before the Gestapo could arrest them for links to an anti-Nazi group. Canaris failed to account for the Abwehr’s activities satisfactorily to Hitler, who had had enough of the lack of reporting to the Nazi hierarchy and instructed SS Gen. Hermann Fegelein to oversee the incorporation of the Abwehr into the RSHA. The admiral was dismissed from his post and parked in a pointless job as head of the Office for Commercial and Economic Warfare. The involvement of Abwehr personnel in the 20 July 1944, bomb plot finally led to Canaris being placed under house arrest; the noose tightened slowly, but eventually he was being kept in chains in a cellar under Gestapo headquarters on Prinz-Albrechtstrasse in Berlin.

On 7 February 1945, he was sent to Flossenbürg concentration camp, but even then he was kept alive for some time—there have been suggestions that even at this late date Himmler thought that Canaris might be useful as an intermediary with the Allies. Bormann could not take the risk that such a potentially credible witness to the refuge in Argentina and the staging post between Europe and South America would survive to fall into Allied hands.

In the Führerbunker on 5 April 1945, Bormann’s ally SS Gen. Ernst Kaltenbrunner presented Hitler with some highly incriminating evidence—supposedly, the "diaries" of Wilhelm Canaris. After reading a few pages marked for him by Kaltenbrunner, the Führer flew into a rage and signed the proffered death warrant. On the direct orders of Heinrich "Gestapo" Müller, SS Lt. Col. Walter Huppenkothen and SS Maj. Otto Thorbeck were sent to Flossenbürg to tie off this loose end. On the morning of 9 April, stripped naked in a final ignominy, Adm. Canaris was hanged from a wooden beam. Although reports of his death vary, his end was not a quick one. At 4:33 that afternoon, Huppenkothen sent a secret Enigma-encoded message to Müller via Müller’s subordinate, SS Gen. Richard Glücks. The latter was "kindly requested" to inform SS Gen. Müller immediately, by telephone, telex, or messenger, that Huppenkothen’s mission had been completed as ordered. The only major figure who could have pieced together the details of Hitler’s escape and refuge in Argentina was dead.

In 1945, the Germans had complete control over access to San Carlos de Bariloche and the Estancia San Ramón. No one got in or out of the area without express permission from the senior Nazis in the area.

On 24 July, Drew Pearson had written in his syndicated column:

"It may take a long time to find out whether Hitler and his bride Eva Braun escaped to Patagonia. The country is a series of vast Nazi-owned ranches where German is spoken almost exclusively and where Hitler could be hidden easily, and successfully for years. The ranches in this southern part of Argentina cover thousands of acres and have been under Nazi  [note: there were Germans in the area long before the Nazis dominated] management for generations. It would have been impossible for any non-German to penetrate the area to make a thorough investigation as to Hitler’s whereabouts".

The staff at the isolated San Ramón estate had been busy for days since being given advance warning of the impending arrival of important guests. The arrival of a security team of 'Admiral Graf Spee' sailors a week before had already added to the staff’s workload, and two new faces had joined the weekly shopping trip into San Carlos de Bariloche to ensure that no gossip betrayed the guests’ presence. Hitler lived in the San Ramón Hacienda, about 15 kilometers from Bariloche, where he arrived by train from the Patagonian coast.

Abel Bast claims Hitler rode on the Patagonian Express after arriving in Argentina

Numerous are the testimonies that corroborating the presence of the Führer, ensuring that they were with him or having a family member who had a close relationship with the President of the Third Reich.

Such are the cases of Eloisa Lujan, who was one of the "tasters" of the food served to the Nazi to ensure that it was not poisoned, and Angela Soriani, the niece of Hitler's cook, Carmen Torrentegui, who would have been thoroughly briefed on her guests’ dietary requirements. Her rightly famed "Cordero Patagónico," Patagonian lamb, was off the menu for the time being, as were many of the other meats from the traditional Argentine "asado" or barbecue. The menu was to be heavy on vegetables, but with classic German dishes like liver dumplings and squab [baby pigeon]. She was to find out later that that was "his favorite" of the many meals she would prepare for him and his wife.

The Germans on the estate had taken the official news of Hitler’s "death" with an air of calm disbelief; it was with little surprise that Carmen, dressed in a clean starched apron over her homespun clothes, was introduced to the guests before supper. Hitler and Eva Braun stayed in the main house at San Ramón for nine months, while Bormann's Organization's in Argentina's security plans for the couple’s permanent residence were being finalized. This more private and secure refuge was nearing completion; named Inalco, it was fifty-six miles from San Ramón, on the Chilean border near Villa Angostura.

In March 1946, the San Ramón estate employees were called to a meeting and told that their guests had been tragically killed in a car crash close to the property. They were warned never to discuss the matter again. The trail in Patagonia was to go cold; not only were Hitler and Braun "dead" in the Berlin Bunker, but now they were "dead" again in Argentina. If anyone managed to follow the Hitlers to Argentina, all they would find were more stories of corpses burned beyond recognition, this time in an automobile accident.

The "Stauffenberg Bomb" of 20 July 1944, had injured Hitler more extensively than the Nazi propaganda machine had made public. The deep cold of the Patagonian winter now contributed to his "rheumatism" and he suffered from inflamed joints and stiffness in his right hand, but more distressing was the fact that the surgeons had been unable to remove all the oak splinters that had sprayed from the table that saved his life. The constant pressure from an oak fragment lodged deep in the nasal bones between his eyes caused him acute neuralgic pain during the stay at Estancia San Ramón. Hitler needed surgery. Since it was judged too much of a security risk for him to attend a hospital in Buenos Aires, he and Eva traveled north to the province of Córdoba and the Nazi hospital and health spa at the Gran Hotel Viena, at Miramar on the Mar Chiquita lake.

The Gran Hotel Viena was built by an Abwehr agent, an early Nazi Party member named Max Pahlke, between 1943 and 1945—the same period as the construction of Villa Winter on Fuerteventura and the extension of the airfield at San Carlos de Bariloche. Pahlke, the capable manager of the Argentine branch of the German multinational Mannesmann, had acquired Argentine citizenship in the 1930s, but was well known to the Allies for his espionage work in South America. The building contained eighty-four rooms, a medical facility staffed by doctors, nurses, and massage therapists, a large swimming pool, a library, and a dining room that seated two hundred. Every room had air conditioning and heating, granite floors, walls lined with imported Carrara marble, and bronze chandeliers.

The facilities included a bank, a wine cellar, a food warehouse, a bakery, a slaughterhouse, an electricity generating plant, and garages with their own fuel supply. Of the seventy hotel employees, only twelve were locals from Miramar, all of whom worked outside the facility and had no contact with hotel guests. The remaining fifty-eight employees were either from Buenos Aires or from Germany, and all spoke German.

In addition to a modern telephone system that connected guests with the rest of the world, the Gran Hotel Viena also had a tall telecommunications antenna on the seventy-foot-high water tower. This vantage point, and a further tower just down the coast, enabled watchful guards to spot any approach to the hotel by land, water, or air.

The tiny market town of Miramar was a strange location for a huge, state-of-the-art hotel and spa complex, miles away from any major roads or other commercial routes. Pahlke, known for his business sense, had built Mannesmann Argentina into a massively profitable business. Pahlke supervised the opening of the hotel from December 1945 to March 1946; he then left. A former German army colonel named Carl Martin Krüger, the Viena’s "chief of security," was put in charge.

An immaculate figure known locally as "The Engineer," Krüger had arrived in Miramar in 1943. He did everything to make the Hitlers’ stay at the medical facility as comfortable as possible; they had an exclusive suite complete with AH-monogrammed blankets, sheets, towels, and dishes. With many local supporters, Hitler and his wife often took day-trips to Balnearia, a town some three miles from Mar Chiquita, to take tea. He had his photograph taken with other senior Nazis and would sign copies of "Mein Kampf" for well-wishers.

Where are these photos? And have any signed editions of "Mein Kampf" been found? What about artefacts -clothes, papers, possessions used by Hitler and his family - things treasured by admirers- objects that experts can examine and scientifically test? Nothing there either.

One witness to these mundane encounters said that Hitler was often "lost in thought" and would say, "Now, I am far from here". The Hitlers enjoyed their stay at the exclusive, luxurious waterside hotel. One of his bodyguards recalled that the couple would regularly walk along the shore, Hitler commenting on the wonderful sunsets. The operation to remove the splinters at first seemed to be successful, but the pain in Hitler’s face would return to plague him in later life.

In February 1946, Juan Domingo Péron was finally voted into untrammeled power as president of Argentina, which must have eased any latent fears of pursuit on the part of some of the fugitive Nazis. During the late 1940s, Hitler himself would move fairly freely between strategic points in Argentina, around a triangle based on San Carlos de Bariloche; the home of his friends and early financial backers, the Eichhorns, at La Falda; and Mar Chiquita. He owned huge tracts of land in all three areas.

During this period the FBI was taking reports of Hitler being in Latin America very seriously. Thousands of documents pertaining to Hitler from these years are still classified as "Top Secret" on both sides of the Atlantic; nevertheless, and despite the very heavy censorship of the few files released into the public domain, some information can be gleaned. A report from the Bureau’s Los Angeles office to Director Hoover on 5 June 1947, details material that reached the office on 16 May of that year.

The origin of the information was rather naively located near neither Buenos Aires or Rio de Janeiro [thousands of miles apart], but it apparently came from a familiar and trusted contact. The contact knew a former French Resistance man, who had visited Casino, near Rio Grande, a town on the southeast coast of Brazil just above the Uruguayan border. The Frenchman claimed to have seen Eva Braun and Adolf Hitler sitting at a table in a crowded hotel dining room. This was enough to prompt Hoover to ask for more detail. He received it via secret air courier on 6 August 1947, in a seven-pager from his Rio de Janeiro office entitled "Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun Information Concerning".

The former member of the French Resistance—who was traveling commercially in the Americas and had ambitions to move into journalism —had been told, through a number of contacts in Latin America, that the town of Casino in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande de Sol might provide something of interest. [The FBI was thorough in checking the provenance of their informant, whose name has unfortunately been lost to the censor’s pen]. The Rio office of the FBI described Casino as consisting "of approximately two hundred scattered residences".

"The majority of the inhabitants are German nationalists or are of German descent".

The field officer also reported that "no one could live in Casino except persons who had homes there prior to the time it became a military area and blocked off from the rest of the surrounding community. This area allegedly became restricted three to four months before the end of the war in Europe". 

The Resistance veteran’s account continued:

"This was an unusual community in as much as it was necessary to secure a pass to enter the vicinity of the town, and furthermore it was practically of one hundred percent German population. This area lacked commercial establishments and consisted of villas or homes and a large hotel, which had been remodeled and was very modern. It appeared in size out of proportion to the size of the community".

Hotel Casino had one other feature in common with Villa Winter on Fuerteventura and Gran Hotel Viena at Miramar: a very large radio antenna, in this case parallel to the ground and fenced off. The Resistance man had booked at the hotel in advance [and simultaneously arranged passes to the area] as part of a group, with another Frenchman, a Russian, a Nicaraguan, an Australian, and an American. Their reason was ostensibly to attend three nights of entertainment, including a performance of "Les Sylphides", the famous ballet in one act set to Chopin’s music. With the exception of the Russian—a man well known in Brazil, at whom the management apparently looked somewhat askance—the party were welcomed courteously, both at the hotel and when invited into local homes.

There is a report that Hitler attended a ballet in the remote town of Cassino in Brazil in 1947 where many Nazis lived.

It may be verified the ballet took place, but does it confirm Hitler was there? Visiting the town’s archives Gerrard Williams and members of the "Hunting Hitler" team eagerly scour local newspapers. And yes!   articles reveal a ballet was performed on two evenings in the town [the FBI report says three]. There are even photos of the dancers. But where are the photos and words reporting the presence of Hitler and Eva in the audience? Not in the newspapers. Those describe just the ballet.

But..... Mr Williams has an explanation. He thinks the ballet may have been performed on three evenings instead of two. But one of them, he suggests, was restricted to a private performance attended by Hitler and Eva. The only proof is a French poem praising the ballet dated differently from the reports about the two public performances. That’s it. That’s the proof.

Mr Williams can produce no evidence for this flight of fancy. He’s just made it up.

The FBI report also claimed there was a high-powered radio station near the hotel where the ballet was performed. This radio station had a global reach   just the sort of thing Hitler needed. But did Hitler and fellow-Nazis ever use it? Did anyone intercept any messages? If so, where are they?

The team find no trace of the radio station except an old, grainy photo.

The first hint of something a little strange came when the Frenchman observed one of the hotel maids speaking to an attractive teenage girl with chestnut hair, who caught his eye when she gave the servant a "Heil Hitler" salute. For the first evening’s ballet performance, a large ballroom was filled to capacity by several hundred people, described by a stage manager as "rich South Americans," but the Frenchman noticed that they all spoke German. In the course of the evening, spotlights played extensively over the audience, and at one champagne-filled table the Frenchman suddenly recognized a distinctively scarred face. He identified him as a former Nazi officer named Weismann—a man who he feared might remember his own face, from occupied Paris.

The former Resistance man had been trained in the old Bertillon or portrait parlé system of identification, and he was sure of his powers of recognition. Now alerted, the Frenchman claimed also to have recognized—from her many photographs—a woman whom he identified as Eva Hitler, née Braun. When he realized who she was he scanned the table more closely, and sure enough, "There was one man … having numerous characteristics of Hitler". Though thinner, he had the same general build and age as Hitler, was clean-shaven [as described by almost all of the witnesses in Argentina], and had very short-cropped hair. He appeared to be friendly with everyone at his table.

Later that same evening, the Frenchman was introduced to the young girl he had seen earlier. She gave her name as Abava, a recent German immigrant who was now a Chilean citizen. He learned that she was a "niece" of the woman he had recognized as Eva Braun and that most of the group was from Viña del Mar in central Chile, close to Villa Alemana [literally, German Town], a small city founded by immigrants in 1896. The Frenchman did not believe her; he had the distinct impression that "this young girl as well as the persons believed to be Hitler and Eva Braun actually lived in Casino". [However, the couple was simply vacationing there].

His general curiosity about the town, expressed under the cover of planning to write a travelogue describing this delightful and uncommercialized location, prompted the girl’s immediate advice that it would not be a "fit subject" to write on—the people of Casino did not like tourists. Subsequent brushes with the hotel management and Casino chamber of commerce verified her opinion, and an hour after his meeting with the latter his party were asked abruptly to vacate their rooms, as "the hotel was full". The next day, as the Frenchman was waiting, bags packed, for his car to pick him up, he saw the girl’s "aunt" and two other people leave the hotel and walk toward the sea. The woman was wearing a short beach skirt, and in the daylight he was even more positive that she was Eva Braun. 

The British and U.S. Governments had put intense pressure on the Argentine authorities to repatriate to Germany all remaining members of the 'Admiral Graf Spee' crew—those who had not escaped or disappeared—whether or not they had married local women. On 16 February 1946, the British troopship 'RML Highland Monarch', escorted by 'HMS Ajax' [one of the Royal Navy cruisers that had driven the 'Admiral Graf Spee' into Uruguayan waters in December 1939], arrived first in Buenos Aires, and then in Montevideo, to ship the German sailors home. The Argentine authorities turned over about nine hundred identity books [military identification papers] in a couple of mailbags.

The boarding was chaotic, the 'Highland Monarch' was ordered to sea as soon as possible, and no one had the time to check the papers against the individuals who had embarked. Despite the Allies’ insistence, many officers and men of the "pocket battleship" had simply disappeared into Argentina. It was only on the long voyage to Germany that the documents and men were cross-referenced. Rumor had it that among them were eighty-six U-Boat crewmen, whose presence in Argentina the Argentine, U.S., and British authorities were supposedly at a loss to explain, since the crews of the surrendered U-530 and U-977 had already been repatriated via the United States

The Hitler's moved into Inalco, their new mansion, after returning from holiday at Casino in Brazil in June 1947. Inalco Mansion is located in what had been plot number eight of the Nahuel Huapí agricultural colony, planned at the beginning of the twentieth century. The area was almost inaccessible until the 1960s, when the road that crosses the Andes into Chile was built.

The area between San Carlos de Bariloche and Villa La Angostura in Río Negro province looks and feels distinctly European— specifically, Bavarian. It is an area of outstanding natural beauty, with snow-capped mountains and several lakes set amid mile after mile of untouched forest. A short distance from the international border with Chile, at the very furthest end of Lake Nahuel Huapí, Inalco is almost hidden from view from the lake by two small islands. The offshoot of the lake where the house was built is called Última Esperanza or "Last Hope," since it was believed by early explorers to be the last hope of finding a water-borne route through to Chile.

In the 1940s and ’50s, Inalco was easily accessible only by boat or seaplane. One regular visitor, who was said to take Hitler on regular trips to meetings in the area, was a pilot coincidentally named Frederico Führer, whose Grumman Goose seaplane was often tied up at the concrete jetty to the left of the main house’s lawn. In the boathouse next to the jetty was Hitler’s personal motorboat.

A ten-bedroom mansion, Inalco is a typical example of the style of famed Argentine architect Alejandro Bustillo, who openly acknowledged the influence of Albert Speer’s work. Known colloquially as "Perón’s favorite architect," Bustillo had designed the Llao Llao Hotel complex in San Carlos de Bariloche in 1939, and in mid- or late 1943 he was commissioned, almost certainly by Ludwig Freude, to work on a future home for Hitler.

The mansion looks out on Lake Nahuel Huapí and the Andes—a stunning panorama of water, forest, and snow-capped mountains that rivals Obersalzberg. It is difficult to imagine a more beautiful alpine setting nor one that was so far beyond the reach of any but the most determined intruder. At the time, the house was accessible by motor vehicle only after an arduous journey along unmade roads and tracks from the nearest township, Villa La Angostura. Lookout points were dotted around the neighboring forested hills, guarding the air and water approaches to the property.

One puzzling aspect—considering how expensive the mansion must have been to build in the 1940s, and what a major task it must have been to bring the building materials to such an isolated location—was that its position, surrounded by hills and native towering trees, left it in constant shadow, never in direct sunlight.

A woman says she worked for Hitler and his wife Eva Braun in the village of Villa la Angostura in Argentina, 11 years after the former leader of Nazi Germany is universally believed to have died.

Historian Abel Basti, who believes Hitler did not die in his Bunker at the end of World War Two but in fact emigrated to Argentina, collected her testimony as part of his research on the subject.

The woman claimed she worked as an employee at the Inalco residence, home to Adolf Hitler and his wife Eva Braun, in 1956. She recalled a man wearing long boots and a jacket who gave orders in German, though she herself did not speak to him.

According to the historian, she said Hitler still had his signature mustache.

Basti told website "Digital Angostura" that she claimed she was hired for just one month in 1956, to cover the summer period, and also attended two marriages of Germans.

Basti also claimed many others worked at the home but that many have died, including the administrator of the residence of Inalco, since 1947.

The historian is quoted by the website "El Ancasti" as saying that his subject "is very convinced and is in no doubt" that the person she served was Hitler.

Behind the house was a huge underground fuel tank that powered the electrical generators for the valley, and to one side a mound, now covered with trees, shows evidence of underground chambers and ventilation shafts. There were underground steel-lined chambers beneath the offices, where the "most important and sinister documents of that century" were kept.

Gerrard Williams and Simon Dunstan claim they paid "multiple visits" to Inalco. But did they find anything in this house they can prove Hitler owned and used? If they did they tell us nothing about it. And what about those "'underground steel-lined chambers"? Have they seen those? Apparently not. There are no descriptions or photos of them in their book ... Have they seen the "most important and sinister documents" of the 20th century'? Do they know what the documents contain? Are there many, or few? Do they know where the documents are now? - If they do they're not letting on. They tell us nothing about these documents, which would excite worldwide interest and be worth millions, if they existed.

One would expect some documents. Hitler was highly articulate - frequently dictating speeches, directives and letters. Did he stop when he reached South America? Surely he would have committed his thoughts to paper so they could be published posthumously? One might expect some plans, or thoughts on a new world order, to have surfaced by now. But there's nothing, not a single sheet of paper.

Harry Cooper actually got inside Inalco and one of its guest houses in January 2008 and photographed their interiors, and put the pictures on his website. 

Did Cooper and his group find anything on the site associated with Hitler   photos, documents, clothes, objects, DNA, etc … anything that could prove beyond doubt that Hitler once lived there? … No! … There was nothing   no hard evidence that Hitler ever set foot in the place, let alone lived there for years.

Inalco was Hitler's main residence from June 1947 until October 1955. For Eva, living at Inalco was idyllic; during the summers she swam in the ice-cold waters of the lake, and in the winter enjoyed the skiing at the nearby mountain resort Cerro Catedral. In the early years, President Perón would visit too, skiing and climbing in the mountains with his Nazi friends from the Club Andino Bariloche, a mountaineering association set up in 1931 by Otto Meiling. Hitler was in congenial company at the Center and on his regular trips to San Carlos de Bariloche; the town was home to hundreds of Nazis after World War II.

As President Juan Perón explained:

"When the war was over, some useful Germans helped us build our factories and make the best use of what we had, and in time they were able to help themselves too".

The German Nazis were not the only Fascists to escape to Argentina after the war. One of their most bloodthirsty allies had been Ante Paveli , the leader of the Ustaše regime in the short-lived puppet state established by the Germans in Croatia. Styling himself the Poglavnik [equivalent to Führer], Paveli had been responsible for the murders of hundreds of thousands of men, women, and children of Serbian, Jewish, and other origins in the ethnic jigsaw puzzle of wartime Yugoslavia; even some members of the Gestapo had thought Ustaše methods "bestial".

Croatia was historically a Roman Catholic region, and contacts in the Vatican enabled Paveli and his whole cabinet, followed later by his wife, Mara, and their children, to travel along the ratlines to Argentina. The Perón government issued 34,000 visas to Croats in the years after the war. Indirectly, Paveli ’s escape from justice led to some of the clearest eyewitness testimony to Hitler’s presence in Argentina in 1953–54.

A carpenter named Hernán Ancin met the Hitlers on several occasions in the 1950s, while he was working for Paveli as a carpenter in the Argentine coastal city of Mar del Plata. The Croatian former dictator had a property development business there. Paveli was known as "Don Lorenzo," but one of his bodyguards said he had been president of Croatia. [Unsurprisingly, Hernán Ancin had never heard of him before—Paveli was living under an assumed name and heavily protected, but he was not well known in Argentina for his crimes]. Ancin worked for Paveli ’s company from the middle of 1953 to September or October 1954. In the southern summer of 1953, the Hitlers were regular visitors to the building site where Ancin was working.

On the first occasion when the carpenter saw the two former dictators together, Hitler arrived with his wife and three bodyguards. Hitler was clearly not well; he could barely walk unaided, and his bodyguards practically carried him. These meetings were held in private, but both leaders’ security men were constantly present. Ancin said Hitler seemed dependent on his bodyguards, who set his schedule. He and Paveli would converse until one of the guards said words to the effect of "that’s enough," and then they would leave.

Like most other people who gave descriptions of Hitler after the war, Ancin said that while the Führer’s appearance had changed, he was "basically the same. He had white, short hair, cut military style. No moustache". One particular moment stuck out in Ancin’s memory.

"When Hitler [arrived] he raised the closed fist of his right hand with his arm extended. Paveli went to him and put his hand on Hitler’s fist, enclosing it. Afterward, they smiled, and Paveli shook hands with Hitler. This was always the greeting".

Ancin saw Hitler with Paveli on five or six occasions. Paveli’s Argentine mistress [a woman from Córdoba named Maria Rosa Gel] practically never intervened in their conversations, simply serving the coffee. Hitler’s wife also kept silent; Eva had not aged well.

Ancin said: 

"Hitler’s wife was a little heavy. She seemed to be just over forty years old. She was large, well-fed you could say. She wore work clothes, very cheap, beige, just like his. She was a woman who gave you the feeling that she had suffered a great deal, or at least that she was suffering from something, because it was reflected in her face. She always seemed worried, and almost never smiled".

From Ancin’s testimony it seems that the conversation was carried out for the most part in Spanish.

"Hitler’s wife, I don’t remember—I assume she spoke a bit of Spanish, because she always said ‘thank you for the coffee.’ … Hitler spoke Spanish with difficulty, and had a strong German accent".

At one of these meetings, Paveli introduced Hernán Ancin to Hitler as the carpenter who was working on the building, and invited him to join them for coffee. Hitler smiled at Ancin and made a gesture of greeting with his head, but did not offer his hand or speak. Ancin was "totally convinced" that the man was Hitler. He also saw Hitler elsewhere in Mar del Plata, at an old colonial-style house behind the San Martin Park. He saw Hitler’s car enter, and the guards at the door; he was not sure if Hitler lived there or was simply visiting [the house was in fact a Lahusen property].

While in the city Hitler always traveled by car, but on one occasion the carpenter saw him near the shore; he had gotten out of the car and was sitting on a bench contemplating the sea. Ancin thought Hitler had problems with his circulation and could not walk far; he dragged his feet, and Eva held his arm when he walked. In contrast to Paveli , whom the retired carpenter remembered as rude and hard-eyed, Ancin recalled Hitler as having "light eyes, a friendly gaze—[he was] quiet and very polite".

Probably in 1954, after their return from the dismal holiday at the Lahusen-owned house in Mar del Plata [during which Hitler’s meetings with Paveli had been observed by Hernán Ancin], Eva finally left Inalco and Hitler. She moved to Neuquén, a quiet but growing town about 230 miles northeast of San Carlos de Bariloche. 

The released FBI files on sightings of Hitler in South America, sparse as they are, are relatively extensive when compared to the mere dribble of information that has come out of the Central Intelligence Agency, but one report from the agency’s Los Angeles office does stand out. This allegedly placed the Führer in Colombia in January 1955. While ultimately unconvincing, it is unusual in that it contains a very poor quality photostat of a photograph, alleged by the CIA informant’s contact [a former SS man named as Phillip Citroen] to show Hitler, using the identity of one Adolf Schüttelmayer

In the photo "Hitler"—who at this date would have been sixty-five—still has dark hair and the classic moustache, and it is thus at odds with other, apparently better founded testimonies
. The picture is marked "Colombia, Tunga, America del Sur, 1954".

There is a town of Tunja in central Colombia, but it has no known Nazi affiliations; indeed, after World War II it became home to many Jewish refugees from Europe. The "secret" CIA report" bears a disclaimer that neither the unnamed informant nor the Los Angeles station is "in a position to give an intelligent evaluation of the information and it is being forwarded as of possible interest". Even so, the fact that the CIA’s Los Angeles office thought it worthwhile to do so is significant.

Neither the FBI nor the CIA seems to have been convinced by the declaration, made with absolute confidence nearly ten years earlier by the British historian and former intelligence officer Hugh Trevor-Roper, that Hitler had died in the Bunker—an assertion made despite a complete lack of forensic evidence

Perón—who had himself come to power through the military coup of 1943—had never been blind to the danger of revolution. On 16 September 1955, a Catholic group from the army and navy led by Generals Eduardo Lonardi and Pedro Aramburu, and Adm. Isaac Rojas, launched a coup from Argentina’s second city of Córdoba. It took them only three days to seize power.

The "Revolution Libertadora" sent shockwaves through the Nazi community in Argentina.

Hitler closed the operations in the Estancia Inalco valley and arranged to move to a smaller house where he could live in complete obscurity. He moved to a property called La Clara, even deeper within the Patagonian countryside

What about the place where Hitler is alleged to have spent his last years - the La Clara retreat? This, we're told, was "even deeper within the Patagonian countryside". Why, though, are there no descriptions of the house? Surely the place where Hitler hid for more than six years is of interest? But if the house contained any genuine objects and papers associated with Hitler we hear nothing about them. La Carta is a blank.

Alleged picture of Hitler in 1962

On 12 February 1962, at midday, the seventy-two-year-old Hitler collapsed as his caregivers were helping him to the bathroom. Three hours later he suffered a stroke that paralyzed the left side of his body. After spending a restless night, the dictator slipped into a coma. He died on 13 February 1962, at 3:00 p.m.

What happened afterwards? Who knows? There are no details of a funeral, let alone a burial place. If you hope the authors will reveal the whereabouts of Hitler's grave in South America forget it. 

A retired American business man who spent many years in South America, who has only identified himself as “John” has offered new details of what he says was Hitler’s funeral near Bariloche in Argentina in 1958.

He told “Grey Wolf “ authors, Gerrard Williams and Simon Dunstan, that a friend of his – a property developer from Patagonia – had been a young policeman in the area at the time.

In 1958, at the age of 21, he got a call from his father who was a local government official to say a rich German land owner had died and the airport [nothing more than a gravel track in a field] was going to be very busy. He was told to get everybody with a car in the town to the strip and as the planes landed drive the passengers to the dead landowners ranch. Being the youngest and newest on the force he had to stay at the airport to make sure there was a constant supply of vehicles for the arriving dignitaries.

Over the evening and night he counted 12 planes and a Helicopter, many with military markings. A truck arrived with about 10 soldiers and they took charge of the field and a small out building. One of the soldiers came to him and told to leave, go back to the town and meet his father at the train station.They then drove to the ranch and his father told him that he and another police officer were to stand guard at the front entrance of the main house and not to move under any circumstances.

A party was in full swing when he arrived, lots of singing, lots of German songs, lots of food, lots of beer, and lots of Germans.
The man standing guard with him was also new to the force, but came from a wealthy family and was very excited to be at the ranch. He asked him why? "He was a famous Nazi; we might see the body. I brought my father’s camera just in case".

As the night went on the Germans got more and more drunk, he could see in through the windows, he could also see where the body was, between the kitchen and living room. Towards dawn the Germans were either asleep or had left. The house was quiet and his colleague decided to get a picture of "'a famous Nazi". He went in, took the picture, and a few hours later the two young police were replaced by two soldiers.

A few days later the Germans left, the Nazi was buried, and things got back to normal".

"John" said his friend forgot about the photo until a few weeks later a letter arrived from his colleague who had moved to Buenos Aires with a note saying, "A picture of a dead Nazi".

"John" told the authors that many years later he was at a private meeting with the now property-developer.

"He was sitting across from me in a big empty boardroom, he takes out his wallet and across the table he throws a laminated photo to me. I look down, and it’s not often I’m caught for words, but Adolf Hitler was looking back at me, older, lots of wrinkles, grey hair, his face was very thin, even though a sheet was up to his chin and the photo wasn’t the best, you could see who it was. He said he showed it to many people but most think it’s a fake, he doesn’t tell the story behind it too often".

Williams said:

"We are trying to get more details from ”John” so that we can check the veracity of his information. Currently we believe Hitler died in February 1962, but are completely open to any information that will help us get to the final truth about this incredible story. We have been approached by many people with 'theories' and 'ideas' of what might have happened, but in the hunt for "Grey Wolf" we have dealt only with the facts and will continue the investigation as new information is presented. John’s information is interesting, but needs to be checked in detail".

Hitler’s grave discovered in Argentina? – Report
27 September 2016

BELGRADE – Argentine archaeologists, on a private property in a forest about 60 km from any kind of civilization and the nearby city of San Carlos de Bariloche, found the grave of Adolf Hitler, reports Serbian daily "Kurir".

The property is very difficult to reach because it is surrounded with 60 km of forest, and it can only be accessed by boat, which is impossible to do unnoticed because the bay is clearly visible from the watchtowers.
The grave was found 70 meters from the property in the forest, and was decorated with a Swastika  Eagle and it says “Here lies Adolf Hitler, Führer of the Third Reich”, writes the daily.
Archaeologists submitted a request to the Argentine government to carry out the exhumation of the remains and compare DNA.

It's the same story with Eva Braun. No funeral, or grave. So no chance of digging up Adolf's or Eva's bodies and testing their DNA. Nor have the authors seen Hitler's daughters, spoken to them, or tested their DNA.

In his Memoirs, Albert Speer recalled a conversation he had with Adolf Hitler in November 1936 concerning the Thousand-Year Reich. Hitler was standing before the massive picture window of his Berghof retreat and staring at his beloved Bavarian Alpine mountain scape, a landscape eerily similar to the view from his Patagonian home at Inalco. Hitler stated,

"There are two possibilities for me. To win through with all my plans or to fail. If I win, I shall be one of the greatest men in history. If I fail, I shall be condemned, despised, and damned".

To this day, the world condemns, despises, and damns Adolf Hitler and his utterly evil regime.

"After visiting these two places [Berchtesgaden and the Eagle's Nest on Obersalzberg] you can easily see how that within a few years Hitler will emerge from the hatred that surrounds him now as one of the most significant figures who ever lived. He had boundless ambition for his country, which rendered him a menace to the peace of the world, but he had a mystery about him in the way that he lived and in the manner of his death that will live and grow after him. He had in him the stuff of which legends are made".

― John F. Kennedy, "Prelude to Leadership: The Post-War Diary", Summer 1945


Hitler didn't kill himself in Berlin, but died an Old Man in South America

London, 17 October 2011 [ANI]: ] new book has claimed that Nazi leader Adolf Hitler did not kill himself in Berlin in 1945 but ended his days in Argentina.

British journalist Gerrard Williams, former Duty Editor at Reuters Television and Foreign Duty Editor at The BBC, Sky News and APTN,  said he and co-author Simon Dunstan found an "overwhelming amount of evidence" to suggest Hitler died an old man in South America.

Many historians say the Nazi leader died in his Berlin Bunker in 1945 - but Williams claims their research, looking at newly de-classified documents and forensic tests, challenges this.

"We didn't want to re-write history, but the evidence we've discovered about the escape of Adolf Hitler is just too overwhelming to ignore," Williams told "Sky News".

"There is no forensic evidence for his, or Eva Braun's deaths, and the stories from the eyewitnesses to their continued survival in Argentina are compelling," he claimed.

The book titled "Grey Wolf: The Escape Of Adolf Hitler" claims the Führer and his mistress Eva Braun were secretly flown out of Germany in April 1945 and taken to fascist-controlled Argentina.

It is alleged Hitler lived in the country for 17 years, initially raising his two daughters, until his death in 1962.

The book also accuses US intelligence of being complicit in the scam in return for access to Nazi war technology.

"Stalin, Eisenhower and Hoover of the FBI all knew there was no proof of him dying in the Bunker," Williams told the paper.

Within months following publication of "Grey Wolf", Williams was contacted by a retired, eighty-year-old Argentine waiter living in London. Roberto Brun, now suffering from circulatory and kidney disease, claims he was working as a server in a  private dining room in Buenos Aires at a Hotel run by the Argentine Navy in the mid-1950s. Once in 1953, and again in 1956, Brun says, he waited on Hitler. His description of the aging Führer fits very closely with those of other witnesses in Argentina from the time.

"Hitler," recalls Brun, “probably came to the hotel six or seven months after I started working, and the preparation that day was very special including bringing one special chef to cook. Mandaver [the restaurant’s manager] didn’t tell me who it was, but I knew he was a very, very big chef. I remember black hair with little touches of white, a skinny face, no moustache. When he got up from the table to walk, Mandaver was with me to one side. And all the people were respecting him. And Mandaver said, ‘do you know who it is?’ And I said 'no'. He said 'the Führer'.

According to Williams, Brun also confirmed the presence of Martin Bormann, Hitler’s faithful secretary  and the man the authors credit with masterminding the  escape plan, whose own mysterious death has never been fully resolved.

"I asked him [Brun] to describe Bormann and he looked at me carefully. He said that Bormann looked a lot like me but was a little 'skinnier'." Williams added, "This is the second time I have been compared with the Nuremburg-convicted war criminal Bormann. The first was in Argentina when I interviewed the former personal police-guard to President Juan Domingo Perón, Jorge Collotto. Collotto, whose detailed testimony is contained within "Grey Wolf", also told me I bore more than a passing resemblance to Bormann".

While Williams and Dunstan theorize Hitler’s escape to Argentina was accomplished with the support of the government of Juan Perón, Brun posits that the Führer’s long-term benefactor during his life in South America was Admiral Isaac Rojas, the former military aide to first lady Eva Perón. Three years after Evita’s 1952 death, Rojas sailed the Argentine cruiser 'Belgrano' into the Río de la Plata, fixed its main gun battery on the Casa Rosada, and demanded the resignation of President Juan Perón. "Damn it," Perón is supposed to have exclaimed at the time, "this fool Rojas is the sort of man who is likely to shoot". After the overthrow of Perón, Rojas assumed the Vice-Presidency of Argentina and would remain an influential force in Argentine political life until his death in 1993.

Williams said the details of Hitler’s presence in Buenos Aires are currently being thoroughly checked.

"We know the restaurant in the Hotel was run by a wanted Vichy war criminal who escaped France under sentence of death. This man, a Corsican who always carried a gun, had been an Hotelier or Restaurateur in occupied Paris and had collaborated extensively with the Nazis.  In Buenos Aires he was involved in the Bormann Organization and aspects of organized crime including possibly Heroin smuggling and Bank robberies".

Brun has also described Hitler’s wife as being present in the hotel before one of the dinners in which he waited upon the escaped Nazi Leader.

Williams said:

"He told us there was a group of ladies for tea, and he had been told by his Corsican boss to be very careful with these woman because they were all related to these people.

"He told us that Eva Hitler was about 40, not pretty, semi–pretty, very reserved and very demanding, she gave ‘strong’ orders, and was dressed in the fashion of the time. She was the boss there".

In addition to Brun, two residents of Rio Negro, Argentina, have come forward to give Williams further details on the arrival of Nazis at the San Ramon Estancia outside San Carlos De Bariloche. Williams reports that both speak of their parents waiting on Hitler and Eva Braun at the Nazi-owned property in 1945, and later at a property known as 'Inalco' near Villa Angostura on Lake Nahuel Hapi. Meanwhile, a retired American businessman who spent many years in South America has offered information on what he says was Hitler’s funeral near Bariloche in Argentina.

Further supporting testimony for the daring escape from a devastated Berlin has come from a British man who was told of Hitler’s flight by a senior German Air force officer almost 15 years ago.

Mr Joe Potter, an amateur aviation archaeologist told the authors:

"I was told this same story back in August 1997, by a 77-year old former Oberleutnant in the Luftwaffe, at the time I was very skeptical, but now! This guy was Heinz-Georg Möllenbrok, a real dinosaur, who really worshiped AH, his most treasured possession was a photo he had of himself with AH when he was in the Hitler Youth in 1936 or 7, he would always say that AH was betrayed by the Army Generals. He stayed with us for several days in August 1997, this was in relation to a Luftwaffe grave that I had identified in our local cemetery".

Potter remembered:

"Heinz was an accomplished artist, he showed me a portrait of AH in his later years that he had drawn without the traditional moustache, as to if this was from his imagination, or not, I have no idea, the only thing that I can remember about it was the eyes, there was something that I found very disturbing about them".

Potter told the authors:

"I remember this very well as it was the eve of Princess Diana's death, he told me that AH had died in Argentina in 1962. I was staggered and dismissive, but he was insistent about Fuerteventura being very important. Sad to say I was not really listening and thought it was just a fairytale, how wrong was I? Heinz passed away about two or three years ago, but was fairly well known in the Luftwaffe historical fraternity in the UK". 

According to Williams and Dunstan’s research, the Canary Island of Fuerteventura was where Hitler and his party met with a group of three U-Boats from “Operation Seewolf” that would deliver the fleeing Führer to the Argentine coast 53 days later in June 1945.

Möllenbrok’s testimony has been further backed up by new research by the authors which shows Japan’s top surviving diplomat in Berlin, later interviewed by US officers in Tokyo, also declared under interrogation that Hitler had escaped, by aircraft, from Berlin.

Williams said:

"The publication of 'Grey Wolf' was never going to be the end to this story. All we ever wanted to do was find out the truth about the end of one of the worst and most evil men in History. The new information we are receiving needs to be thoroughly checked, but as with the information in the book, it is compelling. We may not have got all the details of Hitler’s escape correct so far, but one thing is certain, he did escape".

Hitler Debate Heats Up As New Evidence is Presented About His Escape to Argentina
21st Century Wire
24 April 2014

Mainstream accepted history tells us that on 30 April 1945 deep inside a Berlin Bunker, the infamous Nazi leader Adolf Hitler took his own life and that of his wife Eva Braun. That piece of history is now being serious challenged, but not without its share of controversy.

Recently unearthed evidence comprised of eyewitness accounts and other supporting FBI documents, tell a different story – that Hitler did indeed escape the Bunker in the final days of the Fall of Berlin, flying to Denmark, then to Spain where General Franco supplied him with an aircraft to the Canary Islands, and finally to the Argentine coast by way of a German submarine. After settling in Argentina, Adolf Hitler eventually died of respiratory disease on 13 February 1962, at the age of 73. It would be an incredible story, if it wasn’t so compelling.

Controversy and disputes over how the evidence has been presented threaten to mire the debate, but one thing is very clear – it’s opened a can of worms for mainstream historians who had stood by the orthodoxy of a 70 year old "official" arrative. Last week, the mainstream media coverage by London’s "Express" Newspaper added fuel to the debate citing more claims that the Führer had escaped to Argentina.

The "Express" crowed on 18 April:

"Adolf Hitler escaped by submarine to Argentina, where he lived in a heavily guarded ranch at the end of the Second World War suffering from asthma and ulcers, according to sensational claims contained in newly released FBI files".

According veteran investigative journalist and co-author of "Grey Wolf: The Escape of Adolf Hitler", Gerrard Williams, the information contained in those FBI files and other sources are neither new, nor are they necessarily "sensational", but due to some shoddy mainstream journalism, many facts are being misinterpreted by mainstream journalist who have suddenly happened upon the story.

Filmmaker and author of "Grey Wolf", Williams, explains:

"The files have been available for 10 years. We investigated them extremely thoroughly in 'Grey Wolf' and reference in detail the most interesting ones. '
The "Express' only needs to look in its own files for the period post-war and they will find many references – as did we, to Hitler’s escape, reported by their own staff and by Reuters and the AP.

This FBI Story is very lazy ‘journalism’.

"The story appeared, and not for the first time,  on 'Red Flag News' and was simply lifted, over a month later, by Owen Bennett at the 'Express'. If they want to treat the story with the seriousness it deserves I would recommend they read "Grey Wolf" and listen to the report from the BBC’s own Thomas Cadett, embedded with the Soviets when they took the Bunker in Berlin. It still amazes me that anyone is still taken in by Trevor-Roper, a medieval Historian put in by British intelligence to solve one of History’s greatest mysteries. Why not Scotland Yard or the FBI?  The man famously went on to authenticate 'The Hitler Diaries', which were a complete fraud", added Williams.

Historians have preferred to accept the “masterful” account of British historian, Oxford professor, and former intelligence officer Hugh Trevor-Roper, which insists that Hitler committed suicide in the Führerbunker on 30 April 1945. It was vital to the Allied cause that Hitler should be demonstrably dead, to allow a new Germany to emerge from the ashes of the old.

Trevor-Roper’s work, which was published in 1947 as a book called "The Last Days of Hitler", is intrinsically flawed, from the testimony of Hanna Reitsch—“Hitler’s favorite pilot”—who denied ever meeting Trevor-Roper or saying what he quoted of her, to Hitler’s Luftwaffe adjutant, Nicolaus von Below, who later stated that he had lied to the Oxford don and had a good laugh every time he saw his lies repeated. Hitler’s chauffeur, Erich Kempka, was interrogated repeatedly but subsequently admitted in 1974:

"I told American and British interrogators just about anything or everything I thought they wanted to hear".

Accepted as fact, Trevor-Roper’s book has never been out of print. The acclaimed historian—who in 1983 identified the pathetic "Hitler Diaries" forgeries as real— had created his own sophisticated "forgery".

He had never been given access to those Germans who had been in the Bunker and were captured by the Soviets while trying to escape Berlin; these escapees were subsequently held prisoner, some for many years. Similarly, Trevor-Roper received only written accounts from those held by the Americans. All were anxious to save their own skins and invariably related whatever their captors wished to hear—that Hitler was dead. There are other much better descriptions of the final days; the account by James O’Donnell in his 1978 book "The Bunker" is a thorough investigative report, with interviews from all the surviving people.

Most certainly, one of driving forces behind the renewed debate and the establishment buckling on this historical sacred cow has been the surprise international success of the book "Grey Wolf", co-authored by Gerrard Williams and noted war historian Simon Dunstan. The recent discovery that Hitler’s alleged skull in Moscow is actually that of a female – as well as a number of newly uncovered documents, has provided additional support for their case. Their book is the culmination of 14 trips to Argentina, and Berlin and to the Kew Archives, and the collation of other research and local sources. Since its release in 2012, it has been translated into 16 languages in over 30 countries, including English, Russian and Arabic, and has already has received a number of positive endorsements and reviews.

This year the story may go into additional overdrive. A sister documentary film to the book is being released this year, available on DVD and Download in the UK from May 18th, and with distribution deals ready for the US, Canada and Scandinavia. It has already been available in Australia and New Zealand since the beginning of the year and has already been broadcast there by the History Channel, and also in Serbia.

"21st Century Wire" was one of the first outlets to give British and world audiences an early peek into the story when it featured its interview with Williams in a 1 hour special ‘Fourth Reich in the Sun’, which aired on SKY’s PSTV in 2012.

New Book Claims Hitler Fled to South America
by Bob Flanagan
1 July 2014
Moscow| A new book by Russian author Dimitri Boryslev claims Adolf Hitler did not commit suicide in his Berlin Bunker, but instead fled in a submarine with many high ranking nazi officials to different parts of South America.

The news comes at a crucial time, as recently declassified FBI files in 2014 claimed J. Edgar Hoover had information concerning leads about Hitler's possible escape to Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina.

Dimitri Boryslev, who was an operative for the KGB under Nikita Khrushchev and later governments, claims it was a well known fact in Russian Intelligentsia that Hitler's body had never been found and was even tought in Russian schools until the 70's.

"Until his death in 1953, Stalin always believed that Hitler had escaped. In 1945, Stalin told the Allies this same information but was met with great skepticism. Since then, Stalin never trusted the West again. He believed the West had made a secret pact with Hitler, who would have given them information on weapon technology and stolen treasure locations," explains the 93 year old man.

The proclaimed skull of Hitler was tested in 2006 by an independent forensic pathologist and declared to possibly be the remains of Hermann Lündeft, a well known Hitler look alike. Analysis of the teeth of the skull revealed discrepancies of age but also did not show traces of syphilis, a disease Hitler contracted in his youth, possibly from a prostitute in 1908 Vienna, but those sources are questionable. People suffering from syphilis have teeth that are smaller and more widely spaced than normal and which have notches on their biting surfaces, a trait easily recognizable to experts. Adolf Hitler received treatment for syphilis before and during World War II.

Another fascinating claim advanced by the author is that Otto Günshe, who was a Sturmbannführer in the Waffen-SS and later became Hitler's personal assistant and was eventually given orders by Hitler to burn his body after he had died, revealed in his diary several days before his death that he was ready to tell the world the truth about Hitler never committing suicide. 

He was found dead days later, having sweat to his death in his sauna where his house-keeper found him at temperatures over 80 degrees Celsius. A death the author claims, is very suspicious.

"This crucial eye witness of Hitler's last moments suddenly dies after he writes in his diary that he his going to spill his guts about the whole affair. It is possible there are still people or governments that are not interested in these facts being revealed to the world. How would the U.S.A. look if people learned they let Hitler live in exchange of war secrets and stolen treasure, possibly worth billions in today's money?"

--- These statements were also  in the "World News Portal" Daily Report, on 20 July 2014.

As this heavily guarded piece of history begins to unravel, more people will be compelled to ask that fundamental question: if one of the most important historical conclusions of the 20th century has been covered-up, then what else have we been lied to about?

Certainly, that’s a question we would all like answered one day.

Did Hitler flee Bunker with Eva to Argentina, have two Daughters and live to 73?
Mail Online
28 October 2013 

Though it was approaching midnight in Berlin, the streets were far from dark. On every street, fires raged out of control as the intense and savage Russian artillery bombardment crept closer to the centre of the Third Reich.

By that late hour on the night of 27 April 1945, there was not one person in Germany who thought that the Nazis could still win.

Deep in his Bunker, even the man who had brought such destruction to his country - indeed, to the world - knew that the war was over. As Adolf Hitler gazed at a portrait of his hero, Frederick the Great, King of Prussia and a brilliant military mind, he was certain there would be no eleventh-hour reversal of fortune.

The Führer, in 1934 had purchased a portrait of his great hero Frederick the Great of Prussia by the Swiss painter Anton Graff [1736–1813] for the then considerable sum of 34,000 Reichsmarks. It was his favorite painting and it traveled with him everywhere.

The so-called "Miracle Weapons" had never arrived, and his once mighty armies existed more in memory than in flesh and steel.

At the beginning of October 1942, the Third Reich had been at the zenith of its success. The empire occupied by Hitler’s armies stretched from the Arctic Sea of northern Norway all the way south to the deserts of North Africa, and from the Atlantic coast of France eastward to the Volga River, deep inside the Soviet Union. On the North African front of the Wehrmacht, Field Marshal Erwin Rommel’s 'Deutsches Afrika Korps' was poised on the border of Egypt for a final offensive to capture the Suez Canal—the vital jugular vein of the British Empire. On the Volga, Gen. von Paulus’ Sixth Army was fighting its way yard by yard into the city of Stalingrad in savage street fighting. If the Suez Canal and Stalingrad were to fall to the Germans, then the oil fields of the Middle East and the Caucasus would be theirs for the taking, fueling the German war machine with the essential lifeblood of warfare to sustain itself for decades.  Meanwhile, the ships from Canada and the United States carrying the fuel, the munitions, and the very food that beleaguered Britain needed to sustain itself after three exhausting years of war were being sent to the bottom of the Atlantic in appalling numbers by German submarines.

From their bases on the Atlantic coast of France, Adm. Karl Dönitz’s U-Boats ranged out to gather in “wolf packs” astride the western sea-lanes. Since January 1940, British experts at the Government Code and Cypher School at Bletchley Park had been increasingly successful in cracking intercepted German signals traffic generated by the “Enigma” encryption machine, producing the stream of priceless top-secret intelligence—code-named “Ultra”—that would give the Allies an extraordinary insight into the intentions and capabilities of Hitler’s armed forces. Nevertheless, it was May 1941 before the capture of an Enigma machine and its operating manuals from a U-Boat allowed the breaking of the Kriegsmarine [German navy] codes. For a while, British antisubmarine successes had increased encouragingly, but, in February 1942, a modification of the Enigma code-setting system—code-named "Shark" by Bletchley Park—once more denied the Royal Navy its invaluable access to Dönitz’ operational orders to his U-Boat commanders at sea.

The cost of this denial was about to be demonstrated yet again. Of 2 November 1942, a convoy of forty-two ships designated SC-107, heading eastbound out of New York, was approaching the "Black Pit"—the seven-hundred-mile gap in the mid-Atlantic where shipping could not as yet be protected by Allied aircraft. Closing in on the convoy were thirteen U-Boats of Gruppe Veilchen [Group Viola]. At this time many Allied naval assets had been diverted far south to take part in Operation Torch, the invasion of French North Africa.

Convoy SC-107 was protected only by Canadian Escort Group C4, with just one destroyer and four corvettes. Under the cover of darkness and bad weather, two U-Boats slipped through the widely stretched cordon of escorts and maneuvered into attack positions. Cdr. Baron Siegfried von Forstner’s U-402 fired a salvo of torpedoes at a range of four hundred yards and one struck the freighter 'SS Empire Sunrise' amidships, damaging it badly. It would later be finished off by Lt. Cdr. Horst Uphoff’s U-84. Lt. Cdr. Herbert Schneider’s U-522 also penetrated the escort screen and sank no fewer than four vessels. By dawn, Gruppe Veilchen had sunk eight ships and damaged two more. The U-Boats then slipped away to avoid detection but had to remain on the surface in order to keep up with the convoy.

Throughout the following day, convoy SC-107 tried to evade the wolf pack by changing course whenever fog or snowstorms provided any fleeting cover. Soon after the early sunset of 3 November, U-89 [Cdr. Dietrich Lohmann] slipped into the center of the convoy and launched five torpedoes. Two of them struck their targets, including the convoy commodore’s ship, the 5,318-ton 'SS Jeypore', laden with ammunition. Around midnight, U-132 [Lt. Cdr. Ernst Vogelsang] unleashed a fan of five torpedoes toward the starboard flank of SC-107. Three ships were hit. Thirty minutes later one of these vessels, carrying munitions, exploded with such ferocity that surface ships some six miles away felt the blast and U-Boats at depths of two hundred feet were jolted by the shock wave—indeed U-132 and her crew were never heard from again.

On 5 November, a Royal Air Force B-24 'Liberator' long-range bomber of No. 120 Squadron arrived overhead and further naval escorts from Iceland rendezvoused with SC-107. When U-89 was damaged by air attack, Gruppe Veilchen broke off the battle. It had won a significant victory: in all, fifteen merchantmen out of forty-two were sunk and four damaged, for a total of 107,958 tons of shipping lost. During the month of November 1942 alone, a total of 730,000 tons of Allied shipping was sunk. During the whole of 1942, the Allies lost an estimated 1,661 ships and 6.5 million tons of cargo to U-Boat attack. About 87 U-Boats were sunk but 238 new boats were commissioned and that year saw Dönitz' fleet increased from 91 to 212 boats.

Famously, British prime minister Winston Churchill wrote:

"The only thing that ever really frightened me during the war was the U-Boat peril...On their defeat hung the outcome of World War II".

After the staggering setbacks of Stalingrad and North Africa, it was vital to galvanize the dispirited German people for a protracted war. Hitler’s complete military strategy had been predicated on a short conflict of conquest before the material superiority of his opponents—France and Britain, then the Soviet Union—became overwhelming. The era of rapid victories in 1938–42 had allowed Germany to loot raw materials, agricultural production, and industrial capacity from Czechoslovakia, Poland, Denmark, Norway, Holland, Belgium, France, Yugoslavia, Greece, and the western USSR. These years of pillage had delayed the tipping point after which the imbalance of resources between the Allies and the Axis became at first chronic and then terminal; but they had gained Germany only capital—not a revenue stream—and the point of no return had now been reached. Nazi Germany entered spring 1943 with no coherent overall military strategy to prosecute the war further. The failure of the invasion of the USSR was already obvious for the world to see.

In May 1943, due to a combination of Allied technical and operational advances, the monthly losses suffered by U-Boats in the Atlantic suddenly tripled. This forced Adm. Dönitz to withdraw his wolf packs from the convoy lanes for three months; they would never recover their dominance. In June and July 1943, the first RAF Thousand-Bomber raids devastated cities such as Essen, Cologne, and Hamburg, and during that summer USAAF daylight raids penetrated deep into Germany to hit industrial targets, drawing Luftwaffe fighter squadrons back from other fronts. In July, the defeat of a new German offensive around Kursk in the Ukraine finally crushed any hope of regaining the initiative on the Eastern Front. Also in July, the Western Allies successfully invaded Sicily, and in September, Italy became the first of the Axis nations to sue for peace. In the coming winter nights the RAF’s baleful focus would shift to Berlin itself—in November alone, 400,000 Berliners were rendered homeless.

Despite occupying most of Europe, German forces were now wholly on the defensive and trapped in a war of attrition, reduced to waiting, with dwindling resources, for the Allies to unleash new offensives in the east, the south, and the west. Moreover, there was simply no coherent mechanism for addressing Germany’s situation. The Führer’s word was absolute and there was no one in the Nazi hierarchy or the armed forces to contradict him. The German regime’s response to the disaster of Stalingrad and President Roosevelt’s demand for unconditional surrender was a call for "total war". 

By 1945, millions of enemy troops were only an hour’s drive away, east and west of Hitler's capital, and his headquarters was his Berlin Bunker.

On more than one occasion during the end-of-the-war conferences with his generals in the Führerbunker, Hitler boasted that Germany would soon be in the possession of weapons that would snatch victory from the jaws of defeat at "five minutes past midnight".

Anyone but a fool or a wishful thinker would have understood that the Third Reich was doomed by early 1945. Yet, the Nazi high command kept shooting. Tanks were sent west for the Battle of the Bulge and German soldiers frequently fought to the last man a week after Hitler had gone to a worse place. Why? The Nazi Party and the German Army had both taken their own "Stab in the Back" myth a little bit too seriously: and simply refused to consider surrender rationally. In other sections of German society, however, and in occupied or friendly territories another motivation proved important, the belief in Germany’s secret weapons.

The idea that Germany had a series of "Secret Weapons" ready to unleash on an unsuspecting world was only very partially true. Germany had had, of course, its impressive rocket bombs: but though these destroyed a good deal of acreage of housing in the south-east of England, they were not in the end enough to bring the UK to its knees or, indeed, anything close to it. [Arguably they did more damage than good to Germany by redirecting scarce war resources away from normal aviation production]. There were also advances in plane design, but nothing that Germany could get into the air in sufficient numbers. Then, there is the old canard of Germany’s atomic bomb program: something that again did not get off the ground. Yet the fact remains that as the war ground towards its inevitable end Axis members and friends spoke increasingly about these secret weapons. In fact, the talk about the secret weapons proved far more effective than the secret weapons themselves.

For example, there was much talk about the secret weapons in Salò, the Fascist puppet regime in northern Italy. Giorgio Almirante  the postwar fascist politician and long-time head of the MSI, is remembered at the end of the war as alluding constantly to these mysterious weapons. Franco, in Spain, continued to talk about a German victory up until the late spring of 1945: he seems to have believed that the Germans had learnt to harness solar energy for military ends. In fact, one Spanish newspaper, "Informaciones" claimed, on Hitler’s death, that Germany had chosen to spare Europe by not using these secret weapons.

Internal Reich memos recorded that one of the few effective tools for public opinion was the claim made on radio and in the press that Nazi secret weapons would turn the tide of the war.

"The wonder weapons are the hope. It is laughable and senseless for us to threaten at this moment, without a basis in reality for these threats. The well-known mass destruction bombs are nearly ready. In only a few days, with the utmost meticulous intelligence, Hitler will probably execute this fearful blow, because he will have full confidence.... It appear, that there are three bombs - and each has an astonishing operation. The construction of each unit is fearfully complex and of a lengthy time of completion".

-- Benito Mussolini, 'Political Testament', 22 April 1945, cited in Edgar Meyer and Thomas Mehner, "Hitler und die Bombe: Welchen Stand erreichte die deutsche Atomforschung und Geheimwaffenentwicklung wirklich?" [Rottenburg: Kopp Verlag, 2002]


Mittelwerk was the name given to the underground factories and facilities located underneath the Kohnstein Mountain near Nordhausen in central Germany. Most of the factory's workers were imprisoned in the Dora concentration camp, that was located southwest of Kohnstein. The underground factory is best known for being the production facility of the infamous V-2 rocket.

Germany's rocket program was formerly located at Peenemünde, north-Germany, but following the massive allied air assault on the facility in August 1943, the decision was taken to move the V-2 program to the underground facilities of Kohnstein mountain. General Hans Kammler was put in charge of Mittelwerk, as the underground factory was named.

Mary Bennett and David S. Percy, authors of "Dark Moon: Apollo and the Whistleblowers", speculated that the British air raid on Peenemünde was designed not to knock out the V-rocket site but to force it to move to safer environs, to ensure the safety of the rocket program.

They showed how the raid bombed the site’s northern peninsula rather than the main facility, due to misplaced target indicators. These authors noted that of the eight hundred personnel who died in the air raid, about half were mostly Russians from the prisoner labor force and the other half were technicians and their families. 

"Instructions from the highest level, it seems, had been to target personnel and certainly not the V-2 rocket production facilities. It was clearly crucial that these rockets, plans and parts were spared," they stated.

Someone with high authority wanted this Nazi technology available to them after the war.

Arthur Rudolph had been in charge of the Peenemünde assembly, but the V-rocket program was mainly  the creation  of Wernher von Braun. The first of this range was the Fieseler Fi 103 unpiloted flying bomb, or the V-1. The weapon was grossly inaccurate and indiscriminate. London was always its intended target but in May 1943 preliminary discussions were held on the feasibility of firing the V-1 from a submarine such as the large Type XIV replenishment U-Boat.

The Type XIV U-Boat was a modification of the Type IXD, designed to resupply other U-Boats. They were nicknamed "Milchkuh" [milk cow]. Due to its large size, the Type XIV could resupply other boats with
613 tons of fuel, 13 tons of motor oil, four torpedoes,
and fresh food that was preserved in refrigerator units. 
They had no torpedo tubes or deck guns, only anti-aircraft guns.

The milk cows were priority targets for Allied forces, as sinking one
milk cow would effectively curtail the operations of several regular U-Boats and force them to return home for supplies.
Ultra intercepts provided information concerning sailing and routing,
and this, coupled with improved Allied radar and air coverage in the North Atlantic, eliminated most of them during 1943.
By the end of the war all ten had been sunk.

The V-2 was the A-4 giant rocket 14 metres in length, 1.6 metres at the widest point of the fuselage and 3.5 metres across the tail assembly. Maximum altitude of 80 kilometres and the range was up to 305 kilometres. During powered flight the projectile was remote-controlled from the ground or regulated by an onboard gyro-compass. Late in the war, the rocket had a destructive effect on the city of London, its impact being equivalent to fifty 100-ton steam locomotives hitting the ground simultaneously at 70 mph. Tests with firing a V-2 from an underwater submarine were also carried out.

Then there was the Uraniumbombe. This laboratory-produced nuclear explosive was to be the warhead in the large V-2 or A9/A10 rockets. The V-2 had a range of 200 miles while the A9/A10 could hit New York. There was no rocket of the same species for the inter-mediate ranges and this omission was fatal. By December 1944 when the Uraniumbombe was ready for use in numbers for the definitive V-2 campaign, the Low Countries and France had been lost and now the range was too long.

The A9/A/10 series was not yet in mass production, the project having only been resurrected in December 1944. A test launch seems to have been carried through near Ohrdruf on 16 March 1945. At least four witnesses gave evidence that an "Amerika" rocket was launched successfully from Polte II MUNA Rudisleben [an underground munitions factory site].

Atomic Bomb Discovery of Germans Told
Chicago Daily News Service
William H. Stoneman
19 July 1945

LONDON - One of the strangest security leaks since V-Day in Europe was registered yesterday when an Australian R.A.F. officer broadcast a description of the Uranium bomb.

Speaking from Melbourne, Wing-Comdr, A.G. Pither of the R.A.A.F. declared that if the war had lasted six months longer the Germans would have employed a 21-pound Uranium disintegration bomb having the force of a one ton V-2 warhead.

All the Wehrmacht had to do was hold out a bit longer. And above all, it must hold Prague and lower Silesia. Of course, the standard historical interpretation of these and similar utterances by the Nazi leadership near the end of the war explains them - or rather, explains them away - by one of two standard techniques. One school understands them to refer to the more advanced versions of the V-1 and V-2, and on rare occasions, the intercontinental A-9/10 rockets, the jet fighters, anti-aircraft heat-seeking missiles, and so on that the Germans were developing.

Sir Roy Fedden, one of the British Specialists sent to Germany to investigate Nazi secret weapons research after the war, left no doubt as to the deadly potential these developments held:

"In these respects [the Nazis] were not entirely lying. In the course of two recent visits to Germany, as leader of a technical mission of the Ministry of Aircraft Production, I have seen enough of their designs and production plans to realize that if they had managed to prolong the war some months longer, we would have been confronted with a set of entirely new and deadly developments in air warfare".

-- "The Nazis' V-Weapons Matured Too Late" [London: 1945]

"After watching the V-1 and V-2 firing trials at Blizna and Cracow, Poland, in April, 1944, Hitler is reported to have stated that German secret weapons were not the product of dreamers and that England and the whole world would soon feel their effect. It wasn’t until allied technicians examined German developments in this field that we fully realized the tremendous achievements of German scientists, and how near they were to achieving the boasts of their leader.

"The Germans were preparing rocket surprises for the whole world in general and England in particular which would have, it is believed, changed the course of the war if the invasion had been postponed for so short a time as half a year".

-- Lt. Col. Donald Leander Putt, Dep. Cmmd. Gen., AAF Intelligence, Air Technical Services Command

"To the German scientists, the V-2 was just a toy. The V-1, V-2 and Me 262 certainly high technology for the British and Americans, but compared with the Sänger bomber, the A9/A10 rocket [both ready or almost ready in 1945] or the flying discs, they were only toys".

-- Lt. Col. John A. Keck, 28 June 1945

In 2009, Hubert Czerepok, a well-known Polish artist, re-examined the myths of Nazi technology in an exhibition at the site where the infamous V-2 missile was secretly manufactured in the German coastal city of Peenemünde.

“The exhibition is entitled Haunebu, one of several names for the alleged flying saucer project, which are also referred to as Reichsflugscheiben [Reich flying discs]), Vril discs or V-7s. According to believers, the disks were up to 71 meters [230 feet] in diameter and could reach speeds of up to 5,000 kilometers per hour [3,100 miles per hour].

“Peenemünde is an appropriate location for exploring such topics, given that it was where the German V-2 rockets were developed during World War II; some Ufologists believe the Haunebu project was an offshoot of the V-2 program. In fact, many aspects of the UFO conspiracy theories in circulation are inspired by real events relating to the V-2 –– such as the idea that the Allies seized the flying saucer technology at the end of the war and took the Nazi scientists to the United States to continue their work in secret".

-- David Gordon Smith, 'Third Reich from the Sun: Artist Explores Myths of Nazi UFO Technology,] Spiegel Online, 12 February 2009Respected British historian Barrie Pitt noted:

"[T]he Nazi war machine swung into action utilizing as much as it could of the most up-to-date scientific knowledge available, and as the war developed, the list of further achievements grew to staggering proportions.

"From guns firing 'shells' of air; to detailed discussions of flying saucers; from beams of sound that were fatal to a man at 50 yards, to guns that fired around corners and others that could 'see in the dark' - the list is awe-inspiring in its variety".

"Vampyr" Infrared Scope

Pitt stated that while some German technology was less developed than imagined at the time, "some were dangerously near to a completion stage which could have reversed the war’s outcome".

The US astronaut Gordon Cooper stated in his recent book that towards May 1945 the Germans "had a winged, piloted V-2 rocket" able to fly 3,000 miles.

   Original plan for Peenemünde Manned V-2 project - the EMW A-9 in 1944

After Nazi Germany surrendered in May 1945, Britain, the United States, and U.S.S.R. captured a huge amount of German war documents and scientists involved with the V-2 project which bombarded London from late 1944 to early 1945 and Antwerp in 1945.

Information on the V-2 missile was put to good use by the victorious US and
Soviet Union for
further development towards military missiles and early spaceflight. Britain, however, lacked the resources to match the two postwar superpowers as Britain won the war, but had to rebuild
and pay back immense war debts to the United States.

However, a British independent proposal put forward just one year after the war, if it had been properly developed, could have altered the history of space exploration as we know it.

A two-man study group [R.A. Smith and H. E. Ross] of the British Interplanetary Society submitted
a private design for an adapted German V-2 rocket to the Ministry of Supply on 23 December 1946. The civilian adaption consisted of a new pressurized cabin in the nose of the rocket, in place of the usual explosive 1,000 kg amatol warhead, which would enable a man to be launched as a
passenger on the flight. The cabin was to be detachable, allowing the astronaut to experience
several minutes of weightlessness, before it parachuted back to Earth.

Due to lack of funding, however, the proposal was not adopted as fate would have it.
Britain was still in the reconstruction phase in 1946 from all the war damage caused during the previous years by the Luftwaffe and V-Weapons campaign.

The concept, however, is almost identical to that used by NASA in 1961, when US Astronauts
Alan Sheppard and Gus Grissom were sent on sub-orbital flights with a Redstone rocket [ironically derived from the V-2] going through several minutes of weightlessness.

Had the British succeeded in their manned V-2 and had both the resources and Ministry funding,
the first moon rocket might have been named 'Brittania' or 'Victoria' and the Union Flag might have been planted on the moon instead of the Stars and Stripes.

The Chief of the US General Staff wrote in October 1945 that "at the end of the European War, New York had just come within range of large German rockets".

The other standard school of interpretation explains such remarks of the Nazi leadership as the utterances of madmen desperate to prolong the war, and hence their lives, by stiffening the resistance of their exhausted armies. For example, to make the insanity gripping the Reich government complete, Hitler's ever-faithful toady and Propaganda minister, Dr. Josef Göbbels also boasted in a speech near the end of the war that he had seen "weapons so frightening it would make your heart stand still".

Hitler's Final Secret Weapon
Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate [NSW]
15 February 1945

LONDON:  The Nazi Propaganda Minister [Dr. Göbbels] told Field Marshal von Rundstedt's troops on the Western Front that the Allies would soon be thrown out of Germany by a "new method so terrible that Hitler must ask the pardon of Almighty God for using it," stated the "Daily Mail" correspondent with the American First Army.

Another news bulletin referred to Hitler's coming devastating blow by which all would be over on the Western Front in 10 days.

The Führer had three options.

He could allow himself to be captured by the Russians; but the humiliation was unthinkable. He could kill himself, but who could possibly replace him? A Fourth Reich would surely rise, and he would be needed to lead it. That left one option: Escape.

Everything had been prepared to the last detail by the shady head of the Gestapo, Heinrich Müller, right down to the clothes worn by the body doubles that would pass for the corpses of Hitler and his intended bride, Eva Braun.

The Ju 52 Tri-motor was the type most suitable for flying out the Führer and his party; the standard Luftwaffe transport aircraft throughout the war, it was elderly, slow, but extremely robust, could carry up to eighteen passengers, and needed a relatively short takeoff and landing run. The wide boulevard at Hohenzollerndamm was not perfect, but it was the best available. The underground railway system—the U-Bahn—offered a safe route from the government quarter to Fehrbelliner Platz, and from there [so long as the area was still held by German troops] it was a short drive to the proposed landing strip.

Crucial to the plan, however,  was the most up-to-date intelligence about the situation on the ground, and during his reconnaissance sorties Fegelein had identified an officer whom he trusted to supply it. SS Lt. Oskar Schäfer, a veteran of France and the Eastern Front as a Waffen-SS infantryman, had been wounded several times. Now commissioned as a Panzer officer, he was assigned to SS Heavy Tank Battalion 503, and his Tiger II was one of a handful of these 76.9-ton monsters from that unit that were still fighting in the heart of Berlin.

Late on 27 April 1945, Schäfer and two comrades were summoned to the Reich Chancellery command Bunker with orders to report directly to SS Gen. Mohnke for a thorough debriefing on the situation at Fehrbelliner Platz and the Hohenzollerndamm. Mohnke closely questioned Schäfer—who had been wounded with first degree burns —about the disposition of his troops and the likelihood of a breakthrough by the "Ivans" attacking his positions. Schäfer gave as detailed a report as possible: it was his opinion that they could hold the area for no longer than two more days, and the other two officers agreed. After Schäfer had had a night’s rest, Mohnke awarded him the coveted Knight’s Cross, writing the citation into his Soldaten Buch.

At the Fehrbelliner Platz station,  three Tiger II tanks and two SdKfz 251 half-track armored personnel carriers were to wait to take the fugitives on the half-mile drive to the makeshift airstrip on the Hohenzollerndamm.

Mohnke also enlisted Schäfer's help in the planned breakout from Berlin on 2 May 1945. His Tiger II leading the Mohnke group was hit crossing the Heer Strasse by a Russian JS II tank. Schäfer was again seriously wounded, suffered further burns, temporarily lost his sight and lost his memory.

Schäfer remained in hospital after the end of the war recovering from his wounds, and was not released until 1947.

As his office clock struck midnight, Hitler turned to his orderly and nodded. Twenty minutes later, three figures emerged from a secret tunnel connecting the Bunker to the surface.

Had any German citizen spotted them, he or she would have been astonished to see the Führer scuttling away like the cowards he so despised. Accompanying him were Eva Braun and her brother-in-law, Hermann Fegelein.

Dodging fires and explosions, the small party made its way to the vast Hohenzollerndamm that ran through the centre of Berlin. Once a fashionable Boulevard, it was now a makeshift runway, and on it sat a Junkers Ju 52 transport aircraft, its engines being gunned by Captain Peter Baumgart, an experienced Luftwaffe pilot

The Junkers Ju 52 [nicknamed 'Tante Ju' (Aunt Ju] is a German trimotor transport aircraft manufactured from 1931 to 1952. It saw both civilian and military service during the 1930s and 1940s. In a civilian role, it flew with over twelve air carriers including Swissair and Deutsche Luft Hansa as an airliner and freight hauler.
In a military role, it flew with the Luftwaffe as a troop and cargo transport and
briefly as a medium bomber. The Ju 52 continued in postwar service with
military and civilian air fleets well into the 1980s.

Hitler used a Deutsche Luft Hansa Ju 52 for campaigning in the 1932 German election, preferring flying to transport by train. After he became Chancellor of Germany in 1933, Hans Baur became his personal pilot, and Hitler was provided with a personal Ju 52. Named Immelmann II after the World War I ace Max Immelmann, it carried the registration D-2600. As his power and importance grew, Hitler's personal air force grew to nearly 50 aircraft, based at Berlin Tempelhof Airport and made up of mainly Ju 52s, which also flew other members of his
cabinet and war staff. In September 1939 at Baur's suggestion, his personal
Ju 52 Immelmann II was replaced by the four-engine Focke-Wulf Fw 200 Condor, although Immelman II remained his backup aircraft for the rest of World War II.

Hitler and his companions climbed aboard the aircraft, and before they could even sit down, Baumgart pushed the throttle forward. Within a minute, the plane soared into the air, heading north.

Gerrard Williams and Simon Dunstan in "Grey Wolf: The Escape of Adolf Hitler" start with the premise that there is no "proof" that Adolf Hitler died in the Bunker in Berlin on 30 April 1945. The authors lengthy "research" indicates that Hitler escaped to South America after being spirited away from Berlin in a Ju 52 during the last days of April 1945.

It was during the night of  27-28 April that Hitler and Eva Braun left the Bunker via a "secret" tunnel, their place in the Bunker being taken by doubles - who presumably managed to fool Misch, Junge and all the other acolytes - and were flown to the coast on board a Luftwaffe Junkers Ju 52 before boarding a U-Boat heading for South America. 

Fanciful and far-fetched, right? Of course it is.  

However the subject of final flights into and out of the doomed Reichshauptstadt is certainly an interesting one,  but there are so few sources of any description aside from personal accounts that any attempt to either prove or disprove the version of events related in Dunstan's work is fraught with difficulty.

With German-held territory shrinking rapidly and the country cut in two, flights reaching Berlin after the fall of the last airport within the city limits [Gatow, 26 April 1945] were "resupply" missions - supplies dropped from transport aircraft and gliders operating from a handful of airfields on the Baltic coast. However, amidst a whirl of rumour,  conjecture and half-truths -opinion masquerading as "facts"- the authors believe that there was a concerted effort made to fly high-ranking personalities out of Berlin - among them Adolf Hitler.

This operation -codenamed "Unternehmen Reichskanzlei"- was presumbly inspired by Günther Ott's articles published in "Jet & Prop" magazine during 1995 entitled "Unternehmen Reichskanzlei". However Ott did  take the trouble to point out that no such codeword/operation for these flights existed - it being simply post-war journalistic shorthand for those various ad-hoc attempts to bring in supplies to Berlin for the besieged Bunker occupants and their defenders. Dunstan and Williams conveniently overlook this small detail and go much further.

Of course Hitler did indeed have his own "flight" of transport aircraft, the so-called Fliegerstaffel des Führers [or more colloquially "FdF" - Für den Führer] but this unit was equipped with large multi-engine types including Ju 290s from  FAGr 5, virtually all of which had been effectively grounded for months due to shortages of fuel. Hitler may have been urged by his acolytes to flee to some Alpine "fortress" or other in southern Germany but only a handful of ad-hoc transport flights out of Berlin for high-ranking regime members were possible from mid-April, activity suddenly spurred by the opening of the last Russian offensive against Berlin launched on 16 April 1945.

On 21 April Lt. Herbert Wagner flew 48 passengers from Berlin to Salzburg in a FAGr. 5  Ju 290 A-2 transport [9V+BK], returning to Gatow on the following evening. Hitler's personal transport Fw 200 C-4 coded "TK+CV" flew 12 passengers to Wittstock on 24 April but by now the last remaining airport within the city [Gatow] was coming under heavy Soviet artillery fire. 

An important role in this "story" is played by the Charlottenburger Chaussee - the so-called Ost-West Achse. Hitler had designated this wide and long boulevard in central Berlin as a takeoff and landing strip in his "order for the preparations of the defence of the Reichs capital". But no large multi-engined aircraft could hope to land here. Perhaps this is why the authors of "Grey Wolf" would have us believe that the "final" flight was not made from this location.

One of the most "notable" final flights into the centre of Berlin and the East-West Axis was made by Ritter von Greim and related by his companion Hanna Reitsch.

Summoned to the Bunker, the last CO of the Luftwaffe Reitsch had been flown into Gatow south of Berlin centre under escort from JG 4. By 25 April Gatow was the only airfield within the city boundary that was still in German hands although coming increasingly under Soviet fire. Indeed 26 April may have been the last day Gatow saw Luftwaffe aircraft take off. Routes into the city from the airfield had already been cut and the only way into the centre and the Chancellery as Hanna Reitsch and Ritter von Greim discovered was via Fiesler Storch. Their Stork came under Russian fire on the subsequent flight and von Greim was injured.

According to Reitsch's own account,  Hitler [presumably his double] ordered them to save themselves late on 29 April 1945.

They had one last chance to flee – a Junkers Ju 52 and an Arado 96 had just landed unscathed on the East-West Axis. Von Greim and Reitsch left the Bunker and climbed aboard a half-track which drove them to the Arado under a night sky that was lit up by countless flashes and explosions. The pilot was waiting – the same Feldwebel who had brought them into Gatow aboard a Focke Wulf 190. This time he had touched down near the Zoo – the strip that was still in German hands amounted to no more than 400 metres in length and was shrinking progressively. The Arado trainer took off under a rain of fire and immediately sought refuge in the banks of cloud and smoke that had shrouded the city for weeks.

The Ju 52 that had "successfully managed to land" on the Ost-West-Achse that night and then take-off again was apparently flown by one Oberfeldwebel Böhm from II./TGr 3. This was reported by another young Ju 52 pilot from this unit, Uffz. Johannes Lachmund who described events in his 2009 memoir.

Although a pilot Lachmund flew on this sortie as a gunner. Lachmund records that this mission was flown from Güstrow to Berlin with five aircraft to evacuate high-ranking personnel from Berlin, including Ritter von Greim. As Lachmund reports, three of the five Ju 52s had to return after missed approaches, chiefly because the visibility was so poor from the heavy smoke from the fires everywhere on the ground. One Ju-52 was shot-down by the Soviets during the approach.

Lachmund mentions discussions via telephone from the "air traffic control" command-post at the Siegessäule [Berlin's Victory column] between Ofw Böhm and the Bunker in the Reichskanzlei. There was apparently some dispute over the passengers to be flown-out, chiefly because Hanna Reitsch wanted to fly out the Ritter von Greim herself at the controls of the Arado Ar-96, and not leave Berlin as a passenger on this Ju-52 flight.
Eventually, the Ju 52 boarded only a few other wounded passengers but not the VIPs. Because of damage to the "runway" from shelling, the Junkers transport had only 400 metres in which to get airborne.  It is worth noting perhaps that Deutsche Lufthansa record the minimum take-off distance for their lighter [unarmoured and unarmed] Ju 52/3m as 500 metres.

-- Johannes Lachmund : "Fliegen ; Mein Traumberuf – bis zu den bitteren Erlebnissen des Krieges", Verlagshaus Monsenstein und Vannerdat OHG Münster,  2009

Georg Schlaug in his "Jet&Prop" article on Berlin tranport flights April/May 1945 reports that the following urgent radio message from the Bunker was transmitted during the afternoon of 27 April 1945:

"Luftlandemöglichkeit auf der Ost-West Achse muss mit allen Mitteln versucht werden" [a landing attempt with all available means must be attempted on the East-West Axis].

Attempts to land gliders on the East-West Axis, however, met such heavy fire that every such landing attempt was defeated.

Schlaug further records that a Feldwebel  Heinz Schäfer witnessed two DFS 230 gliders departing Tarnewitz on the afternoon of 29 April 1945. These gliders had arrived the previous evening departing Rostock Marinenehe to Tarnewitz towed by a Heinkel He 111 of 3./TGr. 30. Interestingly Schäfer was shown the glider pilots Einsatzbefehl [mission orders]: "Gruppe bereithalten, Führer aus Berlin befreien".

Interestingly, because by this time Hitler had already left Berlin according to Dunstan and Williams

The Führer refused to look out of the window, unwilling to face the hell he had left behind. He was heading to a new life — and a new world. That life, as it would be for so many other Nazis, would be in Argentina.

Hitler’s route there was tortuous, but necessarily so for the most wanted man in the world.

After landing in Denmark, he flew to Spain, where General Franco supplied him with an aircraft to take him to the Canary Islands 

From there, the Führer took a submarine to the Argentine coast, where he disembarked near the small port of Necochea, some 300 miles south of Buenos Aires.

Hitler would never again set foot outside Argentina. And though his dreams of a new Reich would never be fulfilled, he did at least find some form of domestic happiness by marrying Eva Braun, with whom he had two daughters.

Finally, after 17 years in hiding, one of the most evil men in history died on 13 February 1962, aged 73.

To most of us, such a story sounds like utter fantasy. But there are some who regard it as the absolute truth.

The notion that Hitler escaped from his Berlin Bunker has held conspiracy theorists in thrall since the war ended. It has now reared its improbable head once more.

This weekend, it emerged that the story of Hitler’s supposed escape to Argentina has become the subject of a bitter plagiarism row.

In their book, "Grey Wolf: The Escape Of Adolf Hitler", British authors Gerrard Williams and Simon Dunstan argued that the Führer escaped exactly in the manner described above, and did indeed see out his days in South America.

However, an Argentine journalist, Abel Basti, who comes from the Patagonian town of Bariloche, where so many Nazis "retired", claims that Williams and Dunstan appropriated his research, and he is seeking compensation.

Williams and Dunstan strenuously deny Basti’s accusation.

"Basti did in no way invent the idea of Hitler being alive in Argentina," says Williams. "Books on the subject existed as far back as 1953 and 1987. I have never plagiarised anyone’s work".

To outsiders, the row looks like three bald men fighting over a comb. The idea that Hitler could have escaped - and kept that escape hidden - seems farcical.

And yet many continue to believe it. Tens of thousands of Nazis escaped after the war, including the notorious Adolf Eichmann and Josef Mengele. Is it not possible that Hitler escaped with them?

Israel, the young Jewish state was surrounded by enemies, and its overriding priority was simply survival as a nation. As an indication, the most comprehensive history of Israel’s formidable intelligence services runs to 634 pages, yet only three pages are concerned with Nazi hunting in South America.

Mossad’s eventual capture of Adolf Eichmann came only after repeated requests from concentration camp survivor Lothar Hermann in Argentina, whose daughter had dated one of Eichmann’s sons. Hermann had been trying to get both the German and Israeli governments to investigate for a number of years. It has now been proved—after a lengthy court battle in Germany—that the West German intelligence service knew that Eichmann was in Argentina—indeed, knew his address and his pseudonym of Ricardo Klement—as early as 1952, eight years before he was seized and taken to Israel, where he was tried and hanged.

West Germany under Chancellor Konrad Adenauer had good reason to remain quiet on the matter. Adenauer’s chief of staff, Hans Globke, had not only helped to draft the 1935 anti-Semitic Nuremberg Laws but had also worked with Eichmann in the Department for Jewish Affairs. Any revelations by Eichmann during his trial in Jerusalem would have been extremely embarrassing to West Germany, since many other government posts, both federal and local, were held by former Nazis who had been cleared of complicity in the Third Reich after a perfunctory “denazification” program in the late 1940s.

Many of the most odious Nazi war criminals had found employment in the CIA-funded and SS-dominated “Gehlen Organization,” led by former Nazi general Reinhard Gehlen. Such an organization had little vested interest in revealing the whereabouts of other high-ranking Nazis around the world. On the front line of the Cold War, what the West Germans knew, so did the United States and Britain. What other details lurk in the still secret files of the Gehlen Organization, the forerunner of the West German foreign intelligence agency, the BND? We may never know.

If Eichmann could have been a considerable embarrassment, what would the fact of Hitler’s, Bormann’s, and Müller’s survival do to the West?

As Gerrard Williams says, there have been many versions of the Hitler escape story, and they have been spun ever since May 1945.

In the years immediately after the war, there was no hard proof that Hitler had, in fact, died. One of the problems that investigators encountered was the lack of any physical evidence for his death.

"We came to the foot of some wooden steps that led to his room only three meters from the window next to which I stood. There at the bottom of those stairs they found the half-burnt body of a man who had a tuft of black hair on the right side of the face and the little black mustache. Suited to look like him,  then their doctor came to the conclusion that it was a bad Hitler double, not Hitler. If this is true, then he disappeared without a trace".

BBC reporter Thomas Cadett on 3 May 1945, reporting about the Soviet forces that entered the Führer Bunker.

On 9 May 1945, Soviet officer Anatoly Klimenko, stated that the corpse supposedly belonging to Hitler wore knitted stockings of wool, which the Führer detested, and always refused to use in life.

The existence of skull fragments, found by the Russians near the Führer’s Bunker and believed to be his, was not known to the West until 1968. Then, in 2009, DNA testing of the bones revealed that in fact they belonged to a woman. 

This has given the fantasists added ammunition to claim that Hitler didn’t die in the Bunker.

In the immediate aftermath of the war, British and U.S. intelligence services received countless reports suggesting the former Nazi leader had been spotted alive and at large.

In September 1945, it was claimed that Hitler and his private secretary, Martin Bormann, had boarded a luxury yacht in Hamburg and had sailed to a secret island off the coast of Schleswig-Holstein.

The next month, staff at the British Legation in Copenhagen informed the Foreign Office that a Danish woman had told them that a friend had dreamed that Hitler was disguised as a monk and living in Spain.

In December, the Americans were "reliably informed" that Hitler had boarded a submarine off the island of Majorca, where he had been living in a hotel with a group of nuclear scientists. Then there were claims that he was living as a hermit in a cave in Italy, or working as a shepherd in the Swiss Alps.

There were those who stated that he’d hidden himself in Antarctica, or even further away still — the Moon!

There is the claim that Nazi rocket technology was more advanced than the Allies realized, so that Hitler was able to escape to the Moon. A variation suggests that the Nazis had made contact with UFOs and established a base on the Moon, where the air is breathable and the environment habitable, but NASA claims otherwise, to keep other nations from exploring there.

The beauty of the lunar thesis is that it cross-fertilizes another famous conspiracy theory: that the Moon landing was simulated in a Hollywood studio. If the Moon is in the hands of the Third Reich, the US flag cannot truly be flying there. Then we get into all the geometric technicalities of how the shadow of the flag was lying in the wrong direction. Better not to go into all that again, at a time when NASA is fighting for funding.

Henry Ford and the Rockefeller Empire had close ties with Nazi Germany and helped build their war machine.  As the war ended in Europe in 1945, United States and Soviet Union descended on to the V-2 rocket works.  They both grabbed as many German scientists as possible.  American space heroes such as Wernher von Braun, Walter Dornberger, and Arthur Rudolph came from the V-2 program [the “V” in V-2 stood for Vergeltungswaffe - vengeance weapon].  The USA also hired the Nazi Intelligence network, nearly in its entirety, and built the CIA on it.  The rationale was that the Nazis knew more about the Soviet Union than anybody else, so intelligence agents such as Reinhard Gehlen would be useful.  Nazi spies helped initiate the Cold War, as they lied to the Americans about the Soviet Union's capabilities and intentions. 

Operation Overcast and Operation Paperclip were secret programs that the USA ran to bring in useful Germans, and von Braun came to America that way.  Von Braun was an SS man and was present at such infamous concentration camps as Dora, Nordhausen, and Buchenwald, where hundreds of Allied prisoners of war as well as Jews were tortured, worked to death, and experimented on.  He handpicked inmates from Buchenwald to become slaves at the rocket works.

-- Dennis Piszkiewicz's "The Nazi Rocketeers: Dreams of Space and Crimes of War " 

Launching V-2 missiles at London was not the only goal of the Nazi Rocketeers.  When the war ended, they were experimenting with an "Amerika" missile, which they could launch from Germany that would drop a payload on New York City.  There are instances of Nazis performing human experiments at the death camps and going on the USA's payroll weeks later. [Probably the best account regarding the post-war hiring of the Nazis, and what it cost America, is in Christopher Simpson’s "Blowback"].

Some of the worst Nazi businessmen were quickly “rehabilitated” by Allen Dulles of the CIA and placed right back into the positions of power they enjoyed while being ardent supporters of Hitler’s regime.

-- Christopher Simpson, "The Splendid Blond Beast"

Another Nazi scientist who became an American space hero was Dr. Hubertus Strughold, later called “the father of U.S. space medicine.”  He had a long and distinguished career at NASA an even had an American library named after him.  He ran a facility at Dachau in which medical experiments were carried out on prisoners and he even had a traveling laboratory, going from camp to camp.  He came over in Operation Paperclip.  One area of Strughold’s research was a precursor to the CIA’s MKUltra mind control experiments, in which drugs were used on prisoners.  But the Nazi-NASA connection that relates to my Apollo program concerns is the Nazi penchant for fabrication and deceit, and the Hollywood connection. 

In 1927 the  legendary German film-maker Fritz Lang released his extraordinary futuristic vision "Metropolis", so rocketry received a terrific boost when he announced that his next production would deal with space flight.

Willy Ley, one of the advisers to the film "Frau im Mond" [Woman in the Moon] recalled that "a Fritz Lang film on space travel could scarcely be surpassed for spreading the idea. it is almost impossible to convey what magic that name had in Germany at that time".

Lang also paid Hermann Oberth, considered the "Father of the Space Age," who was the technical consultant on rocketry in the film, to build a real liquid-fuelled rocket which, it was hoped, would be launched to high altitude as the film was released.

Oberth was unable to engineer a practical rocket in time, and following an explosion which nearly cost his eyesight, suffered a nervous breakdown and left Munich before the film premiere. However, the propaganda influence of the film was still powerful and Oberth's assistant Rudolf Nebel went on to work with the young Wernher von Braun at the Raketenflugplatz - a test field started by Nebel near Berlin.

One of the details of "Frau im Mond" would have a lasting influence. As the Moon rocket neared the moment of launch, a loudspeaker announced: "Five ... four ... three ... two ... one ... zero ... FIRE!" Lang had invented the "countdown", if only for dramatic effect. The effect was so dramatic that rocket men have kept the tradition to this day.

They had filmed a dummy rocket being dropped down a chimney, and then ran the footage in reverse, creating the illusion of a rocket taking off, and they created a promotional film that combined footage from real tests with Lang’s film and passed off the whole thing as a documentary.  When they finally got a rocket to fly as it should, von Braun took that footage, combined cartoon footage with it, and produced a movie extravaganza that gulled a skeptical Hitler in 1943.  Hitler was so impressed that he bestowed a professorship on von Braun and devoted all possible effort into developing the V-2.  They failed to tell Hitler that nearly all of their rocket launches were still failing. 

The Gestapo confiscated Lang's models for his film.  The situation is similar to what conspiracy theorists think may have been the dynamics surrounding the Apollo missions. 

One of the U.S. government's more reliable studios in the war effort was Disney Studios.  During World War II, Disney received up to 90% of its money from federal contracts and produced many military training and propaganda films.  Walt Disney was a social Darwinist and anti-communist crusader, heartily approved of the McCarthy witch-hunts, appeared as a friendly witness during the Un-American hearings, and fervently supported Hollywood's blacklist.  Years before the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, von Braun worked closely with Disney Studios and even directed the animators and designed Disneyland’s Tomorrowland ride called 'Rocket to the Moon'.  Also, von Braun hosted the Disney show "Man in Space".  His co-host was Heinz Haber, another NASA Nazi.  Haber worked for Strughold and co-authored papers that were based on human experiments performed at Dachau and other concentration camps in which hundreds of prisoners were subjected to experiments that simulated the conditions of high speed, high altitude flight. 

When the Eisenhower administration asked Disney to produce a propaganda film regarding the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, Haber was picked to host the Disney show, "Our Friend the Atom".  Haber then wrote a popular children’s book of the same title.  

In short, Nazi expertise and propaganda in faking film footage has been so inextricably involved with NASA that it is not inconceivable that such expertise was employed during the Apollo missions.

All these reports, no matter how ridiculous, had to be taken seriously and investigated. One after the other, they were found to be groundless.

Some were undoubtedly the products of a Soviet disinformation campaign. For a long time, the Russians believed that the Allies were sheltering Hitler, and they put about these fake stories in an attempt to flush out what they thought to be the truth.

Mar­shal Georgy Zhukov, said on 6 August 1945: "We found no corpse that could be Hitler" and he claimed that since Hitler’s body had still not been found, he "could have flown away at the very last moment". Even General Eisenhower, the former Allied supreme commander, appeared to be taken in.


Gen. Dwight D. Eisen­hower stated pub­licly on 12 Octo­ber 1945:

“There is every assump­tion that Hitler is dead, but not a bit of con­clu­sive proof that he is dead".

He told the "Associated Press" that "Russian friends" had informed him that they had been "unable to unearth any tan­gi­ble evi­dence of his death". One U.S. sen­a­tor went as far as offer­ing one mil­lion U.S. dol­lars for proof of Hitler’s death. It has never been claimed.

Today, the vast majority accept that Hitler shot himself in the Bunker in Berlin on 30 April 194

After the war, the historian and MI6 officer Hugh Trevor-Roper was commissioned to investigate Hitler’s death.

He spoke to many of those who were present in the Bunker during those last fateful days.

They all said the same thing: Hitler had killed himself, and his body and that of Eva Braun were cremated with Petrol. If Hitler had hot-footed it to the Southern Hemisphere, then all these people would have had to have been lying - and to have kept it secret until their dying days.

It is simply impossible to believe that so many people could keep such a grand scale deception so quiet.

The fact that Hitler's corpse had apparently not been found in Berlin caused considerable consternation in the Western press.

A "Toronto Daily Star" editorial commented anxiously on 18 July 1945:

"It is becoming apparent that indisputable proof of Hitler's death either during the past ten weeks or at some early future date, if he should still be alive, is highly desirable for psychological as well as for practical reasons. Unless his demise is beyond argument...the world is in for a potentially dangerous Hitler Legend. This might become a psychological weapon in the efforts of German leaders eventually to restore the self-confidence and revive the truculence of this people who for so long have been intolerable disturbers of international peace".

Indeed, the very title of the editorial, 'To Destroy Hitler, Whether Man or Myth', implies that it was considered as important to destroy Hitler "the myth" as Hitler "the man". By mid-1945, the public was being asked to choose between a proliferating number of escape stories and the suicide theory.

Count Folke Bernadotte's book "The End: My Humanitarian Negotiations in Germany in 1945 and Their Political Consequences", was published in Stockholm on 15 June 1945, only five weeks after the end of the war in Europe. This short book commands the distinction of being the first insider account of the closing phase of the Third Reich. It contains an appendix in which Bernadotte recounted the story of Hitler's fate as it had been related to him by SS Reichsführer Heinrich Himmler's Intelligence chief, SS-Brigadeführer Walter Schellenberg, in Stockholm shortly after the war. No more authoritative version of Hitler's demise can exist than such an account given freely, within a few weeks of the events themselves, and by one of the best-informed men in the Reich. While it is true that Bernadotte shared the Allies' goal of preventing the growth of a "Hitler Legend", there is no reason to believe that he misrepresented Schellenberg in order to do so. There has never been, and probably never will be, a more reliable "inside" account of Hitler's fate than that furnished by Schellenberg.

For the Western intelligence agencies, the problem was that Schellenberg told Bernadotte that Hitler had been murdered. According to Schellenberg, the state of Hitler's health had become a subject of discussion between Himmler, Bormann and himself in early April after Schellenberg had established that Hitler was suffering from Parkinson's disease. Schellenberg believed that Himmler had slowly and only very reluctantly awakened to the necessity of having to do away with Hitler, whose increasingly erratic behaviour was endangering the war effort. Schellenberg told Bernadotte that he believed that Hitler had been given a lethal injection, probably on 27 April 1945. He told Bernadotte that he had determined the date on the basis of certain "calculations", implying that he had possessed pieces of information which, while he did not share them directly with Bernadotte, enabled him to deduce the most probable date.

It was almost certainly the publication of Bernadotte's book, whose content was being summarized in the US and Canadian press as early as 16 June, which forced the Western Allies to go public, prematurely, with stories of captives claiming to have been actual eyewitnesses to the events which Schellenberg did not pretend to have seen himself.

Hull Daily Mail – 1 May 1945

The British response to the burgeoning Hitler escape stories was not long in coming. In September 1945, Brigadier Dick White, commander of the Intelligence Bureau in the British Zone of Occupation, commissioned Major Hugh Trevor-Roper, a young Oxford-trained historian who, since 1943, had supervised the work of the Secret Intelligence Service's Radio Intelligence Section [RIS], to investigate, at least ostensibly, the circumstances of Hitler's alleged death.

This was the opening phase of the British establishment's fabrication of a narrative of the last days of the Third Reich that made short work of Hitler "the myth". Given that his only previous publication was a biography of a 17th-century English archbishop, William Laud, and that he neither read nor spoke German, Trevor-Roper was a curious choice for such a task. What's more, as the world saw in the 1980s, he authenticated the spurious "Hitler Diaries", even though the task of determining the authenticity of a single document would have been much simpler than that of establishing the truth about Hitler's demise.

During the last three months of 1945, according to the official story, Trevor-Roper and a team of intelligence agents travelled through Germany, tracking down and interrogating Bunker survivors. However, this procedure did not bear a great deal of fruit, probably because most survivors were interned in Soviet prisons and concentration camps.

In addition to uncovering the alleged diary of Hitler's valet Heinz Linge, Trevor-Roper achieved only one coup: scoring interviews with Gerda Christian, who had been one of Hitler's secretaries, and Else Krüger, who had been Bormann's secretary.

Surprisingly, Trevor-Roper seems not to have interviewed any witnesses who had fallen into American hands, which means the better part of those to be found outside Soviet prisons. It appears that instead of allowing him to meet with them, American intelligence operatives interviewed them and passed copies of their reports to him. In one particularly flagrant case, the Americans furnished Trevor-Roper with partly fabricated testimony; in another, they supplied information that had been obtained in such unusual conditions that it, too, must be considered suspect.

The first case was that of the famous German aviatrix Hanna Reitsch. In an interview with Ron Laytner that she authorised for publication only after her death, Reitsch stated explicitly that at least part of the account attributed to her in "The Last Days of Hitler" had been fabricated:

“They were all very moved to see me come in. All were calm and ready to die. History books say Hitler was mad and incoherent, that many in the Bunker were drunk and having sex parties.

“It is not true. I was there. We were seeing the end of a great man and his cause. There was nothing in the Bunker but dignity. Hitler greeted us quietly and without emotion

"When I was released by the Americans I read historian Trevor-Roper's book, "The Last Days of Hitler". Throughout the book like a red line, runs 'an eyewitness report by Hanna Reitsch about the final days in the Bunker'. I never said it. I never wrote it. I never signed it. It was something they invented. Hitler died with total dignity". 

This report, dated 8 October 1945, was written by Reitsch's interrogator, Captain Robert E. Work [Air Division, Headquarters, United States Forces in Austria, Air Interrogation Unit], and published for the first time in, of all places, "Public Opinion Quarterly" in 1946–47. 

The second case was that of Nurse Erna Flegel. On 23 November 1945, several American intelligence agents took Flegel out for a six-course dinner, the result of which was a five-page statement in English which is presented as a summary of the information she allegedly imparted during her "interrogation". However, Flegel neither wrote the statement herself nor signed it. In fact, no one can be said to vouch for this document because, despite its having been declassified, the names of the persons responsible for it, including the name of the agency for which they worked, remain blacked out.

If this approach was typical, then Trevor-Roper's chief sources were summaries of information that had already been pre-digested for him by American intelligence operatives—involving what distortions and attempts at ironing out inconsistencies we will probably never know. Given that there were few Bunker survivors in British hands and that Trevor-Roper had no access to Bunker survivors in Soviet hands, his task basically appears to have been that of creating a coherent narrative out of information that he was being spoon-fed and that he had no means of assessing himself. There is no reason to believe that any of the evidence that reached Trevor-Roper did so with the active consent of the witnesses.

Robert G. L. Waite of Williams College set off a debate by bringing the psychoanalytic approach to studies concerning Hitler ["The Psychopathic God: Adolf Hitler," 1977]. 

Perhaps Waite rightly summed up Trevor-Roper’s official report when he wrote:

"The death scene was taken from a bad novel written by a person with no taste".

But there are still some who cling to their conspiracy theories.

Williams and Dunstan maintain that the "Hitler’ and ‘Braun" who shot themselves in Berlin in 1945 were, in fact, lookalikes.

But would those who had known Hitler intimately for years and who were in the Bunker that night really have been fooled by two doubles?

In truth, the supposed escape of Hitler should be seen as nothing more than a parlour game.

There’s not a serious historian who would give the story any more credence than they would to Elvis Presley being alive and well and still hip-swinging in Tennessee.

-- Guy Walters is author of "Hunting Evil: The Nazi War Criminals Who Escaped And The Quest To Bring Them To Justice"


Washington, D.C.
14 January 2014

WND senior staff reporter and author Jerome R. Corsi will be a guest on George Noory’s “Coast-to-Coast AM” nationally syndicated radio show for three hours late Tuesday night and early Wednesday morning to discuss his new book, "Hunting Hitler: New Scientific Evidence That Hitler Escaped Germany".

Examining declassified FBI and U.S. military intelligence files, Corsi makes a compelling case that U.S. investigators suspected from the beginning Adolf Hitler escaped from his Berlin Bunker.

For political purposes, the evidence indicates, U.S. officials were willing to go along with a cover story that in the final days of World War II, Hitler married his mistress, Eva Braun, and the two took their lives in a joint-suicide just before the Soviet army entered Berlin.

As WND reported, Corsi began researching the possibility Hitler escaped in 2009, when Nicholas Bellatoni, the Connecticut state archeologist was allowed by the Russian Federation State Archive in Moscow to examine skull fragments the Russians have claimed for decades are proof Hitler committed suicide.

Bellatoni’s startling findings prompted Corsi to investigate further.

Stalin believed Hitler survived

“What caused me to question Hitler’s suicide was Bellatoni’s DNA analysis that proved conclusively the skull fragments belonged not to Hitler, but to a 40-year-old woman unrelated to Eva Braun,” Corsi said.

Of Skulls, Suicides and Conspiracists
Roger Moorhouse
14 October 2009

It seems Hitler is never far from the news. A couple of weeks ago the story broke that American researchers had undertaken DNA testing on the fragment of Hitler's skull - held by the Russian archives in Moscow - and had concluded that it could not belong to the German dictator as it belonged to a woman under the age of 40.

An interesting footnote in history. In fact, this has been discussed before. When the Russian authorities put the skull on display in 2000, German historian Werner Maser said that it was not Hitler's, but was largely ignored. Indeed, when I was researching for my book "Killing Hitler", I looked into the circumstance of his death in some detail, and it struck me then that it was very strange that most informed witnesses and commentators conclude that Hitler shot himself in his right temple, yet the skull in Moscow is clearly of someone who has shot themselves through the mouth.

The skull fragment was found separately in 1946, when the Soviet secret police opened a second investigation, prompted by rumors that Hitler had survived. They again dug up the hole outside Hitler's Bunker, Mironenko said. The fragment they found was sent to Moscow.

Russia announced it had the skull fragment in 1993, and some Western experts argued it was not Hitler's. But  Sergei Mironenko, head of Russia's State Archive, insisted his service had "no doubts that it is authentic".

"It is not just some bone we found in the street, but a fragment of a skull that was found in a hole where Hitler's body had been buried," Mironenko said in an interview.

Still, the archives service has asked Russia's Forensic Medicine Institute -- a top agency for genetic testing -- to help in positively identifying the skull fragment, Mironenko conceded.

So far, there seems to be no conclusive evidence.

"I have not seen any documents providing evidence that this is the skull of Hitler," said Alexander Kalganov, an official at the FSB's archives department.

Alan Bullock in his book "Hitler and Stalin Parallel Lives" published by Fontana Press [1998] states that the skull piece with the bullet hole was stored along with other skull pieces in the State Special Trophy Archive in Kremlin, where they were discovered by a Russian journalist Ada Petrova in 1995 in an archive with 6 files solely devoted to Hitler and his death.

These were subjected to a second forensic examination at the end of which the scientist carrying out the autopsy,
Prof. Victor Zyagin, reported that he was 80 % sure that the skull with the bullet hole was Hitler's. 

So, the skull fragment is not Hitler's. Big news. Or not... Given the chaos of Berlin in the spring of 1945 [sic] and the sheer number of bodies littering the streets - and even the Reich Chancellery Garden - it is hardly surprising that the skull that the NKVD men picked up was not the right one...

But this does not give the world's conspiracists free rein to spout preposterous and long-discredited theories that Hitler might have survived the battle for Berlin. He didn't. He died, by his own hand, on 30 April 1945 in his apartment in the Reich Chancellery Bunker. The precise identity of the mysterious Moscow skull doesn't change that fact...

In May 1945, shortly after the death of President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Harry Hopkins, one of FDR’s closest advisers, undertook a special mission to Moscow at the request of President Harry Truman. Hopkins was to prepare for the upcoming conference with Churchill and Stalin scheduled to begin in July 1945, in Potsdam, Germany.

In a discussion with Stalin in Moscow, Hopkins commented that he hoped Hitler’s body, which had not yet been recovered, would be found by the Russians.

Stalin replied that Soviet doctors thought they had identified the body of Josef Göbbels, Hitler’s minister of propaganda, but not Hitler. Stalin said he personally doubted that Hitler had committed suicide as reported.

In his 1947 book, "Speaking Frankly", Byrnes recounted a conversation he had with Stalin at the Potsdam Conference in July-August 1945:

"I asked the Generalissimo [Stalin] his views of how Hitler died. To my surprise, he said he believed that Hitler was alive and that it was possible he was then either in Spain or Argentina".

Some 10 days later, Byrnes asked Stalin if he had changed his views, and Stalin said he had not.

These remained Stalin’s views until the end of his life.

Eisenhower expressed doubts

On 8 October 1945, the U.S. military newspaper the "Stars and Stripes" published a shocking statement by Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, then the supreme commander of the allied forces.

The short piece, published in a separate box buried in the middle of a report on pending war crime charges to be brought against Nazi Rudolf Hess and baseball scores from the United States, ran with the headline "Ike Believes Hitler Lives".The short piece was datelined from London 7 October 1945.

It read: “There is "reason to believe" that Hitler may still be alive, according to a remark made by Gen. Eisenhower to Dutch newspapermen. The general’s statement reversed his previous opinion that Hitler was dead".

Evidence indicates U.S. military intelligence in the Counter Intelligence Corps, the FBI and even the top commander of the U.S. military in Europe, Dwight Eisenhower, all had reason to doubt the official story that Hitler and Eva Braun had died in the Führerbunker 30 April  1945.

Did U.S. intelligence help Hitler escape?

A letter from FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover to the U.S. Embassy in Buenos Aires, Argentina, dated 13 November 1945, makes clear the FBI had credible information Hitler had escaped to Argentina with the help of Walter and Ida Bonfert Eichhorn. The Eichhorns were close friends of Hitler who had financed the emergence of the Nazi party in the 1920s and 1930s before emigrating to Argentina.

Hoover’s letter disclosed the Strategic Services Unit of the War Department reported to the FBI on 23 October 1945, information concerning the possibility of a “Hitler Hideout” in Argentina.

The website for the National Archives and Records Administrations posted an article noting that the then-49-year-old Allen Dulles was sent to Switzerland to head up for the U.S. government the Office of Strategic Services, or OSS, the predecessor organization to today’s CIA.

In Berne, Dulles set up residence at No. 23 Herrengasse and began his official appointment to serve the as “special assistant to the American minister". In reality, Dulles, who spent the duration of World War II in Berne, served as the top U.S. spy in Europe.

In one of the grandest larcenies in the history of the world, the Nazis in World War II had robbed private collections and museums in conquered territories, stolen gold from the national treasuries of defeated enemies and robbed Jews of all valuable property down to the gold fillings in the teeth of concentration camp victims.

This ill-gotten capital had been used to build Hitler’s criminal war machine.

With the loss of the war beginning to loom, the Nazi goal shifted from accumulating the loot to using it to create and fund overseas businesses capable of generating enough revenue to sustain the escaping Nazis in predetermined havens where it would be politically safe to live and possibly even regroup.

The task fell to Martin Bormann, the gifted organizer who served as Hitler’s personal secretary.

Did Bormann fund Hitler escape?

Beginning in 1943, Bormann implemented an operation code-named Aktion Adlerflug, or Project Eagle Flight, with the goal to transfer German funds, whether counterfeit, stolen or legitimate, to safe havens abroad.

Between 1943 and 1945, Bormann funded more than 200 German companies in Argentina, with other investments in companies in Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Turkey. Bormann is estimated to have created some 980 front companies outside Germany, with 770 in neutral countries, including 98 in Argentina. Additionally, he acquired shares of foreign companies, especially those listed on North American exchanges in Canada and the United States.

The investments were designed to help prominent Nazis fleeing Germany to resume economically productive lives elsewhere.

In June 1943, a coup d’etat in Buenos Aries brought to power a regime sympathetic to Nazi Germany, led by Col. Juan Domingo Peron. At the time of the coup, Peron had been a paid agent of German intelligence for two years.

Seizing the opportunity, Bormann implemented another scheme, code-named Aktion Feuerland, Project Land of Fire, in reference to the Tierra del Fuego, Spanish for “Land of Fire,” at Patagonia’s southernmost point.

“The plan’s objective was to create a secret, self-contained refuge for Hitler in the heart of a sympathetic German community, at a chosen site near the town of San Carlos de Bariloche in the far west of Argentina’s Rio Negro province," wrote Simon Dunstan and Gerrard Williams in their 2011 book, "Grey Wolf: The Escape of Adolf Hitler" – "Here the Führer could be provided with complete protection from outsiders".

Tracing Hitler’s purported escape route, Corsi found in the National Archives documentary evidence he got to Argentina in a German submarine, the U-530 that mysteriously surfaced outside the harbor at Mar del Plata under the command of Otto Wermuth and his executive officer, Karl Felix Schuller, after having spent weeks making surreptitious drops of passengers along Argentina’s Atlantic shore.

Shocking evidence Hitler escaped Germany
Newly declassified FBI, U.S. Intel files raise startling questions
1 May 2014

In 2009, three U.S. professors with access to Adolf Hitler’s alleged remains startled the world with scientific DNA proof that the skull and bones that Russia had claimed since the end of World War II were Hitler’s actually belonged to a middle-aged woman whose identity remains unknown. This announcement has rekindled interest in the claim made by Josef Stalin, maintained to the end of his life, that Hitler got away.

The truth is that no one saw Hitler and Eva Braun die in the Bunker in Berlin on 30 April 1945. No photographs were taken to document claims Hitler and Eva Braun committed suicide. Hitler’s body was never recovered. No definitive physical evidence exists proving Hitler died in the Bunker in Berlin.

Dr. Jerome Corsi explores the historical possibility that Hitler escaped Nazi Germany at the end of World War II. FBI and CIA records maintained at the National Archives indicate that the U.S. government took seriously reports at the end of World War II that Hitler had escaped to Argentina.

More recent evidence suggests Hitler may have fled to Indonesia, where he married and worked at a hospital in Sumbawa.

Peter Levenda has a slightly different take on the fate of the Führer.

He was traveling in Indonesia when a friend told him a curious story. It seems an unusual German doctor took up residence in the Indonesian countryside following the Second World War. Well-known among the locals for his Charlie Chaplin mustache, 

Dr. Georg Anton Pöch was seldom seen to practice medicine, but showed considerable talent for the administration of his clinic, which he ran with an iron fist. The doctor died in the 1970s and was buried in a small cemetery in the town of Surabaya. Levenda believes that the man buried in this grave was none other than Der Führer himself, Adolf Hitler.

Hitler Died in Indonesia 1970

The story: 

Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun did not commit suicide in the Berlin Bunker. They escaped to Indonesia Sumbawa Besar Island, leaving Berlin for Graz, Salzburg, Yugoslavia Belgrade and Sarajevo before getting new Passports with the help of the Vatican and a Professor Dragonvic and leaving Rome on 1 December 1945. Eva Braun deserted him and returned to her native land while Adolf Hitler, having adopted the name of Dr Pöch and purporting to be a Doctor at the Hope Hospital in Sumbawa, married a Sundanese woman from Bandung only known now as Mrs S.

This Mrs S was apparently traced to her Bandung residence in 1983 by a Dr Sosro who had first encountered Dr Pöch in Sumbawa in 1960 and whom he continued tro investigate. Dr Sosro was born in 1929. There appear to be no current updates on his investigations.

Dr Pöch died on 15 January 1970 in a Surabaya Hospital and is buried in the graveyard of a local cemetery outside of Surabaya. Dr Sosro reports on seeing [and even holding] a pocket noteboook which Mrs S handed to him which may or may not be conclusive proof that it is the fugitive handbook of Adolf Hitler.

Levenda believe the conventional story of Hitler’s death was a German fiction. Perhaps senior Nazi officers, captured by the Allies but still loyal to the Reich, spread the story of Hitler’s suicide to cover his escape.  With Hitler alive and free, they believed, their dark dream was not lost.

Levenda suggests British intelligence perpetuated the tale in order to bring about the end of the war, even falsifying evidence when confronted with the doubts of the Russians and the Americans.


1. How did Hitler and Braun get from Rome to Indonesia?
2. Did Soekarno and Hatta and others approve secretly to harbour Hitler and Braun?
3. When and How did Eva Braun return to Germany [or elsewhere]?
4. What of Dr Sosro now? Is he still alive? Does he have further info to share with us?
5. Would it not be possible to exhume the body remains of Dr Pöch for genetic DNA testing?
6. What of the Hitler Notebook?
7. What can be known about Mrs S?

-- Peter Levenda, "Ratline Soviet Spies Nazi Priests and the Disappearance of Adolf Hitler"

Even the chief of the U.S. trial counsel at Nuremburg, Thomas J. Dodd, was quoted as saying, “No one for sure can say Adolf Hitler is dead".

Putting massive amounts of evidence and research under a critical eye, Corsi shows that perhaps modern history’s most tantalizing question has yet to be definitively answered: Did Hitler escape Nazi Germany at the end of World War II to plot revenge and to plan the rise of the Fourth Reich?

WASHINGTON – Everyone knows Adolf Hitler committed suicide by gunshot in his underground Bunker on 30 April 1945.

At least, that has been the conventional wisdom.

Early press reports in May 1945 claimed that Hitler died from a lethal injection administered by his personal physician, and his body was afterwards burned.

An article written by journalist Joe Illingworth in August 1945 cast doubt on events in the Bunker, claiming that the Russians said there was no "convincing" proof of Hitler's death.

“Planes are known to have taken off,” the article added.

Now comes WND senior staff reporter Jerome R. Corsi’s new book, "Hunting Hitler: New Scientific Evidence That Hitler Escaped Germany".

Examining declassified FBI and U.S. military intelligence files, Corsi makes a compelling case that U.S. investigators suspected from the beginning Hitler had escaped. For political purposes, the evidence indicates, they were willing to go along with the cover story that in the final days of World War II, Hitler married his mistress, Eva Braun, and the two took their lives in a joint-suicide ritual just before the Soviet army entered Berlin.

But the truth is, no one actually saw Hitler commit suicide. There are no photographs documenting a joint suicide of Hitler and Eva Braun, and the bodies of the two were never recovered or preserved for positive identification..

In 2009, Corsi pointed out, Nicholas Bellatoni, the Connecticut state archaeologist, was allowed by the Russian Federation State Archive in Moscow to examine skull fragments the Russians have claimed for decades are proof Hitler committed suicide.

In 2009, an American scientist DNA-tested the famous "Hitler Skull" fragment with a bullet hole held for decades in Moscow. He was taking part in an "History Channel" documentary called 'Mystery Quest – Hitler`s Escape".

The person who examined the skull was Dr. Nicholas Bellantoni –  a state Archaeologist and bone specialist who worked out of the CT State Museum of Natural History and Archaeology Center in the University of Connecticut. Dr Bellantoni said:

"Producers for the History Channel asked if I would assist in a program they were doing on the death and remains of Adolf Hitler, and asked if I would go along as their scientist".

His findings proved explosive. The Moscow skull fragment belonged to an unknown woman and not Hitler. Others in the "History Channel" program –though not Dr Bellantoni–  suggested the findings bolstered the theory that Hitler never committed suicide in the bunker in 1945. Indeed the title of the program –  Hitler’s Escape – endorsed this view. The story made world headlines.

"In the wake of new revelations," reported the "Guardian" newspaper, "the histories of Hitler’s death may need to be rewritten – and left open-ended".

The only physical proof that Hitler had shot himself was suddenly rendered worthless.  Conspiracy theorists seized on the revelations. Hitler could have escaped.

Dr Bellantoni never claimed in the original "Mystery Quest" program that his discovery proved Hitler escaped. All he claimed was that the skull fragment belonged to a woman. Indeed, Dr Bellantoni challenges the whole concept that Hitler escaped. He rejects outright any idea that Hitler survived:

"My theory is that he didn’t escape; he clearly died in the Bunker," Dr Bellantoni told the "Connecticut Magazine" in an interview published in May 2012. "He was a very sick man throughout his time in the Bunker. There’s good evidence that he had not only at least one nervous breakdown, but also suffered a stroke while in the Bunker. The idea that he could’ve escaped, at that late date, to me, isn’t very practical because of the information we had … But yeah, he died in the Bunker. There’s no question about it … No question in my mind he died in the Bunker. Because the skull plate was not him, doesn’t mean that he didn’t die in the Bunker, it simply means what they recovered was not him".

Bellatoni’s startling findings prompted Corsi to investigate further.

“What caused me to question Hitler’s suicide was Bellatoni’s DNA analysis that proved conclusively the skull fragments belonged not to Hitler, but to a 40-year-old woman unrelated to Eva Braun,” Corsi said.

According to Ian Kershaw the corpses of Braun and Hitler were already thoroughly burned when the Red Army found them, and only a lower jaw with dental work could be identified as Hitler's remains.

A document dated 30 May 1946, reported on a further excavation of the grave where the corpses of a man and a woman [Hitler and Braun] had originally been found:

"At a depth of fifty to sixty cms, two fragments of a skull were found. In one of these fragments there is a bullet hole..."

Later on, the report notes that the earth in the grave showed some staining, as if shrapnel had hit it.

A document dated 31 May 1946 records the examination of the skull fragments:

"Earth is attached to the fragments. The back of the skull and the temple part show signs of fire; they are charred. These fragments belong to an adult. There is an outgoing bullet hole. The shot was fired either in the mouth or right temple at point blank range. The carbonization is the result of the fire effect, which badly damaged the corpse.

Pyotr Semenovsky"


a) How was it possible to miss something as significant as Hitler's skull, the first time around.
b) Why would Stalin et al not have had every inch of that locale searched the first time around.
c) Why would it take them the best part of a year to realize that they should have looked closer.
d) How could they return a year later and actually find his skull when it was nowhere to be found, previously.

There was no 'chain of evidence'; the skull was found in roughly the same general area, and could have belonged to anyone.

As Nicholas Bellantoni states: 

"The cranial vault fragment in question was recovered a full year [May 1946] after the initial discoveries of the bodies [May 1945]. As we say in archaeology, “context” is everything. The context had been destroyed in waiting over a year to return to Berlin. The mandible that was sent to Moscow in 1945 is, I believe, that of Hitler. The cranial vault is someone else".

A section of human jaw that the Russian government claims belonged to
Adolf Hitler, in a photograph on display in an exhibition in Moscow 28 April 2000

Why was the mandible not DNA tested?

New Doubts Whether Hitler Died
The Mercury [Hobart, Tas]
6 June 1946

NEW YORK - New doubts whether Hitler actually died in the vaults of the Reichschancellery as the Russian Army swept into Berlin have arisen in both the British and Russian intelligence services. The Berlin correspondent of the "North American Newspaper Alliance" says the Russians in the past few days have roped off the air raid shelter where Hitler is supposed to have died and are carrying out digging operations in the greatest secrecy. The British heard of their activities and immediately assigned three high-ranking intelligence men to attend as observers.

The correspondent says he visited a tiny room where Hitler and his mistress, Eva Braun, are stated to have shot themselves. He found the Russians, in the presence of the British officers, testing bloodstains on the floor. They also had removed an arm from the couch where Hitler is supposed to have slumped after his death. The correspondent says many Germans still believe Hitler is alive.

"Almost anywhere in Berlin," says the correspondent, "you can hear Germans saying: 'They can't prove Hitler is dead, so he must be alive. He must have escaped somehow.' There certainly can be nothing final about the mystery of Hitler's fate while there are secret British and Russian digging parties and blood testing experiments".

The Nazis "Niederlage" [Defeat] Plan started in Hitler's Bunker a very long time ago. He was reported to have committed suicide by shooting himself and swallowing poison. There was only one problem he didn't. Like all good criminals he crafted the ultimate escape from the law and justice. He faked his death.  One of the most important pieces of evidence was the purported skull of Adolf Hitler held by the Russians was examined and found to be a woman's. That's just a small detail to be sure, but it pokes a large enough hole into the story to conclude fraud

The Soviet Union made a series of contradictory statements or lies concerning Hitler's death. Stalin announced to Truman during lunch in Potsdam on 17 July 1945, that Hitler did not commit suicide but had probably escaped. After that, the Russians released photographs of what they claimed to be Hitler's corpse on a dingy floor.

No other photos of Hitler's body were ever released by the Russians, who insist they discovered his corpse and performed several autopsies to positively identify him. How and why such an extremely important forensic investigation could have been conducted in the 20th century, without extensive photographic evidence, remains one of the great mysteries of modern history.

It would have been relatively easy to amass a collection of body parts for any occasion because the fighting around Berlin was intense. At the end of the war the Russians were doing 'Operation Myth' and the British 'Operation Nursery'. The facts had to be fudged to suit a political agenda. If Hitler was, like many of the other top Nazis, welcomed with open arms by the western allies, then it was in their interest to allow him to escape to Valhalla. The Russians didn't get him or the loot from the Reichbank or the scientists and the advanced technology. They needed the Myth.

A British surgeon and forensics expert Dr. Hugh Thomas wrote many interesting books of the hierarchy of the Third Reich. His books on Rudolf Hess instigated a six month investigation by Scotland Yard. The report was immediately suppressed.

His book on Hitler, "Doppelgängers", was a thorough examination of the crime scene. No one died in the purported room. The sofa involved was stripped of material and showed no signs of a massive trauma wound to the head. In short we were misled by a tall tale.

There is no doubt the death was a fake. It is possible a double was murdered in his place for a body, but Hitler escaped. Reports say he was flown out days prior. One account states he was flown to Denmark and then evacuated by submarine. There is an account that a man on the Danish coast recovered a message in a bottle saying Hitler was being taken out on a submarine called the 'Nautilus'. The German's didn't name their submarines. The only 'Nautilus' was the 'USS Nautilus' the largest in the world at the time, mysteriously pulled from the Pacific theatre to be scrapped at the climax of the war's end. 'Nautilus' was used by special forces primarily. Did she perform the awesome deed?

An American officer working in the Russian sector, the first American in the Bunker was on the radio once. On a day off he went to the Bunker. He bribed an NKVD officer guarding it to let him in. He asked him, "Where's Hitler?" Without hesitation the Russian said, "Argentina". When he entered the building he noticed one very unique thing. The Bunker was the only place he had been in that didn't smell of death. It only smelled from water damage. A rather important point.

Hitler, a most intelligent man, could have orchestrated a great montage of his death, if he wished. After all, he was the Führer of Germany and had all the means and resources at his disposal to do so. That is why, if he had indeed escaped, it is plausible that he should create a myth about his destiny, in order to prevent anyone from seeking to seek him.

Some authors say that the alleged corpse burned in Berlin was actually that of one of his doubles. The statements of the witnesses who claimed to have burned his corpse could either be wrong [they burned a corpse, but was it Hitler's?] or be false, lying for the Führer. It is even possible that all the people susceptible to be questioned about what they should declare were taught, and it is also possible that they were premeditated to believe that Hitler committed suicide. These suspicions are based on the fact that, although the suicide story at first sounds convincing, one can not forget that they were all absolute supporters and faithful to Hitler.

In “Hunting Hitler,” Corsi posits Hitler made his way to Argentina with the help of U.S. intelligence agents that had been secretly working with the Nazis since 1943. Allen Dulles, then an agent of the Office of Strategic Services, or OSS, the predecessor agency to the CIA, was communicating secretly with top Nazis from his office in Bern, Switzerland, Corsi said.

Corsi brings to light many troubling questions, including:

• Why were the Americans unable to obtain physical evidence of Hitler’s remains after the Russians absconded with his body?
• Why did both Stalin and Eisenhower doubt Hitler’s demise?

While the Soviets in Berlin on 6 June 1945 were saying that they believed with a high degree of certainty that Hitler was dead, Stalin, from paranoid suspicion or cynical malignity or both, ignored all solid evidence coming in from Berlin.

On 6 June in Moscow when Harry Hopkins, W. Averell Harriman, and Charles Bohlen met with Stalin, Stalin said he was sure that Hitler was still alive.

In Berlin Marshal  Chukov and Vasily Sokolovsky, deputy commander in chief of Soviet forces in East Germany, were flabbergasted when they heard this. They had already told the "molar identification" to several Western military men and diplomats visiting Berlin for quadripartite preliminaries [Specifically,  Sokolovsky had told his opposite number, American General Lucius D. Clay, and the top American diplomat,  Ambassador Robert Murphy]. 

However, after his press conference, Stalin immediately sent Andrei Vyshinsky [later prosecuting attorney at Nuremberg] to Marshal Georgy Zhukov in Berlin as his “political representative to the Chief of the Soviet Military Administration".

At a major press conference on 9 June, in Berlin,  Zhukov, with Vyshinsky sitting next him, held a press conference in which he started to backtrack. He spoke of "Hitler's death or disappearance". 

A few days later, when the Marshal paid a courtesy visit to General Eisenhower's headquarters in Frankfurt on the Main, Zhukov backed down completely. There was, he told Ike privately, "no solid" evidence" of Hitler's death. Eisenhower, whose prestige throughout the world was then at its pinnacle, re-echoed these doubts a few days later at the Hotel Raphael in Paris. His was the first western voice to do so.

• Why did nobody in Hitler’s Bunker hear any shots fired

Nobody heard the shot that killed Hitler...

Witnesses who were standing by the double doors to Hitler's study, which were thick enough to muzzle such a sound, claimed they heard nothing.

Those who did make this claim in 1945 withdrew it, saying  Allied interrogators pressured them into saying it.

Some people who claim to have heard a shot were not even present at the scene.

• Did U.S. intelligence agents in Europe, including the OSS and Allen Dulles [who later headed the CIA under President Eisenhower], aid Hitler’s escape, as they did with so many other Nazis?
• Argentinean media reported Hitler arrived in the country and it continued to report his presence. Why have the findings not made it to the US?

Corsi relies on autopsy reports, interrogation transcripts, documents from Soviet archives, CIA reports, extensive research in the National Archives and Records Administration in Washington, D.C., and in College Park, Md., and more to back up his case.

Did U.S. intelligence help Hitler get away?

His evidence is shockingly abundant, and his clear argument lends credence to a new theory that disembowels the double-suicide narrative.

“The story Hitler and Eva Braun committed suicide was a cover story, designed by U.S. intelligence agents at the end of World War II to facilitate the escape not only of Hitler and Eva Braun, but also of top Nazi war criminals such as Adolf Eichmann who was discovered in 1960 hiding in Argentina," Corsi argued.

He presents documentary evidence Allen Dulles’ wartime mission in Switzerland included helping Martin Bormann, Hitler’s secretary, to funnel billions of dollars of Nazi ill-gotten financial gain out of Germany and invest in the U.S. and Argentinian stock markets to provide a financial cushion to survive in hiding after the war.

In the National Archives at College Park, Corsi discovered a clipping from the U.S. military newspaper "The Stars and Stripes" published 8 October 1945, reporting a shocking statement made by General Dwight D. Eisenhower, then the supreme commander of the Allied Forces.

The short piece read:

"There is 'reason to believe' that Hitler may still be alive, according to a remark made by Gen. Eisenhower to Dutch newspapermen. The general’s statement reversed his previous opinion that Hitler was dead".

Corsi asks why Eisenhower’s shocking claim has gone largely unreported in U.S. newspapers and history books even until today.

Was Hitler on the U-530?

Tracing Hitler’s escape route, Corsi found in the National Archives documentary evidence Hitler got to Argentina in a German submarine, the U-530 that mysteriously surfaced outside the harbor at Mar del Plata under the command of Otto Wermuth and his executive officer, Karl Felix Schuller, after having spent weeks making surreptitious drops of passengers along Argentina’s Atlantic shore.

Was there ever a “Captain Wilhelm Bernard” aboard U-530?

Wilhelm Bernard appeared in the works of Howard A. Buechner, who wrote “Adolf Hitler and the Holy Lance” and “Hitler’s Ashes” who identified this as a pseudonym. 

U-530 had a crew of 54 men. The five officers were the commander Otto Wermuth together with Karl-Felix Schuller, Karl Heinz Lenz, Peter Leffler, and Gregor Schlüter, all interrogated by the Argentine Navy and the US Navy. The rest of the crew was made up of 18 NCO’s and 31 ratings.

"Captain" [of what?] Bernhard says he joined the German Navy in 1943 and was "assigned to the U-Boat Service". He would then have undergone training until August 1944 "from when he served aboard U-530 until the boat surrendered" and was "scuttled off the coast of Mar del Plata on 10 July 1945".

Bernhard has such a remarkable memory that he recalls U-530 being scuttled at Mar del Plata on 10 July 1945, even though U-530 was taken afloat to the United States in August 1945 for close examination there, together with the crew, of which he obviously claims to have been one, before being scuttled months afterwards off the US coast.

It is fair to conclude that "Captain Wilhelm Bernhard", if he ever existed was never aboard U-530, and one wonders what purpose it served to claim to have been so.

Hidden away in the National Archives, Corsi found a U.S. naval intelligence report written 18 July 1945, by the Naval Attaché in Buenos Aires who notified Washington there was reason to believe U-530 had landed Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun in the south of Argentina before the submarine journeyed on to surrender at Mar del Plata.

Corsi had newspaper reports translated of Hitler and Braun being welcomed by wealthy Nazi sympathizers among Argentina’s large German community. The Germans there had constructed a mansion hidden away in the dense mountain forests of Bariloche to provide the Nazi Führer with comfort and security in his elder years.

Corsi writes:

"In 1943, architect Alejandro Bustillo, at the request of German supporters of Hitler then living in Argentina, designed and constructed an elaborate resort residence for Hitler and Eva Braun, Residencia Inalco, located in a remote area between San Carlos de Bariloce Villa La Angostura, bordering the Nahuel Haupi Lake, outside the city of Bariloche, in the province of Río Negro, Argentina".

In southern Argentina in the region of the Andes adjoining Chile, he writes, “the surroundings and the Hitler residence were selected and designed to have a distinct feel of Hitler’s Obersalzberg retreat above the town of Berchtesgaden in the Bavarian Alps. Hitler moved into the residence in June 1947".

Hitler's Secret Argentine Sanctuary Is for Sale, Say Conspiracy Theorists
By Jesus Diaz

The  house were Hitler spent the last years of his life, is a remote mansion similar to the infamous Berghof located in the Nahuel Huapi Lake, in Patagonia, Argentina, a remote mountainous paradise full of Nazi refugees.

That's what the conspiracy theorist say, anyway.

The mansion—called "Residencia Inalco"—is now for sale after going through a few owners starting with Enrique García Merou, a Buenos Aires lawyer linked to several German-owned companies that allegedly collaborated in the escape to Argentina of high Nazi party members and SS officials.

He bought the lot from architect Alejandro Bustillo, who created the original plans of the house in March 1943. Bustillo also built other houses for Nazi fugitives who were later apprehended in the area. The terrain in which the house was erected, on Bajia Istana near the little town of Villa La Angostura, was quite remote and hardly accessible at the time.

The plans are similar to the architecture of Hitler's refuge in the Alps, with bedrooms connected by bathrooms and walk-in closets and a tea house located by a small farm.

Like Berghof, the Inalco house could only have been observed from the lake—a forest on the back limited the view from land. It even had Swiss cows imported by Merou from Europe.

On 23 November, 1954,  Merou sold the house to Jorge Antonio, who was connected to the President Perón and was the German representative of Mercedes Benz in the South American country.

The data of the transfer of the property can be verified in the documentation of the Property Registry of the province of Neuquén.

According to the book "Grey Wolf: The Escape of Adolf Hitler," Hitler was already dead—after leaving behind two daughters—by the time the house was sold to José Rafael Trozzo in 1970. Strangely enough, Trozzo also bought other properties owned by someone called Juan Mahler. Mahler was the fake name of Reinhard Kopps, SS official and war criminal.

Kopps was connected to Erich Priebke, former Hauptsturmführer in the Waffen SS who participated in the massacre of the Ardeatine caves in Rome, in which 335 Italian civilians were executed after a partisan attack against SS forces. Priebke was a respected member of the high society in the area. He was the director of a school Primo Capraro. The son of Capraro sold the Inalco house terrains to Bustillo.

Reinhard Kopps was an SS Officer for the Nazi Party during World War II. Following the defeat of Germany in World War II, he helped Nazis escape to Argentina, finally fleeing there himself. Under the assumed name of Juan Mahler, Kopps was hiding in the small town of Bariloche in the Andes Mountains. Bariloche was the home of many Germans after World War II.

Recently opened Nazi archives in 1994 caused "ABC News" to research Nazi war criminals. After research revealed many Nazis living in Argentina, Sam Donaldson confronted Mahler on camera, getting him to admit that he was Reinhard Kopps, a former Nazi, and that he assisted Nazis to leave Germany and settle in Argentina.

In order to deflect attention away from himself, he told Donaldson that an ever worse war criminal, Erich Priebke was also living there, confirming "ABC News" research.

Priebke was soon arrested, and Kopps fled. The story was made for ABC's "Primetime Live", as well as "Nazi Hunters".

The Trozzo family is now selling the house and the original plans have now been published, along with the Hitler legend recently resuscitated by "Grey Wolf", perhaps in an effort to increase the interest on the property.

The Directorate of Culture of the Municipality of La Angostura admitted: 

"Several times it was said that in that house lived Hitler, it is a version that circulated always".

The complex was completely autonomous, with its own animals and agricultural areas. It also had a ramp that led into the lake, with a boat house that was rumored to contain a hydroplane.


A research vessel, the Deutsche Lufthansa operated catapult ship 'Schwabenland' left Hamburg 17 December 1938, arrived at position 4 deg. 15' W, 69 deg. 10'S in Antractica on 19 January 1939, and departed for Germany in mid-February 1939. 

The two Wal floatplanes it carried made fifteen flights covering an area of 600,000 square miles and took 11,000 photos.
The aircraft discovered mountains above 4,000 metres [Wohltat Massiv, Mühlig-Hoffmann Gebirge] and huge ice-free areas. The most interesting discovery lay between Wohltat Massiv and the coast, a mountainous region with numerous warm fresh water lakes and a mild climate, this due to volcanic activity originating from a large submarine trench.

Engineer Assistant Heinz Siewert and First Carpenter Richard Wehrend who were aboard 'Schwabenland' on the original voyage stated that even after the end of the expedition in the spring of 1939, they continued to serve on the  'Schwabenland'. The ship voyaged on a quarter yearly basis between between Hamburg and Neuschwabenland to transport equipment and entire mining facilities to the Antarctic.
This included track systems and lorries, but also a huge milling machine to drill tunnel systems into the ice.

Inspired by the WW1 Austro-Hungarian trench diggers, Ritter Engineering sketched a colossal armored project that had it been constructed would have been the largest and longest armored vehicle in history - the mighty Midgard-Schlange.

The name Midgard-Schlange is derived from Norse/Germanic mythology: the Midgard Snake was a demonic monster which looped the whole earth with its giant length. Thor, the God of Thunder, was its sworn enemy and he often tried to kill it. Thor finally succeeded in killing the snake  with his hammer, Moljnir.

Ritter, fond of the Norse/German mythology promoted by the Nazi regime named his project after the mythological snake and began preparations for designing the armored beast.

The first plans of this project were made in the summer of 1934. It was decided that the beast was to be a hybrid armored vehicle, which like a tank could drive; in addition, it would be able to tunnel like a mole underground and under water to a theoretical depth of 100 meters. The vehicle would be made from 77 individual cells, whereby each cell would be 6.8 meters wide, 3.5 meters high and 6 meters long. These joined to form a queue of sections with an overall length of 524 meters!

At the front end a drilling head was to be mounted which would consist of 4 smaller drills of 1.5 meters diameter. The drill would be driven by 9 engines providing 8,800 hp total. Three side drills were also envisioned. For progressive movement, the tracks were to be propelled by 14 engines providing an incredible 19,800 hp. A speed of 30 km/h was calculated; underground, 10 km/h and under water, just 3 km/h. For the underwater travel there were an additional 12 engines providing 3,000 hp together.

960 m3 of fuel would be carried. On board there would be an electrical kitchen, a sleep area with 20 beds, 3 on-board workshops, several periscopes, 580 large pressurized air bottles and a large charge thrower. As armament 1,000 mine charges of 250 kg explosive would be carried, another 100 smaller charges of 10 kg explosive as secondary armament, and 2 twin machine guns. The whole vehicle would have had a loaded weight of 60,000 tons  and a crew of 30 men.

Ritter planned for the Midgard Snake to tunnel under the fortifications of the Maginot Line and into hostile ports laying down 20 explosive charges.

All this sounds quite irrational, if not impossible, for the time period; so consequently, that is one of the many reasons why it was never built. The principal reason lies, however, in the vast unsolvable technical problems with a vehicle of such immense size and proportions.

On 28 February 1935 the Midgard-Schlange plans were returned to Ritter Engineering, rejected as impractical.

The plans were not simply rejected as absurd, insane, or impossible  - the request had been turned down due to lack of financial and material resources, and available manpower. Had Hitler personally ordered the machine built, work would have started immediately and by 1939 it is possible that the monster would have breathed life.

This suggests that some kind of permanently staffed base must have been set up.

This idea is supported by the fact that when the freighter 'Kandelfels' was converted to a raider in Germany in early 1940, she was named 'Pinguin'. In late 1940 she captured the Norwegian whaling fleet in Antarctica, and the possibility is that a plan existed from the beginning of her career to remove the Norwegian presence from the area so that whatever was being done should not be reported to the Allies. 

If there was a large scale underground base "211" as has been suggested, building materials and supplies would also have come from a nearby friendly neutral such as Argentina where, in Patagonia, Germany had a massive espionage/supply network. There is Intelligence evidence that throughout the war, two German freighters made regular short-duration voyages from near Santa Cruz to an unknown destination.

There is also the fact that almost all records of all commanders, staffs, flotillas, and submarines fell into the hands of the Allies [especially England] after the Second World War.

Many submarines that officially were launched but were not sunk or captured remain unaccounted for, as is the case with many successful engineers, scientists, physicians, and technicians who certainly did not fall into the hands of the Allies.

The brackish water of the warm [30 degrees] lakes found, virtually confirmed that all had an outlet to the sea and would thus have been a haven for U-Boats. The two ice-free mountain ranges in Neuschwabenland presented no worse an underground tunnelling project for Organisation Todt than anything they had encountered and overcome in Norway. The Germans were the world's experts at building and inhabiting underground Metropolises. 

At the end of the war the United States gave anything concerning Ohrdruf a top secret classification for 100 years upwards. The fact that there had been substantial underground workings there, and that Ohrdruf was the location of the last Redoubt, was concealed absolutely. Fortunately for researchers, in 1962 the DDR had taken sworn depositions from all local residents during an investigation into wartime Ohrdruf, and upon the reunification of the two Germanys in 1989, these documents became available to all and sundry at Arnstadt municipal archive.

From the Arnstadt documents it is clear that the Charity-Anlage unit operated in a three-story underground Bunker with floors 70 x 20 metres. When working, the device emitted some kind of energy field which shut down all electrical equipment and non-diesel engines within a range of about eight miles. For this reason, even though Ohrdruf was crawling with SS, it was never photographed from the air nor bombed. Declassified USAF documents dated early 1945 admit the existence of an unknown energy field over Frankfurt/Main "and other locations" which "fantastic though it may appear" were able to "interfere with our aircraft engines at 30,000 feet."

At Ohrdruf, enough electrical generators to service all of Berlin were found in the ruins of Amt 10. The majority of these were unused. In 1980 Russian scientists could still record on their instrumentation a strong anomalous magnetic field from below the Truppenübungsplatz for which they were unable to offer an explanation.

When the Bundeswehr recovered the region from the Russians in 1990, Nazi-period thick electric cabling was found which led down into the ground below the Truppenübungsplatz. The cables wers cut to see whether a consumer complained about the loss of supply but none ever did. It was concluded that there was an underground power source below Ohrdruf which had been operating without maintenance for over 40 years.

Ohrdruf rebuilt below Neuschwabenland during the last two years of the war would not have been difficult, and since Charity-Anlage had the highest priority of anything in the Third Reich, it seems likely that it must have been. Such a base would have been impregnable, for the suggestion is that the force-field worked in various ways favourable to the occupants.

Until we know more about this strange science, logical questions about subterranean bases elsewhere may have an answer which exists but cannot yet be provided.

"When WWII ended, the Germans had several radical types of aircraft and guided missiles under development. The majority were in the most preliminary stages, but they were the only known craft that could even approach the performance of objects reported by UFO observers..."

-- Captain Edward J. Ruppelt Chief of the US Air Force Project "Bluebook" in 1956

There have been more UFO sightings in the area of Tierra del Fuego than anywhere else in the world, and many of these have been observed and documented by Chilean and Argentine scientists.




New Evidence exposes Hitler’s Secret Refuge after World War II

Mounds of evidence in the past couple of years are making it harder and harder to accept the death of Hitler in 1945. As people continue to talk about having seen Hitler after his alleged death and new [un]classified documents seem to confirm eyewitness testimonies, a documentary called Revealed: Hitler in Argentina is attempting to set the record straight. In an interview with the "Voice of Russia" the filmmaker Noam Shalev talked about the new pieces of information that can effectively reveal the truth about when and where Hitler really died.

"For many residents living in Argentina around the time of World War II, they have come to understand a different take on Hitler’s legacy. Numerous eyewitnesses have spoken out about seeing Hitler, talking to him, or hearing about him in their region after 1945, the supposed year of his death.

"Then they described their executive consensus of how they met him, how they knew it was Hitler, what they were told from people who knew this person that they saw," Noam Shalev, creator of the documentary "Revealed: Hitler in Argentina" said. A portion of testifiers, who were all unpaid, claimed they had some form of contact with the German dictator.

Indeed, feedback from locals though may not be convincing enough for history buffs and the mass public to accept. However, documented reports from archives in Argentina started to become declassified just one decade ago. Researchers who got a hold of those files found the information impossible to disregard.

"During this 10 years researchers and historians got access to the archives, found many interesting documents from the 30s and from the 40s including up to 45 from which they’ve concluded, that  regardless of eyewitness reports that there is substance to this story," Shalev admitted to the "Voice of Russia".

Reports from the archive also point out that government officials knew that Hitler was laying low within their borders.

The feasibility of Hitler making a last-minute escape from Berlin was apparently accepted by the most senior Soviet officers.

 "Overwhelming circumstantial evidence?"

The circumstantial evidence overwhelmingly
points to Hitler's escape.
In fact, there seems to be more evidence that Hitler lived, than there is that he committed suicide in the Bunker in Berlin.

On 2 May 1945, the Soviet official newspaper "Pravda" declared:

"The announcement of Hitler’s death was a fascist trick" designed to facilitate Hitler's escape.

On 10 June 1945, the commander of the Soviet Zone in Germany, Marshal Georgy K. Zhukov, stated that Hitler "could have taken off at the very last moment, for there was an airfield at his disposal".

The Soviet commandant of Berlin, Col. Gen. Nikolai E. Berzarin, said:

"My personal opinion is that he has disappeared somewhere into Europe—perhaps he is in Spain with Franco. He had the possibility of taking off and getting away". 

On 30 July 1945, General Alexander Gorbatov, the Soviet military chief of a Berlin occupied by the Allied forces, told the international press that Hitler could "be alive and hidden" in some part of the world.  

Léon  Degrelle  was a Belgian politician, who founded Rexism and later joined the Waffen SS, as a leader of its Walloon contingent, which were front-line troops in German combat operations against the Soviet Union.

Degrelle was promoted directly to SS-Brigadeführer and Generalmajor der Waffen-SS by Heinrich Himmler on 2 May 1945; an entry to this effect appears in his Soldbuch, however this promotion cannot be considered official as Himmler had been stripped of all SS and Party posts by Führer order on 28 April 1945.

After Germany's defeat, Léon Degrelle fled first to Denmark and eventually fled to Norway, where on 7 May, he commandeered a Heinkel He 111 aircraft, allegedly provided by Albert Speer.

The Heinkel He 111 was intended to provide the nascent Luftwaffe with a fast medium bomber.

Perhaps the best-recognised German bomber due to the distinctive, extensively glazed "greenhouse" nose of later versions, the Heinkel He 111 was the most numerous Luftwaffe bomber during the early stages of World War II. The bomber fared well until the Battle of Britain, when its weak defensive armament was exposed. Nevertheless, it proved capable of sustaining heavy damage and remaining airborne. As the war progressed, the He 111 was used in a variety of roles on every front in the European theatre. It was used as a strategic bomber during the Battle of Britain, a torpedo bomber in the Atlantic and Arctic, and a medium bomber and a transport aircraft on the Western, Eastern, Mediterranean, Middle Eastern, and North African Front theatres.

The He 111 was constantly upgraded and modified, but became obsolete during
the latter part of the war. The German Bomber B project was not realised which forced the Luftwaffe to continue operating the He 111 in combat roles until the end of the war. Manufacture of the He 111 ceased in September 1944, at which point, piston-engine bomber production was largely halted in favour of fighter aircraft.
With the German bomber force virtually defunct, the He 111 was used for logistics

The plane ran out of gasoline, and Degrelle was severely wounded in a crash-landing on a beach in  Donostia-San Sebastián in northern Spain.

At the beginning of May, Pierre Laval, the former Vichy French prime minister, was flown to Spain aboard a Ju 88. [Franco would expel him, and he would be executed by his countrymen in autumn 1945].

A night flight would not have been particularly dangerous. It would be assumed by all concerned that only Allied aircraft would be in the air by that time and the profile of some German military aircraft was similar to the profile of some Allied aircraft [the Junkers 88 could be mistaken for a 'Mosquito' bomber] so any challenge would be unlikely.

It was reported that the Berlin ambassador of Italy’s rump Fascist republic, Filippo Anfuso, had also escaped late in April 1945, apparently aboard a “Croat plane".

In Spain, the Soviet newspaper "Red Fleet" revealed as early as 7 February 1945, that German planes from Stuttgart and other German airports were arriving "every day in Barcelona with Hitlerites".

From Spain, the Nazi agents were moving on to other countries in Europe and especially to South America, bringing with them funds and instructions for the potent Nazi Fifth Columns already operating in the Western Hemisphere.

On 26 April 1945, "Moscow Radio" charged that Spain was receiving Nazi refugees at an airfield on the Balearic island of Minorca.

Quoting Swiss sources, the Soviets said:

"To supervise the business, Gen. José Moscardo, an intimate of Franco … visited Minorca last month. Recent arrivals at the airdrome are the family of [Robert] Ley [head of the German Labor Front] and several Gauleiters".

Ju-290 A-5 aircraft constructor's number was 110178, and served with FAGr.5 [Fernaufklärungsgruppe] with a serial KR+LI from February 1944 until 4 April 1944. It then became 9V+DK from 4 April 1944. "9V" was the serial number used by the Luftwaffe's ultra secret KG200 unit.

The aircraft was then rebuilt at Tempelhof into a civil aircraft in September 1944 with DLH serial D-AITR "Bayern" from October 1944. Why a millitary transport aircraft would be converted to a civillian role during war is noteworthy by itself. It is known to have flown from from Firstenwalde, Czechoslovakia to Barcelona on 26 April 1945 piloted by Flug Hauptmann Paul Sluzalek.

"The aircraft was purchased at the end of the hostilities by Heliodoro Eliorreta; repaired and flown to Madrid in 1950 where it was purchased by the Spanish Air force as 74-23. It was in service until 1952, when it was scrapped".

-- Publicación del Ejército del Aire español: Article from Diario EL PAIS/Jacinto Anton-2006.

Later it became inducted into the Spanish air force. It was withdrawn from service after an accident in the 50s.

A second Ju-290-A6 piloted by I/KG200 constructor's number with unit codes PJ+PS [possibly constructor's number 10185] was flown to Barcelona by I/KG200 Flug Hauptmann Heinz Baur from Hörsching on or after 30 April 1945 for the RHSA. This aircraft is thought to have carried documents flown out of Berlin in April 1945 and VIP passengers according to secret orders Br.BNo.1136/45 from Führungsstab I/Ic issued to I/KG200. 

Whatever the popular image of total Allied air superiority over Western Europe in the last days of the war, in reality it was unnecessary to maintain total surveillance of thousands of cubic miles of sky; the remnants of the Luftwaffe were encircled in an ever-decreasing area. For Allied fighter pilots it was a "target-poor environment"; the very fact that air-to-air encounters were at this point so rare argues that single machines flown by intrepid, experienced, and lucky German airmen could slip across it unnoticed.

Since it is established that  Degrelle was flown all the way from Norway—and according to Friedrich Arthur René Lotta von Argelloty-Mackensen, via Tønder in southern Denmark—to northern Spain as late as 8 May, there is certainly nothing inherently impossible about Hitler having beaten him to it at the end of April 1945.

There is no official record of Degrelle’s plane stopping at Tønder, but details of the flight remain obscure, and it is plausible that it could have landed there to top up its fuel tanks before the long flight south. There is a photograph of Degrelle in Oslo, standing next to a Heinkel with the identification letters “CN” visible on the fuselage.

On 19 June 1945, the "London Daily Express"—under the headline "Is Hitler in Spain?"—described the arrival of a German trimotor aircraft carrying a mysterious passenger who was "saluted deferentially despite his civilian clothes.… His face muffled in a raincoat, the passenger stepped from the plane to the smart Nazi salute of its crew, then took off in a Spanish plane to an unknown destination. The German plane reportedly was dismantled".

-- See also 'Claim Nazi Officials Arrive in Spain', "Telegraph Herald", 21 June 1945

Abel Basti asserts that the Führer managed to flee to Argentina in a submarine after being flown by plane from Berlin to Barcelona, maintaining that the Nazi dictator was embarked on a submarine in the Galician coast, "in all likelihood in Vigo".

"I have at least one Spanish testimony that places him physically in the Cantabrian town of Somo, in an old inn called Las Quebrantas.
  A 94-year-old Jesuit, whose family members were friends of the Nazi leader knows the story, and I have witnesses that allude to meetings he had with his entourage at the place where they stayed in Cantabria.

"Hitler was brought by plane from Berlin to Barcelona. The next clue appears in Somo and, according to the documents and testimonies that we have obtained, was embarked on a submarine in the Galician coast. There is the possibility that he left from Vigo or Ferrol, but it is almost certain that he did from Vigo, according to Britain’s MI6".

Vigo, the port of embarkation in the alleged escape of Hitler to Argentina, according to Basti, was during World War II an important supply base for the German submersibles -as can be seen in the famous Hollywood film "Das Boot", directed by Wolfgang Petersen.

U-Boats refueling in Ireland

There is a persistent rumor that one or more [usually more] U-Boats used Ireland as a refuel base in the war. Ireland was neutral for the duration of the war, but tilting somewhat to the Allied side.

There is no evidence of this to have taken place, in fact most data counters this. After so many years a crew member from one of those boats would have spoken up if true.

"There seems to be a good deal of evidence, or at any rate suspicion that U-Boats were being succored from West of Ireland ports by the malignant section with whom De Valera dare not interfere,” Churchill wrote.

"If the U-Boat campaign becomes more dangerous we should coerce Southern Ireland".

At a cabinet meeting on 24 October 1939 Churchill argued that the Dublin government should be told that "the use of the ports in Ireland by the Royal Navy was essential to the security of the Empire, and that the present attitude adopted by Ireland in that matter was intolerable". He wanted to seize Irish bases, but Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain rejected the idea by warning that this "would have most unfortunate repercussions in the United States".

The help Prime Minister, Eamonn De Valera gave the Germans was to refuse Britain the use of airfields and submarine bases in Ireland which would have set back the U-Boat operations in the Atlantic.

Another neutral nation did allow U-Boats to refuel in at least the port of Vigo, Spain. This was all done very clandestine at night from interned German merchant vessels there.

In the depths of the river estuary, in front of the Cíes Islands, are the wrecks of four Nazi submarines sunk by English aviation.

The journalist Eduardo Rolland figures 37 German submarines, with 1,400 crew, were sunk in waters of the Galician south.  At least eight U-Boats were supplied in Vigo [U-29, U-43, U-52, U-77, U-96, U-434, U-574 and U-575].

Kriegsmarine U-Boats in Spain and Portugal during WW II

"The activity of the Nazi submarines in the Galician coasts became so intense in the first years of the war that Churchill came to plan an allied landing in the zone of Doniños - an action that was scrapped when they built the code-breaking "Enigma" machine and managed to decipher Nazi submarine fleet messages and the course of submarine warfare was reversed.

"In addition, a document of the British secret services reveals that in those days, a Nazi submarine convoy left Spain, and after stopping in the Canary Islands, it continued its journey to the south of Argentina.

"Hitler and Eva Braun traveled onboard one of these submarines, which later arrived in Patagonia between July and August of 1945, under the de facto President Edelmiro Farrell and later Juan Domingo Peron, then his Minister of War. There is also another important document mentioning that the FBI was looking for Hitler in Spain after World War II".

"Antony Beevor, who is also in favor of the official theory of suicide, writes about an obscure episode that suggests  the corpse of a second Hitler -also with mustache and transverse bangs- was found in the Bunker, which was discarded for wearing mended socks, something that seemed improper for the Führer.

On 2 May 1945, around 9 am,, the first Russian combat troops arrived at the Bunker complex unopposed. They were followed by the Russian search teams of “SMERSH”, equivalent of CIC of the Allieds.

SMERSH [acronym of Spetsyalnye MEtody Razoblacheniya SHpyonov or Special Methods of Spy Detection, but also referred to as SMERt‘ SHpionam; "Death to spies"] was an umbrella name for three independent counterintelligence agencies in the Red Army formed in late 1942 or even earlier, but officially founded on 14 April 1943.

The Narodnyy Komissariat Vnutrennikh Del [The People’s Commissariat for Internal Affairs] abbreviated НКВД [NKVD] soldiers captured more than 50 officers and men who were still there in the Bunker complex, including Johannes Hentschel, the German-Danish master electro-mechanic for the Bunker complex, who since the field hospital in the Reich Chancellery above needed power and water, had opted to stay even after everyone else had either left or committed suicide during the night.

One search team found an old oak water tank which contained many dead bodies. They pulled out a particular body that resembled Hitler.

The dead man was one of Hitler’s doubles, named Gustav Weler. The Russians mistakenly believed the body to be that of Hitler because of his identical moustache and haircut.

The security personnel in the Bunker, responsible for Hitler’s safety, may have had Weler, a Doppelgänger or Body-double of Adolf Hitler, to camouflage and help Hitler escape, if Hitler decided to take part in a breakout. But, after Hitler’s death, they would have realized that any double if found would be an embarrassment, and therefore disposed of him by shooting in the forehead, in an attempt to confuse the Russian troops.

When Lieutenant Colonel Ivan Klimenko, the leader of one of the search teams, returned to the Bunker the next day, 3 May 1945, he found the body resembling Hitler, displayed prominently in the main hall of the Reich Chancellery. Ignoring the darned socks, worn by the dead man, Klimenko assumed the crucial problem of finding Hitler dead or alive had been solved.

On the following day, 4 May 1945,  Ivan Dmitriyevich Churakov, a Russian soldier, climbed into a nearby bomb crater strewn with burned paper, and saw some partly burnt furry object. He called out to Lieutenant Colonel Alexej Alexandrowitsch Panassow, "There are legs here". They started to dig and pulled from the crater two dead dogs, and digging further they found the burnt bodies of a man and a woman.

At first Klimenko did not even think that the two burnt corpses might be that of Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun. Since he believed that Hitler’s corpse was already displayed prominently in the Chancellery and only needed to be positively identified, he therefore ordered the newly discovered burnt cadavers to be wrapped in blankets and reburied.

On 5 May 1945, Klimenko while pondering over the finding of the burnt bodies of a man and a woman from the  crater rushed back and had the two bodies exhumed, and transported to Plötzensee Prison. There he was ordered to send them on to the 496th Field Hospital in Buch, a German locality within the Berlin borough of Pankow.

"If a historical judgment were made on Hitler's fate, one can assure that there is already more evidence that he has escaped than those related to the alleged suicide.  As the basis of his alleged death there is only the declaration of a handful of fanatic Nazis....who told the same story.  But there are no experts of the place of the suicide, since no elements related to his death were found. 

"There was no murder weapon, no bullets on the walls or ceiling, no corpses in Hitler's office.  Except for a small pool of blood that could not be shown to belong to the German Chancellor.  Nor is there a single testimony that Hitler was seen being shot.  Or a photo of the corpses in the place of the suicide or burning in the supposed funeral pyre.  Several corpses were found in the gardens, some burned, and a couple of them were attributed to Hitler.  But in the forensic tests it was shown that none had the measurements or the physical characteristics of the Chancellor of the Third Reich. 

"After the war, Stalin wanted to try Hitler in Nuremberg, and in the American Senate a reward of a million dollars for his head was even offered.  Germany, having no death certificate or corpse, declared him dead in 1956 on presumption of death.  So for Germany, Hitler was alive from 1945 to that date. During those years, Hitler had the legal status of a person alive, without conviction or prosecution against him. And also, no warrant.

Is Hitler in Hiding?
Army News [Darwin, NT]
4 September 1945

LONDON: Moscow "Pravda" says:

"Hitler is saving his skin by hiding in some form, thus keeping his name off the United Nations list of war criminals for the time being".

Hitler Branded War Criminal
Truth [Brisbane, Qld]
21 January 1945

LONDON: Hitler and the entire German Government are now listed as war criminals.

The semi-official Czech weekly "Czechoslovak" discloses that the Allied War Crimes' Commission so far has listed about 700 persons for trial as war criminals. They include Hitler, the German Government, all military leaders, 229, guards of Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camps. The Czech delegation alone has suggested 400 names and many more are now under discussion.

Some Allied statesmen and lawyers maintain that some Nazis, as politicians, cannot be sentenced for war crimes. Others think that Hitler as head of a State, can claim certain immunity.

"The episode mentioned by Beevor of the two bodies of Hitler found in the Bunker obviously suggests the theme of the Führer's doubles, never officially recognized as it would overthrow the acceptance of the official thesis".

On 25 May, Degrelle was quoted as "expressing his belief that Adolf Hitler is alive and is in hiding". A Spaniard who saw him in the hospital said Degrelle had spoken of visiting Hitler in Berlin the day before the Russians entered the city; the Führer had been preparing to escape and was in no mood for either suicide or a fight to the death.

The government of Franco in Spain initially refused to hand him over to the Allies [or extradite him to Belgium] by citing his health condition. After further international pressures, Francisco Franco permitted his escape from hospital, while handing over a look-alike; in the meanwhile, José Finat y Escrivá de Romaní helped Degrelle obtain false papers. In 1954, in order to ensure his stay, Spain granted him Spanish citizenship under the name José León Ramírez Reina, and the Falange assigned him the leadership of a construction firm that benefited from state contracts. Belgium convicted him of treason in absentia and condemned him to death by firing squad.

While in Spain, during the Franco dictatorship, Degrelle maintained a high standard of living and would frequently appear in public and in private meetings in a white uniform featuring his German decorations, while expressing his pride over his close contacts and "thinking bond" with Adolf Hitler. He continued to live undisturbed when Spain became democratic after the death of Franco with the help of the Gil family.

Hitler's Refuge
The Northern Miner [Charters Towers, Qld] 
4 September 1944

NEW YORK - Signs that Hitler and other high Nazi officials intend to seek refuge in Spain are reported by authoritative circles here, says the New York 'Herald Tribune's Washington correspondent.

These sources disclose tbat the German Embassy in Madrid is buying a large number of cots and mattresses which are expected to be occupied by distinguished visitors, who will arrive with little or no baggage after a hasty departure from a country not far distant from Spain.

The "Herald Tribune" points out that the reports appear to add significance to the US. Secretary for State, Cordell Hull's statement that the Allies are aware that Hitler may attempt to escape to a neutral country. Diplomatic circles predict that if the Nazis reach Madrid the Spanish Government will permit them to remain, thus creating a crisis between Spain and the Allies. Sanctions might then be enforced against the Franco regime, causing Spain to surrender the Nazis to the Allies.

Hitler Died In U-Boat, Says Bottle Message
The Sun [Sydney, NSW] 
27 November 1946

LONDON — A bottle found on a beach 18 miles from Copenhagen [capital of Denmark] contains a message dated 10 November 1945, stating that Hitler did not did not die in an air-raid Bunker beneath his Chancellery in Berlin on 30 April 1945 [when the Russians were besieging the city, as testified to by the British Intelligence Service], but
in a U-Boat while en route from Finland to Spain.

The newspaper "Beriingske Tidende," states that the note said that the submarine collided with a wreck near Gedser lighthouse. The note reads: "These are the last lines of one of the survivors of the U-Boat 'Nauecilus' in which Hitler was hidden".

The "American Associated Press" reports that the letter was written on a page of the U-Boat's log book and signed Hans Routenburger. The 'Reuters' correspondent says the bottle was washed ashore one hundred miles from Gedser lighthouse, which is the area in which the wreckage of the U-Boat was found.

In his 1947 book, "Speaking Frankly", James F. Byrnes recounted a conversation he had with Stalin at the Potsdam Conference on 17 July 1945:

“I asked the Generalissimo [Stalin] his views of how Hitler died. To my surprise, he said he believed that Hitler was alive and that it was possible he was then either in Spain or Argentina.  Some ten days later I asked him if he had changed his views and he said he had not".

Robert Ley, the head of the German Labor Front since 1933, committed suicide while awaiting trial for war crimes at Nuremberg in October 1945. During his interrogation, however, Ley stated that when he last met Hitler in the Bunker during April, the Führer had told him to "Go south, and he would follow".

Albert Speer, Hitler’s armaments minister, said much the same about a meeting in the Bunker on Hitler’s birthday, 20 April:

"At that meeting, to the surprise of nearly everyone present, Hitler announced that he would stay in Berlin until the last minute, and then "fly south".

Those who argue that Hitler survived the Bunker have three difficulties. First, there is the problem that Hitler had again and again said he would commit suicide at the end. Second, there is the problem of how Hitler could have escaped from Berlin at that late hour with Soviet troops less than a kilometer away. And, third, the difficulty of how Hitler’s new location in the Alps or on the Pampas or on Franco’s private estate in Galicia was kept secret for so many years.

It is perhaps natural to believe that oppressive dictators will die in a similar way that they caused others to die – poetic justice is most satisfying. But strangely, we see it happening only with the second tier of dictators – those who only have national, not international aspirations. So Qaddafi died of bullet wounds, Sadam was hanged. The most important personages don’t seem to die from violence or from legal proceedings. Stalin may have been poisoned by  his doctor. Napoleon died on St. Helena. Ivan the Terrible, Oliver Cromwell and Mao seemed to have died naturally. So why would Hitler go against the grain?

His escape to Argentina or Antarctica may not be probable in his physically unhealthy condition.

One possible theory is that Hitler only put on his shaking and other illness symptoms near the end in 1945 so that his staff would get the impression that he was a hopeless physical wreck, totally incapable of escape, and in the event that they were captured [and most were] and the Russians asked: "Did Hitler escape?" they could explain that he was a "wreck" like they saw him so the Russians would not think that he escaped.....After all he was a master of deception.

Also, if he was that ill he was quick enough to jump on tables, jump up from chairs, and wave his arms around in the air while he shouted at the top of his lungs at his staff when he became angry about something. His shaking would suddenly stop!! 

But he may have temporarily escaped to a secret Bunker in the southern mountainous region only he knew of in specific detail. He died there perhaps due to his untreated illnesses. Dental records would be that of his doubles.

Authority figures in Argentina were not alone. Irrefutable evidence points out that the US government had their eye on Argentina until the late 40s. The FBI, which had posts in Argentina and Washington DC at the time, wrote up reports on their sightings and the existence of Hitler in Argentina from 1945 until 1949.

In the event that Hitler did live on, the burning question still remains—whose charred bodies were actually found.

"Nobody could know but there were so many bodies in the area of the Bunker," Shalev commented.

"Even after carefully looking over the single still photo taken of what appears to be Hitler in the garden, it is hard to admit if it is really him or not.

"If they were taken before, this is a manipulation that even 70 years ago you wouldn’t need Photoshop in order to create something like this but it looks weird, it looks strange, it looks out of place," Shalev said about the way the moustache appeared on Hitler’s face.

"Russian soldiers snapping one photo of the body, then quickly burning it sounds odd, to say the least.

"This is one of the biggest achievements of the war and that’s it? Immediately burn the body and finish everything," Shalev commented and said in that situation, something was wrong.

Contends Hitler is Alive
The Courier-Mail [Brisbane, Qld]
4 August 1945

NEW YORK - Hitler is believed to be still alive by one of the few men who is able to identify him — Dr. Robert Kempner, a German criminologist, now an American citizen.

Kempner directed secret service officers who kept Hitler under observation before he attained power. He says that Hitler proved extraordinarily skillful at disappearing. Once he eluded observation for three months.

"What he did once he could do again", says Kempner. "There is no direct evidence that Hitler is dead. Followers who protest that he is dead had left Berlin before he allegedly perished. Their statements, therefore, are worthless as evidence. Even the most ordinary death is seldom without witnesses".

Kempner claims that he could easily identify Hitler's remains. Hitler's right ear, he says, was sharply pointed in a way that criminologists regarded as distinctively criminal. The right thumb was abnormally long, and the jaw distinguished by the recession of the teeth.

Dr. Robert M. W. Kempner, for five years,  from 1928 to 1933, as legal advisor to the Prussian State Police the agency which, under the Nazis, was transformed into the Gestapo, knew Hitler as a political gangster.

"You see," he says, "I knew Hitler as a common felon. And felons don't die easily...I co-ordinated the work of a dozen secret agents who dogged Hitler's footsteps. Even so Hitler managed to give our men the slip when things got too hot for him. He went into hiding in Southern Germany. For three months he eluded every effort of our best men to learn his whereabouts. What he did then, he could do again. He and his organization were born in the Underground, and I have made it their special study. I see no evidence to convince me that Hitler is not living as he has lived before in hiding".

Dr. Kempner sees no credible evidence that Hitler died, as alleged, in the basement of his Reichschancellery: 

"The only evidence consists of statements. Most of these come from members of his entourage who reveal, if their statements are read closely, that they left the scene while Berlin still had an airfield from which they could escape. They left, therefore, before it is claimed Hitler died. So their statements are worthless".

Then there are statements from the Russians that bones were found which "could be recognized as likely those of Hitler". This was contradicted later by statements that nothing had yet been established.

"Even the most ordinary death is seldom without witnesses. Yet are we to believe that the most conspicuous man in the world, who was never without a vast entourage, died unseen like some vagrant in a railroad yard? And that his body was wholly consumed by a hasty fire in a ditch? Have you ever seen how much fire it takes to consume a body to the last bone?"

Listing identifying marks, Dr. Kempner says Hitler, or his body, can be identified positively. He has records, made as a police official, which could settle the question quickly. 

-- The Pittsburgh Press
3 August 1945 

Renewed Search for Hitler
Morning Bulletin [Rockhampton, Qld]
23 October 1945

NEW YORK: The "Philadelphia Record" states that Dr Robert Kempner, a German-born lawyer, formerly adviser to the Prussian State police, is reported to have been sent to Germany to search for Hitler if he is alive, or identify his body if it is found.

Dr Kempner is one of the few anti-Nazis who has a detailed knowledge of Hitler's physical appearance, and even of the structure of his skeleton. He led a squad of secret agents who checked the Nazi leader's activities closely in 1928-33. He went to America in 1939 and recently arrived secretly at Nuremburg.

When he left Washington on the direct orders of White House. Dr Kempner was designated an expert consultant for the trials of war criminals, but his real mission, it is believed, is a direct search for Hitler under American auspices.

Dr Kempner previously stated that Hitler had certain physical characteristics he could never obliterate, including a sharply pointed right ear, an abnormally long right thumb, a jaw with a receding cheek, and an habitual stoop.

WASHINGTON [A.A.P.] 24 October 1945:  The White House knows nothing of a report that a special U.S. agent had been sent to Europe. to search for Hitler. This was  stated yesterday by an official spokesman after a report had been published that Dr. Robert Kempner, German-born lawyer, who was formerly adviser to the Prussian state police. had gone to Germany to search for Hitler. if he is still alive, of to identify his body, if it be found.

If Hitler actually did escape, the lack of communication at the time during the final days of the war could have been an advantage for him. The disorganized chaos which surrounded Berlin may have been the best chance for him to book it out of the country and enjoy the rest of his years in Argentina.


The millionaire La Falda hoteliers Walter and Ida Eichhhorn, had been supporters and friends of the Nazi Party and Hitler since at least 1925, and Hitler would visit them—without Eva—in 1949 at La Falda. The Eichhorns first came to the attention of FBI director J. Edgar Hoover in a couriered document from the American embassy in London in September 1945. After reporting what was known of the Eichhorns’ relationship with Hitler, the document ends with a paraphrased quote from Ida Eichhorn:

"If Hitler should at any time get into difficulty wherein it was necessary for him to find a safe retreat, he would find such safe retreat at her hotel {La Falda], where they had already made the necessary preparations".

Hoover wrote to the American Embassy in Buenos Aires several weeks later, apprising them of the situation.

The relationship between Ida Eichhorn and her "Cousin," as she always called Hitler, went back much further than 1944, though there is some dispute over the date the Eichhorns actually joined the Nazi Party. On 11 May 1935, Walter and Ida were awarded the "honor version" of the Gold Party Badge; fewer than half a dozen of the 905 such badges awarded were given to non-Reich citizens. The Führer sent the Eichhorns a personal congratulatory letter dated 15 May, an unusual extra compliment accompanying the award.

In the letter, which thanked Walter Eichhorn for his services, the Führer used the words "since joining in 1924 with your wife," which seems to indicate that the Eichhorns were among the earliest members of the party. They were also personally given No. 110 of the limited edition of 500 copies of "Mein Kampf" when they first met Hitler at his apartment in 1925—the year the book was published. The Eichhorns saw him again in 1927 and 1929, and thereafter they began to travel more regularly to Germany.

On 2 February 1930 Adolf Hitler sent an extensive letter of six facets to the Eichhorn couple.

In the letter, among other comments, the Nazi chief explained that the National Socialists - who would come to power in alliance with other parties -
would administer two ministries, that of Interior and Education, assuring that "whoever possesses these two ministries, and uses all his power without scruple or scruples, I could achieve results never imagined ..."

After providing an extensive report of the German reality,
Hitler concluded his letter by saying:

"Dear Mr Eichhorn and my dear lady, I would like to thank you again at this time for the financial help you give me and which takes away and alleviates an important part of my concerns. I know very well what our movement m
eans for you, our work as a whole, and I know that the most beautiful way of thanking you will be the result of our work. Many times I have prophesied things, and I have almost always been right, but I never spoke of the moment of our victory, today I can say it with absolute certainty.

Dear Mr. Eicchorn, if fate keeps me in health, in two and a half years or three, the German people will have abandoned their humiliation forever. Yours most affectionately, Adolf Hitler".

Hitler's prediction was fulfilled.
In January of 1933 he was appointed imperial chancellor [Reichskanzler] and, a year later, on the death of President Paul von Hindenburg, he proclaimed himself leader and imperial chancellor [Führer und Reichskanzler], thus assuming the supreme command of the German State.

The letter quoted forms part of a private collection, in the hands of the heirs of the Eichhorn marriage, which shows the abundant epistolary exchange that the Führer maintained with his German-Argentine financiers.

 In the photos are seen the Eichhorn marriage in Berlin,
during a meeting with Hitler when he was already the Führer of Germany.

The couple were described by their grandniece Verena Ceschi as "big idealists who were really enthused by the ideas of the Führer, like all Germany at that time, [and] they became great friends".

At their luxurious Hotel Eden at La Falda, when Ida Eichhorn was asked if something could be accomplished, she would say anything was possible, "Adolf willing". On her office wall there was a large photo of Hitler personally dedicated to her. There was also a room in the hotel set up as a shrine to the Führer and always decorated with freshly cut flowers. The Eden’s crockery, cutlery, and linen were stamped with the Swastika, and there were many other pictures of Hitler throughout the hotel. Hitler’s speeches were captured by a shortwave antenna on the roof of the Eden and broadcast on speakers both inside and outside the hotel. The hotel had more than one hundred rooms with thirty-eight bathrooms, central heating, a huge dining and ballroom, an eighteen-hole golf course, tennis courts, a swimming pool, and many other amenities.

Even today, the now semi-derelict Eden shows signs of its former magnificence, which attracted many international celebrities in the 1930s, including celebrated Jewish physicist Albert Einstein and the Prince of Wales. [The prince was crowned Edward VIII in January 1936, but abdicated eleven months later to marry American divorcée Wallis Simpson; as the Duke and Duchess of Windsor, both suspected Nazi sympathizers, the couple visited Hitler in 1937]. It appears that Einstein may have stayed at the hotel when the anti-Semitic Eichhorns were not present.

The Eden was the meeting place for many of the Nazi organizations of Córdoba province, and military training was carried out in a camp called "Kit-Ut" on land owned by the Eichhorns. Ida also founded the German School in La Falda in 1940. Its primary teachers had to swear an oath of allegiance to Hitler at the German Embassy in Buenos Aires, secondary teachers had to join the National Socialist League of Teachers, and the school provided a complete program of Nazi indoctrination. This devotion to Nazism, which by 1940 applied in almost two hundred German schools in Argentina, persisted—especially in the countryside— despite a 1938 decree by President Roberto Ortiz prohibiting the exhibition of foreign flags or symbols in schools.

The schoolchildren were present at a commemorative ceremony held at the Eden on 17 December 1940, the first anniversary of the scuttling of the 'Admiral Graf Spee'.

Most of the supposedly "interned" crew marched in full uniform and paraded the Nazi flag under the eyes of dozens of Argentine dignitaries and senior members of the military. The parade ended on the hotel’s esplanade, where the Nazi Party marching song, the "Horst-Wessel-Lied," was sung, and there were impassioned pro-German speeches. However, despite the protection of the Argentine police and armed German sailors who were billeted nearby, the Nazi presence in La Falda did not go completely unchallenged. When the Eichhorns decided to raise money by showing Nazi propaganda films to a large audience, members of an anti-Nazi, pro-Allies group called Acción Argentina punctured the tires of the parked cars of the film attendees. Among the attackers was Ernesto Guevara Lynch, father of Ernesto "Che" Guevara—the Argentine Marxist leader and Fidel Castro’s chief lieutenant of the Cuban Revolution.

The Eichhorns continued to organize collections for the Nazi cause, and as late as 1944 they were still transferring tens of thousands of Swiss francs to the Buenos Aires account of Josef Göbbels. However, in March 1945, under intense pressure from the United States, Argentina finally declared war on the Axis powers—the last of the Latin American nations to do so. After this declaration, the Hotel Eden was seized as "property of the enemy" and—now surrounded by barbed wire and guards to keep people in rather than out—used for eleven months to intern the Japanese embassy staff and their families.

Shortly after the Japanese were repatriated, anti-Nazis in La Falda broke in, pulled down the eagle from the facade of the hotel, and destroyed anything with the Swastika on it. In May 1945, Ida Eichorn told her closest circle that her "Cousin" Adolf Hitler was "traveling". The Eichhorns, shutting themselves away in their chalet a short distance from the hotel, created a network of distribution centers that sent thousands of clothing and food parcels to a devastated Germany. They also helped the network for Nazis who fled to Argentina, and Adolf Eichmann would often visit La Falda with his family. One of his sons, Horst Eichmann—who led Argentina’s Frente Nacional Socialista Argentino [FNSA] Nazi party in the 1960s—married Elvira Pummer, the daughter of one of the Hotel Eden’s gardeners.

Horst Adolf Eichmann [born 1940 in Vienna] remained in Argentina after his father's abduction, and he still lives there today. He is married and he has a small transport business. He has been investigated several times for neo-Nazi activity.

The Eichhorns maintained close contact with the Gran Hotel Viena on the shores of Mar Chiquita; they owned a property just 150 yards from the hotel. They would have met Hitler and Eva there while he was convalescing in 1946. Whatever the Nazis’ long-term plans were for the Gran Hotel Viena, they never came to much. After the Hitlers’ second visit in early 1948, the property was virtually abandoned. 

Catalina Gomero was fifteen years old when she went to live with the Eichhorns in 1945. She suffered from asthma and came from a poor family who believed she would have a better life at the Hotel Eden than they could offer her. Although a servant, Catalina was treated by the Eichhorns almost as a daughter. She said that Hitler arrived at their house in La Falda one night in 1949 and stayed for three days; she recognized him right away.

"The driver must have brought him. He was put up on the third floor. We were told to take his breakfast upstairs and … knock at the door and leave the tray on the floor. He ate very well, the trays were always empty. Most of the meals were German".

He had shaved his moustache off. There were usually people in the house all day, but for those three days, the third floor was private.

"Mrs. Ida told me, ‘Whatever you saw, pretend you didn’t.’ One of the drivers and I used to joke, ‘I saw nothing and you saw nothing.’ It was as if it had never happened. It was kept very, very secret".

Hitler left his clothes, including green canvas trousers and a black collared shirt, outside the room, and Catalina would clean and iron them. She took him three breakfasts, three lunches, and three complete teas. On the fourth day she was told he had left. Eight days after the "important visitor" left La Falda, Mrs. Eichhorn told Catalina to pack a picnic lunch. With the chauffeur driving the Mercedes-Benz [a gift from Hitler, and the first one in Argentina],  and Walter Eichhorn seated next to him, the four drove to the Eichhorns’ house on Pan de Azucar Mountain. This brick-and-timber construction had a large radio antenna and was part of the network of Nazi safe houses across the country. Hitler stayed for fifteen days at what the family called "El Castillo", but after that Catalina never saw him again. However, she remembered taking telephone calls from him at the Eichhorn home through operators in La Rioja and Mendoza; she recognized his voice. The calls continued until 1962. 

Gerrard Williams was excited by an the elderly woman called Catalina Gomero whom he believes saw Hitler in La Falda in Argentina. He calls her "the main eyewitness". She worked as a servant for the owners of the luxurious Hotel Eden. We are told Hitler stayed in their nearby home and Catalina waited on him, but   and this is crucial   she never saw him. She used to leave food by his door and asked a driver: "Who’s the person in the room?"’ He told her it was Hitler, but she needed to stay quiet.

This is revealed in "Hunting Hitler" when Williams talks to "a local expert" and later stands at the foot of Catalina’s bed and asks about her experiences. She makes no claim that she actually saw Hitler with her own eyes. But Williams asserts, "It’s confirmation from a real human being that Adolf Hitler didn’t die in the Bunker in 1945".

In a separate independent interview using another source   unconnected with the TV series   Catalina again made it clear she never set eyes on Hitler:

No, no, no. We don’t see him. He stayed in a private place. Nobody can see him".

But there’s a contradiction. In the "Grey Wolf" book and film Williams quotes her as saying she did see Hitler. She describes at length what he was like. In the "Grey Wolf" film Catalina claims Hitler "ate the same food as everyone else in the house – typical German meals – sausage, ham, vegetables…"
So the world’s most famous vegetarian is no longer worried about his diet, or eating animals?

John Walsh, an FBI agent stationed in Buenos Aires at this time, admitted the difficulties he and his operatives encountered in doing any undercover work in Argentina. Of the Hotel Eden and the Eichhhorns, Walsh said, "We personally did not do surveillance work there. We would have sources that were outside the embassy that would do that. You just can’t walk in and say, you know, that you are looking for something". Walsh said that he and his colleagues came under surveillance by the local police. A number of times when he was out with other agents they would see people who were obviously following and watching them.

The Eden Hotel, famous before the end of World War II as a posh resort for Germans in central Argentina, is now an empty shell managed by the local municipality, which offers tours and is trying to restore it as a museum.

Ambrosio Vicente Farias, 85, recalls driving visitors to the hotel during the Eichhorn era.

"They all spoke German up there. I couldn't understand anything," he said.

"They say Hitler himself visited once incognito".

At the hotel there are two faded sepia group photographs taken on the front steps. In both pictures, taken from different angles, one of the 60 or so faces is blurred beyond recognition. The shadow of a small moustache is just discernible.

"Did Hitler ever come here?" 

"That's what some say," came the answer. 

Facts about the Eden Hotel have blended with fiction in local lore and some townspeople have been reluctant to confront its past. 

Part of it, at least, already has been.

"The local legend about a Hitler visit is just that: legend," said Hitler expert Professor Sir Ian Kershaw of Britain's Sheffield University.

Hitler Dead - Or Was He?
Israeli filmmaker Noam Shalev has evidence that Adolf Hitler may have escaped
Yossi Krausz - Ami
דף הבית > News > Opinion

In the back of a nondescript high-rise in the heart of Berlin, next to a parking lot, is a sign with the legend “Mythos und Geschichtszeugnis— Führerbunker” written across the top. The first part translates as “Myth and Historical Testimony.” The second part refers to the final headquarters of Adolf Hitler, an extensive air-raid shelter and Bunker that once occupied the space where the high-rise now stands. It explains that the nondescript parking lot was the site where one of the most evil people in human history met his end.

On the afternoon of 30 April 1945, with Russian troops already inside Berlin and closing in on him fast, Hitler decided the end had come. He and his companion, Eva Braun, whom he had married the day before, committed suicide by swallowing cyanide pills; Hitler also simultaneously shot himself in the head. Not long after, their bodies were carried up to the garden in front of the bunker. With the sounds of Russian artillery in the background, they were doused with gasoline by Josef Göbbels and Martin Bormann and set on fire. But the remains weren’t entirely consumed, and were buried in a bomb crater near the Bunker. The Russians found the bodies and repeatedly disinterred and reburied them in various places to keep their location secret. Eventually, a piece of Hitler’s skull was put on display.

At least that’s what the official version says happened.

However, back in 1945 and in the years immediately afterward, none of this was clear. The Russians played both sides of the issue. At the Potsdam Conference in August 1945, President Truman asked Stalin whether Hitler was dead, and he answered no. But in fact, the Russians were already working on gathering forensic evidence.

A myth to refute is the myth that Hitler, almost by magic, ceased his functioning. How? By suicide!

That is an example of magical thinking. The Allies wanted him out, so he magically committed suicide. How convenient!

The whole suicide story of Hitler rests solely on the concocted testimony of fanatical Nazis, all vigorously trained to guard Hitler's personal secrets, even under the threat of torture and death.

The fabrications were made up as the "witnesses" went along, even changing their own stories. 

When considering the fate of Adolf Hitler, one has to realize that the overwhelming majority of people believe that he committed suicide during the last days of the Second World War. This view is supported by dozens of books written by among others, world-renowned historians. Their views and conclusions are seemingly well supported by circumstances and eye witness accounts.

Indeed, an entire library of books may be filled with eye-witness accounts and so-called proofs of Hitler's suicide. Most of the new printed works are merely rehashed Berlin Bunker testimonies, smoothed out to make a bit more sense, and hopefully convince us by their sheer size of whatever we seriously hope is true.

Just the consideration that there may be another, darker side to the story makes most people, to say it mildly, emotionally uneasy. Just the thought that such a man responsible for the murder of millions, might have escaped unscathed from the rubble of Berlin in 1945 seems hard to swallow. 

Ironically, it was not the evidence provided by Russia that convinced Establishment historians that Adolf Hitler committed suicide in his Berlin Bunker, on 30 April 1945, as Allied forces closed in on Berlin, shortly after exchanging marriage vows with Eva Braun, but the testimony of the obsessively devoted Nazis who were also present in the Chancellery Bunker when Hitler allegedly killed himself.

Here is where their futile pretence became a matter of imprudence: For they were primarily the very same historians who insisted that the body shown in the annoying Russian photos was a Doppelgänger killed by those Nazis in the Berlin Bunker who wanted to thwart Allied investigators.

We are therefore expected to believe that after committing the outright murder of a double for the purpose of obstructing justice, the Nazi Bunker guests were nonetheless quite frank and honest in their eye-witness accounts of what really became of Adolf Hitler. These guests would not stop even at murder to perpetrate their Führer's cover-up. Yet the world was totally convinced of their honest integrity and humble desire to satisfy our secret wish that Hitler should not have escaped justice.

One wonders just who it was who made that poor unfortunate up to look like Hitler, laid him out in the Chancellery, surrounded him with finger-pointing Russian soldiers and allowed him to be filmed and photographed. 

-- Anton Joachimsthaler, "The Last Days of Hitler: The Legends, the Evidence, the Truth" 1996

A report of his own experience by former Colonel Andrey I. Ryžkov:

Our Corps belonged to the 28th Army of the 1st Ukrainian Front. We were moved from East Prussia and participated in the battle for Berlin. On the morning of 2 May we, group of officers and soldiers, went to watch Hitler's quarters. We had just arrived, when we found on a simple soldier blanket the corpse of Hitler. Under the supervision of machine gunners and officers we secured the find.

We carried the body onto the terrace, but because it was still dark there, we took him in the courtyard of the Reich Chancellery. There we found a portrait of Hitler, which we placed on his chest. A cameraman recorded all. [...] Then the military commander of Berlin, Comrade [Colonel-General] Nikolai E. Berzarin declared on 3 or 4 May that the Hitler's corpse was not found by us, but that this body was clearly a Doppelgänger Hitler.
At that time there was constant talk of doubles.

I remember that in our press were reports to the effect that on the coast of Argentina from a submarine two people had been come out, a man and a woman, and it was generally accepted that this had to be Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun

In his 1995 book "The Greatest Illusion: The Death [?] of Adolf Hitler," Australian historian Fred C. McKenzie summarizes how Stalin was adamant in his conviction that Adolf Hitler still lived. In August of 1945, Stalin personally accused the British of concealing the real, living Adolf Hitler in their sector of Berlin.

Other Russian officials also said that they thought Hitler might have escaped from the Bunker, fuelling the doubts of the Americans, who went on to conduct many years of investigation into the possibility that Hitler was hiding out in the foothills of the Andes or in a remote part of Argentina.

There were witnesses to Hitler’s death and the cremation of his body, and these witnesses were interrogated.

The story of Hitler's death is one of a man who knew the end was near and was determined to not be captured alive. Supposedly while he was in his Bunker, on 30 April 1945, realizing the Russians were almost upon him, he put a automatic pistol to his head and pulled the trigger while reclining on a couch. The body was then taken outside, put in a pit and set on fire to destroy the evidence. But is this what really happened?

One witness reported seeing a gunshot wound in Hitler's mouth, while others claimed it was near the corner of his eye, some even hinted that Hitler's valet strangled him and forced a cyanide capsule into his mouth. Pick a card, any card. One witness described finding the body of Hitler perched limp next to a dead Eva Braun on an elongated, upholstered sofa. But another found Hitler's corpse sitting alone near a corner, on a chair by himself. Mix and match.

Hitler's one-day marriage to Eva Braun was another sentimental enticement, orchestrated to win our naive confidence. For only a worm could marry a lovely woman, just to poison her a few hours later. 

The fact that a maid admitted seeing a Hitler look-alike confined to the butler's pantry area was not considered to be of great consequence.

It is suspected that Hitler's double -a Chancellery cook- died from a gun blast to the head in the Führerbunker on 30 April 1945.

There were no reported spectators to that shooting. Rumours hint that a SS bodyguard pulled the trigger. Bunker personnel that heard the pistol believed that Hitler had shot himself. But the blood stains found on the couch allegedly did not match his known blood group.

--  "Hitler's Doubles" by Peter Fotis Kapnistos 

Johannes Hentschel, the chief electrician for the Chancellery, and the last person to leave the Führerbunker, declared he never saw a Hitler double. 

However, on 2 May, the Russian SMERSH team found a corpse that certainly looked like Hitler, at the base of a water tower.

They immediately believed they had found the body of Hitler and excitedly photographed the corpse. Their elation was shattered when someone noticed that the corpse was wearing mended socks; that was not the Führer's style.

After their capture, three members of Chancellery did not indentify the remains as that of Hitler, and declared they had never seen the corpse before.

There was speculation that Bormann, or possibly Brigadeführer Mohnke, produced the double to mislead the Russians about the location of Hitler's body.

A few days after the photography incident, one unidentified servant declared the body was that of a cook whom he knew intimately, and stated that "the "cook double" had been assassinated because of his startling likeness to Hitler, while the latter escaped from the ruins of Berlin.

-- "The New York Times", 9 May 1945.

A Russian officer on the scene has declared that two Doppelgängers were found - one in a nearby street and another inside the Bunker.  

Yet, Peter Hoffmann. the authority on Hitler's security, doubts that Hitler used Doppelgängers, and David Irving also has found no evidence of this practice.

Noticing the large scale exodus of German leaders from Berlin in 1946, and following Josef Stalin on the matter, Russian Intelligence appeared convinced Hitler had escaped capture by means of a double.

For about a year after their capture, members of Hitler's inner staff, were repeatedly questioned about the use of a Doppelgänger. A few books of popular history kept the yarn going.   

The most prevalent opposing opinion is that the true motive was for Hitler to escape. According to the "Washington Post", the US Office of Censorship intercepted a letter in July 1945 written from someone in Washington. Addressed to a Chicago newspaper, the letter claimed that Hitler was living in a German-owned Hacienda 450 miles from Buenos Aires. The US government gave this report enough credibility to act on it, sending a classified telegram to the American embassy in Argentina requesting help in following up the inquiry.

A number of FBI documents dating from before the end of WWII express an official fear that even if Germany lost the war, Hitler could still escape justice by finding refuge in South America. Other FBI documents dating from after the end of WWII showed that the FBI continued to look for Hitler in South America long after he had supposedly committed suicide in Berlin. For example, three FBI documents dating from the late summer of 1945 suggested that Hitler was living on a ranch in the foothills of the Andes Mountains in western Argentina. Yet another FBI document from February, 1955 mentions an eyewitness who claimed that he had seen Hitler in South America several years earlier.

CIA requesting further interviews after a 1955 sighting in Argentina

In fact, the FBI did not close its 700-page file on Hitler until 1970. How can all this FBI activity be explained if Hitler had really committed suicide in 1945?

Will Hitler Escape?
Mystery of Argentine Ranch
Mudgee Guardian and North-Western Representative [NSW] 
15 July 1940

What will Hitler do when he finds, as he is bound to do sooner or later, that he has lost the war? Will he kill himself, as in Munich he once promised he would? Or will he allow himself to be taken prisoner? Will he be incarcerated on another Elba — another St. Helena? Or will he seek a self imposed exile at another Doorn?

A London correspondent writes:

On the mountain peaks high above Berchtesgaden Hitler has built an astounding retreat, approached only by a single mountain road and a passenger lift. There he might go in the final hours of his fall, to await the verdict of destiny. Even at the last, Hitler's optimism might lead him to think that, he can escape from his enemies and live a life of security.

There is ample evidence to show that the leaders of Nazi Germany already have their escape plans, and laid away some useful nest-eggs against their day of defeat. Defying their own laws against keeping banking accounts outside Germany, they have scattered funds in practically every country in Europe, purchased securities in South America, and even bought ranching lands in the Argentine.

Until 1937, an account in Swiss francs in Hitler's name was actually kept by the Swiss Bank Corporation in Switzerland. Subsequently it is said to have been transferred to London, where it now appears as a deposit in the name of a nominee on the books of a foreign bank.

There is nothing new in this. Even Napoleon had a London banking account.

Not long ago a Buenos Aires newspaper revealed that a large ranch had been purchased for Hitler on the Pampas. An immediate denial was promptly issued by the local German consulate. Shortly afterwards the newspaper carried the field when it actually published a photograph of the lease and signature. It wasn't in Hitler's writing; but it was in that of his chief accountant, Max Amann. And the ranch has ever since merely been run by a German-born manager "for the proprietors".

In 1920 Hitler suggested that Max Amann should become the full-time business manager of the National Socialist German Workers Party [NSDAP]. Amann rejected the offer with the argument that he had secure career prospects and a pension to look forward to at the bank, while employment by the little Nazi Party would mean a substantial cut in salary and an uncertain future. Hitler replied "What good will your pension be if someday the Bolsheviks string you up from a lamppost?" Amann considered the offer for three days before finally accepting the job.

William L. Shirer described Amann as "a tough, uncouth character but an able organizer".

James Pool, the author of "Who Financed Hitler: The Secret Funding of Hitler's Rise to Power" believed that Hitler had made an excellent choice in Amann: "Efficient, parsimonious, incorruptible, and without personal political ambition, Amann was exactly the right man for the job. He brought a commonsense business approach to Party affairs".

To ensure against ever being brought to ground by his opponents, Hitler has built up an elaborate system of fortifications. His new Chancellery in Berlin has the biggest bomb-proof cellar in the Reich. Built to hold thousands of men, it Is equipped with hospitals and storerooms. Hitler and his henchmen could live in safety, if they wished, for years on end. Deeper still, a hundred feet below the ground, there is said to be another cellar. Into this, at the last moment, the Nazi chiefs could bolt, slamming steel doors behind them, and escaping through secret tunnels to exits far from the heart of Berlin.

At the exits, so it is said, two powerful cars are always kept waiting, with food, money and jewels, the chief needs of a refugee.

Hitler Mystery Deepening
Newcastle Morning Herald and Miners' Advocate [NSW] 
12 September 1945

LONDON - The mystery surrounding the fate of Hitler is deepening. British Intelligence authorities have issued a warning that a "Hitler legend" is gaining ground in Germany. The renewed search for Hitler or for definite proof of his death is being intensified, according to a report from the Berlin correspondent of the London "Daily Express". Allied authoritics are concerned at reports in certain newspapers that Hitler has been seen recently. These stories are encouraging more rumours, which the occupation authorities are anxious to avoid. Latest Berlin reports link up with the Hamburg theory that Hitler may have escaped in a luxury yacht. A woman who sheltered regularly at the Chancellery and escaped at the last minute says she saw Hitler and Eva Braun alive in the Chancellery shelter. They could have got away after she left, as the end did not come until 24 hours later.

The "Daily Express" correspondent adds:

"British intelligence authorities know that during that time at least two cars left the Chancellery along a road leading to the coast and along which orders had been given that bridges were not to be blown up. No trace of these two cars has so far been found and nobody has been able to establish who was in them.

On 20 April 1945, with the Red Army at the gates of Berlin, Adolf Hitler's closest assistants urged him to flee to the mountains of Bavaria or Austria to organize the resistance.  But the Nazi leader was determined to stay in the city, and told them that he was determined to commit suicide before falling into the hands of the enemy.  He rejected General Jodl's suggestion to escape by the only road that was not yet in the hands of Russian troops.

"Another Berlin woman says a general, whose home is near Hamburg and whose name was never announced in the lists of captured soldiers - went to the Chancellery during the last few hours with a car fuelled for a long journey and also stacked with wine and food. The general declared he was going to Hamburg after calling at the Chancellery. This man was one of Hitler's earliest friends, and some Germans think he may have changed his name and may still be at large in the Hamburg area".

Built into the equipment of Hitler's "Flying Chancellery" his Fock-Wulf plane, there were such embellishments as gold hair brushes and a safe, stuffed with actual cash, or items which might be transformed into cash in time of need.

Along every road out of Berlin, so an enterprising American newshawk discovered, Hitler's chauffeur has planted stores of petrol. Hitler's super-charged Mercedes sportscar is always kept ready.

Berchtesgaden itself has been quitted in favor of a more remote house in the mountains, which could not be easily surrounded. It possesses at least one secret entrance, and also enjoys a bomb-proof cellar.

Was Stalin was correct in his statements to his western Allies in 1945, telling them that Hitler [and Eva Braun] were still alive?

Hitler's death, at the end of World War II, assumed to be by his own hand, remains unproven. This assumption was the result of what many conceive as a conspiracy by the Western Powers, bowing to political pressures and to fight Nazism, to come up with Hitler's suicide story. This then would explain Hitler's disappearance from Nazi Germany after Germany's defeat.

By mid-1945, the public was being asked to choose between a proliferating number of escape stories and the suicide theory. All in all, the evidence supporting Hitler's escape to Argentina is pretty flimsy. And yet, so is the evidence that Hitler died in the Bunker. It rests on testimony provided by fellow Nazis who were fanatical devotees of Hitler. As such, its not hard to imagine they might have lied to help their former Leader.

However, the public was given the impression that only the suicide theory had any evidence to support it and deserved to be taken seriously.

Hitler's chauffeur Erich Kempka evidence not only became the basis for Major Hugh-Trevor-Roper's book, "The Last Days of Hitler", it was also endorsed at Nuremberg as the sole source of reliable information concerning Hitler's demise.

The primary reason Kempka's story won such a positive reception from the Anglo–American authorities was that Kempka was the sole source of evidence that appeared to support the suicide theory.

Kempka also contradicted Soviet claims that Hitler could have escaped.

In his 4 July 1945 interview record, he declared:

"[With a] statement reported to have been made by the Russian Marshall Chukov [sic] that Hitler and Eva Braun could have escaped from the Berlin area by air, I can't agree. On 30 April 1945 and two or three days previous, no one could possibly have left the inner parts of Berlin by air. There was a heavy artillery fire on all the inner parts of Berlin during those days. Neither did I hear about a plane arriving or leaving after 25 or 26 of April 1945".

Unfortunately for Kempka, one of the best-attested events of the last days of the Third Reich is that of a flight piloted by General Robert Ritter von Greim and Hanna Reitsch that arrived in Berlin on the morning of 26 April. The same pair took off from Berlin in the early hours of 29/30 April. Reitsch herself not only spoke about the two flights on numerous occasions between 1945 and her death in 1979 but also devoted a chapter,  'The Last Journey to Berlin', to them in her autobiography "Flying Is My Life", Putnam's Sons, New York, 1954. The Greim–Reitsch flights were not even the only flights in and out of central Berlin in this period. In her book, Reitsch refers to at least two others.

In the final days of April 1945 there was a huge millitary airlift by the Nazis to fly naval personnel from Baltic garrisons to Berlin to shore up its defences.

Squadron "Mauß" operating Ju-352s from Rostok flew in 476 naval troops on 27 April 1945. Oberfeldwebel Paul Kohler operated Ju-352 G6+EX, another Ju-352 G6+RX was operated by StFw Kurt Becker.

OltZSee Clemens Zuborg recalled after the war witnessing two Ju-352 unloading about 80 sailors at the Reichs Chancellery.

During the late spring of 1942, the Junkers-Dessau project office was instructed by the Reich Air Ministry to investigate the possibility of redesigning the structure of the Junkers Ju 252 transport to make maximum use of non-strategic materials, steel tube, fabric and wood, and replacing the Junkers Jumo 211F engines of the
Ju-252 with Bramo 323R radial engines. The result but was an entirely new aircraft. The 'Herkules' followed closely the aerodynamic design of the Ju-252 but the wing was mounted further aft on the fuselage,
a new vertical tail was designed, and the semi-circular windows of the Ju-252 were replaced with square windows. The Ju 352 also had a similar Trapoklappe ["Transportklappe", rear loading ramp] to that of the
Ju-252, allowing the loading of vehicles or freight into the cargo hold while holding the fuselage level.

One of these aircraft received heavy Soviet ground fire stopping two of its three engines and was forced to make a crash landing which miraculously its pilot OFw Herbert Schultz, his crew and passengers all survived.

Hitler's own VIP squadron F.d.F, which had three Ju-52 aircraft, one Ju-290 and two Fw200, all of which kept landing and taking off from the East West Axis, flew Schultz and his crew out of Berlin, back to their unit at Großenbrode on 29 April.

The Ju 52 that had "successfully managed to land" on the Ost-West-Achse on 28 April and then taken-off again was flown by Oberfeldwebel Böhm from II./TGr 3. This was reported by another young Ju 52 pilot from this unit, Uffz. Johannes Lachmund who described events in his 2009 memoir, "Fliegen ; Mein Traumberuf – bis zu den bitteren Erlebnissen des Krieges". Although a pilot Lachmund flew on this sortie as a gunner. Lachmund records that this mission was flown from Güstrow to Berlin with five aircraft to evacuate high-ranking personnel from Berlin, including Ritter von Greim. As Lachmund reports, three of the five Ju 52s had to return after missed approaches, chiefly because the visibility was so poor from the heavy smoke from the fires everywhere on the ground. One Ju-52 was shot-down by the Soviets during the approach.

Lachmund mentions discussions via telephone from the "air traffic control" command-post at the Siegessäule [Berlin's Victory column] between Böhm and the Bunker in the Reichskanzlei. There was apparently some dispute over the passengers to be flown-out, chiefly because Hanna Reitsch wanted to fly out Ritter von Greim herself at the controls of the Arado Ar-96, and not leave Berlin as a passenger on this Ju-52 flight. Eventually, the Ju 52 boarded only a few other wounded passengers but not the VIPs. Because of damage to the 'runway' from shelling, the Junkers transport had only 400 metres in which to get airborne.

Hitler’s personal pilot Hans Baur, promoted by Hitler on 30 January 1945 to SS-Gruppenführer, saw Hitler on the morning of 30 April and offered to fly him out in a Fieseler Storch, but Hitler declined the offer.

Given that the evidence from other sources is abundant enough to establish that they actually took place, there is something extremely suspicious about Kempka's assertion that no such flights would have been possible.

The explanation that best accounts for events, therefore, is that Kempka sought to suppress his knowledge of the two flights. When Kempka first gave his story to the Americans in June 1945, he had no reason to believe that they knew anything at all about them. There is a very good reason why Kempka would not have wanted to mention these flights: the cover story—that Greim flew to Berlin to receive instructions from Hitler, who had just made him the new head of the Luftwaffe—is preposterous. Why would Hitler, who was anxious for everyone else to leave Berlin, want someone to come to him? Why would he have been so keen to talk to the head of an almost nonexistent entity?

The official story fails to justify Greim and Reitsch's extremely dangerous flight.

It also does not explain why the pair's flight from the Luftwaffe air base at Rechlin near Berlin to Gatow airport on Berlin's periphery was accompanied by an escort of 30–40 fighter jets—in other words, the extant Luftwaffe virtually in its entirety.

Clearly, the flight had a more serious purpose than we have been led to believe. 

In a striking passage in his memoirs, former Volkssturm member Dieter H. B. Protsch relates an incident that took place in Berlin on 29 April 1945. That day, which happened to be his thirteenth birthday, in the course of searching for food for his family he stumbled upon a basement occupied by several Waffen-SS men operating radio equipment who gave him bread and chocolate:

"After some small talk about the family, they suddenly stopped talking when the radio operator raised his hand to demand quiet. The 'Funker' [Radio Operator], wearing a head set, started smiling and stated that 'der Führer' got his belated birthday present. He explained further that he [Hitler] made it safely out of Berlin, flown out by his personal pilot Hanna Reitsch, Germany's best female test pilot. The report stated that she was flying a small one engine, two or three seater plane, a so-called 'Fiseler [sic] Storch'.

--  Dieter H. B. Protsch, "Be All You Can Be: From a Hitler Youth in WWII to a US Army Green Beret", Trafford Publishing, 2004 

Thus the truth seems to be that, exactly as the Soviets subsequently alleged, Hitler did indeed make it out of Berlin — more or less around the time that the official story tells us that he was still in the Bunker dictating his Political Testament—and that Erich Kempka knew precisely when and how this had taken place, but withheld the information from the Americans.

According to Reitsch, the flight reached Rechlin at about 3.00 am. Here, she states, Greim attended a conference. Then she and Greim flew—apparently using a different aircraft—to Plön, a distance of some 400 miles. Their next destinations were Dobbin, where Field Marshal Wilhelm Keitel was [Keitel confirms in his memoirs, "In The Service Of The Reich: The Memoirs of Field Marshal Keitel", ed. Walter Görlitz, Focal Point Publications, London, 2003, that he was at Dobbin this day, thus confirming Reitsch's reliability. He adds the striking information, which Reitsch does not mention, that Himmler was at Dobbin, too].

Lübeck, Plön again ["to see Dönitz"], and finally Königgrätz [in Bohemia, now Hradec Králové in the Czech Republic.

If we assume, that Hitler was present during at least the first of these several stages, we can say that at Rechlin the trail goes cold. If Hitler left Berlin with Greim and Reitsch, then that would account for the series of bizarre events—the marriage to Eva Braun, the writing of the Political Testament, the recurring rages—that have been enshrined in official history as "the Last Days of the Third Reich".

Obviously, Hitler's last days in the Bunker needed to be accounted for and so a lurid series of episodes had to be invented to fill in the yawning gap.

In a 2007 interview, Rochus Misch, Hitler’s bodyguard, phone operator and courier  said:
“Life in the Bunker was pretty normal. Hitler was mostly very calm".

He said historians, filmmakers and journalists always got it wrong when they described the mood in the Bunker as Soviet forces closed in on Hitler in the final days of the Nazi regime.

 Life in the bunker was pretty normal. Hitler was mostly very calm. It was much less dramatic than shown by many historians." But there was one disconcerting element: the silence. "Everybody was whispering, and nobody knew why. That's why it felt like the Bunker of death".

Theo Junker, the former Waffen-SS soldier with the Viking division, stated that while he was held at a British POW camp for SS and Waffen-SS in Neuengamme after the war, he met a former
SS telephonist in the Führerbunker, who told him that Hitler was basically cool, calm, collected—and
very much in command—right up until his last day. Despite all the stress, he never "cracked up".

Baron Freytag von Löringhoven who was the last survivor among the close advisers of the Führer said: "Hitler could be very aggressive but towards the end he was very controlled.
He could be pleasant and even warm. He could be very charming - he was a real Austrian".

Hitler undoubtedly had a magnetic personal appeal. This has been confirmed many times
by members of his household - those that knew him best and saw him most often and, crucially, when
off-duty - all of whom testified to his immense personal charm; his bourgeois manners, his sense of humour and his caring, avuncular nature towards his secretaries.

On another level, Hitler also had the knack of impressing those who visited him in his headquarters. 
He tended - according to those that met him - to use his striking blue eyes
to great effect, holding his gaze on a new arrival to "test" them, for instance.  Hitler proved himself most adept at convincing his underlings of his point of view, not always by ranting and raving [though that
also played a part, especially as the war turned against him], but by persuasion. There are countless examples of military men coming to the Führer-HQ urgently seeking to convince Hitler of their opinion, and coming away equally passionately convinced of Hitler's.

Arthur Kannenberg, Hitler's butler, in an interview conducted at Nuremberg three years after the war by 
US judge Michael Musmanno, said:
"'Before the end he [Hitler] gave me gold and silver cigarette cases engraved with his name. When he handed them over he said; 'Look after these until we meet again'.

Stalin stated to Harry Hopkins, political consultant and confidant of Presidents Roosevelt and Truman, and later secretary of state, that Soviet agents reported Bormann’s escape from Berlin late the night of 29 April in a small plane and in the company of three men — one heavily bandaged — and a woman. From there, Stalin insisted, his agents traced Bormann to Hamburg, where he boarded a large U-Boat and departed Germany.

"Irrefutable proof exists that a small plane left the Tiergarten at dawn on 30 April 1945, flying in the direction of Hamburg. Three men and a woman are known to have been on board. It is also indisputably established that a submarine left Hamburg before the arrival of the British troops, taking several passengers, including a woman".
-- From a Soviet Intelligence Commission of Inquiry Report, as quoted by James McGovern, CIA agent in charge of researching the post-war survival of Martin Bormann

"Stalin told Harry Hopkins in Moscow that he believed Bormann escaped. Now he went further and said it was Bormann who got away in the fleeing U-Boat. More than that Stalin refused to disclose".

-- William Stevenson, author "The Bormann Brotherhood"

British Field Marshall Bernard Montgomery was reported in early September 1945 to have said British Intelligence received a report of Bormann in Hamburg the night of 1 May, apparently verifying Stalin's assertion that Bormann had been flown to Hamburg, or else how would he have gotten there so fast.

Hitler Seen In Hamburg?
The Newcastle Sun [NSW] 
Our Special Representative and Australian Associated Press.
8 September 1945

LONDON: British security police are investigating strong rumors that Hitler has been seen in Hamburg, says the "Associated Press of America" correspondent there.

"A recent broadcast by Martin Bormann, Hitler's deputy," the correspondent adds, "alleged to have been picked up in Sweden, declared that Hitler was alive and in good health in Germany".

A week ago Bormann, was reported to have been captured by the British authorities.

After questioning scores of Germans in the dock district without result, security police picked up a clue to a mysterious yacht which they traced to the small Elbe estuary port of Glückstadt. The yacht was reported to have left port at night early in May. Navy patrol boats set off in pursuit, but couid find no trace of the craft. Within the last few days the search for the mysterious vessel has been continued.

-- Worker [Brisbane, Qld]
1 October 1945

SS General Wilhelm Mohnke, however, confirmed to the Soviets that Bormann escaped to the Hamburg area with British assistance.


Hitler's Deputy
Kalgoorlie Miner [WA]
4 September 1945

Herford - Field-Marshal Montgomery's headquarters have officially denied that Martin Bormann, Hitler's deputy in the Nazi Party and successor to Rudolf Hess, is in British hands. The statement added that it is not believed he is held by the Americans either.


Stalin later reiterated his belief, claiming that Bormann was being harbored by the United States government in his escape and continued freedom.  The Allies, led by the United States, refused to give this story credence and ignored Stalin's demands for an explanation, and, in fact, began claiming in defense that the Soviets held Bormann. But Stalin insisted until his death that his was the correct account of Martin Bormann's fate.

Why would Stalin make such a claim? What did he stand to lose if it was true? What value could he gain from such an assertion if he knew it was false? And if it were true, why would the United States discount it out of hand?  These seem to be the obvious questions concerning the matter. But equally important, though much less glaring, are the small questions; the questions about the innocuous details that make up the fabric of Stalin's very specific story.

If Stalin was not telling the truth, why would he include such unique and seemingly contestable details as the fact the airplane carried four people when the only two airplanes capable of using the ad hoc runway in Berlin on 30 April, the Fieseler Fi-156 'Storch' and the Arado Ar-96, were designed to carry only two. Why did he include a woman in the escape party when it would be almost inconceivable that a woman would be on such a desperate and dangerous mission? And why would Stalin assert the escape was continued from Hamburg on a "large" U-Boat?" The Allies were fairly certain that all but two of Germany's largest U-Boats had been sunk during the war, and one of those was in the Pacific. The chances seem slim that such an escape as Stalin described was ever made.

The description of Bormann's getaway boat as a large U-Boat links the escape to the U-234, not just because U-234 was by comparison extremely large, but even more so because it appears to have been the only boat of its mammoth size left in Europe. 

 U-234 was originally built as a minelaying, Type XB U-Boat.  These double-hulled, triple-sized U-Boats were designed to seed strategically chosen bodies of water with high-explosive mines. The Allies became so adept at detecting and eradicating these mines before any harm was caused, however, that the Type XB quickly became obsolete.  There was but a handful of Type XBs ever built: U-116 through U-119, U-219, U-220, U-233 and the mysterious U-234.  When the Type XB proved not to have the impact for which it was designed, the boats were refitted as supply vessels for the 'Wolfpack' boats sinking Allied convoys on the battlefront in the Atlantic.

Compared to the Wolfpack boats, however, Type XB U-Boats were huge, more than 1600 tons displacement when surfaced, while the ubiquitous Type VII U-Boats that constituted 75 percent  of Germany's submersible fleet, were 500 tons - less than one-third the size of a Type XB.  The other popular U-Boat, the Type IX, was larger than the Type VII at anywhere from 740 to 1100 tons. But the Type XB was 50 percent larger than even these more common front boats that, combined with the smaller Type VII, constituted almost the entire remaining U-Boat fleet.  Russian observers of U-Boats were probably accustomed to both the Type VII and the Type IX and probably would not have differentiated them by size as out of the ordinary. 

Type XBs, however, were almost unknown. As noted, there had been only eight of them made. U-116 through U-220, with the exception of U-219, were all sunk in the year between the first of October 1942 and the end of October 1943. U-219 had fortuitously avoided this fate by being stationed in the Pacific immediately upon commissioning, having left Bordeaux, France on 23 August 1944 for Djakarta, Indonesia, where it arrived on 11 December 1944.

In the South Pacific it was far away from Europe and Bormann and the fierce Atlantic fighting when the war in Europe ended.  When Germany surrendered, U-219, still in the Pacific, was turned over to the Japanese Imperial Navy to continue the war under the flag of the Rising Sun.  U-233 had been sunk before commissioning, leaving U-234 as the only remaining "large" Type XB U-Boat available in Europe at the time of Bormann's alleged escape. 

The Type XIV U-Boat was the only other U-Boat larger than the popular Type IX and comparable in size to the Type XB.  Like the XB, few of these boats were made - only ten - which were all built and operational by the end of 1942.They were designed and used as a refueling boat for the Wolfpack vessels, and, as a result, like the XB, had a very high mortality rate.  The sinking of a single Type XIV shortened the combat patrols of approximately twelve fighting U-Boats, so Allied anti-submarine efforts concentrated on what the German U-Boaters affectionately called their 'Milk Cows'. 

The process of refueling was dangerous, requiring the Type XIV fuel supply boat and its recipient lie still in the water for hours on end during the fuel transfer process.  During this time, both boats were vulnerable to attack, which happened often, at which the panicked crews would quickly detach the umbilicals and both boats would execute emergency dives.  The smaller fighting boat, with its more compact size, greater maneuverability, and with its more disciplined, battle-seasoned crew, would invariably be the first to maneuver out of harm's way, leaving the clumsy behemoth Type XIV at the mercy of the enemy.  It was an easy target. 

None of the Type XIV U-Boats survived to the end of the war, all ten had suffered the fate of the majority of Type XBs by the end of 1943.  The only other large U-Boat built was the Walther U-Boat, the XXI, which was designed and under construction, but not operational, before the end of the war.  

U-234, therefore, was the only "large" U-Boat left in the Reich's fleet that would most closely fit Josef Stalin's escape boat description. 

The actual escape of Bormann as told by Joseph Farrell [citing several sources] involved German U-Boat 234, carrying Uranium 235, a necessary isotope for the Atom bomb.

The argument is as follows:  The Americans were struggling to gather enough of the necessary ingredients for the atomic bomb through their Manhattan project.  The Nazis had created enough of the isotope to build several such bombs but missed by a few months of being able to mount it on a A-10 rocket [under development] to send it to New York as a deadly greeting card. 

The projected A-11 three stage
satellite launcher

Illustration by von Braun,
Fort Bliss 1946

Consequently, one explanation is that Bormann made a deal to trade the Uranium, surrendering it to the Americans in exchange for his freedom.  Another suggests that the Americans and British were most certainly going to protect the U-234 on its mission to help America’s bomb building efforts.

Hitler had the atomic bomb and transferred it to the Allies, who then threw it on Japan, under a last-minute agreement, when Berlin fell and the defeat of the Third Reich was inevitable.

This statement corresponds to the confession of the Nazi scientist Erwin Oppenheimer, who worked in secret on the real atomic program of Nazi Germany. After finishing the war, he began to perform duties in the United States along with hundreds of German colleagues who, like him, crossed the Atlantic in the framework of the alliance between the Nazis and the Americans. Living in North America, he decided to tell the truth about the Nazi bomb assuring that the Germans, when they were ending the war, already had the nuclear weapon and not the Americans.

He did so in a small book that was quickly removed from the market by the American authorities. In it he affirmed that the Nazi atomic bomb on "the twentieth of April [of 1945] was finished" and that "the existing Uranium reserve was immediately used in the construction of four other artifacts".

That same day, during an interview, the Italian leader Benito Mussolini, by surprise, assured that Hitler already had three atomic bombs.

Italian dictator Benito Mussolini, in a "Political Testament" written shortly before his death at the hands of partisans in April 1945, stated:

"The wonder weapons are the hope. It is laughable and senseless for us to threaten at this moment, without a basis in reality for these threats. The well-known mass destruction bombs are nearly ready. In only a few days, with the utmost meticulous intelligence, Hitler will probably execute this fearful blow, because he will have full confidence.... It appears there are three bombs - and each has an astonishing operation. Th e construction of each is fearfully complex and of a lengthy time of completion".”

Mussolini’s mention of three bombs is intriguing because of a statement of a former Russian military translator who served on the staff of Marshal Rodion Malinovsky, the officer who took Japan’s surrender to the Soviet Union in 1945.

As reported by the German magazine "Der Spiegel" in 1992, Piotr Titarenko had written a letter to the Communist Party Central Committee, in which he stated that the three atomic bombs were dropped on Japan. One of these, dropped on Nagasaki prior to the blast of August 9, 1945, failed to detonate and subsequently was given to the Soviet Union by Japanese officials.

If Titarenko’s account is accurate, this would mean that America had three atomic bombs on hand in the summer of 1945. Yet, a report to Manhattan Project leader Robert Oppenheimer just days after President Roosevelt died on 12 April 1945, stated that not enough enriched uranium existed to create a viable critical mass for even one atomic bomb.

According to Oppenheimer's account, Hitler's original plan was "to launch a Uranium bomb over London," but then he changed his mind and opted to negotiate with the Allies.

The devastation of London or New York would not have materially altered the course of the war in the spring of 1945. And the retaliation of the Allies would have been unimaginable. Further, high-ranking Nazis, such as Hitler’s secretary Martin Bormann, who by war’s end had become the second most powerful man in Nazi Germany, realized the war was lost, and used advanced technology as a bargaining chip with the Western Allies. 

In this regard, the Nazi scientist said he does not know exactly how the bomb moved to the United States, but said that was the case when the conflict was coming to an end.

The Uranium weapon dropped on Hiroshima was a German nuclear weapon captured by US forces from an underground facility near Goslar on 26 April 1945. It was flown out of Germany by Col. Charles Lindbergh in a B-24. Lindbergh who at the time was employed as a consultant to the Naval Technical Mission Europe.

Other than addition of the so called California Brake tail fin the device was entirely German manufacture.

Germany had developed a far superior Uranium enrichment project to the Manhattan Project's using Anschutz Mark IIIB Uranium centrifuges and thus overtook the Manhattan Project during 1944.

It was fear of Anthrax attack by Great Britain which inhibited use of nuclear weapons by Hitler. A threat conveyed via the German legation at Lisbon in July 1944 conveyed a threat to Hitler that Germany would be targeted by the first allied atomic bomb at Dresden.

The Trinity bomb exploded near Alamogordo, New Mexico, on 16 July 1945, was a plutonium bomb. Why then would the United States first drop the "Little Boy", an untested Uranium bomb, on Japan on 6 August 1945?

"A rational explanation is [that] 'Little Boy' was not tested by the Americans because... [t]he Americans did not need to test it, because its German designers already had,” surmised Joseph Farrell.

This idea is supported by the statement of German authors Edgar Meyer and Thomas Mehner that J. Robert Oppenheimer, the "father of the atomic bomb," maintained that the bomb dropped on Japan was of "German provenance".

In that sense, he said that "out of a handful of atom scientists and some politicians, everyone believed that the two bombs that crushed Japan in August 1945 were American-made. Actually, as I should find out later, these bombs were Hitler's secret weapon".

Erwin Oppenheimer, after the end of the war, worked on the United States nuclear project and in that regard revealed that "the real American bombs, which can be called atomic bombs, were only launched at the beginning of May 1948 in Eniwetok, This happened three years after the terrible nuclear attacks against Hiroshima and Nagasaki [previously to the launch at Eniwetok, they  had been tested in the reef of Bikini, in 1946].

"So while making sure that in 1945 Hitler did not have the bomb, and the Americans instead, the truth was exactly the other way around. And, as if this were not enough, the German atomic bombs fell on Japan, paradoxically the great partner of the Third Reich during World War II", Oppenheimer explained.

-- "The Secrets of Hitler", Abel Basti, Editorial Sudamericana.

A transcript of a top-level call between two military experts, General John E. Hull and Colonel L. E. Seeman, on 13 August 1945, about atomic bomb production in the next few months, reveals that there was one ready to be shipped out to Tinian, in the Mariana Islands where the 'Enola Gay' and 'Bockscar' had flown from, with the main plutonium core about to be shipped from the U.S. at that very moment. According to Seeman, it would be ready for use on 19 August.

Although some aircrew saw "Tokyo Joe" chalked on the bomb’s casing, it was said to be destined for Kokura, the original target for the second bomb, and named "Fat Boy".

On 15 August, however, just as the plutonium was about to be sent to Tinian, news of the Japanese surrender came through and its loading was stopped.

Bormann was well aware of this precious cargo and hitched a ride on the "protected" submarine to Spain, where he holed up for a year, before he moved on to Argentina.

Several details of these events ring true:

-- First, a makeshift runway is now well-known to have been operating in the Tiergarten to service the Führer Bunker during the last days of the war, although at the time of Stalin's comment that knowledge was not so wide spread.  Albert Speer, Hitler's Munitions Minister, described flying into the stop-gap landing strip on the occasion of Hitler's fifty-sixth birthday -celebrated a week before Bormann's mysterious escape- when the Russians were still at the outskirts of Berlin.

-- According to Speer, as an airplane prepared to land or take off, a detachment of SS soldiers would light a series of lanterns placed along both sides of the wide avenue that stretched from the Brandenburg Gate to the Reichs Chancellery.  The airplane would use the strip and then the lanterns quickly would be extinguished again.

-- Second, the great German aviatrix, Hanna Reitsch, a contemporary of Amelia Earhart's and close friend of Adolf Hitler, had flown into Berlin only a few days previous to the mysterious escape flight. [Reitsch had in the past received personally from Hitler the Iron Cross [the only woman to do so] both first and second class, for bravely test piloting the flying capabilities of a V-1 rocket, which had been modified with a cockpit.  Now, she had piloted a Fieseler Storch airplane to bring Luftwaffe General Robert Ritter von Greim to Berlin so Hitler could make him the overall commander of the Luftwaffe in place of the recently dethroned Goering.  During the flight into Berlin, von Greim was injured by enemy anti-aircraft shrapnel.

-- It is a well-known fact that while Berlin was being bombed and the Nazi leadership fell into panic or fled, Martin Bormann maintained secret radio negotiations with Admiral Karl Dönitz, the commander of all of Germany’s U-Boats, and had made plans to escape to Dönitz’s submarine headquarters. Dönitz at first resisted this effort but ultimately was ordered by Hitler [presumably at Bormann’s bidding] to accept Bormann at his headquarters. From this point on, details become sketchy and many disparate accounts are given of Bormann’s escape or possible end.

-- After landing, Reitsch and von Greim were harbored in the Bunker for a few days while von Greim lay in bed recuperating before making the exit flight. Hanna Reitsch recorded in her memoirs that she, with a heavily bandaged General von Greim by her side, flew out of Berlin from the Tiergarten, at dawn on 30 April according to her 5 December 1945 press interview -  exactly the same time Stalin reported the mysterious escape flight took off.  Then she recorded in her memoirs an odd event.  

Instead of flying to Austria, their intended destination, Reitsch writes how they flew 400 dangerous miles, partly over enemy territory, with the badly injured and very important General von Greim, to Plön, Admiral Dönitz's headquarters.  She gives the reason for this detour as the desire to wish the Admiral a fond farewell.

Such a detour for such a superfluous reason seems remarkably improbable given the desperate state of affairs on the military front and the injuries to General von Greim.  Would not a radio message have done? What if all the remaining German leaders decided to travel to each other in order to wish one another farewell?  There seems to be no indication that Dönitz and von Greim had any special relationship beyond two professionals doing their jobs.  The reason for the detour seems highly suspect. 

To be sure, other reasons were later given for the strange flight deviation, but, despite their outward veracity, when subjected to even minimal scrutiny they seem almost as hollow as the reason Reitsch describes.  The chief assertion is that von Greim was flown to Plön after Hitler had concluded Himmler was a traitor who had begun separate surrender negotiations with the West.

Supposedly von Greim was sent to arrest Himmler.  But the Führer Bunker was in radio contact with Dönitz many times a day and could have had Dönitz make the arrest. The wounded von Greim, with his one-woman retinue, was in far less able condition to arrest Himmler than the healthy Dönitz with his considerable cortege. Dönitz was a strict and efficient military professional with a strong reputation for carrying out his command. Indeed, at the end of the war Hitler entrusted him with the post-war leadership of the entire nation. 

If Dönitz was not capable of fulfilling the order, to send the injured von Greim to enforce the order over Dönitz's head and in his own headquarters, surrounded by the Admiral's full retinue and in the face of Himmler's substantial SS bodyguard, seems unlikely. And if they had, in fact, flown to Dönitz for this purpose, why would not Reitsch have stated so in her memoirs, written many years later?

The order for Himmler's arrest was never a secret - not even at the time it was issued, much less decades later when she wrote her book.  And in the end, when von Greim met with Himmler, he only told the Reichsführer SS that Hitler had denounced him, further suggesting that von Greim was not really sent to Plön to arrest the SS chief.  In short, there seems to be no viable reason why Reitsch and von Greim had flown alone to Plön.  

The description of the little group of night flyers is explicit and unique in its observations: a heavily bandaged man, which fits the description of von Greim at the time, and a woman, which would be Hanna Reitsch, probably the only woman in the world one could have expected to see in that circumstance, at that place, at that time.

Over the years, there have been many questions about what really happened to Hitler. Is it possible that he actually escaped justice and fled, perhaps to South America, like so many other Nazis? The idea has been debated and explored in a number of different media. Now an Israeli film producer, Noam Shalev, is working on a documentary that goes further than any previous attempt to uncover the truth of Hitler’s final days.

Developing an interest:

When interviewing someone who is producing a film maintaining that Hitler may have escaped, the first thing you want to know is whether he entertains any other conspiracy theories. Who does he think really destroyed the World Trade Center? Are the Illuminati controlling the world? [One website devoted to Hitler’s death actually suggests he may have been abducted by extraterrestrials].

"If indeed Hitler escaped to Barcelona, he was tracked down by the local branch of the Illuminati, and a UFO came down one night and abducted him. It is rumoured that the secret 'Interplanetary Affairs Office' of the Pentagon exchanged him for the corpses of the extraterrestrials that died at Roswell, and that he later died at an ultra-secret US military facility".

We sufficed by asking Noam Shalev a question about a recent case that has similarities to Hitler’s. Does he believe that Osama Bin Laden is really dead? “Absolutely,” he said with a laugh. “I’m not a fan of conspiracy theories. This is my first film not based entirely on facts. That’s why it’s taking us so long. We’re trying to make it as factually verified as we can, without any rumors or theories or ambiguous reconstructions. We’re at a point now where we believe we have enough facts to go on.”

Shalev has directed two documentaries and produced eight, including one on the Israeli recovery organization ZAKA. The project on Hitler has been in the works for some time, although several other films of his were released recently.

"We started on it eight years ago. A researcher who was working with me, Pablo Weschler, read about the possibility in a local paper in Argentina, in an article about the wave of Nazis that arrived there in 1945. He pitched the idea to me and I said, ‘No way. We only do factual television.' I had never dealt with conspiracy theories. But I decided to start investigating. We found so many cracks in the accepted theory that something seemed wrong"'

There have been a number of curious findings in recent years regarding Hitler’s death. For example, in 2009 an American archaeologist from the University of Connecticut traveled to Moscow to take a sample from the skull fragment—complete with bullet hole—that the Russians had put on display as part of Hitler’s skull, allegedly recovered by Russian troops after the fall of Berlin. DNA tests showed that the skull was that of a young woman.

In fact, as soon as he started doing research, Shalev began to turn up other suspicious things as well.

“We hired more researchers in Argentina and Germany and obtained the records from the Nuremberg trials. We learned about the theory that Hitler had already escaped two days before the Bunker was raided. Some of the testimony at the Nuremburg trials seems to confirm that, including the testimony of a Luftwaffe pilot who allegedly took a few people from an improvised landing strip near the Bunker and flew them to Denmark.

An order had been issued by Hitler the day before to use all of the aircraft at their disposal to secure the corridor between Denmark and Berlin. You think to yourself, That’s what Hitler was concerned about that day? Securing a certain corridor that had no strategic value to Germany at the time? It’s weird.

Bornholm, as a part of Denmark, was captured by Germany on 10 April 1940, and served as a lookout post and listening station during the war, as it was a part of the Eastern Front. The island's perfect central position in the Baltic Sea meant that it was an important "natural fortress" between Germany and Sweden, effectively keeping submarines and destroyers away from Nazi-occupied waters. Several concrete coastal installations were built during the war, and several coastal batteries had tremendous range. However, none of them were ever used, and only a single test shot was fired during the occupation. These remnants of Nazi rule have since fallen into disrepair and are mostly regarded today as historical curiosities. Many tourists visit the ruins each year, however, providing supplemental income to the tourist industry.

On 22 August 1943 a V-1 flying bomb [numbered V83, probably launched from a Heinkel He 111] crashed on Bornholm during a test – the warhead was a dummy made of concrete. This was photographed or sketched by the Danish Naval Officer-in-Charge on Bornholm, Lieutenant Commander Hasager Christiansen. This was the first sign British Intelligence saw of Germany's aspirations to develop flying bombs and rockets which were to become known as V-1 and V-2.

Bornholm was heavily bombarded by the Soviet Air Force in May 1945. German garrison commander, German Navy Captain Gerhard von Kamptz, refused to surrender to the Soviets, as his orders were to surrender to the Western Allies. The Germans sent several telegrams to Copenhagen requesting that at least one British soldier should be transferred to Bornholm, so that the Germans could surrender to the western allied forces instead of the Russians. When von Kamptz failed to provide a written capitulation as demanded by the Soviet commanders, Soviet aircraft relentlessly bombed and destroyed more than 800 civilian houses in Rønne and Nexø and seriously damaged roughly 3,000 more on 7–8 May 1945.

 On 9 May Soviet troops landed on the island, and after a short fight, the German garrison [about 12,000 strong] surrendered.  Soviet forces left the island on 5 April 1946.

French Professor Paul Rivet, arrested in France in 1942, was sent to Bornholm for forced labour there.

On 15 October 1945, upon his return to Paris he told news reporters that the Germans had an Atomic Bomb factory at Bornholm, and that the Nazis had an atomic bomb from June 1944 but lacked the means to deliver it to targets.

Other claims say two other things in respect of Rivet's claim: 

1) that it is rumored to have been underground beneath Hammershus Fortress in NW Bornholm

2) that the function of the factory was to incorporate atomic warheads into radio controlled bombs.

A similar report from the OSS in Zurich from November 1944 also cites a forced labourer at the Flottemann factory in Breslau (now Wroclaw, Poland) where the V-2 rocket and the V-1 flying bomb are being modified to accept nerve gas and atomic warheads.

"The Flottemann factory in Breslau was modifying standard V-2 and V-1 projectiles for nerve gas and nuclear payloads".

-- "Luftwaffe: the Allied Intelligence Files" by Chris Staerck, Paul Sinnott,

"A special nerve gas version of the V-1 [Fi-103 D-1] designed to attack the U.S. was completed in 1944 at a factory in Breslau".

"OSS Report A-44 316, report 5985 of 7 November 1944".

By inference it is suggested the modified weapons were then sent to Bornholm for equipping with warheads to the V-1, V-2 and other pilotless missiles. 

In the book "Unexplained Mysteries of World War Two" by Robert Jackson, there is mention of rumours of an atomic research lab on Bornholm. These rumours were supposedly circulating in Germany in 1944-1945.

A member of the British T-force the English equivalent of ALSOS visited the island two days before the Soviet attack began. T-force would not have an interest in Bornholm without good reason; T-Force was primarily directed to track down targets of German hi tech weaponry and nuclear projects.

Bornholm was within one hundred miles of the German rocket site at Peenemünde, and quite close to an alleged atom bomb test site on the small island of Rügen on the Baltic coast close to the port city of Kiel.

Maj Gen Walter Dornberger was interned in the UK at CSDIC camp 11 where his conversations with other German generals were secretly recorded by the British.

Dornberger gave a number of comments about the German atomic bomb which remain classified even today. He also described Hitler's intention to use unconventional warheads on the V-2 rocket.

Dornberger also disclosed he and Wernher von Braun had gone to Lisbon to meet two GEC officials to pursue secret surrender negotiations in December 1944.   

-- Summary of transcripts PRO file WO.208/4178

The V-1 pictured was intended for launch from U-Boats offshore from New York.

The British 21st Army found a lot of nuclear material at Gardermoen airfield Norway in 1945 and took it out to sea in a basin south of Bornholm and dumped it there using a former LST.

He 177 at Gardermoen, Norway 1945

In 1945 the Luftwaffe completed construction of an enormous airfield near Oslo, Norway, capable of handling very large aircraft like the Me 264, the He 177, and the Ju 290 and 390.

In an article for the 29 June 1945 issue of the "Washington Post" a report that originated from 21st Army Group headquarters outlines the frightening discovery that awaited Allied military personnel who came to occupy Norway after the German forces there surrendered:

"It is known that Heinkel undertook special modifications of its He 177 four engine heavy bomber late in the war, adapting it to carry large atom bombs, radiological bombs, and biological and chemical bombs".

-- Friedrich Georg, "Hitlers Siegeswaffen Band 1: Luftwaffe und Marine: Geheime Nuklearwaffen des Dritten Reiches und ihre Trägersysteme" 

The loss of France to Allied forces in 1944 deprived the Luftwaffe of its large French airfields. Norway, however, remained in German hands up until their very surrender, and thus constituted the only remaining base of operations available to the Germans for any type of offensive operation against the North American continent.

“Then you see what happened with the U-Boats arriving in Argentina. The last boat to arrive is hardly documented, but it is known that it was a big one. There was a lot of movement on the beach to welcome it: Jeeps and wagons and horses". Shalev says that Argentina is the only place Hitler could have gone, and that his researchers found numerous signs of the massive influx of Nazis after the war. 

"We saw reports from the ’70s and early ’80s that talk about thousands of Nazis. We’re not talking about simple Nazi soldiers. They wouldn’t have been able to get the funds for a fake passport or to travel to Argentina. These were connected guys with money who knew whom to approach for assistance. I know the number is several thousand. I can’t get more specific than that.

"The evidence is especially clear in the Argentinian town of Bariloche, in the south. It’s like a small German colony. You hear German spoken there on the streets and in the restaurants. Of course you can’t mention the word Nazi today. But there are strong neo-Nazi organizations there. In the ’70s the area was a no man’s land, and some of the Nazis were highly respected. 

“Today, when you drive in the small villages along the shore and go into a restaurant or pub, you see so many souvenirs on the wall with Swastikas and German insignia. When you ask people, ‘Where did you get that from?’ they all answer, ‘My father found it on the beach in 1945'. Pablo heard that answer all over. History is alive there because the area hasn’t changed much since 1945. But we’ve changed, and we’re more skeptical now.

A Luger pistol, famous for being used by the Nazis, was found in Patagonia by a group of young residents of El Calafate, who found it casually when they were walking along the beaches of Lake Argentino.
The weapon was lying on a desolate beach, almost in contact with the water, in the north margin of the mentioned mirror of water. The pistol, besides being very oxidized, presents an important deterioration due to the erosion suffered during the passage of the years that passed while it was in the open.

The Parabellum or "Parabellum-Pistole", popularly known as "Luger", is a semi-automatic pistol driven by recoil. The design was patented by Georg Luger in 1898 and was produced by the German arms factory Deutsche Waffen und Munitionsfabriken [DWM] from the year 1900. The registered factory name for this weapon was "Parabellum". The first to call it "Luger" was its distributor in the US Hans Tauscher. The name Parabellum comes from an old Latin saying: "Si vis pacem, para bellum", If you want peace, prepare for war. This weapon, which was manufactured in different models, was used by the German armed forces in both the First and Second World War.

“When Pablo returned from his first trip, he brought back eyewitness reports and documents from the Argentinian National Archives that had just been declassified. We found a small treasure trove there".

He and his team have been working on it ever since, and crewmembers subsequently made two filming expeditions to the country. Shalev, who owns the production company making the film, is planning to accompany them for a final visit this summer. They will also be traveling to Germany and Scandinavia. He hopes to release the finished product between January and April of 2014—and then let his viewers decide for themselves.


The research Shalev is doing is painstaking, gathering historical material of every sort. “We accumulated every possible clue or forensic result out there. For every theory that came out about Hitler’s remains, Hitler’s dental records, Hitler’s brain, there’s a counter-theory saying it’s false or the results were manipulated. It’s almost impossible to get any clear scientific facts".

But he did find results.

“A few years ago we found quite a treasure online, which disappeared after a couple of days. It was a cache consisting of partially redacted FBI reports, original documents that were sent by intelligence officers in South America, mostly from Argentina but also from Chile. They reported information they received— both actively from spying and passively from others—and discussed very thoroughly whether or not Hitler was alive in Argentina. They mention discussions between Nazis, both those who arrived in Argentina before the war and those who came at the end. The reports were all sent to Washington and they all received the same reply signed by J. Edgar Hoover. Basically it said, ‘Thank you for your report. We’ll look into it'.

“We have more than 100 reports from Argentina. No one has yet to doubt their validity. We let several historians check them, and no one said they are fakes. We have not yet sent them to the FBI for confirmation, so there’s no formal FBI perspective thus far. When they were approached in the late ’40s, they said they had nothing to say".

One of the most important proofs of Hitler’s death has been the testimony of several Nazis who were in the Bunker with Hitler during those last days, such as the female Luftwaffe officer Hanna Reitsch; and Hitler’s bodyguard, Rochus Misch, who is still alive. [Misch is unique in another way: After eventually returning to Germany he found out that his wife was Jewish. His daughter, an architect, has visited Israel, lived on a Kibbutz, and has worked on designs for several German synagogues. Still, despite the revelation, Misch is unrepentant about his Nazi past].

But Shalev’s researchers found eyewitnesses of their own—the most important one being the first to claim having seen Hitler in Argentina after 1945:

“She was a maid at the Eden Hotel in Cordoba, Argentina, and I think we’re the only ones who ever interviewed her. In the beginning she was very suspicious of Pablo, but then she started talking and it was impossible to stop her. She is not senile at all. She was 84 at the time of our interview.

“She was very clear that it was Hitler she had seen. She described the circumstances in great detail, how the distinguished guest arrived and how she was given orders she had never received before: You do not approach him; you do not speak to him; you do not look at him. She related her conversations with the staff, including drivers and gardeners at the hotel. She said that everybody knew but they weren’t allowed to mention it, even in passing.

“There were no names. It was just ‘the distinguished guest'. He was put into a private villa that was rarely used, and only then by relatives of the hotel’s owner.

“The hotel was owned by the Eichhorn family of Germany. They were Hitler’s sponsors in the 1933 election for Chancellor and were his financial backbone for many years.

“The man she saw had no mustache and his hair was gray. The features, though, were absolutely his.

“The maid said she knew him very well because all the hotel rooms and dining halls had his picture hanging in them. She saw his picture every moment of the day when she was cleaning.”

"There are no other living employees of that hotel.

“We interviewed the son of a carpenter who worked there, who also claimed to have seen Hitler; the father had already died. The son gave us his father’s testimony, but it is not really an eyewitness report".

One of Shalev’s researchers is investigating the area in which it is rumored that Hitler lived.

“For the last few years we’ve had an expert historian, whom we call Patrick Burnside, working for us in Argentina. He uses a false name because he’s constantly being threatened by neo-Nazis. He’s been doing research on this for 20 years and has discovered amazing things that corroborate the story—as much as you can without actually finding a body".

Why are neo-Nazis threatening him?

“They just don’t want anyone around with conspiracy theories. There are certain areas in Bariloche that you don’t go near. There are several huge ranches there—I’m talking about thousands of square miles. They’re very secluded. Everyone knows they were bought by neo-Nazis in 1945. Everyone knows they used to house fugitives from Nazi Germany.

“We have the names of two specific farms where Hitler supposedly went after the war. When Patrick started snooping around there, he was chased away at gunpoint in one case; in another, he received very specific threats against him and his family. He’s also shown us a lot of correspondence from various organizations and individuals, warning him to stay away".”

Unfortunately, one potential source Shalev has been unable to contact is the Russian soldiers who first captured the Bunker and supposedly unearthed Hitler’s corpse.

"It was impossible to track any of them down. We read a few memoirs of some high-ranking Russian officers, and they never mentioned any other possibility besides him dying in the Bunker".

After the War

Why does Shalev believe that the truth of Hitler’s escape may have evaded the Allies?

"It’s understandable, when you look at what was going on in 1945, the mess that existed after the war. No one wanted to deal with it seriously. No one was willing to entertain conspiracy theories.

"As far as we know, the British intelligence didn’t really invest any effort into discovering what was going on in South America after the war.

"Similarly, no Nazi hunters believed that Hitler was alive. Everyone accepted the official version. No one wrote about it as far as I know, although a lot was written about the use of U-Boats to bring Nazis to Argentina.

"He was never an object of investigation. Wiesenthal and others focused on finding known Nazis and did amazing work. They focused on Eichmann and Mengele… But no one dealt with Hitler.

"When you look back, though, and see all the inconsistencies, you ask yourself why no one wanted to verify his death. Today, everyone would demand to see a videotape or a death certificate or something. But after the war, everyone wanted to believe he was dead and move on.

"There’s a famous picture taken by Russian soldiers outside the Bunker. According to Russian military reports, they poured approximately 500 liters of gasoline on the bodies, set them on fire and then took the picture. If you look at the picture, you see a profile that resembles Hitler with his mustache intact. But nothing would remain of a body except charcoal, even if much less than 500 liters had been used. You wonder why no one checked into it. No one thought it might be a fake".

The British did eventually care enough to have the soldier, and later Oxford professor of history Hugh Trevor-Roper, investigate Hitler’s death in 1945. Trevor-Roper concluded that he did die in the Bunker.

Shalev says that believing Trevor-Roper’s account requires a certain degree of trust in his sources.

"It’s convincing, assuming you trust the reports of the Russian soldiers or Russian scientists and the source of the dental records. It’s quite impossible today, or even 20 years ago, to look back and conclude that ‘that was that'.

So many things can’t be vouched for. So much of the evidence that was allegedly examined cannot be confirmed today.” And the British certainly weren’t going to hunt down leads overseas.

"Argentina was low in their priorities because they simply didn’t have the manpower to chase down his whereabouts".

The Israelis didn’t run after any rumors of Hitler either", says Shalev.

“I think that’s because they never got any hint or information about him being alive. They pursued leads that had a source. The hunt for Eichmann began with a report from a Jew in Argentina who had heard something and sent the word out to the newly-formed Mossad. In the beginning that was ignored too, by the way. So it’s not that they decided to ignore Hitler. They just had no lead to start with.

"There’s actually one member of the Mossad from that period who is still alive. His name is Rafi Eitan. He was head of the Eichmann operation. We asked him a few years ago and he said he was never involved in anything involving Hitler, and neither was the Mossad".

The Russians, on the other hand, did look into the rumors—for a little while.

"What we hear is that the rumors began to circulate toward the end of July 1945. At the time, no one really cared what was going on in Germany. Everybody accepted that Hitler died in the Bunker. The bad guy was gone; let’s celebrate.

"But in Russia, when the officers started saying that something was wrong with the story, Stalin dismissed it at first as infighting among the generals for the sake of glory and post-war promotions. Then it became serious. And Stalin said some things that seemed like he knew something was wrong, and that they really needed to check into whether Hitler had really died in the Bunker. In later correspondence, from 1948 and 1949, the tone suddenly changed. The Russians decided it was an established fact, that they weren’t going to deal with it anymore, and that there shouldn’t be any more publicity".

The end of evil

Shalev says that there are a few different theories about how long Hitler could have lived after the war if he did indeed escape to Argentina.

"The latest eyewitness reports say 1955. There are also claims and documents postulating as late as 1965. It is known that Hitler had Parkinson’s disease and wasn’t well at the end of the war. In the last films, you can see that he was shaking and could hardly move his hands. It’s very unlikely that he lived another 20 years, even with the best medical treatment".

Shalev says that the maid who allegedly saw Hitler in a hotel in Argentina also saw signs of Parkinson’s.

"She talked about his very rigid way of walking".

The idea that Hitler may have lived on and died a peaceful death is disturbing to many. We asked Shalev for his feelings, as a Jew, about the possibility that such an evil person survived. At first he answered quite matter-of-factly.

"You know, Nazi Germany and the Holocaust weren’t the work of one lunatic who wanted to destroy the world. He had a very well-oiled machine behind him. We’re talking about thousands of people, and multiple levels of control. To say that justice wasn’t done…is not the case.

"You have to understand that after the war there wasn’t much interest in this. Nobody really cared. Everyone wanted to move on. Nevertheless, it’s a question that has to be answered, or at least investigated as thoroughly as possible".

But what does he think Holocaust survivors might feel when hearing that Hitler may have lived to a ripe old age?

"I think there will be a commotion. Almost all of my father’s family died in Treblinka. I’ve produced two films about the Holocaust and this is a subject I relate to in many ways. “I’m sure that it’s unpleasant for a lot of people. Of course, if he did survive, it would probably be a tiny measure of consolation that he would have had to witness Germany on its knees and all of the things that happened afterward, such as the establishment of the State of Israel and the fact that the Jewish people lives on. That in itself would have been quite torturous.

"The bottom line is that nowadays we have the ability to verify what happened and finally come to a conclusion. All it takes is money and the joint participation of a lot of people. This money can come from governments or academic bodies, and I wish they would join us in this venture to help give us even better tools than we already have".

But isn’t he taking away the sense of closure that some Holocaust survivors had thinking that Hitler died in despair in an underground Bunker?

"No, I don’t think so," Shalev said. "I think that given the public discussion of Hitler’s fate in 1945, it wasn’t so farfetched that he might have survived. It was in the headlines at the time. Of course, I’d be devastated if I made a Holocaust survivor feel bad.… We want to give closure. He’s definitely dead, whether in a Bunker in Germany or later in Argentina".

At the end of the day, is Shalev convinced that Hitler survived and escaped to Argentina?

"I can’t be convinced because I don’t have a body or final proof. But I believe that the weight of evidence we have is stronger than the weight of evidence for the conventional theory".

His documentary, still a year from release, will have to convince others of that as well.

How did Hitler really die?
Hannah Brown
The Jerusalem Post 
29 December 2012

Hitler's last days were not spent in his Berlin Bunker, but in tranquil luxury in an Argentine hotel at least, that's the story that director/ producer Noam Shalev and researcher Pablo Weschler are trying to prove in their upcoming documentary, "Revealed: Hitler in Argentina", set for release next year.

We will never know the truth, Shalev cautions, sitting in the offices of Highlight Films, the video production company he and Weschler run in Bnei Brak. But there is enough evidence to build an alternative theory about what happened to Hitler.

No one believed the Russians' story of Hitler's suicide in the Bunker, says Weschler. As early as the summer of 1945, there were headlines asking, "Where is Hitler?" all over the world.

Will Hitler Return?
Worker [Brisbane, Qld]
Mon 18 June 1945

Although Hitler's body was thought to be one of several found in Berlin recently, statements issued subsequently by Marshal Zhukov and Colonel-General Berzarin. Russian commandant in the once great German capital, have cast some doubt. Marshal Zhukov is reported to have said that a number of corpses found could be Hitler's, but he doubted if any was. Colonel-General Berzarin expressed the belief that Hitler is hiding in Europe — possibly Spain. The latter suggestion was denied by a Spanish spokesman.

The "Where is Hitler?" mystery seems to have deepened as the result of messages that the Nazis still have a radio station which has been broadcasting:

"Hitler will return and Germany will save herself".

One difficulty in confirming the basic facts of Hitler's suicide with his wife, Eva Braun, in the final days of the Allies approach to Berlin, was that the Russian troops did not give access to many forensic investigators. Shalev and Weschler believe that British intelligence officer and historian Hugh Trevor-Roper's investigation was rushed and unprofessional.

But what inspired them to begin making their film about the evidence they believe leads to proof of Hitler's secret flight to Argentina were recently declassified FBI documents.

"In those days, the FBI, not the CIA, was responsible for South America," explains Weschler.

"And in declassified documents, we see that the FBI took very seriously the possibility that Hitler fled to Argentina".

The FBI set up a special unit to investigate this possibility.

Shalev and Weschler are convinced they have gathered significant evidence that pinpoints Hitler's whereabouts during the years following World War II. Inspired by the book "Hitler's Escape" by Italian journalist Patrick Burnside, they have done their own research as well.

When Burnside published his book, in 1998, he got thousands of E-mails from people coming forward with information, says Shalev. Some of them were crazy, of course, but he had enough information to do more research and write another book.

The manuscript of that book, which will be published next year, was a useful guide for Shalev and Weschler, and led them to a famous hotel.

The Eden Hotel in La Falda, Cordoba [in Argentina] was owned by Ida and Walter Eichhorn, who were close friends of Hitler, explains Weschler.

Hitler sent them a Mercedes Benz as a gift. It was the first Benz in Argentina.

The once-opulent hotel, now in ruins, was the site of lavish parties, and a host of notables, including Albert Einstein, stayed there in the Twenties and Thirties.

The Eichhorns were very vocal in their support for the Nazi party, and made financial contributions.

They also broadcast speeches Hitler's, whenever he spoke on the radio, throughout the hotel. Citing a September 1945 letter from the FBI [one of the documents declassified in the Nineties], Weschler points to the lines that show that the FBI believed that if Hitler got into trouble, he could always find a safe haven with the Eichhorns if he could manage to get there.

Weschler found former employees of the hotel who say they met and waited on Hitler after the war there.

"It was easy for them to recognize him, because his picture was all over the hotel", says Weschler. He says that his research shows that Hitler moved on from the hotel to an isolated rural estate in Argentina, where he lived out his days with Braun and their two daughters, and that he died in the mid-Sixties.

Particularly persuasive evidence, according to Weschler, is DNA testing done in 2009 on Hitler's skull fragments that were recovered from the Bunker.

They showed that they couldn't have been Hitler's skull because they were from a woman under 40, says Weschler, a finding that was reported in the mainstream press.

"DNA doesn't lie," he says. "The more you look into it, the less credible the official version becomes, and the more plausible an alternative theory seems."

Hotel Eden, La Falda Argentina

La Falda grew up around the hotel, and eventually crowded it out with competition.
Hotel Eden, maintained through the mid-1960s, fell into disrepair and was abandoned.
The hotel seems to be still in use as a museum.



Did Hitler Die in the Bunker or did He Flee to Argentina? 
The journalist Eric Frattini has traced the question in official documents and exposes his theories in a book

The Peruvian journalist and writer Eric Frattini ["Lima", 1963] has spent time going through "3,000 pages of official documents" in files across half the world, ones that conclude "Hitler died in the Bunker?", and ones that expose he could have escaped to Argentina.  "My purpose is to raise questions", he says.

In "Hitler died in the Bunker?", he relies on these official documents to "pull down" all the theories about the suicide of the Nazi leader and "cast doubt" on the readers of a world in which "nobody raises or questioned anything," he explains in an interview.

The author does not want to compromise but recognizes that, before beginning his investigation he as a "defender" of suicide abut now, "after reading so many documents" considered "by 50% he committed suicide in the Bunker and 50% he escaped to Argentina", he says, "I make a study of official and unofficial history and then present present it all, whether you're a famous accepted historian or a 'conspiranoico' that professes that Hitler took refuge in Antarctica, and shows it by documents".

With "Hitler died in the Bunker?" the writer, referring to the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II and the death of the "Führer", on 30 April 1945, raises questions about the different versions that exist of the suicide of Hitler and of his possible flight to Latin America.

To do this,  bases his research on documents relating to the flight of Hitler in the files of the FBI, the CIA, the British MI6, the KGB, the FSB Russian -Agency successor to the KGB, the Commission on Clarification of Nazi Activities in Argentina [CEANA] and the German government, among others, all gathered during "six years of research."

Frattini Peru says he "never" works in Spain because, he argues, "with" "Spanish"  collaboration I would have been "impossible" to write a book like this.

"We are talking about a country that does not meet the Constitution and the legal regulations regarding the declassification of documents and where archivists are hidden byn the Data Protection Act," says the author. 
The governments of the United States, Britain, Russia and Argentina collaborated with him "without any difficulty".
"There is  comparatively tighter control by the Russians and they have a federal law concerning the declassification of documents".
For example, he has referrs to "an official document sent by the German government" signed by the former head of the Gestapo, Heinrich Müller which authorizes "special flight" from Berlin to Barcelona on 20 April 1945,  "where the number one and number two on the passenger list are Hitler and his wife Eva Braun". 
"There must be some record of the flight to Barcelona in a military archive of the time, but it would take so long to quarrel about him that I did not try", he explains.

Perhaps the  most sensational "revelation" in "Gestapo Chief: The 1948 Interrogation of Heinrich Müller", by Gregory Douglas, is that Hitler did not commit suicide on 30 April 1945, as those who were with him in the final days of the war later unanimously testified, but instead escaped to Spain. Müller insists that, with his help, Hitler and his mistress, Eva Braun, left Berlin on 22 April 1945, and flew from Austria on the 26th in a special four-motor aircraft that arrived the next day in Barcelona. "Listen to me," Müller tells his American interrogator. "Hitler went to Spain. I know for certain his plane landed safely ..."

To confirm this testimony, the author presents what appears to be a facsimile reproduction of an authentic German document dated 20 April 1945. Headed "Special Führer Journey to Barcelona," and signed by Müller, it declares that "the Führer and his entourage will depart from airfield Hörching [near Linz] on 26 April 1945".

Müller says that, as part of the escape operation, he found a man who looked like Hitler to serve as a "double". Thus, Müller says, Hitler's wedding to Eva Braun in the Berlin Bunker on 28 or 29 April 1945, was "pure theater." Afterwards, Müller goes on, the "double" was shot and his body left so that the Russians would find it, to mislead them into believing they had discovered the Führer's corpse.

The man who crafted this that the "Gestapo Chief" series of books is a known fabricator of documents who has used a variety of names over the years, including Peter Stahl, Samuel Prescot Bush, and Freiherr Von Mollendorf. His real name, apparently, is Peter Norton Birch or Peter Norwood Burch.

Perhaps the most obviously suspect feature of the "Gestapo Chief" series is that the author will not permit any independent examination of his "original" documents. [To be sure, not all the documents he presents are fraudulent. To add credibility to his book, "Douglas" includes, among his forgeries, a number of indisputably authentic wartime documents].

Characteristic of this entire series is the clearly fraudulent "facsimile document" of 20 April 1945. This is actually the author's second, "corrected" version. The first appeared with an article he wrote for the spring 1990 issue of "The Military Advisor", a magazine issued by the same firm that publishes "Gestapo Chief". But whereas the "SS" characters are rendered in this earlier "facsimile" as normal typescript letters, they are rendered in "Gestapo Chief" as "lightning bolt" runes.

How did these amazing documents come into the author's possession? In "Gestapo Chief", the first volume of the series, "Douglas" tells the reader that "In the early 1980s, by means that are not of concern here, all of Müller's personal files came into private hands". Later "Douglas" claimed that Müller personally gave him these extraordinary documents ["Spotlight", 6 January 1997]. In another "Spotlight" interview [9 November 1998], "Douglas" claimed to have met Müller in 1963, and to have known him well until his death in 1983. Remarkably, no mention of this twenty-year relationship appears in volume one of "Gestapo Chief".

To credit Douglas' fantastic yarns requires one to accept that Hitler's personal and political testaments of 29 April 1945, are phony, and that all those who were with him in the final days in the Berlin Bunker, and who survived the war, conspired for decades in a lie to hide the German leader's escape to Spain.

"The whole story of the alleged suicides of Hitler and Eva in the Bunker is totally farcical. The testimony of every single witness is badly tainted; not one witness is credible. There is, moreover, a far greater than normal incidence of changed testimony. This could be partially explained by several factors: the need for conformity, media pressure, or monetary gain".

-- Thomas, Hugh. "Doppelgängers: The Truth About the Bodies in the Bunker". Fourth Estate, London, 1995

James Preston O'Donnell, in "The Bunker" disputed the reliability of the interrogations of witnesses in 1945, which are used as primary sources by most historian. Many witnesses admitted that they either lied or withheld information during their 1945 interviews, mainly due to pressure from their interrogators [this was especially true of those captured by the Soviets].

Also, why would a documentary trail of a planned escape even be created when so much of the rest of the trail is so thoroughly and carefully obfuscated? Why take the chance that such a plot would be discovered and undone by creating a document?

But assuming the document to be genuine for the sake of argument, then perhaps it was intended as further obfuscation, for it indicates an escape from Germany by air to Nationalist Spain, a hazardous undertaking to say the least, since any available route from Berlin to that country would have flown through air space thoroughly under Allied control.

A Madrid message says that the Spanish Foreign Minister, in the strongest terms, has denied, that Hitler is anywhere in Spain:

"If Hitler had taken refuge here, Spain, in accordance with her agreement with the United Nations, would have immediately notified the Allies".

-- The Daily News [Perth, WA]
11 June 1945

Some of the questions posed by Frattini revolve around the "official history" of Hugh Trevor-Roper, who did a study on the orders of former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill certifying the suicide of Hitler to be declared "official" in late 1945.

"I began to realize that many important historians such as Joachim Fest or Stanley Payne, have been copying and plagiarizing others and assuming that the suicide story is real, have been supporting the same official story," he said.

German historian Werner Maser wrote in his biography "Adolf Hitler":

"The charred body [Hitler's]... there was nothing left of the face and only a horribly burnt remnant of the shattered skull - was pushed on to a tarpaulin, lowered into a shell crater in the vast graveyard around the Chancellery and, under heavy Soviet artillery fire, covered with earth, which was then stamped down with a wooden stamper, reported his personal adjutant Otto Günsche
, who had lit the corpse at 4 pm, half an hour after Hitler's suicide".

When asked in 1994 Günsche said that he didn't known Maser and that he had never said anything like what Maser cited in his book. This quote from Otto Günsche was used in a biography on Hitler by Joachim C Fest, newspapers and many other books.
This shows how myths and legends are born and perpetuated in literature by reputable historians and journalists.

For Frattini, "historians have been complicit in the official histories" because it is "more comfortable" to handle official history "and so not investigating new things".

"So the great struggle is between historians and journalists writers. Therefore 'sell more books' were sold by writers/journalists, because we were not the official version,"  he argues.

The writer, who "lived" the last fifteen years "for his books", revealed that "has lost the taste for sold writing" and cherishes the idea that this is his last book, with publications planned for 2016 in Spain.


TRUTH: Hitler survived and escaped to Argentina
Posted on April 6, 2015 by Awakezone Team 

Hitler Survived the Battle of Berlin

I’m trying to make a point here. And the theory that Adolf Hitler survived the Battle of Berlin and escaped is making a strong comeback. The book "Grey Wolf: The Escape of Adolf Hitler" [2011] by Simon Dunstan & Gerrard Williams are not the only ones that questions the traditional incorrect report. Now there’s a new movie coming out 2015 called: “Revealed” from Highlight Films, by Noam Shalev. Which in fact proves that Hitler did survive and came to Argentina. Noam Shalev seems to be an excellent investigator and truthful..

Magazine and newspaper articles about Hitler’s possible escape to South America by submarine were common after World War II. Religious-cult founder Herbert Armstrong, in his "Plain Truth" magazine, published similar speculations in the 1960s to support his prophecies that the Third Reich would be resurrected in the 1970s as the Fourth Reich.

Many so-called "orthodox Historians" have also told their point about Hitlers death with the "ridicule" technique, or by historian Guy Walters who today branded them "2,000 per cent rubbish".’ But I brand THEM as rubbish and narrow-minded for NOT investigating this truthfully. They stand on the old garbage version of this important piece of information which was downgraded to a junk story, being accepted as the truth about Hitler's death. Pathetic that 7-10 Russian soldiers first conviction can form the basis for what a world to believe in 70 years. For it was not Soviet Army's judgment that they found Hitler’s mortal remains. It was 7-10 soldiers who reported what they thought was Hitler’s corpse. This was truly also drawn back later.

On the 8 May - the day the autopsy of the putative Hitler remains was only being carried out by the Soviets - an American war correspondent, Joseph ["Joe"] W. Grigg Jr, announced from Berlin that Hitler's body had almost certainly been found. Grigg was soon forced to retract his initial scoop, however by a particularly odd set of circumstances.

On 10 May, he reported that "Four bodies, blackened and charred, that seem to answer to Hitler's general appearance have been dragged out of the [Chancellery] ruins". He observed that "none has been identified as being definitely that of the Nazi Führer".

Grigg's conclusion was appropriately pessimistic: "...the Russians are beginning to believe that no body that can be identified without any shadow of doubt as that of Adolf Hitler ever will be found now".

Supposedly the Russians could positively identify the remains of Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun from their teeth, however there are at least 4 conflicting versions of this story. The Russians found fragments of jaw and teeth amongst 14 charred corpses when they excavated the Bunker site which had been heavily bombed. They managed to track down a dental assistant, Käthe Heusermann.  who had worked on Hitler.  She was able to draw sketches from memory of Hitler’s terrible teeth. He had almost his entire mouth replaced by the end of the war.

His dentist Dr. Hugo Blaschke was later captured by the Americans, but as he never inspected the teeth and jaw fragments. He did state, however, that he could not agree that the drawings of Braun's dentition by Heusermann and Echtmann [by then, in Russian captivity and on their way to long "detention" in the USSR] were at all accurate. For Hitler's drawings, he had less doubt.

Hitler’s dental records were supposedly removed in the same Börnersdorf Ju-353 plane crash that the discredited "Hitler Diaries" emerged from. Martin Bormann’s secretary Else Krüger was reportedly killed in this plane crash because her baggage was found in the plane. However she lived on and married a British intelligence officer. Several cargo boxes were retrieved from the crash site and removed. The "Hitler Diaries" could have been a limited Psy-Op to cover the tracks of the escape story with a high-profile hoax.

On 20 April 1945—Adolf Hitler's 56th birthday—Soviet troops were on the verge of taking Berlin and the Western Allies had already taken several German cities. Hitler's private secretary, Martin Bormann, put into action Operation Seraglio, a plan to evacuate the key and favoured members of Hitler's entourage from the Berlin  Führerbunker where they were based, the, to an Alpine command centre near Berchtesgaden—Hitler's retreat in southern Germany. Ten aeroplanes flew out from Gatow airfield under the overall command of General Hans Baur, Hitler's personal pilot. The final flight out was a Junkers Ju 352 transport plane, piloted by Major Friedrich Gundlfinger—on board were ten heavy chests under the supervision of Hitler's personal valet Sergeant Wilhelm Arndt. The plane crashed into the Heidenholz forest, near the Czechoslovak border.

Some of the more useful parts of Gundlfinger's plane were appropriated by locals before the police and SS cordoned off the crash. When Baur told Hitler what had happened, the German leader expressed grief at the loss of Arndt, one of his most favoured servants, and added: "In that plane were all my private archives, that I had intended as a testament to posterity. It is a catastrophe".  Apart from this quoted sentence, there is no indication of what was in the boxes.

Allies Have Hitler's Diary
The Courier-Mail [Brisbane, Qld]
1 June 1945

LONDON, 31 May [Special] — Hitler's most secret personal and State papers have arrived in Britain. They were flown from Germanv in Dakota transport planes, which landed on one of Britain's last "secret aerodromes," says the "Daily Herald".

The documents are believed to cover 10 years of Hitler's activities, and to contain letters from leading European statesmen, memoranda from German generals and quislings, and thousands of notes dictated by Hitler. It is believed that the documents were found at the same time and the same place as Hitler's woman secretary, Gerda Schröder.

The last of the crash's two survivors died in April 1980, and Bormann was assumed to have taken his own life, having disappeared from the Berlin Bunker after Hitler's suicide on 30 April 1945. In the decades following the war, the possibility of a hidden cache of private papers belonging to Hitler became, according to the journalist Robert Harris, a "tantalizing state of affairs [that] was to provide the perfect scenario for forgery".

At the end of his life Hitler only had 5 original teeth, all the others had been replaced with porcelain crowns.

There seem to be way more than 5 awful teeth in the picture.

The Russians say that they had an X-ray in May 1945, when they verified teeth and bone fragments against the previously drawn sketch from memory by the dental assistant. However the dental assistant led them to a mildewed old dental office in Hitler’s Bunker to produce the X-ray[s]. Why didn’t his dentist have it? Why did the dentist flee, but the assistant stay to lead the Russians to this evidence?

Further complicating the story is the evidence chain of the teeth. A young Jewish girl in the Russian Army, Yelena Kagan, from a wealthy Moscow family, was given the teeth in a red jewelry box for safekeeping. She didn’t know where they came from, which raises the problem of the chain of evidence, for there are no means of knowing whether the teeth Heusermann was shown really came from the corpse autopsied on 8 May. And then Kagan serendipitiously manages to be the one who locates the dental assistant and X-Rays as well, thus proving the whole case that Hitler was dead.

There are other conflicting reports, such as this paper in the "Journal of Dental Problems and Solutions saying that both Hausermann and dental prosthesist Fritz Echtmann were arrested on 9 May 1945. Hausermann got 10 years in the Gulag and Echtmann got 9. On this same date, Heusermann verified the teeth in a hospital where they were still attached to the cadaver. This added a picture of Hitler’s mandible to the mix.

On the afternoon of 8 May, the commission handed over a red box to the Smersh. It contained jawbones and gold bridges from bodies N°12 and 13, out of 14 retrieved bodies, who were suspected to be Hitler’s and Eva Braun’s. This box was handed over to the interpreter.

The following day, the Smersh were looking for Hugo Blaschke, his dental prosthetist and his assistant. At the clinic of Kurfürstendamm, they found out that the dentist had left Berlin for Berchtesgaden under the Führer’s command on 19 April. However, they succeeded in taking in the two others for questioning.

They were asked about the content of the red box which was shown to them. All that they said was immediately recorded before they had the chance to examine the human remains.

On 10 May, the Smersh sent a report to Moscow. It concluded that the two remaining bodies had been identified as Hitler and Eva Braun’s remains.

The red box and its content were sent back to the Soviet capital.

In this version of the story, the dental assistant and prosthetist never examined the remains which appeared to have the mandible intact. They were shown the red box and its contents, said "yes that’s Hitler". Case closed. No mention of the X-ray. And how big was this box to contain jawbones? Why were these teeth fragments separated from the cadaver[s] in the first place?

If it was Hitler’s double in the Bunker, it would have been easy to take him to the special dental office for X-Rays.

The dental assistant drew a picture of Hitler’s teeth, and then the technician confirmed the picture. According to Dr Mark Benecke:

"The actual identification of Hitler’s remains [and therefore the confirmation of his death based on physical evidence] was published in 1972. It was performed by comparing the teeth of the remains to the dental schemata drawn by Hitler’s dentist".

The picture matched the bone fragments in the red jewellery box, and the X-ray that the dental assistant would later lead the Russians to. Which came first? It seems that with her skills [presumably these are the finest dentists in Germany if not the world] she would be able to draw a sketch from an X-Ray. Why weren’t the X-Rays used in 1972?

Who was interpreting the match of the X-Ray, the teeth, and the fragments? Was it Soviet dental technicians? Or was it actually Heusermann and Echtmann?

The location of his crowns and a sawn-through upper left bridge matched the teeth in the jewelry box, but Rzhevskaya’s team needed further proof. Heusermann led them to a tiny, mildewed dental office in Hitler’s bunker, where she produced Hitler’s dental X-rays. The images–the placement of root canal fillings, sites of bone breakdown, and unusual bridges–confirmed that the body found in the rubble outside the chancellery had belonged to Hitler. A dental technician named Fritz Echtmann, who had worked in the same laboratory as Heusermann and created crowns and bridges for both Hitler and Eva Braun, verified the findings.

A double could have had crowns attached and partial sawing and metal bridges put in the same places as Hitler, then X-rays taken – easily justified to the dupe by saying "you have to look alike". Note that it’s the guy who made the crowns for Hitler and Eva verifying the findings.

Years later, Echtmann back-tracked a bit, saying [as quoted by Anton Joachimsthaler,"The last Days of Hitler. Legend, Evidence and Truth"] that he was not sure the dental remains were Hitler's, but that he knew "for other reasons" that  Hitler had died in the Bunker. He would not disclose what those "other reasons" were.

German newspapers in 1954, however, had reported Echtmann as having said that two other German prisoners in Russia had said that they watched the cremation of Hitler and Braun.

In early June 1945, it was revealed that the Bunker had been littered with bodies of numerous individuals dressed in Hitler's trousers. On 9 June, during a press conference attended by British, American, French and Russian reporters, the Soviet military commander Marshal Georgi K. Zhukov admitted that they had "found no corpses which could be Hitler's". The Soviet commandant of Berlin, Colonel-General Nikolai E. Bezarin, explained that the Russians had "...found several bodies in Hitler's Reich Chancellery with the Führer's name on their clothes... In Hitler's Chancellery we found, in fact, too many bodies with his name on the clothes. It got to be a joke. Every time I would find a pair of pants I would say, 'These are Hitler's'."  Zhukov then  told the reporters that he now considered it a serious possibility that Hitler had escaped Berlin by air. "He could have taken off at the very last moment, for there was an airfield at his disposal".

Hitler's chauffeur Erich Kempka and former Reich Youth leader Artur Axmann, had both testified under oath in Nuremberg that on 30 April 1945 they had seen a body being carried out of the Führer's Bunker which was wrapped in a blanket and was dressed in Hitler's trousers, shoes and socks. Nevertheless the Berlin records office did not consider this to be proof that Hitler was dead maintaining  that this could have been any corpse dressed in Hitler's trousers and shoes..

Josef Stalin knew better as did most of the world leaders of the time.  Stalin even made a great fuss about Hitler’s escape in statements he made in July of 1945 more than two months after the alleged suicide. Stalin never changed his story, Hitler escaped to Argentina, he stated until his death.

The Official Version

Adolf Hitler killed himself by gunshot on 30 April 1945 in his Führerbunker in Berlin. His wife Eva Braun committed suicide with him by taking cyanide. That afternoon, in accordance with Hitler’s prior instructions, their remains were carried up the stairs through the Bunker’s emergency exit, doused in petrol, and set alight in the Reich Chancellery garden outside the Bunker. Records in the Soviet archives show that their burnt remains were recovered and interred in successive locations until 1970, when they were again exhumed, cremated, and the ashes scattered.

Accounts differ as to the cause of death; one states that he died by poison only and another that he died by a self-inflicted gunshot while biting down on a cyanide capsule. Contemporary historians have rejected these accounts as being either Soviet propaganda or an attempted compromise in order to reconcile the different conclusions.

One eye-witness recorded that the body showed signs of having been shot through the mouth, but this has been proven unlikely.

On 2 September 1955, Artur Axmann stated:

"Based on the signs I found, I had to assume that Adolf Hitler had shot himself in the mouth. For me the chin, which was pushed to the side, and the blood trails on the temples caused by an internal explosion in the head, all pointed to this. Later the same day SS-Sturmbannführer Günsche confirmed my assumption. I stick to my statement based on the signs I saw, that Adolf Hitler shot himself in the mouth".

Otto Günsche, however, in his 20 June 1956 testimony stated:

"The head was canted [tilted] slightly forward to the right. I noticed an injury to the head slightly above the outer end of the angle of the right eyelid. I saw blood and a dark discoloration. The whole thing was about the size of an old three Mark piece".

Representatives of the Walther firm which manufactured the Walther PPK 7.65 are adamant. If the muzzle was placed against the head as it was discharged an exit wound the size of a closed fist should be on the other side of the victim's head. The only way the corpse could be in the condition described by the witnesses was if the shot was fired from a distance of ten or twelve feet.

There is also controversy regarding the authenticity of skull and jaw fragments which were recovered. In 2009, American researchers performed DNA tests on a skull Soviet officials had long believed to be Hitler’s. The tests revealed that the skull was actually that of a woman less than 40 years old.

Historians Wrong

The new facts from documents and witnesses, shows that the escape thesis means that all historians who specialized in Adolf Hitler who even chronicled the Battle of Berlin and Hitler’s direction of it day by day got it wrong. But could there be something more to this story?

Today its well-known that American intelligence officials were complicit in the escape, in return for access to war technology developed by the Nazis. But did Hitler put pressure on the Americans via his scientists? Because they were all still very loyal Nazis? Hitler could have pressed Nazi-scientists and Americans from his hiding in Argentina: “Leave me alone or  you get no new technology from my scientists?"

The Americans, British and Russians netted thousands of Nazis after the war. Many personnel of Hitler’s Bunker who had interacted with Hitler were captured, imprisoned and repeatedly interrogated for up to 11 years. Today we have websites that list the Bunker staff, the hour they last saw Hitler, and how long the Allies held them captive.

On 30 April, 2.30 a.m. Hitler personally said goodbye to about 20 staff gathered in the main passage of the Bunker.

General Wilhelm Mohnke who knew Hitler personally and was in charge of defending central Berlin reported to Hitler at 6 a.m. 30 April. At noon General Weidling who was in overall command of the defense of Berlin briefed Hitler that Soviet troops were storming the Reichstag [the Parliament building]. Mohnke was also present again. Could a substitute for Hitler have fooled generals who knew Hitler?

And there were others eyewitnesses. The chief of Hitler’s bodyguard, Hans Rattenhuber, was called to Hitler’s room at 10 p.m. on the 29 April [and tried to persuade him to leave Berlin] and was present in the Bunker on the 30 April. Secretary Traudl Junge was present. So was Hitler’s chauffeur, Erich Kempka, who, at 2.30 p.m., 30 April, was ordered to get 200 liters of Petrol for the cremation.

What you have to know about the Bunker is that it had a vast amount of other passages out from where Hitler's alleged room was.

Escape by Airplane

Was escape by airplane possible? Yes - Russian soldiers even reported that at least two airplanes took of from Berlin during the Soviet siege. Flights in and out of Berlin occurred until 29 April. On 22 April ten transport aircraft flew out from Tempelhof Airport, in south-east Berlin, carrying prominent Nazis and their staff to Munich. The last passenger plane also left that day with passengers for Sweden.

The last scheduled flight of Deutsche Luft Hansa - from Berlin to Munich took place on 21 April 1945, but the aircraft crashed shortly before the planned arrival. Another [non-scheduled] flight was performed the next day, from Berlin to Warnemünde, which marked the end of flight operations.

Evidence also includes Luftwaffe pilot Peter Baumgart who testified, in a Nürnberg court that he had personally flown Hitler and his entourage to an intermediate destination in Denmark.

Baumgart’s testimony is also corroborated by notes from the U.S. Army interrogation of an SS Lieutenant who claimed to have witnessed the escape.

Maintains Hitler Escaped to Denmark
The Advocate
9 February 1949  

LONDON, Tuesday. - Captain Peter Baumgart, a former German Luftwaffe pilot, who insisted that he flew Hitler and Eva Braun to Denmark shortly before the fall of Berlin, was today sentenced by a tribunal of three Polish judges to imprisonment for five years for being a member of the S.S.

Baumgart told the tribunal that he was born in South-West Africa, but renounced British citizenship in 1935. He claimed he had shot down 128 Allied aircraft in Crete, Italy, North Africa and the Eastern Front, and was the holder of the Iron Cross and other decorations.

He added that on 25 May 1945 [sic], shortly before the fall of Berlin, Hitler suddenly summoned him and ordered him to fly to Denmark.

Hitler, Eva Braun and a German general, with others, boarded his plane in Berlin, and it took off for Denmark. The plane made a forced landing at Magdeburg, but, upon Hitler's insistence, he flew the following day through an artillery barrage to the Danish shore.

They landed about 44 miles from the Eiter River in a field. Hitler shook hands with him, gave him a cheque for 20,000 Marks, and ordered him to return to Berlin immediately. Baumgart added that he believed Hitler and his party had boarded a submarine.

One of the judges reminded Baumgart that Allied 'Intelligence reports showed that Hitler and Eva Braun killed themselves on 3 May 1945 [sic], but Baumgart stuck lo his story, adding that, Hitler was 'not  the kind of man to take his own life.'

Baumgart’s own claims would be separately corroborated by the testimony of a German prisoner of war, Friedrich Argelotty-Mackensen. The transcript of Mackensen’s interrogation by U.S. Admiral Michael Musmanno records a sighting of Hitler speaking to wounded German soldiers at an airfield, in Tønder, Denmark, three days before he was supposed to have died in Berlin.


“Who had command of the plane?”


"Well, of course, I have no idea. I only know that in one of the planes in which Hitler was, that this plane was being flown or piloted by a certain Captain Baumgart. I was lying in the grass and then I was being picked up again. I was carried to some certain place around the plane. Then somebody set me down. All the others were standing there already. Somebody put a knapsack under my head and then Hitler was standing there and… one moment now. Now, now, at the crucial point! Hitler has said that Admiral Dönitz is now in supreme command of the German army and Admiral Dönitz will enter into unconditional surrender with the Western powers. He is not authorized to surrender to the Eastern powers".

-- Interrogation of Friedrich Arthur Rene Lotta von Angelotty-Mackensen, Nuremberg Palace of Justice, 18 March 1948 [Gumberg Library Digital Collections of Duquesne University, "Musmanno Collection—Interrogation of Hitler Associates"].

Mackensen’s three-hour interrogation by Michael Musmanno, is rambling, and he repeatedly confuses dates. He was by then using a wheelchair, having suffered a broken spine in a forced landing in southern Sweden on 8 May after his attempted flight to Malaga, Spain [his was one of eleven German aircraft that were shot down or force-landed that day during such attempts]. He had recovered consciousness in a hospital at POW Camp 404 in Marseille, France, on 16 May.

Throughout his interrogation Mackensen states that he had been delirious for much of his time on the ground in Berlin and Denmark. Although it was dismissed as "fantastic" by Musmanno, close reading of Mackensen’s story reveals details that coincide with Baumgart’s account. Mackensen, too, seems to have vanished from sight after the war.

During the Trial Baumbach was doubted and sent to an asylum for psychological evaluation because he maintained that he was the man who facilitated Hitler’s escape.  The asylum concluded that this man was very sane and he would maintain his story to his death.  The tribunal simply passed him off as a “lunatic” even though their own psychiatrists had testified he was not insane at all.  Why was this man's testimony not believed? 

According to period newspaper accounts, Baumgart was briefly imprisoned in Poland after the war, released in 1951, and "never heard of again". However, Baumgart after his release from  Polish prison surfaced in the form of a TWA passenger manifest. According to it, Baumgart flew from Europe to New York before catching a flight for Washington, D.C., within weeks of his 1951 parole.

Hitler may have Died in Wreck
The Sun [Sydney, NSW] 
Special Service
13 April 1952

LONDON - A wrecked submarine in the Baltic Sea has caused British Intelligence to resume inquiries into the possibility that Hitler did not die a martyr in the Berlin Chancellery in 1945. It has also caused Intelligence officers to resume inquiry into the myth that Hitler's Deputy, Martin Bormam is alive arid ready to lead a new Nazi Germany.

The new inquiries began four days ago when a depth charge blew open the hull of the sunken submarine. RAF bombers sank the submarine on 4 May 1945, in Lillebaelt Sound, between Jutland and Funen in the Kattegat, at the mouth of the Baltic.

A Danish scrap metal firm fired the depth charge which blew the submarine open. In the submarine the scrap firm's chief diver reported finding several skeletons. He said the U-Boat was obviously on an escaping, and not a combat mission, as the torpedo tubes were stuffed with tinned meat, soup and sausages, and he could find no ammunition, not even small arms. The Rations were vastly in excess of a normal long-range submarine's requirements on a long mission; they were sufficient to take the submarine and its passengers perhaps as far as Japan and certainly as far as South America.

Police at nearby Fredericia [Denmark] are trying to establish the identity of the skeletons. A dental examination, Allied Intelligence officers believe, can provide conclusive evidence on whether these skeletons include those of Hitler and Eva Braun, or Bormann. Such scientific proof that Hitler and his wife didn't die in Berlin would have major and enduring political effects. For it would show that Hitler deserted a sinking ship, and did not die like a hero. And the myth of Bormann leading a new Germany would die. The submarine located and blown open this week is one of seven which the RAF sank in the same raid. All were sailing northward — that is, away from Germany — when attacked.

It is recalled that Captain Peter Baumgart, a former Luftwaffe pilot, whom a Warsaw court sentenced to five years' gaol in 1949, claimed in evidence that he flew Hitler and some friends to Denmark on 28 April 1945. He said the party included a woman whom he believed to be Eva Braun. He also said that he landed in Denmark about 44 miles from the River Eiter. There Hitler shook hands with him and handed him a cheque for £6500. Hitler and his party then boarded a submarine.

The book  "Grey Wolf – The Escape of Adolf Hitler"  by Gerrard Williams and Simon Dunstan, has plenty of detail, footnotes, and claims about secret passages, Swiss bank accounts, and Vatican involvement. And that’s the problem the book is thick on speculation but thin on facts relevant to the escape thesis.

Did Adolf Hitler Survive World War 2 And Flee Germany?
Hidden Berlin Tunnel Discovery Sparks New Theory

Gregory Wakeman
16 October 2015

The discovery of a secret tunnel hidden under Berlin has sparked a new theory that Adolf Hitler actually survived World War II and managed to flee Germany out to South America.

This discovery and revelation will be documented on 'Hunting Hitler', a new eight-part documentary that will start airing on the "History Channel" on 2 November.

According to the "Express", in the midst of shooting this program a false wall was found in a Berlin subway station. This then led the show to hypothesize that Adolf Hitler used this to escape from Nazi Germany, which at the time of his alleged suicide had been surrounded by the invading Russian troops.

Those in control of creating 'Hunting Hitler' were also able to get their hands on around 700 declassified confidential FBI documents, some of which questioned whether Adolf Hitler had actually committed suicide alongside his wife Eva Braun. Instead they suggested that Hitler had fled Germany as his Nazi regime collapsed around him, and eventually ended up in South America.

One of the secret documents that was written by J. Edgar Hoover, the FBI director at the time of Hitler’s supposed death, declared:

"American Army officials in Germany have not located Hitler’s body, nor is there any reliable source that will say definitely that Hitler is dead".

Spurred on by this new evidence, 'Hunting Hitler’s team of investigators, which includes Bob Baer, an ex-CIA veteran; Tim Kennedy, who led the search for Osama Bin Laden afer 9/11; and Sascha Keil, a respected German historian, have been gathering evidence in their quest to learn what actually happened to Adolf Hitler.

They’ve approached it like a cold case, and have learned that there was a huge exodus of Nazi personnel and belongings from Tempelhof Airport on 21 April 1945. This was one day after the last confirmed public sighting of Adolf Hitler, while it has also been reported that eight of these planes were packed with Hitler’s personal baggage.

Hitler had decided to send non-essential staff out of Berlin to Berchtesgaden.

On the morning of 21 April, just after the last Allied air raid had finished, General Helmuth Reymann's headquarters on the Hohenzollerndamm swarmed with brown uniforms. Senior Nazi Party officials had rushed there to obtain the necessary authorization to leave Berlin. For once the "Golden Pheasants" had to request permission from the army. Göbbels, as Reich Commissioner for Berlin, had ordered that "no man capable of bearing arms may leave Berlin". Only the headquarters for the Defence of Berlin could issue an exemption.

"The rats are leaving the sinking ship" was the inevitable reaction of Colonel Hans von Refior, Reymann's chief of staff. Reymann and his staff officers received a fleeting satisfaction from the sight. Over 2,000 passes were signed for the Party "armchair warriors", who had always been so ready to condemn the army for retreating.

Reymann said openly that he was happy to sign them since it was better for the defence of the city to be rid of such cowards.

The State Department in Washington, DC, was warned by its embassy in Madrid that "the chiefs plan to get to Japan by way of Norway. Heinkel 177s will take them to Norway, and there, already waiting, are planes -probably Vikings [BV 222]- for the non-stop flight to Japan".

This was no doubt the wishful thinking of Nazis in Spain, who also talked of U-Boats being provisioned to take food to Germany and perhaps to bring out Nazi leaders.

On 21 April Grossadmiral Karl Dönitz’s personal Condor, GCzSJ, was pressed into service on a secret mission. The aircraft had just returned from a hazardous sortie to evacuate Spanish diplomats and some important German passengers from Berlin to Munich. Hitler had decided to send more non-essential staff out of Berlin to Berchtesgaden. GCzSJ touched down at Tempelhof, which was by then under fire, and met three black cars. Leading the group was NSKK-Gruppenführer Albert Bormann, brother of Hitler’s secretary Martin Bormann. Accompanying him were his family, servants and twenty-five former occupants of the Berlin Führerbunker.

The plane was soon airborne and the pilot ducked into thick cloud cover to avoid Soviet fighters and flak. Near Dresden the Condor again came under Soviet anti-aircraft fire. Shell fragments struck the cockpit, shattering some of the instrument displays. One engine was knocked out but they made it intact to Neubiberg Airfield near Munich.

Albert Speer’s 'Condor', TAzMR, had been destroyed in a bombing raid and on 21 April his personal pilot, Major Erich Adam, had flown Heinkel He 111 transport TQzMU to Neubiberg. As the flak-damaged Condor GCzSJ carrying Albert Bormann and party came in to land at Neubiberg’s blacked out airfield the pilot, Hauptmann Husslein, suddenly saw Major Adam’s Heinkel 111 sitting on the runway directly ahead. The Condor’s brakes were engaged so hard that all four landing gear tires blew out, but a terrible ground collision was narrowly avoided.

On 21 April Lt. Herbert Wagner flew 48 passengers from Berlin to Salzburg in a FAGr. 5  Ju 290 A-2 transport [9V+BK], returning to Gatow on the following evening. 

The "Hessen", a Focke-Wulf Fw 200B-2 'Condor', registration D-ASHH, of Deutsche Lufthansa, was to take the DLH staff from Berlin-Tempelhof to Munich and then fly to Spain with four Spanish ambassadors.

The start, scheduled for the morning of 21 April, was postponed due to enemy activities. Although bad weather [thunderstorm] prevailed, the "Hessen" started around 20:25 for Munich. At around 9:50 pm, the pilots of the "Hessen" called for a radio direction signaling from Munich airport; the plane at that time was over Straubing. At 22:00 the engine sounds of the Fw 200 were heard over the airport Munich airport, but because of the bad weather the plane could not land and flew further south-east. The last message from the pilots was: "Flying directly to Barcelona". Shortly thereafter the radio contact broke down.

"Hessen" crashed near Piesenkofen, Germany, killing all 21 on board.

Because it was the last scheduled flight of a private airline from the Reich capital Berlin, there was a lot of speculation

Who had been flown in this plane? What documents were on it? Why was the aircraft to fly from Munich to Spain?

Immediately the rumor spread that Hitler, Göbbels and Göring had been on the plane, which was only invalidated with the publication of the passenger list.

Hitler's personal transport Fw 200 C-4 coded "TK+CV, flown by Oberleutnant Hans Münsterer, left Gatow with twelve passengers  on 24 April 1945, and delivered them to Wittstock in northern Germany, then flew back into Berlin, landing safely at Schönwalde Airfield.

As Soviet ground forces threatened Schönwalde, most of the remaining F.d.F. aircraft there flew out in one group. It consisted of three aircraft: a Siebel Fh 104, Junkers Ju 52/3m SFzIF and Junkers Ju 352 KTzVJ. They powered away from the burning capital, managing successfully to dodge Soviet fighters.

Hitler’s 'Condor', was flown to Staaken, outside Berlin.

The discovery of the above tunnel proves that Hitler could have traveled from the Bunker where he is believed to have killed himself in all the way to Tempelhof Airport underground. For years there was a clear passage from the Bunker to the airport, except for the final 200 yards. Now, with the discovery of this hidden tunnel, the final connection has been unearthed.

Speaking of the discovery of the tunnel, Jason Wolf, who is 'Hunting Hitler‘s show-runner, declared:

"It was a Eureka moment. We were looking for the tunnel when Sascha suddenly went rogue down the subway. He knocked on the wall and it sounded hollow. We brought out the sonar and confirmed it was a false wall".
Baer admitted that he was originally skeptical about whether Hitler had actually been able to leave Nazi Germany undetected. Like everyone else, he had heard these rumors, but had dismissed them as false.

But he has now admitted that all of their discoveries have helped change his thoughts on the matter.

'Hunting Hitler' concludes that if Adolf Hitler did manage to make it out of Nazi Germany and Berlin alive, he’d have done so right under the noses of the advancing Russian army, before then traveling on a U-Boat from Spain [or Norway] to Argentina.

The director of the Jerusalem office of the Simon Wiesenthal Center, Efraim Zuroff, responded in dialogue with the "Jewish News Agency" to the new data revealed by the "History Channel" that the Führer fled to the Latin American country through an underground tunnel "The only thing I can guarantee you is that Hitler is dead," said Zuroff. "I think they're lies. I do not think these tests are enough, I may be wrong, but I do not think so".

He was consulted on the recent finding of the "History Channel" regarding a tunnel linking Adolf Hitler's Bunker with Berlin airport, which may have facilitated the Führer's possible escape to Argentina.

"The only thing I can guarantee you is that Hitler is dead," he repeated, after announcing the news presented by the documentary series.

Was The Airfield Useable?

Beate Uhse was a Luftwaffe captain [and the only woman to have piloted a jet fighter]. She landed an Arado 66, probably on 23 April, at Gatow Airfield on the western edge of Berlin. Tony Le Tissier, in "Race for the Reichstag: The 1945 Battle for Berlin", says Uhse came to rescue her infant son from the family home in the suburb Rangsdorf. When she returned to the airport the Arado had been destroyed. She flew out in another aircraft with her son, his nanny, a mechanic and two wounded soldiers.

Albert Speer, Germany’s munitions and armaments minister, also flew in on 23 April and landed at Gatow. A second airplane took him to the East-West Axis, the linked highways through the city center which, near Hitler’s Bunker, had been converted into a runway.

Hans Baur, Hitler’s personal pilot since 1932 and author of "Hitler At My Side", supervised the constant repair of bomb and artillery damage to the East-West Axis runway. On 26 April  two Junkers-52 transport planes landed there and brought reinforcements.

Gatow airfield remained usable until 27 April  — on  26 April transport aircraft landed 500 sailors there to help defend Berlin.

Hanna Reitsch

That same day [26 April] Germany’s most famous test pilot Hanna Reitsch arrived at Gatow with Robert von Greim whom Hitler wanted to appoint Commander-in-Chief of the Luftwaffe. Her airplane was later destroyed on the ground by Russian artillery. Gatow fell to the Russians about 29 April after fierce fighting with Luftwaffe cadets who sheltered behind wrecked aircraft or fired anti-aircraft guns at oncoming Russian tanks.

Until 30 April aircraft could still land or depart close to Hitler’s Bunker. At midnight 29 April a replacement airplane for Reitsch and von Greim arrived:

"A Luftwaffe pilot landed an Arado trainer on the Charlottenburg Chaussee between the Brandenburg Gate and the Victory Column in what can only be termed a masterpiece of aeronautics". [Reported by Soviet soldiers].

About 1.00 a.m. 30 April, shortly before Hitler’s wedding to Eva Braun, von Greim and Reitsch departed Berlin in the replacement airplane. As they left they observed a Ju-52 off the runway and a pilot waiting. James O’Donnell ["The Berlin Bunker"] concludes that this Ju-52 was waiting for Hermann Fegelein, Eva’s brother-in-law, who never reached it, being instead executed for desertion. Reitsch was held by the Americans until October 1946 for questioning over the possibility that she had flown Hitler out.

Hans Baur was “one of the few people who were truly close to Hitler”. He saw Hitler on the morning of 30 April and offered to fly him out in a Fieseler Storch. This was a common German liaison airplane which required very short landing and take-off distances. One had been used to rescue Benito Mussolini off the Gran Sasso plateau near Rome in 1943 and had landed in only 30 meters and taken off in 80 meters. But Hitler declined the offer. Baur was captured when Bunker personnel made break-out attempts on 2 May and was repeatedly interrogated until 1955.

In the 1920s aircraft already existed that could cross the Atlantic. Germany, in 1945, possessed several giant Junkers Ju-390 — ultra-modern, fast, 6-engined and capable of flying 6000 miles. They could have reached Japanese Manchuria or, with a refueling stop, South America.

SS Staff Sgt. Rochus Misch, the telephone operator in the Führerbunker, said:

"There were two planes waiting to the north of Berlin. One of them was a Ju 390, and [the other] a Blohm & Voss [Bv222] that could fly the same distance. So Hitler could have escaped if he had wanted to".

James P O'Donnell, for his book "The Berlin Bunker"  interviewed Reichsminister Albert Speer and Hitler's pilot Hans Baur.

Speer saying that Baur had serious plans to fly Hitler out on 23, 28 and 29 April 1945.

He reported Baur being coy about the Ju-390 aircraft's ability to fly Hitler away from Berlin,  but also quoted Baur himself, after the war saying "right up to the last day I could have flown the Führer anywhere in the world".

In his book O'Donnell quotes Speer saying that Baur was fascinated with Rechlin projects and especially the Ju-390, however he was denied use of the Ju-390, stationed at Rechlin airfield 90 km north of Berlin, on 17 April  by Hans Kammler.

Baur had devised a plan to allow Hitler to escape from the Battle of Berlin; a Fieseler Fi 156 Storch was held on standby which could take off from an improvised airstrip in the Tiergarten, near the Brandenburg Gate. However, Hitler refused to leave Berlin.

On 26 April 1945, the improvised landing strip was used by Hanna Reitsch to fly in Colonel-General Robert Ritter von Greim, appointed by Hitler as head of the Luftwaffe after Hermann Göring's dismissal. During the night of 29/30 April, Reitsch flew von Greim out on the same road-strip. 

Hitler suggested to Baur that he evacuate himself and Martin Bormann the same way. After Hitler's suicide, Baur found the improvised road-strip too pot-holed for use and over-run by the Soviet 3rd Shock army.

Georg Beetz, Hitler's personal co-pilot, was present with Baur when Hitler said his farewell to his personal pilots 29 April. Baur pleaded with Hitler to leave Berlin. The men volunteered to fly Hitler out of Germany in a Ju 390 and to safety. It was all in vain as Hitler turned Baur down, stating he had to stay in Berlin.

Hans Baur, in "Ich flog Mächtige der Welt, [K W Schütz Verlag, Preussisch-Oldendorf, 1973], wrote:

"Early on 30 April 1945 I was appointed Hitler's Luftwaffe adjutant after von Below left the Reich Chancellery...I was summoned on several occasions to the Fü his living room on the last occasion Hitler took both my hands and said, 'Baur, I have to take my leave of you'. In a state of great excitement I said to him, 'You are not going to end it?' Hitler: 'We have gone as far as we can. My generals have betrayed me and sold me out, my soldiers do not want to carry on and I cannot take any more!' I argued with Hitler that aircraft were available to fly him to Argentina, Japan or one of the sheikdoms, where he could vanish.....Hitler then gave me his reasons why he wished to stay in Berlin and die there...."

According to SS papers at the Berlin Document Centre, a Ju 390 prototype was at readiness at Bodo, painted in Swedish livery and under heavy SS guard. Suddenly in early May it was no longer there, and nobody knows what happened to it. 

Declassified Argentine intelligence documents state that in May 1945, a six-engined German transport aircraft from Europe landed on a large German ranch in Paysandu province, Uruguay with passengers and equipment, this ranch being near Puntas de Gualeguay about 70 kms out on the road from Paysandu town to Tacuarembo.

The mile-wide River Uruguay separates Uruguay from Argentina. On the other bank from Paysandu is Entre Rios province, mostly marsh and wild pasture and a hotbed of German settlers. To transport passengers from Paysandu into and across Argentina was not an enormous undertaking. 

After a long flight from Europe over the sea, Uruguay is the first neutral country on the South American landmass. It has many German settlers in the country; they tend to live in German villages and many of these settlers own large tracts of land.

Uruguay was neutral in the Second World War, Argentina was "at war with Germany" from March 1945. The only shots fired in anger between the two of them were the eight depth charges dropped on U-977 in the Gulf of San Matias on 18 July 1945. Certain sections of the police and armed forces in Argentina had been "bought" with Reich gold but it was by no means safe to overfly Argentinean airspace and land a large aircraft, whereas what went on in Uruguay interested nobody, least of all the Uruguayans.

The world learned in 2004 from then 93 year old Hauptmann Ernst König that on 1 May 1945 he received orders from Baur to prepare a six engined Bv222 flying boat to fly VIP passengers from Norway to Greenland.

The plan, which was scuppered by the German surrender, would have involved Hermann Göring, Heinrich Himmler and other senior figures taking off from north Germany to continue their struggles from abroad.

The Escape

Previously unpublished intensive field research in Argentina, including interviews with many eyewitness to his presence there, new findings that prove the "Hitler" skull held by the Russians is actually that of a young woman, and previously unpublished scientific evidence proving Hitler had a double being used in public in Berlin as late as March 1945 make the story compelling.

Berlin had over 1000 Bunkers, many underground factories, and connecting tunnels. There were also secret tunnels below the underground. This underground world, however, became itself a battleground and was partly flooded. An escape attempt on the ground was not an option, but the secret underground passage was however an option for Hitler. It’s through this passage they escaped.

In order for Hitler to flee Berlin upon the Soviet invasion, he would have needed to go through Tempelhof Airport. Since Berlin was swarming with Soviet soldiers, making himself visible at any point would have been fatal so the question resides in how he could have travelled around three and a half miles from his headquarters to Tempelhof without being seen. The underground tunnels, developed by Hitler himself in 1938 as part of his megalomaniac vision of an architecturally brilliant transport network, would have got Hitler most of the way, though maps of the tunnels suggest he would have been limited in his travels to what was then the "U6" subway station [now Luftbrücke], leaving him 200 meters short of the airport. This means he would have gone over ground to get there. Indeed, one can imagine that Hitler would have been willing to risk this, given the compromised situation he was already in. However, military grade, ground-penetrating equipment has very recently discovered a false wall, allowing passage directly to the airport. From 22 April, prominent Nazis had been flown from Tempelhof to Munich as the Russians edged closer to central Berlin, culminating in the capture and control of Tempelhof by 27 April meaning Hitler’s escape has most frequently been pinpointed to 26 April.

During the month of May 1945 after Germany had surrendered, Russian criminologists, guided by Major Ivan Nikitine, chief of Stalin´s security police, reconstructed Hitler's last days in Berlin.

In the 28 May 1945 edition of "Time", which featured Hitler's portrait on its cover with a large cross through it, Nikitine stated:

"A removable concrete plaque was found next to a bookshelf in Hitler´s personal quarters. Behind it there was a man size tunnel which led to a super secret cement refuge 500 metres away. Another tunnel connected it with a tunnel belonging to a line of the underground/tube. Remains of food indicated that there had been between 6 and 12 people there until 9 May 1945".

The knowledge of this secret passage tells us nothing. We do not know who used it to save their skins. Only free access to Russian archives which remain secret, will allow us to know the details about that hidden "emergency exit" which enabled escape from the underground refuge to "where an army troop train was waiting to take Hitler and his entourage to safety".

However, why would a man of Hitler's ambition, drive and rampant egomania spend years building escape tunnels throughout Berlin and then refuse to use them when the time came to do so.

Soviet Official View that Hitler is Alive
Goulburn Evening Post [NSW]
19 June 1951

Three weeks after the collapse of Nazi Germany, Major Ivan Nikitine, deputy chief of the Soviet Security Police, reported in Berlin that the Führer had neither shot himself nor been cremated, as generally believed, if indeed, he had perished at all.

Nikitine had interrogated many of the captured Bunker survivors. Under cross-examination, Germans who had told of Hitler's death “twisted their stories, clashed in detail", and finally admitted that no one had seen the Führer die.

A German SS officer had revealed under interrogation that he had heard Hitler ranting and raving about a coming conflict between the USSR and its western Allies once the war had concluded. [Hitler, in fact, anticipated the Cold War in his document known as "My Political Testament"]

But, Nikitine claimed, Hitler said that as long as he was still alive the wartime alliance would remain intact. The world would have to be convinced that he was dead. Once the former allies found themselves in conflict, he would reappear and lead the German people to their final victory over Bolshevism".

Today that is still the official Russian attitude, states Frederick Somdern, Jr., in the July "Reader's Digest".

An immediate and exhaustive inquiry, ordered by Gen. Eisenhower's Intelligence, reconstructed the details of Hitler's last days and found as follows:

"At approximately 2.30 on the afternoon of 30 April 1945, Adolf Hitler shot himself with a Walther automatic in the underground Führerbunker, while Eva [Braun] Hitler, recently become his wife, crunched a vial of cyanide between her teeth. At 10.30 that night the remains of their bodies -which had been repeatedly drenched with gasoline and burned in the Chancellery garden- were buried by Gen. Rattenhuber and a detail of Elite guards".

Moscow, however, not wanting it that way, did all in its power to obstruct the American investigation. Key witnesses captured by the Russians, including Hans Rattenhuber, disappeared. A jawbone found by Russian investigators at the place of cremation was definitely identified as Hitler's by dental technicians who had made his false teeth. The jawbone and men were sent to Moscow. and have not been heard of since.

Stalin himself, at the Potsdam Conference, set the official attitude, when he startled Presldent Truman and Secretary of State Byrnes with the remark that he believed Hitler was still alive and hiding, in Spa!n or Argentina.

Russian newspapers constantly refer to Hitler's "mysterious disappearance". Some Washington analysts believe that Stalin wants to keep Hitler "alive" as an excuse for eventual action in Europe. Others think that the record of those last terrible days in Berlin, as described in the "Digest" article—when a crazed tyrant to pull a whole nation down with him—would make unhealthy reading for the Russian people.

Donald McKale identifies the earliest source of the myth of Hitler’s escape to the southern hemisphere as the unexpected surrender of a German submarine in early July 1945 at Mar del Plata, Argentina.

In 1952, Eisenhower was quoted as saying:

"To be honest, we have been unable to unearth one bit of tangible evidence of Hitler’s death".
Several Buenos Aires newspapers, in defiance of Argentine Navy statements, said that rubber boats had been seen landing from it, and other submarines spotted in the area.

On 16 July 1945, the "Chicago Times" carried a sensational article on the Hitlers having slipped off to Argentina.

The archive evidence does not suggest that it would have been particularly difficult to escape unnoticed in Argentina. Recently the Argentine naval archive and also the Police archive declassified documents relating to the submarine U-977 and two other U-Boats which allegedly unloaded close to Necochea, Buenos Aires province, on the night of 27 July 1945.

Conspiracy Questioned

Why can’t they believe that an escape took place? Almost all of them answers: Why years of interrogation failed to shake witnesses’ testimonies?

How strange is that then? Come on...

Top Nazi officials including Göbbels and Bormann escorted Hitler’s body, wrapped in a blanket, outside for burning. What if the body was Hitler’s double, [it is proven he had several] someone who had received identical dental work]? So whats so difficult with that? The real Hitler disguised, and shielded by the same senior Nazis, could have left that night when most Bunker personnel were distracted with alcohol. Hitlers doubles also had dental work made.

Next a flight out in a 'Storch' the airplane with the short take-off distance. The German air force could, even at this late stage, have protected Hitler’s escape flight-route: Adolf Galland for example, commanded 70 jet fighters! ["The First and the Last"] After that, either a Junkers Ju-390 or a submarine and off to Argentina.

Bunker survivors, no matter how long interrogated, would sincerely describe what they seemingly saw - that Hitler was dead. Well they couldn’t have said something else. You can actually force someone to believe they saw something they didn’t.

Two months after the German surrender, two German submarines surrender to the Argentinians.

A German U-Boat, U-530, entered the Argentine naval base at Mar del Plata after escaping from Germany with Hitler, Eva Braun and Martin Bormann and other high-ranking Nazi and SS officials on board. [Over 150 German submarines were missing at the end of the war. Not reported sunken. What happened to them?]


For decades, rumors swirled throughout Argentina that Hitler had in fact survived the Bunker and escaped to South America’s second largest country where he lived until 1962. Documents recently released by the Federal Bureau of Investigation in Washington DC are giving some credence to the rumors. While no concrete evidence exists to support either the death-by-suicide or life-in-Argentina theories, the weight of the evidence is shifting. And is now seriously tipping over to the “Hitlers Escape” theory’s advantage.

When you consider the series of declassified FBI telegrams from August 1945 reporting of local police activity investigating the presence of Hitler in Villa Gessel, Argentina – a German colony in a country whose political power class had become agents of influence of Berlin.

Or, perhaps, claims of former sailors of the 'Admiral Graf Spee' – a German cruiser scuttled off the Argentine coast whose crew had been stranded in that nation – that they had assisted in securing the scene of Hitler’s coastal landing from a Kriegsmarine U-Boat and had personally interacted with the Führer. Which is backed up by several testimonies.

Or an eighty-year-old Argentine waiter living in London. Roberto Brun recalling an incident from Buenos Aires:

"[He] probably came to the hotel six or seven months after I started working, and the preparation that day was very special including bringing one special chef to cook. Mandaver [the restaurant’s manager] didn’t tell me who it was, but I knew he was a very, very big chief. I remember black hair with little touches of white, a skinny face, no mustache. When he got up from the table to walk, Mandaver was with me to one side. And all the people were respecting him. And Mandaver said, ‘Do you know who it is?’ And I said 'no'. He said 'the Führer'.

Here’s another testimony from a woman named Catalina Gamero. She once worked in the Eden Hotel La Falda in the Andes, where the FBI claimed Hitler lived. She says:

“I work at the Hotel as a waitress. The hotel is owned by Eda Eichhorn, a Nazi who gets funds by Josef Göbbels, Nazi Propaganda Minister. In 1948, i saw a limo with only 4 doors. When a door opens, i saw Hitler with his wife Eva Braunn going to the lobby.

'The "Hitler of the Andes" is the Hitler we all know at the television. Although he cut off his moustache and has a little hair, he wears a wig on it, yes he do. Usually, the lobby is full of people. But in 3 days Hitler lives there, the downstairs is reserved. Eda told me; “What ever you’ve seen, act as like you don’t.” So i joke with the chauffeur not to tell the secrets to anyone. But it’s been a long time, so i don’t care anymore!"

Hitler "did not live cloistered" but moved with total freedom, late 1940s and early 1950s,  throughout the Argentine territory, but also by countries like Brazil, Colombia and Paraguay. It made sightings almost inevitable. In time, Catalina Gomero would not be the only person willing to tell stories of meeting the former Führer in Argentina after the war.

DATE: 5 June 1947

TO: Director, FBI

FROM: SAC, Los Angeles

SUBJECT: Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun - Information Concerning

"... was driven to a small community outside of Buenos Aires or Rio de Janeiro which was entirely populated by German people. [blacked out] before a small gathering and at this gathering recognized Eva Braun and Hitler sitting at a table".

"[blacked out] who [blacked out] flew in and out of Berlin during the war, was of the opinion that there was no legal evidence of the death of Hitler and Eva Braun and that the story was entirely possible".

Jorge Batinic, a bank manager from the city of Comodoro Rivadavia in the southern Patagonian province of Chubut, vividly remembered the story told to him by his Spanish-born mother, Mafalda Batinic. In summer 1940, she had been in France working for the International Red Cross, and on several occasions she had seen Hitler at close quarters when he was visiting wounded Wehrmacht soldiers. In later years she would often say, "Once seen, the face of Hitler was never forgotten".

After the war Mafalda moved to Argentina, and by the beginning of 1951 she was working as a nurse in the Arustiza y Varando private hospital. One day, a German rancher was brought in for treatment for a gunshot wound, and a few days later three other Germans arrived to visit the patient. It was noticeable that two of them treated the third one as "the boss". Mafalda had to choke back an involuntary cry of amazement when she recognized him as Hitler. He had no moustache and was somewhat graying, but she had no doubt that it was him.

Shocked, Mrs. Batinic told the owners of the clinic, Drs. Arustiza and Varando; they watched him and were surprised, but did nothing. Apart from greeting the patient, Hitler hardly said a word. When the three Germans left, Mrs. Batinic asked the patient the identity of his important visitor. Realizing that she had already recognized the Führer, the injured rancher told his nurse, "Look, it’s Hitler, but don’t say anything. You know they’re looking for him, it’s better not to say anything".

Hitler would have been more than once in the Estancia Lago Hermoso, located 28 kilometers from San Martin de los Andes, in Patagonia. In that place, near the homonymous lake, existed an airstrip where Nazis arrived, after the end of WWII.

According to the story of Miguel Lema, a rural Peon who worked there, after ending that war, several Nazis arrived in planes that descended on a track built inside the Estancia, which is located between Villa La Angostura and San Martin de The Andes. Lema said that there the workers received a "military" type of treatment - they had to do training early in the morning, for example - under the leadership of a general boss known as "Ricks". Lema recounted that several times, in the evening hours, they had to set fire inside 200-liter drums to signal the runway, thus facilitating the arrival of small airplanes, as the Germans took advantage of the darkness for the fugitives to pass unnoticed. According to his account, in these aircraft arrived groups of Nazis that soon were destined to different points of the Patagonia. Lema said that he befriended one of them - who used the name Eddy Schyldroc, who confidently told him that Hitler was living very near there, in a house located a few kilometers from Villa La Angostura. He also told him that the Nazi chief's children were under protection in Cordoba, where they were studying.

Schyldroc further assured him that the Nazi Führer had gone more than once incognito to the Estancia Lago Hermoso and that his presence was not noticed by the peons who worked there.

From World War II versions and themes such as the Fourth Reich, the presence of German submarines on the coast and even the presence of Hitler in Argentina, began to circulate. After the clandestine arrival of several Germans of Nazi ideology  to Argentina, who had escaped at the end of the conflict through the assistance offered by the Vatican, these rumors grew, until creating and feeding several popular myths, one of them being the alleged presence of Hitler in Patagonia. 

Years later there was proof that there were hidden Nazis in Patagonia
,and soon some studies like those of Ronald C. Newton, "The Fourth Side of the Triangle" Edit. South American, shed light on the supposed Fourth Reich and the "Nazi threat," or the presence of German submarines on the Patagonian coasts.

Many of these issues had been invented by the British Intelligence to put pressure on a country that was reluctant to declare war on Germany.

Some versions of Hitler's presence in Patagonia began to circulate early in the area between the village of Caleta Olivia and Comodoro Rivadavia. It was between these two coastal towns, where the family of the German pioneer Magnus Fratzcher had the idea to build a bench in a sector of his field that overlooked the Atlantic ocean. From that fact, the popular imagination assumed that from there were sightings and communications with the mysterious submarines were made. There were even those who saw the figure of Hitler sitting there some evenings,  observing the horizon. Hitler's presence in this area began to be a recurring theme.

In Comodoro Rivadavia, Mafalda Falcón stated that in 1951, working as a nurse she saw him visiting a patient.

She had been a member of the International Red Cross, was in Europe during the war and said she was sure of what she said. This version about the supposed presence gave rise to a series of speculations, and the writer Patrick Burnside, in one of his interesting books, full of untested versions, but based on existing people, and on supposed situations occurring in Patagonia, returned to the subject again referring to the fact that Hitler had been seen years ago inside a car moving between the coast and the mountain range. He also suggested in "The Escape of Hitler," that a mysterious construction on the outskirts of Villa La Angostura was expressly built for the Nazi dictator.

Comodoro Rivadavia was one of the Patagonian cities where all the specialized petroleum labor was of German nationality, at both the Astra and Diadema oil camps, even before World War II. More than a thousand German citizens were employed at Astra, as well as some three hundred Austrians.

Alejandro Schikorrd was a German, who although not professing Nazi ideology had an incredible physical resemblance to Hitler. Schikorrd was born on 22 June 1895 in Marece, Austria, son of Miguel Schikorrd and Elizabeth Harich, and had arrived in the country as a sailor aboard the ship 'Patagonia', on 15 November 1914. He remained a time in Buenos Aires, and by 1917 he was already in Puerto Madryn. In 1918 he became a peddler traveling the area. In 1919 he was found in General Colonia San Martin, in 1920 he returned to Buenos Aires, and from 1934 he was employed by the oil company Astra, Comodoro Rivadavia.

Alejandro Schikorrd during a great part of his life, and until finally he could exhibit proof of his Argentine citizenship, had to endure diverse incidents by his physical similarity with Hitler. Arrested several times, it is possible that this is the German who generated the myth of Hitler's presence in Patagonia. Every time he went on vacation, new problems arose. Looking at his photos today, there is no doubt that the comments that were generated could originate with his presence, and those who were occasional witnesses might think that they had seen Hitler.

In the neighborhood of the Astra mine, resided Leonor Verasai. She was nine when she witnessed for the first time one of these detentions.

It was in 1946 when her German neighbors, Emilio Schier and Rosalía Stobizer de Schier, after their marriage, had decided to settle in San Martin de los Andes. Prepared to accompany them in the move, Leonor, his father Juan Tomás and Alejandro Schikorrd, loaded the goods in a truck and drove by the routes that unite Commodore, in the direction of Bariloche.

Schikorrd was on the truck that followed them. One of the interprovincial controls was in Rio Villegas, between the towns of El Bolsón and Bariloche, when, after passing the routine control, the occupants of the car realized that the truck no longer followed. They decided to turn around and return, and found it with the detachment. Alejandro that day was wearing britches and boots, this added to who he resembled, and it played against him once again: the surprised gendarmes believed to have "delayed" Hitler, who it was said "was in Patagonia". At the insistence of his companions, everything was solved after those at the checkpoint communicated with their superiors, who in turn, asking for instructions, had to call the company Astra, in order to make sure that Alejandro was who he claimed to be, and not who he appeared to be.

-- Ernesto Maggiori

There is also a number of sources, such as cooks and doctors, who claim to have known the Nazi leader before he died aged 73 on 13 February 1962. There also also claims that Hitler’s bloodline survived through two daughters he had with Braun. There are no traces or documents of them however.

The book "The Untold Story of Eva Braun: Her Life Beyond Hitler" [2011] by Thomas Lundmark, postulates that Eva Braun suffered from Mayer-Rokitansky-Küster-Hauser Syndrome [MRKH] the congenital absence of an upper vagina and uterus, which prevented her from ever becoming pregnant.

This sensational claim, however, is unsupported by any reliable source or scholarship, in a self-published book which according to the author himself is "written like a novel" and presents a fictionalized account of Eva Braun's biography.

20 July 1944 was an important day for Hitler. From this point on, Hitler prepared many options for his escape, sowing confusion as to his whereabouts using Doppelgängers for his public appearances.

By publicly presenting only body doubles during the last year or two of his life it would be entirely possible to privately change his own appearance.

Hitler Hiding in Monastery
Barrier Miner [Broken Hill, NSW]
7 February 1945

NEW YORK: Hitler's present headquarters is a small monastery on the outskirts of Salzburg, reports the "United Press" correspondent in Rome.

The report was obtained from "usually reliable Vatican informants" who state that the Führer is using the monastery as a hide out. The report was brought to Rome by three Jesuit priests closely associated with the monastery. The priests state that a few days after the attempt on Hitler's life last year the monastery was made a secret refuge for him, and the monks were turned out. According to the priests Hitler has a large wound on his scalp which has not yet healed, but it is lightly bandaged, as the surgeon hopes that the air and sun will have a curative effect.

Hitler has become dreamy and apathetic, and finds it hard to concentrate.

The priests added that Hitler refused to go to Berchtesgaden after the attempt because of the morbid fear that the Allies would attempt his assassination.

One, of his doubles was shown on "Movietone News" in 1945 with the title 'German Newsreels on Hitler’s Escape'.

Newsreel narrator:

"Looking rather more round-shouldered than usual, he goes from bed to bed commiserating with the casualties. Maybe this is Hitler’s double or perhaps his double was killed by the bomb. Though there are scores of theories, the facts are not yet known".

The fact that "Movietone News" had the newsreel showed that it was leaked for Propaganda purposes.

The "Movietone News" Doppelgänger was an entirely bigger person, with round shoulders, a chin, jowls, different-shaped ears, hairline and neck thickness. He was 1-2 inches taller [25-50 mm] had muscular arms, a thick chest and large farmer’s hands. He was a bigger man altogether but wore the trademark moustache which drew attention away from all other features. He had also had plastic surgery to imitate Hitler’s nose. Hitler, at this stage, was square-shouldered and thin, with a hollow chest.


“In the final months of the war, even the Germans couldn’t be certain. Since the 1944 bomb plot, Hitler kept well out of sight hidden away in Bunkers. The last ordinary Germans who saw him in the open were a handful of the Hitler Youth".

   German troops on the Oder front, salute Adolf Hitler  in March 1945

     Hitler visiting Berlin defenders in early April 1945 with Hermann Göring

The main East-West avenue was used by the Nazis as a runway right up to the last moments when Berlin fell with Hanna Reitsch flying out on 29/30 April 1945.

The Nazis had captured British planes at hand to try and make their escape without being shot down, one of which was an 'Auster' with RAF markings.

The Auster was an observation and liaison aircraft
based on the American Taylorcraft design.
It served with several Air Forces during WW2.

The slow speed [130mph] and large glass area made it ideal
for observation duties, and it could also land in a short distance
which made it useful for casualty evacuation.

Flight out of Berlin was certainly possible. Rochus Misch, Hitler’s switchboard operator stated:

"There were two planes waiting to the north of Berlin. One of them was the Ju390 and a Blohm and Voss [Bv222] that could fly the same distance. It could fly 18,000 km without refuelling, so Hitler could have escaped if he wanted to".

Stalin’s deputy, Marshal Georgy Zhukov had announced Hitler was dead on 1 May 1945, but had changed his mind. Hitler could easily have escaped. The runway was open and he was probably in Spain or Argentina, both of which were fascist.

At a  press conference on 9 June 1945, Colonel General Nikolai E. Berzarin, Soviet commander of Berlin, turning to the question of whether Hitler had died in Berlin, said:

"There are all sorts of people who were close to him who say that he killed himself. Still others say he was killed by an exploding shell, however, Russian soldiers had not yet found Hitler’s body. My personal opinion is that he has disappeared somewhere into Europe. Perhaps he is in Spain with Franco. He had the possibility of getting away". 

So the newspapers published articles with the headings, 'Hitler’s Argentine Connection'. This was another cover-up. 

Despite strong indications that Hitler had escaped to Barcelona, all search efforts were directed elsewhere.

"There was a heap of ashes. Someone said it was Hitler"
David Smith
The Observer
1 May 2005

For most people old enough to remember the war, next Sunday's 60th anniversary of Victory in Europe Day will evoke images of mass euphoria in Trafalgar Square and towns and cities on the home front. For one man, however, it revives memories of walking with giants - the statesmen who won the Second World War and shaped the postwar world.

Hugh Lunghi is thought to be the first Briton to have entered Hitler's Berlin Bunker and was one of Winston Churchill's interpreters at the key conferences with Josef Stalin, Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman.

On VE Day, Lunghi was with the British military mission to Moscow, and by July he was in Berlin, which had fallen to Soviet troops.

"I was in uniform and the Russian sentries allowed me to step down into Hitler's Bunker, which was flooded by two or three inches," the 84-year-old told "The Observer" in a rare interview. "It was damp and nasty and there was a lot of dirty clothing - a horrible, grim place which smelt terribly.
"However, it was fascinating, and that was a moment when I thought: 'My God, this is history'. Outside there was a heap of ashes and a pile of stuff and I said, 'What was that?' One of the soldiers, a major, said: 'Oh, that's Hitler and his mistress'. I don't think he realised he wasn't supposed to be telling me this".

Lunghi was allowed to take a memento from the Bunker.

"There were several rooms down there, including a medical room with a herb rack full of glass phials, which I suppose had both medicines and poisons in. Another room was like a studio and sitting-room with books in, including a set of Hitler's "Brockhaus" [the equivalent of Encyclopaedia Britannica]. I took one volume and when I went up the steps again asked, 'Can I take this?' They said: 'Oh yes, take it, by all means'.

In the end the Russians managed to swathe the whole question in such obscurity that the wildest versions concerning the end of Hitler circulated . . . fleeing in a submarine to a remote island, living in a Spanish monastery or on a South American Hacienda.

Amongst those most taken with the news that Hitler was alive was General Eisenhower. Months after Berlin was taken, he said publicly:

“We have been unable to find one tangible piece of evidence of Hitler’s death. Even though I initially believed Hitler was dead, there are now reasons to assume that he is alive".

A radio bulletin stated:

“The United States Army does not know whether Hitler is alive or dead." An Associated Press heading read “Zhukov Says Hitler Wed Actress In Berlin, May Be Alive in Europe ... Berlin, 9 June [1945] - Adolf Hitler not yet found".

On 19 December 1945 a newspaper article read:

“Soviets not convinced Hitler Dead". Other articles read, "Far from being brought to justice, Hitler had melted away" and "Court Ruling sought on Hitler’s Death".

After all of these headings the Soviets then claimed the British were holding Hitler alive. 

After the Potsdam conference the false trail was developed to Argentina and was continued through into the mid-1970s. This involved a U-Boat leaving Norway for Argentina in great secrecy and was followed by a well-publicised landing and surrender on the coast of Argentina on 17 August 1945.

The FBI then became involved and searched for Hitler from the subways of the Bronx to the jungles of Latin America. This was only ever going to be a wild-goose chase.

The FBI began to investigate if Hitler had made it across the Atlantic, and recently released FBI documents point to worry and hysteria surrounding the possibility that Hitler was alive and in their neighbourhood.

The documents presented had all traceable detail blacked out, so little or no follow-up was possible. Some of these documents were letters sent in by players to create false leads and other leads were treated as hoaxes, like "If you want to know where Hitler is call xxx-xxxx". The name and address was also blacked out.

Polls at the time showed that over 50% of people believed Hitler was still alive and this led to a lot of Hitler sightings.

The most enthusiastic Hitler hunter was "The National Police Gazette - Sports, True Adventure, People" [America’s first pictorial, established 1845]. The front cover of the December 1945 showed two American actors looking like suburban versions of Hitler and Eva at 40 and 30 years of age. The cover read "Hitler is Alive! His Marriage to Eva Braun - Their Fake Suicide and Escape from Berlin".

One story goes that a double had died for Hitler at the Bunker and Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun had escaped to Norway through Denmark, and from there were taken by the U-Boat submarine U-977 to Latin America.

This was a voyage many had thought physically impossible but the U-977, a Type VIIC made it to the coast of Argentina on 17 August 1945.

On the same day the newspaper headline read "102 Days Late, German Sub Surrenders to Argentina". The crew were immediately taken prisoner and accused of hiding Hitler on board.

John Walsh, an American FBI G-Man [a spy working for the American Embassy in Buenos Aires on the fruitless Hitler-hunt in Argentina]:

"The U-Boats came and surrendered to Argentina. The press reports there indicated that someone in Montevideo [Uruguay] or Argentina suggested that Hitler had been on these boats and that caused a number of people to say, ‘Well, we have to look into that possibility’.

More reports of U-Boat landings came into the FBI over the next couple of weeks:

"Reports of Hitler Hideout - Los Angeles, [redacted] Bureau, 21 September 1945 - The first sub came close to shore after it had been signalled safe to land and a doctor and several men disembarked and Hitler and two women. Another doctor and seven more men said Hitler had suffered from asthma and ulcers and had shaved off his moustache and had a long ‘butt’ on his upper lip".

Hitler was supposed to be hiding in the foothills of the Southern Andes but reports remained unconfirmed. The Argentina’s navy tried to capture the U-Boats but the huge coastline made it easy for the Nazis to evade capture and get ashore on German-owned coastal farms in Patagonia.

The FBI then set up an operation behind the walls of the American Embassy in Buenos Aires but its power of interrogation was restricted and the agents had to operate covertly. They had difficulty establishing the crucial network of informants on the ground and were limited by their conspicuousness. They were also under constant surveillance from local police and Nazis who hid behind newspapers.

Messages from outside Argentina were relayed to the FBI Hitler-hunters by the FBI Radiogram system. These instructions kept the team of G-Men busy chasing the ever-elusive, never-present Hitler for over four decades.

The FBI G-Men would even report on footprints found in mudflats near San Gelling [25 June 1948], leading to a car and would then follow up in Veronica. 

Another U-Boat was spotted on 18 July 1948 at Mar del Plata, then Hitler was seen heading across the Argentine pampas towards the southern Andes towards the German-owned Eden Hotel in La Falda, a remote region of Cordova nestled in the foothills of the Andes. This was a crop circle investigation, defined by the Oxford Reference Dictionary as caused by “whirlwinds, fungi, alien spaceships and/or hoaxers".

In November 1945, the FBI had linked Hitler to the Eden Hotel, a centrepiece of a long-established wealthy German community. This was an international hotel where aristocrats from Cordova and Buenos Aires danced to the orchestra into the early hours.

Since the 1930s, the Eden had been a paradise for its predominantly German clientele. It was run by Ida Eichhorn whose connections reached the highest echelons of the German Reich.

According to the FBI, who established a dossier on Eichhorn after the war, she had close links with the German Reich. Before the Nazis had come to power she placed her entire bank account of 30,000 Marks at Göbbels’ disposal. Over the years she became one of Hitler’s closest friends and confidants although there is no mention of her in Joachim C. Fest’s authoritative "Hitler".

It was difficult for the FBI G-Men to get to La Falda in person, because they stuck out like sore thumbs. The FBI never went to the Eden Hotel. They used locals and got all of their information second-hand. A lot of photos of Hitler had been placed around the hotel and the hotel was in a constant state of readiness for his arrival. It was considered to be the natural place for him to be in Argentina.

This was a fabrication and showed the FBI’s collusion in taking the world’s attention off the scent, onto Argentina and away from Spain.

Spain was where Hitler was and, quite purposely, no postwar-controlled media published anything of him being there.

The FBI didn’t close the files on Adolf Hitler until the mid-1970s, after J. Edgar Hoover had died in 1972. After this the Americans started to liberalise their attitude towards the secret matters of WWII and a flood of documents were declassified in the spring of 1975 containing secret papers on cover and deception.

John Walsh stated:

“Much of the information was not credible ... others where there was a possibility of some credibility... we made enquiries .. . but [in] none of them we found any true indications that Hitler was in Argentina or the United States, or in any place where we had any responsibility. All the investigations we made came to a dead end because nothing really specific had been found.”

The narrator of the documentary "Hitler of the Andes" states that Stalin had deliberately confused and misinformed the West about Hitler’s fate in Spain or Argentina. This is an interesting end to the documentary as it never investigated Spain. It is designed to confuse, introduce an erroneous story, affirm lost leaders and discredit truthful leads.

Hitler wanted to continue his most far-reaching missions, and these did involve Antarctica, particularly the secret German submarine base at South 69° 10’ and West 4° 15’.

The Germans had frequented Antarctica since the 1920s. Here they discovered an undersea entrance to a cavern south of South America in Queen Maud Land on the Princess Astrid Coast and named the mountains of their chosen area after German bureaucrats of the time like the Mühlig-Hofmann Mountains and the Wohlthat Mountains. These names remain today.

Richard E. Byrd was the most famous American Antarctic researcher and was the first person to fly over the South Pole in 1929. In mid-November 1938 [10 months before WWII] he showed a movie of his Antarctic flight in Hamburg, Germany. Very soon after Byrd was promoted from civilian to high-ranking US Navy Admiral.

The Germans went to Antarctica two months later based on what Richard E. Byrd had shown them. Under polar-experienced Captain Alfred Ritscher, the Germans made 15 flights over some 600,000 square kilometres [4%] of Antarctica from 19 January 1939 and took 11,000 pictures of the area. They discovered ice-free areas with lakes and small signs of vegetation. These aerial photographs showed that the 1931 Norwegian maps of the interior were fake.

Immediately after this, Nazis began building an underground city on the Princess Astrid Coast, and in 1940 Nazi engineers began construction of buildings to withstand 60°C below zero. During the war, underground bases were the de rigueur for protection and secrecy [Harz and Thüringen] and the Germans have maintained underground construction activity at Antarctica since 1941.

The Nazis referred to this impregnable city as Neuberlin [New Berlin] in an area called Neuschwabenland or Base 211. It is built to withstand an atomic attack and a nuclear winter.

Where were operations conducted, if they really were the result of rogue Nazi activity after World War II?  That is, apart from captured Nazis post-World War II now working within the military programs of the U.S. or Soviet Union, is there any evidence that points to the location accommodating this potentially threatening activity?

There are two alternatives frequently discussed:  One location is barely possible while the other location is firmly accepted with a mountain of historical data proving it a safe haven for Nazis. 

First up, there is the fantastic possibility that at the end of the War, a German flotilla of U-Boats headed to Antarctica and set up shop in an acknowledged German naval base there.

Author Henry Stevens, a notable researcher of "What happened to Nazi technological inventions....Secret German naval bases" and "German flying saucers", addresses this question regarding "the where" with some compelling details in his book, "Hitler’s Suppressed and Still-Secret Weapons, Science and Technology".  

According to Stevens, the Allies believed many Nazi scientists survived the war and established themselves in one or both Polar Regions, residing under the ice to remain covert.  It seems evidence soon arose inferring Nazis were alive and operating with total latitude. This possibility led the U.S. military to take action. Stevens comments:

"The U.S. military spent huge amounts of time, money and manpower in the years following the war in secret missions, flying over the Arctic.  This is no secret now since we have the testimony of Col. Wendele Stevens who took part in these operations while serving in the USAF.  In these operations, B-29 bombers were outfitted with the latest electromagnetic sensing gear and flown all over the American and [apparently Stevens is speaking generally of "North American" and specifically] "Canadian Arctic" allegedly looking for "flying saucers"

The Western Allies, the Russians, and the Germans all relied heavily on weather reports to plan and execute their campaigns, and for this purpose, accurate up-to-the-minute reporting on Arctic conditions was crucial. 

To this end it is not surprising to find the Germans in particular outfitting special commando units - usually Waffen SS - to operate independently in Spitzbergen Island north of Norway, in Greenland, and in Arctic Canada. Such teams were delivered to their operational areas via U-Boat. Spitzbergen in particular seemed to trade hands between the British and the Germans, as each side mounted commando operations to destroy the other's weather stations and listening posts.

On one such occasion, the most famous perhaps, the German battleship 'Tirpitz', sister ship to the 'Bismarck', sailed to the island where one such British station was operating, leveled her 15 inch heavy guns at it, and promptly dispatched it, no doubt to the complete shock and surprise of the British manning it. 

Other allegations have a secret German weather base and listening post operating in Franz Josef Land, the islands to the north of Finland and the Soviet Union.

However, with the allegations of German bases in Greenland, one again enters the realm of the surreal. These bases were allegedly comparatively large, as were the contingents of Germans operating them. While they were supposedly known by the Greenlanders and occupying American forces, most efforts to find them ended in failure. One postwar German source places as many as three independent SS battle groups [Kamfgruppen] operating in Greenland, under the code name of Thulekampfgruppen [Thule battle groups]. 

Predictably, these "Thule battle groups" become the subject of another series of survival legends, as former SS officers supposedly reported seeing U-Boats loaded with rates designated "Thule 1 K" and so on departing Germany in the final days of the war. Sworn to secrecy by the SS, the "clear implication is that the 'Thule 1 K' is the Thule Kampfgruppe 1" and that it had "no intentions of surrender; and that there was still a mission to accomplish". 

"The Americans, so the story goes, were unsuccessful in locating them bases for two reasons: The area was too large, and the bases were, "like the German fortifications built in Neuschwabenland... tunneled deep underneath the glaciers of ice [into presumably solid rock] and that they were bored to a length of 2000 meters". 

-- O. Bergmann, "Deutsche Flugsheiben und U-Boote Überwachen die Weltmeere"

This allegation is surely implausible, since the transport of sophisticated mining and boring equipment, let alone enough explosive, for such a task by U-Boat would have been an enormous undertaking, one quite beyond the labor capabilities of small SS battle groups – consider the fact that the huge underground factories in Germany were built over several months by thousands of slave laborers working around the clock with the best available existing mining and tunneling technology.

But this is not the end of the surreal aspects of the story. Should the bases have been detected, they were supposedly defended with exotic electromagnetic weapons, one of which had a short range, but that could cause the ignition of aircraft engines to fail completely.

One of the many Third Reich construction projects that was started but never finished was a series of underground complexes in central Thüringen, southeast of the city of Gotha [near the concentration camp at Ohrdruf, the first such camp found by the Americans on German soil].

This project had several code names, depending on what part was meant, and the names also changed over time - the following names were used for all or part of this complex - Siegfried, Olga, Burg, Jasmin; the designation S/III was sometimes used for the entire project. The main works were dug into a hill forming the north side of the Jonas Valley, between Crawinkel and Arnstadt.

Part of the project was reportedly intended as a last-ditch headquarters facility for Hitler and his staff, should they fall back from Berlin into the interior of Germany [some reports say Hitler actually spent the end of March 1945 in this or another nearby underground Führer Headquarters].

Other theories say this or a nearby site were intended for production of the intercontinental "Amerika" rocket, and even testing and production of a Nazi atomic bomb. Most of the complex never advanced much further than the tunnel digging stage, and the Soviets blasted most of the tunnel entrances after the war. The exact purpose of this facility remains in doubt, as does its code-names ["Siegfried" and "Olga" may actually have been names of other sites].

Ohrdruf was reached by General Patton about 11 April 1945.

The Oberkommando der Wehrmacht [OKW, High Command] and Luftwaffe war diaries and all copies of them for the period March 1945 have disappeared and are suspected to be in American keeping.

On 17 April 1945, the United States Atomic Energy Commission inspected various underground workings at Ohrdruf, and removed technical equipment before dynamiting surface entrances.

The US authorities have classified all 1945 documents relating to Ohrdruf for a minimum period of 100 years.

Fortunately for researchers, in 1962 a quasi-judicial tribunal sat at Arnstadt in the then DDR, to take depositions from local residents for an enquiry entitled "Befragung von Bürgern zu Ereignissen zur örtlichen Geschichte". The enquiry was principally interested in what went on at the Ohrdruf Truppenübungsplatz [TÜP] in the latter years of the war. The depositions became common property in 1989 upon the reunification of Germany and may be viewed at Arnstadt town hall.

A witness stated that in 1944 there was an installation below the Ohrdruf Truppenübungsplatz which created an electro-magnetic field capable of stopping the engines of a conventional aircraft at seven miles.

During the war, the Allies never photographed Ohrdruf from the air, nor bombed it, even though their spies must have assured them it was crawling with SS and scientific groups.

The American military knew about the Nazi forced labor camps and concentration camps because Allied planes had done aerial photographs of numerous factories near the camps in both Germany and Poland, and many of these camps, including Buchenwald, had been bombed, killing thousands of innocent prisoners.

In fact, General George S. Patton bragged in his autobiography about the precision bombing of a munitions factory near the Buchenwald concentration camp on 24 August 1944 which he erroneously claimed had not damaged the nearby camp. Not only was the camp hit by the bombs, there were 400 prisoners who were killed, along with 350 Germans.

Why did all the US Army generals visit this small, obscure forced labor camp, and no other? Could it be because there was something else of great interest in the Ohrdruf area besides the Führer Bunker and the salt mine where Nazi treasures were stored?

There has been some speculation that the Germans might have tested an atomic bomb near Ohrdruf.

In his book entitled "The SS Brotherhood of the Bell," author James P. Farrell wrote about "the alleged German test of a small critial mass, high yield atom bomb at or near the Ohrdruf troop parade ground on 4 March 1945".

The "troop parade ground" was at the German Army Base right next to the Ohrdruf labor camp.

Why did General Eisenhower immediately order a Propaganda campaign about Nazi atrocities? Was it to distract the media from discovering a far more important story? The first news reel about the Nazi camps called Ohrdruf a "murder mill".

A German electro-magnetic field which interfered with their aircraft at altitudes of up to seven miles is admitted by a 1945 United States Air Force Intelligence document. The USAF suspected that it was a device to bring down their bombers, but it obviously had some other purpose, or it would have been operating in Berlin.

On 6 December 1944, the US Military Intelligence Service commenced Research Project 1217 "Investigation into German Possible Use of Rays to Neutralize Allied Aircraft Motors".

This resulted from "recent interference phenomena occasionally experienced on operations over Germany in the Frankfurt/Main area". It was usually described as "freakish interference to engines and electrical instruments" over the north bank of the Main River, about ten miles from Führer headquarters Adlerhorst.

In a top secret report entitled "Engine Interference Counter-Measures" addressed to the Director, Air Technical Service Command, Wright Field, Dayton, Ohio, reference was made to OSS discussions about a German unit somewhere near Frankfurt/Main operating:

"An influence interfering with conventional aircraft... however incredible it may appear to project from the ground to a height of 30,000 feet sufficient magnetic energy to interfere with the functioning of the ignition system of an airplane, it must be concluded that the enemy not only intends to interfere with our aircraft by some immaterial means, but has also succeeded in accomplishing this intention..."

Many Arnstadt witnesses described occasions when electrical equipment and automobile engines cut out. They always knew when this was about to happen, for the ship's Diesel engine at Amt 10 would smoke. A Diesel motor is not affected by an electro-magnetic field.

In 1980, Russians scientists were still able to measure the field on their equipment, but they were never able to identify the source.

After the war, the Austrian "Wiener Montag" reported in its 29 December 1947 edition that Eskimos reported to American authorities that an SS battle group of fully 150 men had been encountered. 

The number 150 is realistic for a battle group, but quite below the labor requirements for the construction of such large bases.

Besides these allegations of large bases and battle groups and exotic weaponry, there is a similar account circulated by the distinctly pro-Nazi novelist Wilhelm Landig in his 1971 novel "Götzen gegen Thule", a novel he billed as "full of realities" [voller Wirklichkeiten], of a large German base in the Canadian Arctic, near the magnetic North pole. 

This base, he alleges, was serviced by the German military using special long-range aircraft and, of course, flying saucers! 

As if that were not enough, Landig maintains that these aircraft were not equipped with normal machine guns or cannon for their defensive weaponry, but utilized a "Metallstrahl", essentially an electromagnetic "rail gun" used to propel tiny pellets with extreme velocity, a kind of hyper-velocity shotgun that would more than rip apart any Allied aircraft, and do so at great distances. 

The Electro Magnetic Railgun launcher is a long-range weapon that fires projectiles using electricity instead of chemical propellants. Magnetic fields created by high electrical currents accelerate a sliding metal conductor, or armature, between two rails to launch projectiles at 4,500 mph.

In 1944, during World War II, Joachim Hänsler of Germany's Ordnance Office proposed the first theoretically viable railgun. By late 1944, the theory behind his electric anti-aircraft gun had been worked out sufficiently to allow the Luftwaffe's Flak Command to issue a specification, which demanded a muzzle velocity of 2,000 m/s [6,600 ft/s] and a projectile containing 0.5 kg [1.1 lb] of explosive. The guns were to be mounted in batteries of six firing twelve rounds per minute, and it was to fit existing 12.8 cm FlaK 40 mounts.

Although the gun ordered was not delivered before the end of the war, a miniature that actually worked was built and tested. Theoretical calculations, based upon tests made with the miniature gun, led the German scientists to believe it possible to build an electric gun capable of tossing a 14-pound projectile to an altitude of 12 miles in 13 seconds.

To men familiar with the problems of antiaircraft artillery, such a weapon appeared a godsend. The 90-mm anti-aircraft gun of conventional, powder-burning design, can reach only 4.4 miles in altitude in the same length of time.

Although the problem of electrically ejected shells is an old one, it has still to pass the research stages. The chief problem is to obtain a source of sufficient electrical power that will not be all out of proportion to the size of the gun. Designing a gun did not seem to be too great a problem, for the German model appeared logical.

The electric gun deserves further study and experimentation, since it contains, in theory at least, some marked advantages over the conventional antiaircraft artillery of the present day. It is theoretically capable of obtaining muzzle velocities far in excess of what to date has appeared possible for powder-burning weapons. It is noiseless, smokeless, and has no flash. Constructed of materials easily obtainable, it requires comparatively little high-precision machining. Unlike other artillery pieces, the machined surfaces are not subjected to high pressures and intense heat. Moving parts are few, and these can be greased. Recoil is negligible, and range can be adjusted by varying the electric current. The gun has a high efficiency, compared to ordinary pieces, since there is no energy wasted through heat and escaping gases, and the manufacture and handling of cartridges is eliminated. But perhaps most important is the fact that ranges and penetrating power now unattainable may be reached in the electric gun.

Of course, these advantages are in turn offset by the chief problem—power supply—and a myriad of minor electrical wrinkles that would require straightening before a truly efficient gun could be produced. It is one thing to handle large amperages in a power house, and quite another to supply them to, and use them in, a comparatively small piece of machinery which, to be of full military value, must retain the essentials of mobility.

-- Joseph P. Farrell 

According to Wendele, when they were sighted, they were filmed and the film and recorded measurements were spirited way to Washington D.C.  Nothing was ever heard of them afterward.

However, the most intriguing location is at the opposite side of the earth—the South Pole where many Nazis may have been holed up for over five decades, creating their own subterranean ice society. 

Stevens provides this recap:

"UFologists are always describing UFOs as originating in Antarctica. Certainly, the theme is familiar to everyone through science fiction movies.  Some think Atlantis may be buried deep under the ice.  Many nations currently have research bases in Antarctica.  The German base at Neuschwabenland was active, at least on some level, during the Second World War and may have served as a last refuge for Nazi die-hards after the conflict".

Not only do these theories exist but there are all sorts of combinations of the theories mentioned above.  Did the Germans locate their base in Antarctica because the Ahnenerbe, the SS racial-archeological organization, found evidence of a lost civilization?  Or did the Germans or any of the other nationalities involved in Antarctica make contact with an extraterrestrial presence located on that continent, a theory recently revamped by Dr. Michael E. Salla?

To unpack this passage, it should be pointed out there is a geological rationale suggesting how humans could survive, albeit with a Spartan existence, at the South Pole.  Stevens explains there rests a very deep warm water lake, heated geothermically, and named Lake Vostok with a depth of over 2,000 feet, 300 miles from the exact spot of the South Pole.  The lake maintains hospitable temperatures in the 60s despite being covered in places by an ice dome reaching 2,500 feet in height.  Volcanic activity heats up the water continuously and provides a natural means to generate energy.

The lake is unique for another very distinct reason:  it is the only lake known to be overseen by the National Security Agency. Why would a U.S. security agency, namely the NSA, care about what is going on at the South Pole? 

Some researchers suggest the reason lies in the fact this area contains far more than ice, snow, and unexpectedly warm water. The intrigue dates back to the famed but short-lived expedition of Admiral Byrd in 1946 where a dramatic magnetic anomaly was discovered measuring "1,000 nanoteslas of variance with the surrounding vicinity. One scientist jumped on this publicly and began to debunk its significance but the fact remains that the best and most probable  answer as to the origin of this vast magnetic disturbance is the presence of a massive amount of metal. Metal as in a buried city".

Then Stevens draws out the enigma associated with this discovery [which happens to be a favorite Nazi myth, the so-called "Secret Doctrine"]: 

“This brings us right back to the mystery-school of Antarctica. Is this metal the remains of Atlantis?  Is it the underground city said by some to have been built by the Germans, Neu-Berlin?  Is this an extraterrestrial base?  With the NSA involved, the only thing for certain is that we learn the answer to this mystery anytime soon…" 

And since the NSA is still there, another thing that is equally certain: we will continue to speculate about it.

To top off the fantastic story, another researcher cited by Stevens suggests that the U.S. finally had had enough trouble from the location and used a new type of atomic weapon, a "boring atomic weapon" at the very time of the Iraq invasion [19-20 March 2003] serving as a perfect cover for such a covert operation at Earth’s "bottom".  While Stevens doesn’t endorse the view of researcher Christian Saal, he does agree the seismological data from this site, coinciding as it did with the opening salvo in Iraq [aka "Shock and Awe"], begs the question of what was then happening at the South Pole, especially given its mysterious history and ongoing scrutiny of the NSA. 

Argentina and the Escape of the German Reich

So much for the extraordinary answer to the question of "where" the flying saucer "base" may have been, to turn to the much more conventional, and certain location of post-war Nazi activity operating independent of U.S. or Soviet control: South America.  With its many German newspapers, German street names, and "Teutonic" influence over the past one hundred years, there are few if any skeptics alive today who continue arguing Nazis never made it there.

There are a number of news accounts from major "news outlets" confirming the "advance planning" of Martin Bormann facilitating the placement of Nazi industrialists into dozens of countries at the end of the War.  Beginning in 1944, Bormann ordered experts from the various key German corporations dispersed along with hundreds of millions in financing.  Bormann was no small lieutenant.  He was head of the party, the Reichsleiter [second in command to Hitler], who all but took over for the Führer days before Hitler’s alleged [and much debated] suicide in "the Bunker" on 30 April 1945.

The Argentinian dictator Juan Perón was strongly fascist in orientation and was cozy with the Nazis before being forced, under political pressure by the Americans only two months before the end of the war, to declare war on Germany [March, 1945].  Later Perón asserted the declaration of war was a lie with an ulterior motive.  Once identified as an official "Ally", Argentinian planes would be allowed into Europe and could serve as "useful purpose"; namely, flying Nazis out of Europe and to Argentina where they could continue the geopolitical fight for Fascism.

Joseph P. Farrell, in his book "Nazi International" cites Argentinian author Uki Goña who interviewed Perón extensively and provides lengthy quotations in his book about "The Real ODESSA"—the term used to describe the "Ratlines" that moved thousands of Nazis out of Germany and into various South American countries, most notably Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Paraguay, and Bolivia.  Argentina was the most frequent destination for the Nazis—since the government was so friendly toward fascists, it was a natural hideout.

This false declaration of war had a clear purpose: "We hadn’t lost contact with Germany, despite the break in diplomatic relations," Perón would say in 1967. 

Continuing with his assertion:

"Things being so we received an ususual [sic] request. Even though it may seem contradictory at first, Germany benefits from our declaration of war: if Argentina becomes a belligerent country, it has the right to enter Germany when the end arrives; this means that our planes and ships would be in a position to render a great service. At that point we had the commercial planes of the FAMA line [Argentine Merchant Air Fleet] and the ships we had bought from Italy during the war. That is how a great number of people were able to come to Argentina".

"Air Argentina" was not the only means by which the Nazis got to Buenos Aires.  The accounts of daring U-Boat excursions abound; and indeed, constitute some of the most intriguing stories of escape at the end of the war.  However, the assistance of the Argentine Merchant Air Fleet is by far the most feasible method to transport the thousands of persons, documents, and perhaps, advanced technological "devices" to South America. The stories of fantastic tunnels running beneath the towering peaks of Chile are equaled only by the tales of remote cities cut out of the jungles of Argentina, Bolivia, and Paraguay to conceal the secret weapons of the Reich. 

Apparently, if bank robbers Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid could hide out in South America, Nazi war criminals could too. 

The Escape of Martin Bormann

How Martin Bormann, the mastermind of the Nazi escape, made his way to South America from Hitler’s Bunker sometime after 21-30  April  1945 remains a highly contentious subject today—a controversy which began over 30 years ago with a book entitled "Aftermath: The Final Search for Martin Bormann", by Hungarian Ladislas Farago. 

Most authorities regard Farago an excellent author and historian.  Indeed, Farago’s book on General George Patton was much acclaimed and became the basis for the movie, "Patton" [1970].  His book, "The Broken Seal", was one of the background books for the movie, "Tora Tora Tora" [1970].  However, a few scholars dispute his storytelling when it comes to where Bormann wound up after the War. And yet, his version of the facts may have been doubted simply because "truth is sometimes stranger than fiction".

The actual escape of Bormann as told by Farrell [citing several sources] involved a German U-Boat carrying Uranium 235, a necessary isotope for the atomic bomb.  Ironically, it was carried on U-Boat 234. 

The argument is as follows: 

The Americans were struggling to gather enough of the necessary ingredients for the atomic bomb through their Manhattan project.  The Nazis had created enough of the isotope to build several such bombs but missed by a few months of being able to mount it on a V-10 rocket [under development] to send it to New York as a deadly greeting card. Consequently, one explanation is that Bormann made a deal to trade the Uranium, surrendering it to the Americans in exchange for his freedom. Another suggests that the Americans and British were most certainly going to protect the U-234 on its mission to help America’s bomb building efforts.  Bormann was well aware of this precious cargo and hitched a ride on the "protected" submarine to Spain, where he holed up for a year, before he moved on to Argentina.

To add insult to injury, according to Farago, when Bormann arrived in Argentina he was in full regalia—as a Catholic priest.  To stretch the facts practically to the point of incredulity, it is stated that he even performed sacred church rites when in Bolivia, after Argentina had become "too hot".  Just how absurd is this idea? 

A Belgian ex-Nazi asserts that the Nazi war criminal Martin Bormann, lived in Paraguay and in Bolivia after the war where he met him, in an interview published in the newspaper, "Derniere Heure".

Paul van Aerschodt, a collaborator sentenced to death in Belgium in 1946, lived under the name of Pablo Simons in San Sebastian, Spain, where he met a journalist, Gilbert Dupont. Paul van Aerschot claims to have met Martin Bormann "four times around 1960" in La Paz, Bolivia, where he had taken refuge in 1947 "thanks to a Visa obtained in a few days by a Claretian father, Mgr Antezana ".

His statements revive the controversy over the death of Adolf Hitler's Deputy, officially declared dead, and revive the controversy over the Church's support for the fugitive Nazi criminals.

"Bormann was also in  Paraguay, where he was preparing with a score of officers a coup to overthrow Peron in Argentina," Aerschodt said. 

"Bormann remained a fanatic [...] Under the name of Augustin von Lembach, he pretended to be a Redemptonist father and wore a black cassock, which made him laugh," he added.

"He celebrated communions, weddings, funerals and administered the last sacraments".

Van Aerschodt frequently visited Belgium, where his death sentence was invalidated in 1976 when Brussels abandoned the penalty.

As it turns out, using the priesthood as a cover was a frequent alias for the fugitive Germans.  Another Nazi war criminal found the priestly frock hospitable.  It was in Bolivia where Klaus Barbie was discovered living with a Croatian war criminal  who had murdered hundreds of thousands of Eastern Orthodox Serbs.  This murderer was also posing as a priest.

Klaus Barbie had escaped to Bolivia after the war aided by the Rat Lines established by the Vatican and by help from US intelligence services. In 1947, Barbie was recruited as an agent by the 66th Detachment of the U.S. Army Counter Intelligence Corps [CIC]. In 1951, he escaped to Argentina by means of the Rat Line organized by U.S. Intelligence services and the Croatian Ustasha Roman Catholic priest Krunoslav Draganovic. Barbie arrived with his family in La Paz, Bolivia on 23 April 1951. A CIC memorandum described the successful outcome of the operation by noting that “the final disposal of an extremely sensitive individual has been handled".

In La Paz, he met with Father Rogue Romac, described as a Draganovic exile, a member of his network, as detailed in "Whiteout: The CIA, Drugs and the Press" by Alexander Cockburn and Jeffrey St. Clair [New York: Verso, 1999]. Romac’s real name was Osvaldo Toth, a Croatian Roman Catholic priest who was himself wanted for war crimes. Toth assisted Barbie in operating saw mills in the rain forests near Santa Cruz and lumber yards in La Paz. He became a successful businessman and entrepreneur.

Therefore, we can be assured that Bormann posing as a Priest would not be the first time a wolf donned sheep’s clothing.

We know that Farago conducted many interviews as documented in his book on Bormann.  He also included Argentinian intelligence documents in his account.  Despite this, a British "historian" Stephen Dorril, in his book, "MI6: Inside the Covert World of Her Majesty’s Secret Intelligence Service" [2000] called Farago "the most successful disinformer or dupe" concerning the presence of Nazis in South America. To him it seemed the notion thousands of Germans riddled with the reprehensible Nazi political philosophy had migrated to South America was just too incredible to accept.

Throw in the accusations against the Catholic Church for playing a pivotal role in the escape and many academics contend we have descended into the realm of insanity. Then again we should remember that with Dorril we have yet another Intelligence agent writing "history".  Was he telling the truth or just contributing more disinformation to the already heaping pile of incongruous truths?

Red Cross and Vatican helped thousands of Nazis to escape
Research shows how travel documents ended up in hands of the likes of Adolf Eichmann, Josef Mengele and Klaus Barbie in the postwar chaos
The Guardian
25 May 2011    
The Red Cross and the Vatican both helped thousands of Nazi war criminals and collaborators to escape after the Second World War, according to a book that pulls together evidence from unpublished documents.

The Red Cross has previously acknowledged that its efforts to help refugees were used by Nazis because administrators were overwhelmed, but the research suggests the numbers were much higher than thought.

Gerald Steinacher, a research fellow at Harvard University, was given access to thousands of internal documents in the archives of the International Committee of the Red Cross [ICRC]. The documents include Red Cross travel documents issued mistakenly to Nazis in the postwar chaos.
They throw light on how and why mass murderers such as Adolf Eichmann, Josef Mengele and Klaus Barbie and thousands of others evaded capture by the allies.

By comparing lists of wanted war criminals to travel documents, Steinacher says Britain and Canada alone inadvertently took in around 8,000 former Waffen-SS members in 1947, many on the basis of valid documents issued mistakenly.

The documents –which are discussed in Steinacher's book "Nazis on the Run: How Hitler's henchmen fled justice"- offer a significant insight into Vatican thinking, particularly, because its own archives beyond 1939 are still closed.

The Vatican has consistently refused to comment.

Steinacher believes the Vatican's help was based on a hoped-for revival of European Christianity and dread of the Soviet Union. But through the Vatican Refugee Commission, war criminals were knowingly provided with false identities.

The Red Cross, overwhelmed by millions of refugees, relied substantially on Vatican references and the often cursory Allied military checks in issuing travel papers, known as 10.100s.

It believed it was primarily helping innocent refugees although correspondence between Red Cross delegations in Genoa, Rome and Geneva shows it was aware Nazis were getting through.

"Although the ICRC has publicly apologised, its action went well beyond helping a few people," said Steinacher.

Steinacher says the documents indicate that the Red Cross, mostly in Rome or Genoa, issued at least 120,000 of the 10.100s, and that 90% of ex-Nazis fled via Italy, mostly to Spain, and North and South America – notably Argentina.

Former SS members often mixed with genuine refugees and presented themselves as stateless ethnic Germans to gain transit papers. Jews trying to get to Palestine via Italy were sometimes smuggled over the border with escaping Nazis.

Steinacher says that individual Red Cross delegations issued war criminals with 10.100s "out of sympathy for individuals … political attitude, or simply because they were overburdened". Stolen documents were also used to whisk Nazis to safety. He said: "They were really in a dilemma. It was difficult. It wanted to get rid of the job. Nobody wanted to do it".

The Red Cross refused to comment directly on Steinacher's findings but the organisation says on its website: "The ICRC has previously deplored the fact that Eichmann and other Nazi criminals misused its travel documents to cover their tracks".

Regardless, as time goes by, the evidence mounts that Bormann was a distinct presence in Argentina and later on, in Bolivia.  Joseph Farrell even provides a bank statement facsimile for the joint bank account held by Bormann and Perón cleared by David Rockefeller’s Chase Manhattan Bank.

Another colorful and noted historian [majoring in the occult] is Peter Levenda who offers this summation of the Catholic connection and Ladislas’ account in his book, "Unholy Alliance: A History of Nazi Involvement with the Occult":

"What does seem fantastic, however, is the assistance given to many of these men by what was always believed to be their sworn enemy: the Roman Catholic Church. While Ladislas Farago—mentioned in the Introduction to this [Levenda’s] book—must be credited with bringing this story to worldwide attention, it is useful to know that, since then, it has been corroborated many times over by other authors.

"Why would the Catholic Church help the very men who had vowed to eradicate it, who had participated in pagan rituals designed to replace those of Christianity, who worshipped Baldur and Thor and Freya in candlelit ceremonies in the forests and castles of Bavaria, Thuringia, Westphalia, and the other German Länder? Men who had caught and imprisoned thousands of Catholic and Protestant clergymen, sent them to the camps, and executed them in cold blood?"

Wewelsburg is a Renaissance castle located near the town of Büren, Westphalia,
in the Landkreis of Paderborn in the northeast of North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.
The castle has a triangular layout - three round towers connected by massive walls.
After 1934, it was used by the SS under Heinrich Himmler and was to be expanded into a
complex acting as the central SS cult-site. Work concentrated on conducting basic pseudo-scientific research in the fields of Germanic pre- and early history, medieval history, folklore and genealogy [Sippenforschung], all intended to provide the underpinnings for the racial teachings of the SS.

Levenda supposes that the quid pro quo was the expected future alliance between the two [Fascism and Catholicism] to fight "godless communism".  Others, like evangelical author Dave Hunt, argued a more intriguing case. Hunt contends [arguing from both historical and biblical rationales] the Catholic Church and Fascism shared the view humankind should not be permitted the liberal system of self-government known as democracy—for this system inevitably leads to chaos.  To Hunt, the Catholic Church is "Mystery Babylon"—the whore of Babylon, who is drunk with the blood of the Saints.

-- See Dave Hunt’s "A Woman Rides the Beast", Eugene, OR: Harvest House, 1994, for the historical and biblical arguments associated with this viewpoint

To the Roman Catholic mind, says Hunt, Fascism was merely an evil means to a necessary end.  It was a convenient albeit evil way to return political government back to Theocracy where it originated and place authoritarian rule back in the hands of the Church.  Just as the priesthood of Catholicism had devised an uneasy governing alliance with authoritarian monarchists for over a thousand years, it seemed that teaming with another authoritarian form of government—Fascism in this case—might be the mandated toll reseating the Roman Church back in the political driver’s seat.

Levenda hints the same motive was in play when discussing Hitler’s courtship of the German Church:

"Hitler very carefully sought to cultivate Christian [and especially Catholic] support for the Party as they remained a substantial voting bloc within the country. Indeed, the Catholic Center Party played a pivotal role in Reichstag, elections that catapulted Hitler to power. And just as he wooed the financial support of leading industrialists in contradiction to his personalbeliefs concerning the evils of that 'Jewish invention,' Capitalism, he also courted the powerful Catholic and other Christian lobbies in the country. He knew he could not afford to alienate them entirely from his program, at least not until after he had won the war, for this reason he occasionally found it valuable to attack occultism and völkisch paganism in his speeches, even while encouraging it among his entourage and condoning its manifestation in the SS".

Perhaps we will never really know why the Vatican felt it was in their best interests to provide an escape path for the Nazis.  But one thing is certain:  the power quest makes for some strange bedfellows.

Both the USA and the Vatican... wished to help the flight of war criminals from Europe, each with its own objectives. Whereas the USA wanted to rescue them to carry out political operations against Soviet Russia and the oncoming Cold War, the Vatican, while thinking upon the same lines, had been motivated by an additional objective. Namely to help former political and religious supporters whom it had blessed during, the reign of terror under the Nazi imperium. The basic motivation of such strange Vatican-USA fellowship... [was] derived by the necessity... to recruit, as energetically and as quickly as possible, trustworthy anti-Russian, anti-communist battalions ready to fight against Bolshevik Russia. And where could Vatican and the State Department find such ready, dedicated, anti-communist recruits, if not in the rank and file of... the fleeing war criminals now seeking asylum in the Americas and the USA? The fugitives... were now ready to... help the USA fight Soviet Russia, her former ally.

The recruitment of proven anti-communist individuals, from the fleeing war criminals, therefore became part and parcel of the USA-Vatican grand postwar strategy.

While Vatican City and its many extraterritorial buildings in Rome turned into the protective semi-official refuge for hundreds of war criminals, the USA State Department became busy integrating many of them within its multi-varied branched subterranean machinery, operating outside official officialdom.

-- Baron Avro Manhattan, "The Vatican's Holocaust"